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1998

Faculty Scholarship

Fordham Law School

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Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Law

Mass Tort Litigation And Inquisitorial Justice, Howard M. Erichson Jan 1998

Mass Tort Litigation And Inquisitorial Justice, Howard M. Erichson

Faculty Scholarship

In the past decade, settlement class actions have become increasingly popular in mass tort litigation, having been used successfully in cases such as the Dalkon Shield litigation, the Bjork-Shiley heart valve litigation, and the orthopedic bone screw litigation. Although the Supreme Court's opinion in Amchem has engendered some confusion over the continued viability of mass tort settlement class actions, it appears that such settlements remain a dominant approach to resolving mass tort lawsuits. With increasing frequency, plaintiffs and defendants come to court holding hands, and courts must launch their own vigorous inquiries into the merits of the parties' proffered settlement. …


Review Of The Papers Of John Marshall, Vol Viii: Correspondence, Papers And Selected Judicial Opinions, March 1814-December 1819, Edited By Charles Hobson, James L. Kainen Jan 1998

Review Of The Papers Of John Marshall, Vol Viii: Correspondence, Papers And Selected Judicial Opinions, March 1814-December 1819, Edited By Charles Hobson, James L. Kainen

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Rights, Wrongs, And Recourse In The Law Of Torts, Benjamin C. Zipursky Jan 1998

Rights, Wrongs, And Recourse In The Law Of Torts, Benjamin C. Zipursky

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Tax Expenditure Analysis And Constitutional Decisions , Linda Sugin Jan 1998

Tax Expenditure Analysis And Constitutional Decisions , Linda Sugin

Faculty Scholarship

This article looks at the significance of the similarities and differences between tax benefits and direct spending for purposes of the equal protection and establishment clauses, with a particular focus on the charitable contribution deduction. Because economic equivalence is not critical under these constitutional provisions, tax expenditure analysis is not relevant to the legal analysis. While this article deals only briefly with numerous provisions of the Code and analyzes only two constitutional provisions, it provides a model for considering the constitutionality of any tax provision.


Introduction To Keynote Address: Symposium: The First Amendment And The Media: Convergence--Necessary, Evil, Or Both? The Legal, Economic, And Cultural Impacts Of Mega Media Mergers, Joel R. Reidenberg Jan 1998

Introduction To Keynote Address: Symposium: The First Amendment And The Media: Convergence--Necessary, Evil, Or Both? The Legal, Economic, And Cultural Impacts Of Mega Media Mergers, Joel R. Reidenberg

Faculty Scholarship

It is my pleasure today to introduce our keynote speaker, Professor Larry Lessig. Professor Lessig is the Jack and Lillian Berkman Professor of Entrepreneurial Legal Studies at Harvard Law School and is a renowned scholar in intellectual property, constitutional, Internet, and new media law. Indeed, the last time Professor Lessig spoke here at Fordham, he was focusing on his pioneering work addressing fidelity in constitutional interpretation. Of course, not the sort of fidelity that the Senate is debating this afternoon.


Defining And Punishing Abroad: Constitutional Limits On The Extraterritorial Reach Of The Offenses Clause Note, Zephyr Teachout Jan 1998

Defining And Punishing Abroad: Constitutional Limits On The Extraterritorial Reach Of The Offenses Clause Note, Zephyr Teachout

Faculty Scholarship

The Offenses Clause of the United States Constitution gives Congress the authority to "define and punish... Offences against the Law of Nations." This Note considers whether Congress must conform to the jurisdictional rules of customary international law when legislating pursuant to the Offenses Clause.


Political Power Of Nuisance Law: Labor Picketing And The Courts In Modern England, 1871-Present, The , Rachel Vorspan Jan 1998

Political Power Of Nuisance Law: Labor Picketing And The Courts In Modern England, 1871-Present, The , Rachel Vorspan

Faculty Scholarship

This inquiry, a comprehensive historical study of the impact of nuisance law on labor picketing in England, comprises six sections. Part I introduces general principles of labor law and nuisance law in the nineteenth century, particularly the legislative scheme of "collective laissezfaire" that emerged after 1871 and remained relatively intact until 1980. Part II examines the use of nuisance doctrines against picketers in the first phase of confrontational picketing from 1889 to 1906, when the appearance of militant unions representing unskilled workers stimulated inventive judicial responses in both private and public nuisance. Part III investigates the much heralded judicial and …


Learning From The Unpleasant Truths Of Interfaith Conversations: William Stringfellow's Lessons For The Jewish Lawyer, Russell G. Pearce Jan 1998

Learning From The Unpleasant Truths Of Interfaith Conversations: William Stringfellow's Lessons For The Jewish Lawyer, Russell G. Pearce

Faculty Scholarship

As the religious lawyering movement expands, so too will the opportunities for interfaith conversations about lawyering. At the level of superficial pleasantries, these conversations will probably add warm feelings of camraderie but little else. When they advance to deeper levels of intellectual and emotional connection, they offer the potential for developing close friendships, learning significant new insights, and discovering hurtful differences. Only by risking the pain of such conversations can we gain the full benefit of interfaith conversation for enriching our "zest for spiritual living." This essay will employ the writings of William Stringfellow, a Christian lawyer and theologian, to …


Substantial Assistance And Sentence Severity: Is There A Correlation Substantial Assistance, Ian Weinstein Jan 1998

Substantial Assistance And Sentence Severity: Is There A Correlation Substantial Assistance, Ian Weinstein

Faculty Scholarship

How much more severe are sentences imposed in districts with low substantial assistance rates than those in which the rate is very high? In the aggregate, not at all. At first blush this may puzzle readers because substantial assistance (SA) departures are very unevenly distributed across districts and SA accounts for nearly two-thirds of all downward departures, almost 7,900 of the 12,000 in fiscal 1996. Although this pattern could result in gross disparities among districts, my analysis of inter-district sentencing patterns reveals no statistically significant correlation between the rate of SA departures and the average length of sentences imposed in …


Lawyering In The State Of Nature: Instinct And Automaticity In Legal Problem Solving , Ian Weinstein Jan 1998

Lawyering In The State Of Nature: Instinct And Automaticity In Legal Problem Solving , Ian Weinstein

Faculty Scholarship

This article explains why lawyers do not think or talk like other people, how they got this way, and why this is both a good thing and a bad thing. I have watched hundreds of law students leave their old ways of thinking and talking behind and begin to sound like lawyers. One marker of the progress from lay person to lawyer is the emergence of the ability to tell a coherent fact and law story about a new legal problem. I have sometimes celebrated this professional progress and sometimes lamented the loss of common sense, but my lawyerly analysis …


Life Before The Modern Sex Offender Statutes , Deborah W. Denno Jan 1998

Life Before The Modern Sex Offender Statutes , Deborah W. Denno

Faculty Scholarship

This Article examines the social and legal developments that fueled the origins and recurring problems of sex offender laws. Part I of this Article discusses the primary precursors of the sexual psychopath statutes that encouraged the public's and politicians' acceptance of the concept of sexual psychopathy: the increasing sexualization of American society, changes in gender roles and relations, the valuation of children and the family unit, and the influx of psychiatry. Part II describes how the diagnosis of sexual psychopathy slowly developed as a result of the criminal justice system's growing tendency to explain criminal behavior in psychoanalytic terms. Part …


Conflicts Of Interest In Scientific Expert Testimony, Mark R. Patterson Jan 1998

Conflicts Of Interest In Scientific Expert Testimony, Mark R. Patterson

Faculty Scholarship

Conflicts of interest have significant implications for the reliability of scientific expert testimony. However, the courts' treatment of conflicts is not always in accord either with the treatment of conflicts in scientific practice or with the particular problems that scientists' conflicts present in court. In response, this Article proposes two basic changes in the treatment of scientific expert testimony. First, courts should strive to separate issues of bias from issues of scientific validity-the two sets of issues are now conflated at times. Second, courts should pay more attention to biases of scientists who perform the research underlying expert testimony, whereas …


Informed Consent In Mediation: A Guiding Principle For Truly Educated Decisionmaking , Jacqueline Nolan-Haley Jan 1998

Informed Consent In Mediation: A Guiding Principle For Truly Educated Decisionmaking , Jacqueline Nolan-Haley

Faculty Scholarship

Informed consent has a central role to play in mediation. Without it, mediation's promises of autonomy and self-determination are empty. This Article has given the theoretical and policy justifications for a reform of mediation practice that honors the principle of informed consent. I have argued for a contextualized approach that takes into account mediation's location, the voluntariness of the parties' consent, and their representational status. This kind of analysis will lead to a more informed practice of mediation decisionmaking than exists currently and provide a perspective that can more prudently guide a mediator's conduct. The proposed approach promotes greater fairness …


The Property Of Death, Tanya K. Hernandez Jan 1998

The Property Of Death, Tanya K. Hernandez

Faculty Scholarship

Who owns death and why do we care? The question of who owns death is implicitly deliberated each time a legal dispute ensues over who can direct the manner of a decedent's burial. There is no definitive legal rule as to who has the right to control the disposal of mortal remains because there is no agreement as to who owns a body after death or whether the cadaver is subject to traditional property rights. Although most states have probate laws and health codes which authorize a decedent (or in the alternative, a priority list of family members) to direct …


Multiracial Discourse: Racial Classifications In An Era Of Color-Blind Jurisprudence, Tanya K. Hernandez Jan 1998

Multiracial Discourse: Racial Classifications In An Era Of Color-Blind Jurisprudence, Tanya K. Hernandez

Faculty Scholarship

This Article analyzes the widespread legal ramifications of the Multiracial Category Movement (MCM) and assesses whether the MCM's proposal effectively advances its stated goal of promoting racial equality. After analyzing the legal import of multiracial discourse, the Article determines that the MCM misperception of race and its fluidity inadvertently furthers the progression of color-blind jurisprudence in direct contravention of the MCM goal of promoting racial equality. Part I provides background and identifies the motivating forces behind the MCM as a color-blind movement. Part II critiques the MCM for its adverse effects upon racial justice efforts in furthering the manner in …


Permissive Bankruptcy Abstention, Susan Block-Lieb Jan 1998

Permissive Bankruptcy Abstention, Susan Block-Lieb

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Paul L. Murphy: 1923-1997, Robert J. Kaczorowski Jan 1998

Paul L. Murphy: 1923-1997, Robert J. Kaczorowski

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Foreword: Should The Family Be Represented As An Entity?: Reexamining The Family Values Of Legal Ethics, Russell G. Pearce Jan 1998

Foreword: Should The Family Be Represented As An Entity?: Reexamining The Family Values Of Legal Ethics, Russell G. Pearce

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Teaching Ethics Seriously: Legal Ethics As The Most Important Subject In Law School, Russell G. Pearce Jan 1998

Teaching Ethics Seriously: Legal Ethics As The Most Important Subject In Law School, Russell G. Pearce

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Moral Of Macpherson, John C.P. Goldberg, Benjamin C. Zipursky Jan 1998

The Moral Of Macpherson, John C.P. Goldberg, Benjamin C. Zipursky

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Foreword Symposium: Fourth Annual Mid-Atlantic People Ofcolor Legal Scholarship Conference: Law And Literature: Examining The Limited Legal Imagination In The Traditional Legal Canon, Sheila R. Foster Jan 1998

Foreword Symposium: Fourth Annual Mid-Atlantic People Ofcolor Legal Scholarship Conference: Law And Literature: Examining The Limited Legal Imagination In The Traditional Legal Canon, Sheila R. Foster

Faculty Scholarship

The Fourth Annual Mid-Atlantic People of Color Legal Scholarship Conference, which took place at Rutgers Law School in Camden on February 12-14, 1998, poignantly captured the theme around which the conference was organized. The theme of the conference was "Law and Literature: Examining the Limited Legal Imagination in the Traditional Legal Canon." True to the theme of the conference, many presenters sought to expand our collective imagination through poetry, fiction, and narrative. The presentations were intellectually stimulating and provocative. Indeed, there was a literary quality to some of the presentations. Perhaps most importantly, the conference itself, in the tradition of …


Food For The Lions: Excessive Damages For Newsgathering Torts And The Limitations Of Current First Amendment Doctrines , Andrew B. Sims Jan 1998

Food For The Lions: Excessive Damages For Newsgathering Torts And The Limitations Of Current First Amendment Doctrines , Andrew B. Sims

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Introduction: Locating Culture, Identity, And Human Rights Symposium In Celebration Of The Fiftieth Anniversary Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights: Introduction, Catherine Powell Jan 1998

Introduction: Locating Culture, Identity, And Human Rights Symposium In Celebration Of The Fiftieth Anniversary Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights: Introduction, Catherine Powell

Faculty Scholarship

As we celebrate the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the idea of human rights endures. The human rights idea was honored at a conference organized by the Association of the Bar of the City of New York, held at Fordham Law School on December 10-12, 1999, to commemorate the first fifty years of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The four pieces that follow were presented at the conference as part of a panel addressing one of the central philosophical concerns regarding the human rights project: its universality. While the panel's title, "What is a Human …


Foreword Symposium: Fourth Annual Mid-Atlantic People Ofcolor Legal Scholarship Conference: Law And Literature: Examining The Limited Legal Imagination In The Traditional Legal Canon, Sheila R. Foster Jan 1998

Foreword Symposium: Fourth Annual Mid-Atlantic People Ofcolor Legal Scholarship Conference: Law And Literature: Examining The Limited Legal Imagination In The Traditional Legal Canon, Sheila R. Foster

Faculty Scholarship

The Fourth Annual Mid-Atlantic People of Color Legal Scholarship Conference, which took place at Rutgers Law School in Camden on February 12-14, 1998, poignantly captured the theme around which the conference was organized. The theme of the conference was "Law and Literature: Examining the Limited Legal Imagination in the Traditional Legal Canon." True to the theme of the conference, many presenters sought to expand our collective imagination through poetry, fiction, and narrative. The presentations were intellectually stimulating and provocative. Indeed, there was a literary quality to some of the presentations. Perhaps most importantly, the conference itself, in the tradition of …


Regarding Rights: An Essay Honoring The Fiftieth Anniversary Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights Introduction: Locating Culture, Identity, And Human Rights Symposium In Celebration Of The Fiftieth Anniversary Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, Tracy E. Higgins Jan 1998

Regarding Rights: An Essay Honoring The Fiftieth Anniversary Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights Introduction: Locating Culture, Identity, And Human Rights Symposium In Celebration Of The Fiftieth Anniversary Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, Tracy E. Higgins

Faculty Scholarship

The half-century since the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights' has been famously heralded as the "Age of Rights" and the concept of human rights described as "the only political-moral idea that has gained universal acceptance." During the same period, however, both terms defining the subject-human and rights-have become increasingly contested. Informed by the emergence of identity-based political movements, critics have attacked the category human has as bearing the baggage of Western Enlightenment assumptions about personhood and community, inherently racist, sexist, and classist. Theorists across the political spectrum have criticized the concept of rights as indeterminate, destructive of …


Justice From The Ground Up: Distributive Inequities, Grassroots Resistance, And The Transformative Politics Of The Environmental Justice Movement, Sheila R. Foster Jan 1998

Justice From The Ground Up: Distributive Inequities, Grassroots Resistance, And The Transformative Politics Of The Environmental Justice Movement, Sheila R. Foster

Faculty Scholarship

In this Article, Professor Foster examines the environmental justice movement from the "ground up"-from the perspective of the predominantly poor, African-American residents of Chester, Pennsylvania who attempted to stop the clustering of waste facilities in their community. From this perspective, Professor Foster evaluates the manner in which the phenomenon of environmental injustice is framed, the efficacy of reforms in environmental decision-making processes, and the strategies and possibilities of grass roots efforts in achieving environmental justice. She argues that the distributive paradigm that often frames discussions of environmental injustice obscures the mechanisms and processes underlying inequitable outcomes, thwarting a full understanding …


European Economic And Monetary Union: Will The Emu Ever Fly The Euro: A New Single Currency For Europe: Legal Framework, Roger J. Goebel Jan 1998

European Economic And Monetary Union: Will The Emu Ever Fly The Euro: A New Single Currency For Europe: Legal Framework, Roger J. Goebel

Faculty Scholarship

The title of this article represents a pun, but a pun with a point that responds to the tensions between these dreams of EMU's success and fears of its failure. The emu is a large Australian bird, but, like the better-known ostrich, the emu does not fly. However, it can run very fast. The point is, that during the early stages of planning for the EMU there were some very high-flying aspirations for what it might attain, and what its attainment might mean for the political future of the European Union. Since then, these aspirations have been considerably chilled by …