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1996

Faculty Scholarship

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 312

Full-Text Articles in Law

Ending The Irs As We Know It: Thoughts From Outside The Beltway, J. Clifton Fleming Jr. Dec 1996

Ending The Irs As We Know It: Thoughts From Outside The Beltway, J. Clifton Fleming Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Canada's Limitation Of Hate Speech: A Comparative Perspective, David H. Moore Dec 1996

Canada's Limitation Of Hate Speech: A Comparative Perspective, David H. Moore

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


A Photographer's Guide To Legal Writing, Barbara P. Blumenfeld Dec 1996

A Photographer's Guide To Legal Writing, Barbara P. Blumenfeld

Faculty Scholarship

The author recounts a photography course that taught the three keys to an effective photograph: determining theme, focusing attention on char theme, and simplifying. This article adapts these three keys to legal writing to teach and remind writers of the necessary components of an effective legal document. This method provides a new way to look at old teachings.


Are Law Firm Partners Islands Unto Themselves? An Empirical Study Of Law Firm Peer Review And Culture, Susan Saab Fortney Dec 1996

Are Law Firm Partners Islands Unto Themselves? An Empirical Study Of Law Firm Peer Review And Culture, Susan Saab Fortney

Faculty Scholarship

This article examines how attitude and law firm culture affect peer review and principal accountability by using empirical data obtained from a survey of Texas law firms. Part I briefly describes the research design and the general profiles of respondents of the survey. Part II discusses the peer review measures used by the firms surveyed for this article. Part III analyzes attitudes about peer review. Part IV focuses on the obstacles to peer review. Part V considers the connection between firm culture and the implementation of peer review measures. Finally, the conclusion explains how firm managers can reshape attitudes to …


Lending Discrimination: Economic Theory, Econometric Evidence, And The Community Reinvestment Act, Keith N. Hylton, Vincent D. Rougeau Dec 1996

Lending Discrimination: Economic Theory, Econometric Evidence, And The Community Reinvestment Act, Keith N. Hylton, Vincent D. Rougeau

Faculty Scholarship

Although it has been settled law for almost two decades, there has been a heightened interest in the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) over the last several years. One factor driving this interest is the continuing economic decline of the inner cities and the consequent widening of the wealth gap between cities and surrounding suburbs in many areas of the country. A second factor is the consolidation of the banking industry, which has encouraged expansion-oriented banks to improve their CRA ratings to gain the approval of regulators. A recent effort to enhance enforcement of the statute, in part the result of …


Service Is Our Raison D'Etre, Winnie F. Taylor Nov 1996

Service Is Our Raison D'Etre, Winnie F. Taylor

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Funding Fairness: Public Investment, Proprietary Rights And Access To Health Care Technology, William M. Sage Nov 1996

Funding Fairness: Public Investment, Proprietary Rights And Access To Health Care Technology, William M. Sage

Faculty Scholarship

In her accompanying Article, "Public Research and Private Development: Patents and Technology Transfer in Government-Sponsored Research," Professor Rebecca Eisenberg suggests that federal technology transfer policies should be reexamined in light of actual experience with patented technologies. Indeed, the relationship among federal research funding, patent law, and medical innovation has become more complicated in the years since the passage of the Bayh-Dole Act. Rising health care spending despite slowing overall economic growth has fostered the development of private sector managed care, has led to cutbacks in government support for both research and clinical services, and has increased the percentage of uninsured …


A Year In Practice: The Journal Of A Reflective Clinician, Stacy Caplow Oct 1996

A Year In Practice: The Journal Of A Reflective Clinician, Stacy Caplow

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Property Law: 1996 Survey Of Florida Law, Ronald B. Brown, Joseph M. Grohma Oct 1996

Property Law: 1996 Survey Of Florida Law, Ronald B. Brown, Joseph M. Grohma

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Rules, Story And Commitment In The Teaching Of Legal Ethics, Susan P. Koniak, Roger C. Cramton Oct 1996

Rules, Story And Commitment In The Teaching Of Legal Ethics, Susan P. Koniak, Roger C. Cramton

Faculty Scholarship

The ABA requires each "approved" law school to provide each student "instruction in the duties and responsibilities of the legal profession." First adopted in August, 1973, in the midst of the Watergate disclosures, this requirement has never been interpreted and is infrequently referred to or enforced in the accreditation process. The professional responsibility requirement is the only substantive teaching requirement imposed by the ABA.

Should the ethics teaching requirement be scrapped? We consider that question in Part I. Although we ultimately conclude the rule should be maintained, we believe this fundamental question must be asked. Given the disdain many legal …


Under Cloak Of Settlement, Susan P. Koniak Oct 1996

Under Cloak Of Settlement, Susan P. Koniak

Faculty Scholarship

In this Article, we discuss examples of class action settlements in which the conduct allegedly engaged in by class counsel-and in some instances by the defendants and their lawyers--could constitute a civil wrong or a criminal act under state or federal law, but a court nevertheless blessed the conduct by approving the settlement. We argue that the findings made by federal and state courts in blessing these settlements, namely, findings on the adequacy of class counsel, the lack of collusion between class counsel and the defendants, and the fairness of the settlement terms, should not immunize the conduct of the …


Risky Business, Michael S. Baram Oct 1996

Risky Business, Michael S. Baram

Faculty Scholarship

In prior studies by high-level commissions, emphasis was given to improving the scientific basis and institutional procedures for risk assessment and risk regulation within existing statutory frameworks. Recommendations have led to slow but steady progress. This study is considerably different. It emphasizes a public health approach for efficient use of resources in a new flexible framework for risk management, reductionist approaches to risk assessment and characterization, increased public involvement, and various methods for managing such public involvement. It provides a mix of aspirations and concepts, procedures, and "shop floor rules" for putting the new system of risk management into practice. …


The Genetic Privacy Act: A Proposal For National Legislation, Patricia Roche, Leonard H. Glantz, George J. Annas Oct 1996

The Genetic Privacy Act: A Proposal For National Legislation, Patricia Roche, Leonard H. Glantz, George J. Annas

Faculty Scholarship

Privacy is a major issue in medical law, and genetics is a major force in contemporary medical science. Nonetheless, the combination of these two fields has only recently been seen as central to both individual rights and medical progress. Disclosures in June of 1996 that White House officials had wrongly acquired and read FBI files of raw background checks of prominent Republicans reminded Americans that there is no such thing as a completely secure and secret file of personal information. Had these files contained DNA profiles or samples, they would have supplied additional information about the unsuspecting individuals-information that could …


A Critique Of The Second Circuit's Analysis Of New York And New Jersey Joint Venture Law In Arditi V. Dubitzky And Sagamore Corp. V. Diamond West Energy Corp, Robert E. Steinbuch Oct 1996

A Critique Of The Second Circuit's Analysis Of New York And New Jersey Joint Venture Law In Arditi V. Dubitzky And Sagamore Corp. V. Diamond West Energy Corp, Robert E. Steinbuch

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Residential Segregation Of Baltimore's Jews: Restrictive Covenants Or Gentlemen's Agreement?, Garrett Power Oct 1996

The Residential Segregation Of Baltimore's Jews: Restrictive Covenants Or Gentlemen's Agreement?, Garrett Power

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Principled Opinions, Susan P. Koniak Oct 1996

Principled Opinions, Susan P. Koniak

Faculty Scholarship

Professor Brickman is not pleased. Indeed, he is outraged, if the sound and fury of his article is to be taken at face value. He and twenty-five others, lawyers and legal educators, sent the American bar Association Standing Committee on Ethics and Professional Responsibility (the "Committee" or "Ethics Committee") a letter (the "Letter") asking for an opinion. They got one which Professor Brickman describes as "wrong as a matter of ethics law, malevolent as a matter of public policy, disingenuous in its presentation, unfounded it [its] critical assumptions ... and blatantly self-interested in elevating lawyers' financial interests above their traditional …


Comments Worth Making: Supervising Scholarly Writing In Law School, Elizabeth Fajans, Mary R. Falk Sep 1996

Comments Worth Making: Supervising Scholarly Writing In Law School, Elizabeth Fajans, Mary R. Falk

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


A Three-Dimensional Model Of Stadium Owner Liability In Spectator Injury Cases, Joshua E. Kastenberg Jul 1996

A Three-Dimensional Model Of Stadium Owner Liability In Spectator Injury Cases, Joshua E. Kastenberg

Faculty Scholarship

This article analyzes the duties placed on the stadium and event-site owners to prevent such injuries, as well as the defenses available to stadium and event-site owners. Spectator injuries constitute a large area of negligence law and there is a commonality among the various spectator sports. This article analyzes stadium/event-site owner liability in a three-dimensional model. The purpose of a three-dimensional model is to unweave the complex fabric which constitutes liability for spectator injuries. Various sports are independently analyzed in the first section, which represents one dimension. Part II assesses three common types of jurisdictions which affect the stadium/event-site owner's …


Lmo's: Treasure Chest Or Pandora's Box, Michael S. Baram Jul 1996

Lmo's: Treasure Chest Or Pandora's Box, Michael S. Baram

Faculty Scholarship

Biotechnology is beginning to trans- A form agriculture across the globe. After thousands of years of traditional plant and animal breeding, and centuries of mechanization and chemical application, genetic research has opened a Pandora's box of living modified organisms (LMOs) designed to improve the productivity and efficiency of commercial agriculture. A multitude of transgenic crops and animals is now being introduced into commerce by biotechnology companies, and b nations are puzzling out how to appropriate the benefits and manage the risks.

American biotechnology companies and agencies are the leading proponents of using LMOs. They claim that two decades of costly …


On The Idea Of Private Law, Martin Stone Jul 1996

On The Idea Of Private Law, Martin Stone

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Times They Are A Changin' - Or Are They? An Update On Rule 114, Barbara Mcadoo, Nancy A. Welsh Jul 1996

The Times They Are A Changin' - Or Are They? An Update On Rule 114, Barbara Mcadoo, Nancy A. Welsh

Faculty Scholarship

When Rule 114 of the General Rules of Civil Practice arrived on the Minnesota legal scene in July 1994, it took many attorneys by complete surprise. Even in Hennepin County, which has had a nonbinding arbitration program since 1984, some attorneys asked, "ADR? Is that short for Another Darn Requirement'?" Nearly two years later, now that most attorneys know that ADR is the acronym for "Alternative Dispute Resolution," it is time to take stock of Rule 114, to evaluate its influence on the practice of law and its impact on the courts.

This review is timely for another, very important …


An Enlightened Addition To The Original Meaning: Voltaire And The Eighth Amendment’S Prohibition Against Cruel And Unusual Punishment, Joshua E. Kastenberg Jul 1996

An Enlightened Addition To The Original Meaning: Voltaire And The Eighth Amendment’S Prohibition Against Cruel And Unusual Punishment, Joshua E. Kastenberg

Faculty Scholarship

This article centers on the influences of the Enlightenment through Voltaire on both the framers of American law and on the Eighth Amendment's prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. Before discussing the weight of Voltaire's influence on the law makers in the early republic, it is first important to envision a general picture of both Enlightenment philosophy and the experiences of Voltaire in Eighteenth Century France. Therefore, in Part I, this paper examines Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Enlightenment philosophy on criminal punishment, as well as the philosophy of Voltaire. Part II addresses a similar exploration of the impact of this …


Major Sources Of Criteria Pollutants In Nonattainment Areas: Balancing The Goals Of Clean Air, Environmental Justice, And Industrial Development, Eileen Gauna Jul 1996

Major Sources Of Criteria Pollutants In Nonattainment Areas: Balancing The Goals Of Clean Air, Environmental Justice, And Industrial Development, Eileen Gauna

Faculty Scholarship

If an area is suffering from economic decay as well as unhealthy air, should new facilities -- and more pollution -- be allowed into the area anyway? If so, the result is that impoverished areas are afforded less environmental protection.This article addresses an important aspect of this dilemma: under what circumstances, if any, should a facility which will emit large amounts of air pollution be allowed to locate or expand operations in areas of existing poor air quality? Part II of this article provides a brief historical explanation of the Clean Air Act as it pertains to major stationary sources. …


Neighborhood Entrepreneurs Program In New York City, David Reiss Jul 1996

Neighborhood Entrepreneurs Program In New York City, David Reiss

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Executive Power Of Constitutional Interpretation, Gary S. Lawson, Christopher D. Moore Jul 1996

The Executive Power Of Constitutional Interpretation, Gary S. Lawson, Christopher D. Moore

Faculty Scholarship

It is emphatically the province and duty of the President to say what the law is, including the law embodied in the Federal Constitution. In the mid-1980s, a claim of this sort would have been received by the legal intelligentsia with some combination of bemusement and outrage. One would have heard, loudly and often, that it is the special province of the federal courts to declare the meaning of the Constitution, -Lnd that any attempt to question the judiciary's supreme interpretative role, especially in favor of an interpretative role for the President, was an attack on the rule of law …


A Feminist Revisit To The First-Year Curriculum, Anita Bernstein Jun 1996

A Feminist Revisit To The First-Year Curriculum, Anita Bernstein

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Consensus, Dissensus And Contractual Obligation Through The Prism Of Uniform International Sales Law, Michael P. Van Alstine Jun 1996

Consensus, Dissensus And Contractual Obligation Through The Prism Of Uniform International Sales Law, Michael P. Van Alstine

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


A Theory Of Minimum Contract Terms, With Implications For Labor Law, Keith N. Hylton Jun 1996

A Theory Of Minimum Contract Terms, With Implications For Labor Law, Keith N. Hylton

Faculty Scholarship

This Paper deals with a topic at the core of labor, property, and contract law: to what extent should individuals be free to enter into agreements of their choice? In many instances, the state intervenes to tell parties that they may not execute or enforce certain agreements, or that they must incorporate certain "minimum terms." A broad view of property rights would support the position that individuals are free to enter into whatever agreements suit them. A narrow view, on the other hand, is consistent with the claim that the state may require contracting parties to comply with a set …


A Feminist Revisit To The First-Year Curriculum, Anita Bernstein Jun 1996

A Feminist Revisit To The First-Year Curriculum, Anita Bernstein

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Asil As An Epistemic Community, Charlotte Ku Jun 1996

The Asil As An Epistemic Community, Charlotte Ku

Faculty Scholarship

Three comments, on the program of this Annual Meeting. We have answered the theme question in various ways, and we have done some things less well, others better. The focus of a political scientist differs from that of an international lawyer, dealing more with process than with outcome. We have taken a relatively simplistic look at outcomes-that is, we have often looked at whether international institutions have done what they said they were going to do; we have not looked nearly so much at whether they fixed the problems they were trying to fix. The second point that emerges very …