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1999

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Articles 1 - 30 of 286

Full-Text Articles in Law

Random Gunfire Problems And Gunshot Detection Systems, Us Department Of Justice Dec 1999

Random Gunfire Problems And Gunshot Detection Systems, Us Department Of Justice

National Institute of Justice Research in Brief

No abstract provided.


Women Offenders, Us Department Of Justice Dec 1999

Women Offenders, Us Department Of Justice

National Institute of Justice Office of Justice Programs

No abstract provided.


Honor Thy Promise: Why The Dutch Drug Policies Should Not Be A Barrier To The Full Implementation Of The Schengen Agreement , Susan H. Easton Dec 1999

Honor Thy Promise: Why The Dutch Drug Policies Should Not Be A Barrier To The Full Implementation Of The Schengen Agreement , Susan H. Easton

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Interplay Of Race And False Claims Of Jury Nullification, Nancy S. Marder Dec 1999

The Interplay Of Race And False Claims Of Jury Nullification, Nancy S. Marder

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

After the verdicts in the OJ Simpson and Stacey Koon/Laurence Powell cases, many in the press explained the juries' acquittals as instances of jury nullification. However these were unlikely to have been instances of nullification, particularly because the jurors explained that their verdicts were based on reasonable doubt. One motivation for these false claims of jury nullification was the homogeneity of the juries-a largely African-American jury in the case of Simpson and a largely white jury in the case of Koon/Powell. Nullification became the term by which press and public attempted to discredit verdicts rendered by juries they ...


When Balance And Fairness Collide: An Argument For Execution Impact Evidence In Capital Trials, Wayne A. Logan Dec 1999

When Balance And Fairness Collide: An Argument For Execution Impact Evidence In Capital Trials, Wayne A. Logan

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

A central precept of death penalty jurisprudence is that only the "death worthy" should be condemned, based on a "reasoned moral response" by the sentencing authority. Over the past decade, however, the Supreme Court has distanced itself from its painstaking efforts in the 1970s to calibrate death decision making in the name of fairness. Compelling proof of this shift is manifest in the Court's decisions to permit victim impact evidence in capital trials, and to allow jurors to be instructed that sympathy for capital defendants is not to influence capital decisions. This Article examines a novel strategy now being ...


The Offense: Interpreting The Indictment Requirement In 21 U.S.C. § 851, Christopher Serkin Dec 1999

The Offense: Interpreting The Indictment Requirement In 21 U.S.C. § 851, Christopher Serkin

Michigan Law Review

Congress enacted the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 ("the Act") to unify and rationalize its treatment of drug offenses. The Act was an enormous piece of legislation, requiring months of congressional hearings before it was passed. Today, the Act encompasses over 150 sections of title 21 of the U.S. Code and regulates behavior ranging from manufacturing and mislabeling to prescribing controlled substances. Like any piece of complex legislation, the Act has spawned its share of litigation. One controversy has defied satisfactory resolution: the meaning of the innocuous phrase, "the offense," in section 851(a)(2 ...


Evaluation Of The Children At Risk Program: Results L Year After The End Of The Program, Us Department Of Justice Nov 1999

Evaluation Of The Children At Risk Program: Results L Year After The End Of The Program, Us Department Of Justice

National Institute of Justice Research in Brief

No abstract provided.


Youth Gang Drug Trafficking, Us Department Of Justice Nov 1999

Youth Gang Drug Trafficking, Us Department Of Justice

Juvenile Justice Bulletin

No abstract provided.


Families And Schools Together: Building Relationships, Us Department Of Justice Nov 1999

Families And Schools Together: Building Relationships, Us Department Of Justice

Juvenile Justice Bulletin

No abstract provided.


Reporting Crimes Against Juveniles, Us Department Of Justice Nov 1999

Reporting Crimes Against Juveniles, Us Department Of Justice

Juvenile Justice Bulletin

No abstract provided.


Witch Doctors And Battleship Stalkers: The Edges Of Exculpation In Entrapment Cases, John F. Preis Nov 1999

Witch Doctors And Battleship Stalkers: The Edges Of Exculpation In Entrapment Cases, John F. Preis

Vanderbilt Law Review

The bumbling criminal has long been humorous to the law-abiding. Take, for example, a man recently intent on robbing a bank. The man entered a Bank of America bank, grabbed a deposit slip, and wrote on it "This iz a stikkup. Put all your muny in this bag."' While waiting in line for a teller, he became worried that someone had seen him write the note and would inform the police. Thus, he exited the bank, walked across the street to the Wells Fargo bank, and gave the note to a teller. The teller, probably sensing his lack of dangerousness ...


Witch Doctors And Battleship Stalkers: The Edges Of Exculpation In Entrapment Cases, John F. Preis Nov 1999

Witch Doctors And Battleship Stalkers: The Edges Of Exculpation In Entrapment Cases, John F. Preis

Vanderbilt Law Review

The bumbling criminal has long been humorous to the law- abiding. Take, for example, a man recently intent on robbing a bank. The man entered a Bank of America bank, grabbed a deposit slip, and wrote on it "This iz a stikkup. Put all your muny in this bag."'i While waiting in line for a teller, he became worried that someone had seen him write the note and would inform the police. Thus, he exited the bank, walked across the street to the Wells Fargo bank, and gave the note to a teller. The teller, probably sensing his lack ...


Criminal Law, Franklin J. Hogue, Laura D. Hogue Nov 1999

Criminal Law, Franklin J. Hogue, Laura D. Hogue

Mercer Law Review

The Georgia Court of Appeals and Supreme Court produce a prodigious number of opinions in criminal cases every year. We reviewed 940 cases for this reporting period. We refrained from straying outside the reporting period, even though one recent case of significance tempted us greatly. Look for it in next year's review. We are trial lawyers, so we organized this article in roughly the order in which issues may arise in the average case. If no opinions of note came out of the appellate courts in a given area of law, such as in the area of bonds and ...


School And Community Interventions To Prevent Serious And Violent Offending, Us Department Of Justice Oct 1999

School And Community Interventions To Prevent Serious And Violent Offending, Us Department Of Justice

Juvenile Justice Bulletin

No abstract provided.


A New Start Calls For A Broadened Perspective, Nora V. Demleitner Oct 1999

A New Start Calls For A Broadened Perspective, Nora V. Demleitner

Scholarly Articles

Not available.


High Crimes And Misdemeanors: Defining The Constitutional Limits On Presidential Impeachment, Frank O. Bowman Iii, Stephen L. Sepinuck Oct 1999

High Crimes And Misdemeanors: Defining The Constitutional Limits On Presidential Impeachment, Frank O. Bowman Iii, Stephen L. Sepinuck

Faculty Publications

This Article had its genesis in a statement by the authors submitted to the House Judiciary Committee during its proceedings regarding the impeachment of President Clinton. This final much expanded version appears after the conclusion of the Clinton impeachment proceedings in the Senate, and it is certainly informed by the course those proceedings took. Strictly speaking, however, this is not an article “about” the Clinton impeachment. Although this Article draws some conclusions from the treatment by the House and Senate of the fundamental allegations against President Clinton, it does not address in detail the specific facts underlying those allegations. The ...


Neonaticide And The Misuse Of The Insanity Defense, Megan C. Hogan Oct 1999

Neonaticide And The Misuse Of The Insanity Defense, Megan C. Hogan

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Corporate Liability, Risk Shifting, And The Paradox Of Compliance, William S. Laufer Oct 1999

Corporate Liability, Risk Shifting, And The Paradox Of Compliance, William S. Laufer

Vanderbilt Law Review

The evolution of corporate criminal law is explained by the shifting risks of liability and loss between corporations and their agents in accommodating the illogic of vicarious liability. A vivid example of the effects of this risk shifting is seen with the recent emergence of the good citizen corporation movement. This movement en- courages prosecutors with vast discretion to leverage indictments and convictions of subordinate agents, resort to civil and administrative actions against large and medium-sized corporations in place of criminal indictments, compromise agent indemnification, and enforce corporate self-regulation through elaborate plea agreements. Not surprisingly, organizations tend to conceive of ...


Patterns Of Injustice: Police Brutality In The Courts, Susan Bandes Oct 1999

Patterns Of Injustice: Police Brutality In The Courts, Susan Bandes

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


When Balance And Fairness Collide: An Argument For Execution Impact Evidence In Capital Trials, Wayne A. Logan Oct 1999

When Balance And Fairness Collide: An Argument For Execution Impact Evidence In Capital Trials, Wayne A. Logan

Scholarly Publications

A central precept of death penalty jurisprudence is that only the "death worthy" should be condemned, based on a "reasoned moral response" by the sentencing authority. Over the past decade, however, the Supreme Court has distanced itself from its painstaking efforts in the 1970s to calibrate death decision making in the name of fairness. Compelling proof of this shift is manifest in the Court's decisions to permit victim impact evidence in capital trials, and to allow jurors to be instructed that sympathy for capital defendants is not to influence capital decisions. This Article examines a novel strategy now being ...


Section 7: Criminal Law And Procedure, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The William & Mary Law School Sep 1999

Section 7: Criminal Law And Procedure, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The William & Mary Law School

Supreme Court Preview

No abstract provided.


Community Policing And Youth, Us Department Of Justice Sep 1999

Community Policing And Youth, Us Department Of Justice

Juvenile Justice Bulletin

No abstract provided.


Could "Bad Kids" Be Saved By Better Laws? A Comparison Of Current Federal Legislation Of The United States And Canada, Jessica Elaine Becker Sep 1999

Could "Bad Kids" Be Saved By Better Laws? A Comparison Of Current Federal Legislation Of The United States And Canada, Jessica Elaine Becker

Penn State International Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Brzonkala Case & The Violence Against Women Act Of 1994, Jacqueline Druar Sep 1999

The Brzonkala Case & The Violence Against Women Act Of 1994, Jacqueline Druar

Buffalo Women's Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Rights For The Rape Victim: Lifting Statute Of Limitations For Prosecution Of Violent Crimes, Suzanne M. Knight Sep 1999

Rights For The Rape Victim: Lifting Statute Of Limitations For Prosecution Of Violent Crimes, Suzanne M. Knight

Buffalo Women's Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Formal Legal Truth And Substantive Truth In Judicial Fact-Finding – Their Justified Divergence In Some Particular Cases, Robert S. Summers Sep 1999

Formal Legal Truth And Substantive Truth In Judicial Fact-Finding – Their Justified Divergence In Some Particular Cases, Robert S. Summers

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

Truth is a fundamental objective of adjudicative processes; ideally, ‘substantive’ as distinct from ‘formal legal’ truth. But problems of evidence, for example, may frustrate finding of substantive truth; other values may lead to exclusions of probative evidence, e.g., for the sake of fairness. ‘Jury nullification’ and ‘jury equity’. Limits of time, and definitiveness of decision, require allocation of burden of proof. Degree of truth-formality is variable within a system and across systems.


Criminalizing Money Laundering As A Method And Means Of Curbing Corruption, Organized Crime, And Capital Flight In Russia, Sam Chung Sep 1999

Criminalizing Money Laundering As A Method And Means Of Curbing Corruption, Organized Crime, And Capital Flight In Russia, Sam Chung

Washington International Law Journal

In the wake of the post-Soviet privatization in the Russian Federation, corruption and organized crime have flourished, contributing to capital flight, economic instability, and the collapse of Russia's financial system. Over the same period, Russian legislators have worked to reform the legal system in order to facilitate their country's transition to democracy and the rule of law. In 1997, legislative efforts led to the enactment of a new criminal code that emphasizes the rights of the individual as opposed to the power of the government. More recently, several draft bills targeting money laundering activities and banking reform have ...


Report On Arrests For Domestic Violence In California, 1998, Office Of The Attorney General Aug 1999

Report On Arrests For Domestic Violence In California, 1998, Office Of The Attorney General

California Agencies

No abstract provided.


Report On Arrests For Burglary In California, 1998, Office Of The Attorney General Aug 1999

Report On Arrests For Burglary In California, 1998, Office Of The Attorney General

California Agencies

No abstract provided.


Punishment As Atonement, Stephen P. Garvey Aug 1999

Punishment As Atonement, Stephen P. Garvey

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

How would punishment work in an ideal community, one in which the members of the community identify with one another? In this article, Professor Stephen Garvey argues that punishment in such a community would be understood as a form of secular penance and would form part of the process by which the wrongdoer atones for his wrongdoing. Compared to this account of punishment, which Garvey calls "punishment as atonement," other accounts fall short. The older and dominant approaches of utilitarianism and retributivism offer justifications for punishment that ignore the goal of atonement. Newer approaches, restorativism and libertarianism, recognize the importance ...