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2001

Military, War, and Peace

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Articles 1 - 30 of 65

Full-Text Articles in Law

Civil War Pension Attorneys And Disability Politics, Peter Blanck, Chen Song Dec 2001

Civil War Pension Attorneys And Disability Politics, Peter Blanck, Chen Song

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Professor Blanck and Dr. Song provide a detailed examination of the pension disability program established after the Civil War for Union Army Veterans. They use many original sources and perform several statistical analyses as the basis for their summary. They draw parallels between this disability program and the ADA, and they point out that current ADA plaintiffs encounter many of the same social, political and even scientific issues that Union Army veterans dealt with when applying for their disability pensions. The Article demonstrates that history can help predict the trends within, and evolution of the ADA--essentially leading to a better …


Law, Language And Terror: Policemen Or Soldiers? The Dangers Of Misunderstanding The Threat To America (Commentary On 9-11), Kenneth Anderson Sep 2001

Law, Language And Terror: Policemen Or Soldiers? The Dangers Of Misunderstanding The Threat To America (Commentary On 9-11), Kenneth Anderson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

This article was offered in 2001 as the Times Literary Supplement's main commentary the week following 9-11. The essay argues that 9-11 required war as a response, and challenges views expressed in the days following 9-11 by commentators such as Anne-Marie Slaughter and Michael Ignatieff that the proper response by the United States should be criminal law in nature - either international criminal law, through international tribunals or procedures, or domestic criminal law of the kind pursued in the first 1993 World Trade Center bombing. It further argues against the functional pacifism of many Christian theologians who, while approving of …


Anti-Ballistic Missile Defense As Obsession: A Psychological Hypothesis, Ibpp Editor Sep 2001

Anti-Ballistic Missile Defense As Obsession: A Psychological Hypothesis, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article presents a psychological rationale for extremely strong support of an anti-ballistic missile defense.


Commentary On Psychological Warfare In The 21st Century, Ibpp Editor Sep 2001

Commentary On Psychological Warfare In The 21st Century, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article provides commentary on 21st century challenges--threats and opportunities--to the practice of psychological warfare.


Biological Warfare: Commentary On Chyba's Analysis, Ibpp Editor Aug 2001

Biological Warfare: Commentary On Chyba's Analysis, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article provides commentary on Christopher Chyba's comparative analysis of biological and nuclear warfare.


Magic Treaties: Public Discourse On Ballistic Missile Defense, Ibpp Editor Jul 2001

Magic Treaties: Public Discourse On Ballistic Missile Defense, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article explores public discourse on the fate of the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty in the context of developing ballistic missile defenses.


Weapons As Weapons: Another Northern Ireland Impasse, Ibpp Editor Jul 2001

Weapons As Weapons: Another Northern Ireland Impasse, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article explores the psychology of weapons possession in the context of political conflict in Northern Ireland.


Nato's War In Kosovo And The Final Report To The Prosecutor Of The International Criminal Tribunal For The Former Yugoslavia, Aaron Schwabach Jul 2001

Nato's War In Kosovo And The Final Report To The Prosecutor Of The International Criminal Tribunal For The Former Yugoslavia, Aaron Schwabach

Faculty Scholarship

This Article addresses the report by the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) concerning war crimes allegedly committed by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) during the conduct of its war with Yugoslavia. International law regarding the conduct of war, or jus in bello, governs what are popularly thought of as “war crimes.” This body of law is currently in flux; while the OTP is not in any sense a rule-making body, its actions may give some guidance as to the direction that the development of this body of law will …


Revisiting The United States Hostage Negotiation Policy: An Academic Imperative. Part I, Ibpp Editor Jun 2001

Revisiting The United States Hostage Negotiation Policy: An Academic Imperative. Part I, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article comes in two parts - the article and the notes.

Article abstract: To get hostages released without harm requires a national policy committed to that principle. With that in mind, there needs to be an understanding of the perpetrators' "objective view" of reality. These views have political, economic, psychological, cultural, ethno-religious and perceptual dimensions. Those multivariate dimensions of any hostage situation mandate policies that should be based on law enforcement and military perspectives, in order to be flexible enough to permit their consideration and continuously evaluate their national and international implications.

Part II: Notes and bibliography for Part …


Revisiting The United States Hostage Negotiation Policy: An Academic Imperative. Part Ii, Ibpp Editor Jun 2001

Revisiting The United States Hostage Negotiation Policy: An Academic Imperative. Part Ii, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article comes in two parts - the article and the notes.

Article abstract: To get hostages released without harm requires a national policy committed to that principle. With that in mind, there needs to be an understanding of the perpetrators' "objective view" of reality. These views have political, economic, psychological, cultural, ethno-religious and perceptual dimensions. Those multivariate dimensions of any hostage situation mandate policies that should be based on law enforcement and military perspectives, in order to be flexible enough to permit their consideration and continuously evaluate their national and international implications.

Part II: Notes and bibliography for Part …


War, Society, And Disability: Some Thoughts On Applying Under-Utilized Methodologies, Michael Ashley Stein Apr 2001

War, Society, And Disability: Some Thoughts On Applying Under-Utilized Methodologies, Michael Ashley Stein

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Anastasoff V. United States And Appeals In Veterans' Cases, Charles G. Mills Apr 2001

Anastasoff V. United States And Appeals In Veterans' Cases, Charles G. Mills

The Journal of Appellate Practice and Process

Many cases regarding veterans' benefits are heard in the Federal Circuit. The Federal Circuit has a practice of issuing one sentence orders in some cases. This practice benefits veterans by allowing decisions adverse to veterans to be made without creating precedential value. Removing the practice of unpublished opinions in the Federal Circuit would extinguish this benefit.


Trends. Death Penalties For Purveyors Of Death? Not For Many Terrorists, Ibpp Editor Mar 2001

Trends. Death Penalties For Purveyors Of Death? Not For Many Terrorists, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses the nuances surrounding the use of the death penalty in terrorism cases.


Facilitating Communications And Murder: Operation Condor And United States Complicity, Ibpp Editor Mar 2001

Facilitating Communications And Murder: Operation Condor And United States Complicity, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article explores levels of United States Government (USG) complicity during the late 1970s in the murder of individuals alleged to have been left-wing opponents of South American, right-wing, authoritarian governments.


Impact Evaluation Of The War­Torn Societies Project: Somaliland, Mary H. Schwoebel Mar 2001

Impact Evaluation Of The War­Torn Societies Project: Somaliland, Mary H. Schwoebel

Conflict Resolution Studies Faculty Articles

In 1991, four months after the collapse of the government of the Somali Democratic Republic, and the flight of its President, Mohamed Siyad Barre, the Republic of Somaliland was declared an independent state. The past decade has witnessed the struggle of the young state to resolve violent internal conflicts, to build sustainable peace among the different groups that constitute its population, to build a state that will sustain peace, and to rebuild an economy that will sustain the population. At the turn of the century, it has remarkably make significant progress towards accomplishing the first two aims, and is now …


Antiterrorism Military Commissions: Courting Illegality, Jordan J. Paust Jan 2001

Antiterrorism Military Commissions: Courting Illegality, Jordan J. Paust

Michigan Journal of International Law

On November 13, 2001, President Bush issued a sweeping and highly controversial Military Order for the purpose of creating military commissions with exclusive jurisdiction to try certain designated foreign nationals "for violations of the laws of war and other applicable laws" relevant to any prior or future "acts of international terrorism." The Order reaches far beyond the congressional authorization given the President "to use all necessary and appropriate force," including "use of the United States Armed Forces," against those involved in the September 11th attack "in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by …


The Evolution Of International Humanitarian Law, Valerie Oosterveld, Darryl Robinson Jan 2001

The Evolution Of International Humanitarian Law, Valerie Oosterveld, Darryl Robinson

Law Publications

Written by diplomatic practitioners, Human Security and the New Diplomacy is a straightforward account of challenges already overcome and the prospect for further progress. From the evolution of peace-keeping, to peacebuilding, humanitarian intervention, war-affected children, international humanitarian law, the International Criminal Court, the economic agendas of conflict, transnational crime, and the emergence of connectivity and a global civil society, the authors offer new insights into the importance of considering these issues as part of a single agenda. Human Security and the New Diplomacy is a case-study of a major Canadian foreign policy initiative and a detailed account of the first …


Women At War: An Evolutionary Perspective, Kingsley R. Browne Jan 2001

Women At War: An Evolutionary Perspective, Kingsley R. Browne

Law Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


The Revolution In Military Legal Affairs : Air Force Legal Professionals In 21 St Century Conflicts, Charles J. Dunlap Jr. Jan 2001

The Revolution In Military Legal Affairs : Air Force Legal Professionals In 21 St Century Conflicts, Charles J. Dunlap Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Rescue And The War Story, William I. Miller Jan 2001

Rescue And The War Story, William I. Miller

Articles

It is precisely in the domain of rescue that twentieth-century battle has made its peculiar addition to the styles of the heroic.


The Seattle Art Museum: A Good Faith Donee Injured In The Restoration Of Art Stolen During World War Ii, 34 J. Marshall L. Rev. 613 (2001), Courtney S. Perkins Jan 2001

The Seattle Art Museum: A Good Faith Donee Injured In The Restoration Of Art Stolen During World War Ii, 34 J. Marshall L. Rev. 613 (2001), Courtney S. Perkins

UIC Law Review

No abstract provided.


Recent Developments In Internation Law: Anti-Terrorism Legislation -- Part One: An Overview, Joshua D. Zelman Jan 2001

Recent Developments In Internation Law: Anti-Terrorism Legislation -- Part One: An Overview, Joshua D. Zelman

Florida State University Journal of Transnational Law & Policy

No abstract provided.


The Post-Conflict Transitional Administration Of Kosovo And The Lessons-Learned In Efforts To Establish A Judiciary And Rule Of Law, Wendy S. Betts, Scott N. Carlson, Gregory Grisvold Jan 2001

The Post-Conflict Transitional Administration Of Kosovo And The Lessons-Learned In Efforts To Establish A Judiciary And Rule Of Law, Wendy S. Betts, Scott N. Carlson, Gregory Grisvold

Michigan Journal of International Law

The study of post-conflict Kosovo presents an important opportunity to distill lessons that can provide guidance for future post-conflict, transitional administrations. The lessons-learned from an analysis of any post-conflict setting are many and varied. The goal of this short paper is limited to the identification of key lessons-learned in the effort to reestablish the judiciary and rule of law in post-conflict Kosovo. Even within this limited setting, this paper is not intended to provide exhaustive coverage of the issue. Rather, it is intended to provide the reader with basic information and central themes that are essential to a discussion of …


Elihu Root And Crisis Prevention, Mary Ellen O'Connell Jan 2001

Elihu Root And Crisis Prevention, Mary Ellen O'Connell

Journal Articles

Elihu Root pursued two themes relevant to international law and crisis. He believed firmly in the value of arbitration and adjudication to prevent crisis. He also worked toward the codification and greater specificity of international law so that judges and arbitrators would have more law available to apply in aid of crisis prevention. When crisis had not been prevented, as in the case of World War I, Root did not in fact believe international law-either process or substance-had much to offer. In his view, the Kaiser started World War I because he was bent on hegemony. Arbitration would not stop …


Appeals In The Ad Hoc International Criminal Tribunals: Structure, Procedure, And Recent Cases, Mark A. Drumbl, Kenneth S. Gallant Jan 2001

Appeals In The Ad Hoc International Criminal Tribunals: Structure, Procedure, And Recent Cases, Mark A. Drumbl, Kenneth S. Gallant

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Cyprus In Europe: Seizing The Momentum Of Nice, Patrick R. Hugg Jan 2001

Cyprus In Europe: Seizing The Momentum Of Nice, Patrick R. Hugg

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

In December 2000 the European Council Summit in Nice fulfilled the promise for European Union enlargement made at the Helsinki Summit the year before. The leaders of the EU Member States reaffirmed their commitment to the accession of the applicant countries, making possible the broad re-unification of the continent under democratic rule of law and free market economies. This Article focuses specifically on the accession of the island of Cyprus, Europe's remaining divided state, poised strategically between East and West. The island's armed stand-off presents the clearest example of legal conflict between two ethnic communities in a discrete geographical territory, …


Ethical And Humanitarian Concerns Add A New Dimension To International Security In The Post-Cold War World, Juan E. Mendez Jan 2001

Ethical And Humanitarian Concerns Add A New Dimension To International Security In The Post-Cold War World, Juan E. Mendez

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Has The Fog Cleared - Attorney Work Product And The Attorney-Client Privilege: Texas's Complete Transition Into Full Protection Of Attorney Work In The Corporate Context., Fred A. Simpson Jan 2001

Has The Fog Cleared - Attorney Work Product And The Attorney-Client Privilege: Texas's Complete Transition Into Full Protection Of Attorney Work In The Corporate Context., Fred A. Simpson

St. Mary's Law Journal

The following discussion in this Article fills the gaps in the substantive rules surrounding the attorney work product doctrine and the attorney-client privilege, thereby encouraging practitioners to utilize these tools more freely. Initially, the attorney-client privilege contemplated application only to individuals. As the rule developed in the United States, however, the scope of the privilege broadened until it included corporations. Since 1982, Texas has provided for the attorney-client privilege in Texas Rule of Civil Evidence 503.149. Notably, the Rule defined client in such a way as to include a corporation. Unlike the attorney-client privilege, the work product doctrine developed much …


Does The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act Exclude Gifted And Talented Children With Emotional Disabilities - An Analysis Of J.D. V. Pawlet., Laura Ketterman Jan 2001

Does The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act Exclude Gifted And Talented Children With Emotional Disabilities - An Analysis Of J.D. V. Pawlet., Laura Ketterman

St. Mary's Law Journal

Disabled children benefit from federal legislation which guarantees a free, appropriate education. While no federal mandate requires providing special education for gifted and talented children, the government encourages schools to offer gifted and talented programs. Gifted and talented children with emotional disabilities, however, often fall between these two groups and do not qualify for special education under any legislation. Unfortunately, in many gifted and talented children with disabilities the gift hides the disability—or the disability hides the gift. To compound the problem, legislation and recent court decisions fail to recognize that gifted and talented children have unique needs which should …


Taas And Gi Forum V. Texas Education Agency: A Critical Analysis And Proposal For Redressing Problems With The Standardized Testing In Texas., Blakely Latham Fernandez Jan 2001

Taas And Gi Forum V. Texas Education Agency: A Critical Analysis And Proposal For Redressing Problems With The Standardized Testing In Texas., Blakely Latham Fernandez

St. Mary's Law Journal

Texas’s use of the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS) test as an accountability program has had numerous negative and far-reaching effects on minorities. Today, students in Texas public schools first take the TAAS test in the third grade. Students continue to take a form of the TAAS test each year, with the exit-level assessment initially given in the eleventh grade. Students must pass all four sections–Mathematics, English, Science, and Social Studies–in order to graduate and receive their high school diploma. Although devised to effectively motivate students, schools, and teachers with the goal of enhancing educational standards, the TAAS test …