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1993

Constitutional Law

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Blood, Sin, And Death: Jehovah's Witnesses And The American Patient's Rights Movement, Charles Baron Aug 2013

Blood, Sin, And Death: Jehovah's Witnesses And The American Patient's Rights Movement, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

Appears in translation as "Sang, Péché et Mort: Les témoins de Jéhovah et le mouvement des droit des malades," at 93-104.


Constructing The Substantive Constitution, James E. Fleming Dec 1993

Constructing The Substantive Constitution, James E. Fleming

Faculty Scholarship

I. Introduction A. The Flights from Substance in Constitutional Theory A specter is haunting constitutional theory-the specter of Lochner v. New York.' In the Lochner era, the Supreme Court gave heightened judicial protection to substantive economic liberties through the Due Process Clauses.2 In 1937, during the constitutional revolution wrought by the New Deal, West Coast Hotel v. Parrish3 officially repudiated the Lochner era, marking the first death of substantive due process.4 Nevertheless, the ghost of Lochner has perturbed constitutional theory ever since, manifesting itself in charges that judges are "Lochnering" by imposing their own substantive fundamental values in the guise …


Constitutional Design And Law: The Political Economy Of Cabinet And Congressional Government, Matthew S. R. Palmer Nov 1993

Constitutional Design And Law: The Political Economy Of Cabinet And Congressional Government, Matthew S. R. Palmer

The Hon Justice Matthew Palmer

The dissertation takes a political economy approach to constitutional design and legislation in the Westminster (Cabinet) and US (Congressional) models of government. Part I develops the economics of comparative political organization by constructing a theoretical framework for analyzing constitutional design. Part II applies the framework to distinguish the essences of the Cabinet and Congressional systems of constitutional design in the contexts of US and Canadian federal government. Part III analyzes the effects of the different constitutional designs on the processes of legislating in each system and on the substantive characteristics of legislation in each system. The analysis is subjected to …


The Role Of Public Opinion In Constitutional Interpretation, James G. Wilson Nov 1993

The Role Of Public Opinion In Constitutional Interpretation, James G. Wilson

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Where To Pray? A Survey Regarding Prayer Rooms In Ab.A Accredited, Religiously Affiliated Law Schools, David L. Gregory Nov 1993

Where To Pray? A Survey Regarding Prayer Rooms In Ab.A Accredited, Religiously Affiliated Law Schools, David L. Gregory

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Triangulating The Boundaries Of The Pentagon Papers, John Cary Sims Nov 1993

Triangulating The Boundaries Of The Pentagon Papers, John Cary Sims

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


The Constitutionality Of Redlining: The Potential For Holding Banks Liable As State Actors, Joan Kane Nov 1993

The Constitutionality Of Redlining: The Potential For Holding Banks Liable As State Actors, Joan Kane

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Three Mistakes About Interpretation, Paul Campos Nov 1993

Three Mistakes About Interpretation, Paul Campos

Michigan Law Review

The single most important word in modem constitutional theory is "interpretation." The single most confusing word in modem constitutional theory is "interpretation." What accounts for this unhappy state of affairs?

I will try to show that Barry Friedman's assertions, as well as others that are but rephrasings of the same basic ideas, are not the common sense truths that so many constitutional theorists assume them to be, but are instead the products of an extraordinarily confused and ultimately incoherent set of assumptions regarding the interpretation of language.


The Constitution, The Legislature, And Unfair Surprise: Toward A Reliance-Based Approach To The Contract Clause, Robert A. Graham Nov 1993

The Constitution, The Legislature, And Unfair Surprise: Toward A Reliance-Based Approach To The Contract Clause, Robert A. Graham

Michigan Law Review

This Note argues that the Court should return to a reliance-based approach to Contract Clause challenges, fashioned loosely along the same lines as the HRID. Although it does not advocate that the Court revivify the rules created by the early decisions, the Note proposes that the Court look to the private parties' expectations and, more specifically, to the reasonableness of those expectations in deciding the clause's applicability to a particular case. Part I provides a brief history of the Contract Clause and its development. This Part follows the clause from the Constitutional Convention through the 1980s to illustrate the Court's …


Obscenity, Pornography, And The First Amendment Theory, Arnold H. Loewy Nov 1993

Obscenity, Pornography, And The First Amendment Theory, Arnold H. Loewy

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


The Virginia "Son Of Sam" Law: An Unconsitutional Approach To Victim Compensation, Kerry Casey Nov 1993

The Virginia "Son Of Sam" Law: An Unconsitutional Approach To Victim Compensation, Kerry Casey

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Unfunded Mandates, Hidden Taxation, And The Tenth Amendment: On Public Choice, Public Interest, And Public Services, Edward A. Zelinsky Nov 1993

Unfunded Mandates, Hidden Taxation, And The Tenth Amendment: On Public Choice, Public Interest, And Public Services, Edward A. Zelinsky

Articles

Few contemporary issues concern state and local policymakers as intensely as unfunded mandates. Mayors, county executives, city councilmen, and the professional associations representing them routinely argue that the federal and state governments have, in recent years, imposed at an accelerating rate expensive requirements on municipalities without granting corresponding funds for compliance, thereby irresponsibly straining the fiscal capacity of municipalities, hampering their ability to provide essential services, and improperly infringing upon the scope of local control. The complaints of municipal policymakers have provoked a variety of proposals for restraining unfunded mandates: obligatory disclosure of the projected costs of proposed mandates, requirements …


On Misreading John Bingham And The Fourteenth Amendment, Richard L. Aynes Oct 1993

On Misreading John Bingham And The Fourteenth Amendment, Richard L. Aynes

Akron Law Publications

Nearly fifty years ago, Professor Charles Fairman published his seminal article, Does the Fourteenth Amendment Incorporate the Bill of Rights? According to Fairman, it does not. Fairman's analysis of the congressional debates and other historical data on the Fourteenth Amendment led him to conclude that the Privileges or Immunities Clause of the Amendment does not make the Bill of Rights applicable to the states. Instead, Fairman argued that the intent of the Amendment's framers is most nearly realized by the use of the Due Process Clause to enforce against the states only those rights “ ‘implicit in the concept of …


The Langugage And Culture (Not To Say Race) Of Peremptory Challenges, Sheri Lynn Johnson Oct 1993

The Langugage And Culture (Not To Say Race) Of Peremptory Challenges, Sheri Lynn Johnson

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Copyright And "The Exclusive Right" Of Authors, L. Ray Patterson Oct 1993

Copyright And "The Exclusive Right" Of Authors, L. Ray Patterson

Scholarly Works

The purpose of this essay is to define and explore the meaning of "the exclusive Right" in the Intellectual Property Clause of the United States Constitution as related to the promotion of learning, the public domain, and authors. Without a clear understanding of this key term, one is likely to be unaware that lower federal courts are continually making rulings contrary to both the Copyright Clause and the Copyright Act. The classic example is the judicially created sweat-of-the-brow copyright, which in 1991 -- after seventy-five years of precedent -- the Supreme Court decreed to be unconstitutional. Other bad precedents, such …


The University In The Manner Of Tiananmen Square, William W. Van Alstyne Oct 1993

The University In The Manner Of Tiananmen Square, William W. Van Alstyne

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


It's About Time: Unravelling Standing And Equitable Ripeness, Laura E. Little Oct 1993

It's About Time: Unravelling Standing And Equitable Ripeness, Laura E. Little

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Article Ii Revisionism, Cass R. Sunstein Oct 1993

Article Ii Revisionism, Cass R. Sunstein

Michigan Law Review

One of the most striking developments of the last decade has been the new use of Article II in public law adjudication. Article II is a prominent feature not only of cases involving the creation of federal institutions that are independent of the President, but also of new disputes involving reviewability, scope of review, and standing.

Professor Krent and Mr. Shenkman have performed a valuable service in spelling out the argument that Article II, rather than Article III, justifies constitutional limits on legislative grants of standing. Indeed, on several important matters, we are very much in agreement. In this brief …


Property, Federalism, And Jurisprudence: A Comment On Lucas And Judicial Conservativism, Frank I. Michelman Oct 1993

Property, Federalism, And Jurisprudence: A Comment On Lucas And Judicial Conservativism, Frank I. Michelman

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


Foreword: Elected Branch Influences In Constitutional Decisionmaking, Neal Devins Oct 1993

Foreword: Elected Branch Influences In Constitutional Decisionmaking, Neal Devins

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Culture And The Canadian Constitution, Patrick J. Monahan Oct 1993

Culture And The Canadian Constitution, Patrick J. Monahan

Osgoode Hall Law Journal

This article examines the current division of powers over cultural matters in the Canadian Constitution and the manner in which the 1992 Charlottetown Accord would have altered that distribution. During the debate over the Charlottetown Accord, it was argued by the federal government and the provinces that the Constitution allocates primary legislative responsibility over cultural matters to the provinces. Therefore, the cultural amendments in the Accord which would have recognized the provinces' exclusive jurisdiction to make laws in relation to culture were justified on the basis that they merely codified the status quo. This paper challenges the belief that the …


The Advocacy Of "Constitutional" Conduct, Marshall C. Derks Oct 1993

The Advocacy Of "Constitutional" Conduct, Marshall C. Derks

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Road Not Taken: State Constitutions As An Alternative Source Of Protection For Reproductive Rights, Kevin F. O'Neill Oct 1993

The Road Not Taken: State Constitutions As An Alternative Source Of Protection For Reproductive Rights, Kevin F. O'Neill

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Lawyers seeking constitutional protection for reproductive rights have relied almost exclusively on a liberty/privacy theory under the Federal Constitution. In the wake of Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, this theory may be seen as providing a floor of minimum protection-preventing states from banning abortion outright. But it is not strong enough to prevent states from enacting restrictions on the availability of abortion. Thus, the battle over reproductive rights may be seen as shifting from one phase ("Can abortion be banned?") to another ("How far can states go in restricting access to abortion'?"). If proponents of reproductive freedom are …


Blood, Sin, And Death: Jehovah's Witnesses And The American Patient's Rights Movement, Charles Baron Sep 1993

Blood, Sin, And Death: Jehovah's Witnesses And The American Patient's Rights Movement, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

Appears in translation as "Sang, Péché et Mort: Les témoins de Jéhovah et le mouvement des droit des malades," at 93-104.


Brief Of Defendant-Appellees Catholic Diocese Of Cleveland And Bishop Anthony M. Pilla , Hawley V. City Of Cleveland, 24 F3d 814 (6th Cir. 1994), David F. Forte, Douglas J. Paul, Edward J. Maher, Bernard Niehaus Sep 1993

Brief Of Defendant-Appellees Catholic Diocese Of Cleveland And Bishop Anthony M. Pilla , Hawley V. City Of Cleveland, 24 F3d 814 (6th Cir. 1994), David F. Forte, Douglas J. Paul, Edward J. Maher, Bernard Niehaus

Law Faculty Briefs and Court Documents

A City of Cleveland Ordinance leasing space in the airport to the Catholic Diocese of Cleveland for use as a chapel, which is available to religious groups and persons of all faiths does not violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.


Judicial Interpretation Of State Constitutional Rights To A Healthful Environment, Mary Ellen Cusack Sep 1993

Judicial Interpretation Of State Constitutional Rights To A Healthful Environment, Mary Ellen Cusack

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

No abstract provided.


Are Kosher Food Laws Constitutionally Kosher? , Catherine Beth Sullivan Sep 1993

Are Kosher Food Laws Constitutionally Kosher? , Catherine Beth Sullivan

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

No abstract provided.


Lords Of Lash, Loom, And Law: Justice Story, Slavery, And Prigg V. Pennsylvania, Barbara Holden-Smith Sep 1993

Lords Of Lash, Loom, And Law: Justice Story, Slavery, And Prigg V. Pennsylvania, Barbara Holden-Smith

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Rationing Firearms Purchases And The Right To Keep Arms: Reflections On The Bills Of Rights Of Virginia, West Virginia, And The United States, Stephen P. Halbrook Sep 1993

Rationing Firearms Purchases And The Right To Keep Arms: Reflections On The Bills Of Rights Of Virginia, West Virginia, And The United States, Stephen P. Halbrook

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Is There A Law Of Federal Courts, Gene R. Nichol Sep 1993

Is There A Law Of Federal Courts, Gene R. Nichol

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.