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1999

First Amendment

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Articles 1 - 28 of 28

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Constitutionality Of The Driver’S Privacy Protection Act: A Fork In The Information Access Road, Angela R. Karras Dec 1999

The Constitutionality Of The Driver’S Privacy Protection Act: A Fork In The Information Access Road, Angela R. Karras

Federal Communications Law Journal

The Driver's Privacy Protection Act, instituted in 1997, regulates the disclosure of personal information in motor vehicle records. New controversy surrounds it today as the U.S. Supreme Court evaluates the arguments presented in November 1999 regarding its constitutionality. A split among circuit courts, coupled with the tremendous growth in technology and subsequent new in-roads for information access, draw increased attention toward the Act. The concern for information access in light of the Act, however, reaches beyond the courts' elucidated concerns about dual sovereignty and the public's right to privacy. This Note argues that there is a forgotten ...


Panel Ii: The Economic And Regulatory Issues Of Convergence, William Baer, Lawrence Grossman, Jeffrey Lanning, Robert Joffe Dec 1999

Panel Ii: The Economic And Regulatory Issues Of Convergence, William Baer, Lawrence Grossman, Jeffrey Lanning, Robert Joffe

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Cable Internet Unbundling: Local Leadership In The Deployment High Speed Access, Marcus Maher Dec 1999

Cable Internet Unbundling: Local Leadership In The Deployment High Speed Access, Marcus Maher

Federal Communications Law Journal

With the pending merger of TCI and AT&T and their promise of "one-stop" television, Internet, and telephone service, the cable Internet issues move to the forefront. The desire of traditional Internet Service Providers to gain access to new high-speed technologies for Internet access led to requests for unbundling or open access to cable systems. Despite the heated debate on the need for unbundling that has occurred at the federal level, local authorities have taken the lead in requiring open access to cable for competing ISPs. General anticompetitive concerns with cable Internet dominated by the cable company could be alleviated ...


Panel I: The First Amendment Implications Of Convergence, Andrew Jay Schwartzman, Nicholas Jollymore, Janine Jaquet, Jonathan Zittrain Dec 1999

Panel I: The First Amendment Implications Of Convergence, Andrew Jay Schwartzman, Nicholas Jollymore, Janine Jaquet, Jonathan Zittrain

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Dale V. Boy Scouts Of America: New Jersey's Law Against Discrimination Weighs The Balance Between The First Amendment And The State's Compelling Interest In Eradicating Discrimination, Karen L. Dayton Dec 1999

Dale V. Boy Scouts Of America: New Jersey's Law Against Discrimination Weighs The Balance Between The First Amendment And The State's Compelling Interest In Eradicating Discrimination, Karen L. Dayton

Georgia State University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Caveat Loquens: Let The Speaker Beware, William A. Herbert May 1999

Caveat Loquens: Let The Speaker Beware, William A. Herbert

William A. Herbert

This article discusses the gap between First Amendment expectations and realities with respect to the scope of protected speech in the public sector workplace. While it is highly unlikely that the courts will recognize a qualified immunity against adverse action for traditional First Amendment activities, the article highlights the difficulty that both public employers and employees face in trying to discern the scope and limitations of protections emanating from the First Amendment.


Roger Williams's Gift: Religious Freedom In America, Edward J. Eberle Apr 1999

Roger Williams's Gift: Religious Freedom In America, Edward J. Eberle

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Agricultural Disparagement Statutes: Tainted Beef, Tainted Speech, And Tainted Law, Margot S. Fell Mar 1999

Agricultural Disparagement Statutes: Tainted Beef, Tainted Speech, And Tainted Law, Margot S. Fell

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Betting On The Net: An Analysis Of The Government’S Role In Addressing Internet Gambling, Stevie A. Kish Mar 1999

Betting On The Net: An Analysis Of The Government’S Role In Addressing Internet Gambling, Stevie A. Kish

Federal Communications Law Journal

The Internet Gambling Prohibition Act represents the U.S. Senate’s response to the development of a new online industry—Internet gambling. While this ban could arguably reduce the dangers associated with Internet gambling, such as fraud and addiction, it can only do so by exacting a substantial cost on principles of federalism. Rather than enacting this federal prohibition, Congress should instead leave the issue of whether Internet gambling should be legalized to the states.


"Reparative" Therapy: Whether Parental Attempts To Change A Child's Sexual Orientation Can Legally Constitute Child Abuse , Karolyn Ann Hicks Jan 1999

"Reparative" Therapy: Whether Parental Attempts To Change A Child's Sexual Orientation Can Legally Constitute Child Abuse , Karolyn Ann Hicks

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Prying, Spying, And Lying: Intrusive Newsgathering And What The Law Should Do About It, Lyrissa Barnett Lidsky Jan 1999

Prying, Spying, And Lying: Intrusive Newsgathering And What The Law Should Do About It, Lyrissa Barnett Lidsky

UF Law Faculty Publications

The media's use of intrusive newsgathering techniques poses an increasing threat to individual privacy. Courts currently resolve the overwhelming majority of conflicts in favor of the media. This is not because the First Amendment bars the imposition of tort liability on the media for its newsgathering practices. It does not. Rather, tort law has failed to seize the opportunity to create meaninful privacy protection. After surveying the economic, philosophical, and practical obstacles to reform, this Article proposes to rejuvenate the tort of intrusion to tip the balance between privacy and the press back in privacy's direction. Working within ...


Galileos Or Grave Robbers? Science, The Native American Graves Protection And Repatriation Act, And The First Amendment, Michelle Hibbert Jan 1999

Galileos Or Grave Robbers? Science, The Native American Graves Protection And Repatriation Act, And The First Amendment, Michelle Hibbert

American Indian Law Review

No abstract provided.


"Land Is Itself A Sacred, Living Being": Native American Sacred Site Protection On Federal Public Lands Amidst The Shadows Of Bear Lodge, Joel Brady Jan 1999

"Land Is Itself A Sacred, Living Being": Native American Sacred Site Protection On Federal Public Lands Amidst The Shadows Of Bear Lodge, Joel Brady

American Indian Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Politics Of Religion: Reasonable Accomodations And The Establishment Clause An Analysis Of The Workplace Religious Freedom Act, Gregory J. Gawlik Jan 1999

The Politics Of Religion: Reasonable Accomodations And The Establishment Clause An Analysis Of The Workplace Religious Freedom Act, Gregory J. Gawlik

Cleveland State Law Review

The Workplace Religious Freedom Act is the focus of this note. The Workplace Religious Freedom Act represents another Congressional attempt to fortify the "reasonable accommodations" and "undue hardship" standards of Title VII with regard to religious discrimination in the workplace; the WRFA does go in the face of Supreme Court decisions which have narrowed the scope of those standards, eased burdens on employers, and valiantly guarded the citadel of the First Amendment's Establishment Clause. Specifically, this note will analyze the potential constitutional infirmity of the Workplace Religious Freedom Act in light of Establishment Clause jurisprudence and the Court's ...


Odd Man Out: Political Debates And The First Amendment After Arkansas Educational Television Commission V. Forbes, Lizabeth M. Conran Jan 1999

Odd Man Out: Political Debates And The First Amendment After Arkansas Educational Television Commission V. Forbes, Lizabeth M. Conran

Saint Louis University Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Some Realistic Thinking About Secular Effects, Paul E. Salamanca Jan 1999

Some Realistic Thinking About Secular Effects, Paul E. Salamanca

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Notwithstanding complaints about incoherence in Establishment Clause doctrine, courts by and large administer the Clause responsibly. They do so by mediating between a number of powerful considerations, none of which can ever be entirely disregarded. These considerations include, but are not limited to, separation of church and state, the value of religiosity, the imperative of affording equal treatment to religious and similarly situated nonreligious entities, and the proper role of courts in a democratic political system. This is not to say that courts cannot overstep their bounds and provoke an adverse reaction from other powerful elements within the polity. It ...


Local Government Land Use Restrictions And Selected First Amendment Issues, Barbara Jo Nelson Jan 1999

Local Government Land Use Restrictions And Selected First Amendment Issues, Barbara Jo Nelson

LLM Theses and Essays

A local government's power to enact zoning regulations falls within the general power to provide for the health, safety, and welfare of its citizenry. This thesis addresses a few selected First Amendment issues as they apply to zoning and land use restrictions in Georgia. Free speech review of zoning ordinances applies to zoning for adult sex businesses, such as adult book stores and cinemas. The First Amendment balancing test that is applicable to adult entertainment ordinances is discussed in Chapter One. The free speech impact of restrictions on signs and billboards is discussed in Chapter Two. Finally, in Chapter ...


New York City Zones Out Free Expression, Martin A. Schwartz Jan 1999

New York City Zones Out Free Expression, Martin A. Schwartz

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Nonlawyer Legal Assistance And Access To Justice, Alex J. Hurder Jan 1999

Nonlawyer Legal Assistance And Access To Justice, Alex J. Hurder

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.


Prior Restraint, Incommensurability, And The Constitutionalism Of Means, Ariel L. Bendor Jan 1999

Prior Restraint, Incommensurability, And The Constitutionalism Of Means, Ariel L. Bendor

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.


In Finley's Wake: Forging A Viable First Amendment Approach To The Government's Subsidization Of The Arts, Eric J. Cleary Jan 1999

In Finley's Wake: Forging A Viable First Amendment Approach To The Government's Subsidization Of The Arts, Eric J. Cleary

Fordham Law Review

No abstract provided.


An Emerging Right For Mature Minors To Receive Information, Catherine J. Ross Jan 1999

An Emerging Right For Mature Minors To Receive Information, Catherine J. Ross

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

This article argues that parental objections should not be allowed to block minors from accessing information from government agencies, including schools and libraries. This is particularly important when a mature minor seeks information that is essential to meaningful decisions about the exercise of autonomy rights that are constitutionally protected for teenagers, such as reproductive rights including the right to contraception and abortion. The right to receive information is also implicated where minors seek information to facilitate emerging identity choices that may conflict with those of their parents, such as religion and reliance on medical care. Part I analyzes the nature ...


"Finley, Forbes And The First Amendment: Does He Who Pays The Piper Call The Tune?, Joel M. Gora Jan 1999

"Finley, Forbes And The First Amendment: Does He Who Pays The Piper Call The Tune?, Joel M. Gora

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Nea V. Finley: A Decision In Search Of A Rationale, Lackland H. Bloom Jr. Jan 1999

Nea V. Finley: A Decision In Search Of A Rationale, Lackland H. Bloom Jr.

Faculty Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Debate has raged over whether Congress can constitutionally restrict, or at least influence, the ability of the National Endowment for the Arts (“NEA”) to award grants to artists and institutions for the creation or display of art work that a significant segment of the public would consider highly offensive. In the October 1997 Term, the Supreme Court, by an 8-1 margin in NEA v. Finley, upheld section 954(d), a 1991 congressional amendment to the NEA Act that requires the Chairperson of the NEA to ensure that, in establishing regulations and procedures for assessing artistic excellence and artistic merit, “general ...


The Politics Of Permits: The Unconstitutionality Of The Guiliani Administration's Parade And Rally Permit Application Procedures, Michael L. Landsman Jan 1999

The Politics Of Permits: The Unconstitutionality Of The Guiliani Administration's Parade And Rally Permit Application Procedures, Michael L. Landsman

Fordham Urban Law Journal

This article addresses the unconstitutionality of New York Mayor Rudolph Guiliani’s Administration’s parade and rally permit application procedures, which Judge Leonard B. Sand of the Southern District of New York held to be in violation of the First Amendment on November 16, 1998. The author initially noted the two major factors that won Guiliani the 1993 mayoral election, New Yorker’s belief that he could (1) reduce crime and (2) cool racial tensions, and then “curiously” observed that the groups that faced the greatest bias in their applications were those that applied for parade or rally permits to ...


Guarding The Treasure: Protection Of Student Religious Speech In The Classroom, Chad Allred Jan 1999

Guarding The Treasure: Protection Of Student Religious Speech In The Classroom, Chad Allred

Seattle University Law Review

This Article makes two observations, both in Parts II and III, that have received insufficient attention in the academic literature and in the courts. First, students in public school classrooms are "captive speakers." Due to compulsory attendance laws, students are "captive" not only when hearing speech, but also when they wish to speak. Adhering to the First Amendment means protecting not only captive listeners, but also captive speakers. Second, in the face of the potential misperception of students that their school endorses the speech of a fellow student, teachers have an extraordinary opportunity to simultaneously disclaim endorsement and teach the ...


Application-Centered Internet Analysis, Tim Wu Jan 1999

Application-Centered Internet Analysis, Tim Wu

Faculty Scholarship

There is a now-standard debate about law and the Internet. One side asserts that the Internet is so new and different that it calls for new legal approaches, even its own sovereign law. The other side argues that, although it is a new technology, the Internet nonetheless presents familiar legal problems. It is a battle of analogies: One side refers to Cyberspace as a place, while the other essentially equates the Internet and the telephone.

In my view, these two positions are both wrong and right: wrong in their characterization of the Internet as a whole, yet potentially right about ...


Application-Centered Internet Analysis, Tim Wu Jan 1999

Application-Centered Internet Analysis, Tim Wu

Faculty Scholarship

Much Internet scholarship tends to analyze the Internet at an inappropriate level of abstraction; focusing on the Internet as one "medium," when – by design – nearly all of the significant facts for certain questions are to be found at the level of the application and its associated protocols. The article suggests that application-centered thinking makes a better tool for the hard Internet questions, such as First Amendment questions (such as filtering) and questions of private ordering.