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Full-Text Articles in Law

Are Spread Out Cities Really Safer? , Michael E Lewyn Apr 1993

Are Spread Out Cities Really Safer? , Michael E Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

One of my first articles. A discussion of the gap between perceptions of crime and the reality of crime, noting that sprawling Sun Belt cites were erroneously perceived as safer than they really were, while older, denser northern cities were erroneously perceived as more dangerous.


"Pay At The Pump" Auto Insurance: The California Vehicle Injury Plan (Vip) For Better Compensation, Fairer Funding, And Greater Safety, Stephen D. Sugarman Mar 1993

"Pay At The Pump" Auto Insurance: The California Vehicle Injury Plan (Vip) For Better Compensation, Fairer Funding, And Greater Safety, Stephen D. Sugarman

Stephen D Sugarman

This small book offers the basic argument for a comprehensive auto no-fault plan that is largely funded by payments made as motorists purchase gasoline. This VIP "Pay at the Pump" plan would replace the current scheme of tort liability and private automobile liability insurance. It would save most motorists money, it would more fairly price the cost of auto accidents, it would promote safer cars and safer driving, and it would far better compensate victims (especially seriously injured victims) of auto accidents than does the current scheme.


"But Whoever Treasures Freedom...": The Right To Travel And Extraterritorial Abortions, Seth F. Kreimer Mar 1993

"But Whoever Treasures Freedom...": The Right To Travel And Extraterritorial Abortions, Seth F. Kreimer

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Paradox Of Ideology, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

The Paradox Of Ideology, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A standard problem with the objectivity of social scientific theory in particular is that it is either self-referential, in which case it seems to undermine itself as ideology, or self-excepting, which seem pragmatically self-refuting. Using the example of Marx and his theory of ideology, I show how self-referential theories that include themselves in their scope of explanation can be objective. Ideology may be roughly defined as belief distorted by class interest. I show how Marx thought that natural science was informed by class interest but not therefore necessarily ideology. Capitalists have an interest in understanding the natural world (to a ...


Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A number of (present or former) analytical Marxists, such as Jon Elster, have argued that functional explanation has almost no place in the social sciences. (Although the discussion is framed in terms of a debate among analytical Marxists, the point is quite general, and Marxism is used for illustrative purposes.) Functional explanation accounts for what is to be explained by reference to its function; thus, sighted organism have eyes because eyes enable them to see. Elster and other critics of functional explanation argue that this pattern of explanation is inconsistent with "methodological individualism," the idea, as they understand it, that ...


In Defense Of Environmental Rights In East European Constitutions, Elizabeth F. Brown Jan 1993

In Defense Of Environmental Rights In East European Constitutions, Elizabeth F. Brown

Elizabeth F Brown

This Article analyzes how the environmental rights in East European constitutions could have been drafted to make them enforceable, rather than merely aspirational.


Judicial Integrity: A Call For Its Re-Emergence In The Adjudication Of Criminal Cases, Robert M. Bloom Jan 1993

Judicial Integrity: A Call For Its Re-Emergence In The Adjudication Of Criminal Cases, Robert M. Bloom

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

A court can invalidate or rectify certain kinds of offensive official action on the grounds of judicial integrity. In the past, it has served as a check on overzealous law enforcement agents whose actions so seriously impaired due process principles that they shocked the bench’s conscience. The principle not only preserves the judiciary as a symbol of lawfulness and justice, but it also insulates the courts from becoming aligned with illegal actors and their bad acts. The 1992 case of U.S. v. Alvarez-Machain, however, may have signaled a departure from past practices. This article reviews current Supreme Court ...


The Overlooked Middle, Thomas C. Kohler Jan 1993

The Overlooked Middle, Thomas C. Kohler

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

In this Article, the author argues that significant elements concerning the discussion of labor law reform have been overlooked and that the steady decline of unions is not in fact an isolated occurrence. It is instead part of a much broader and deeply troubling trend, which has affected every mediating group in our society. However, our blinkered insistence on treating the deterioration of autonomous employee associations as a solitary phenomenon has precluded us from comprehending either the complexity of its causes or the full extent of its implications. The author posits, therefore, that there is a pronounced tendency to overlook ...