Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 17 of 17

Full-Text Articles in Law

Accountability In Government And Section 1983, Mark R. Brown Oct 1991

Accountability In Government And Section 1983, Mark R. Brown

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Part I of this Article traces the legal history behind derivative supervisory liability as well as its status today. Part II addresses obstacles that might block the development of derivative supervisory liability, at least in the federal court system. Part III offers a solution premised on federalizing the question of duty. Finally, Part IV turns to the unique problem of preserving supervisory liability even in the absence of constitutional fault by the errant subordinate.


On Coming Of Age: Twenty-Five Years Of The University Of Michigan Journal Of Law Reform, Francis A. Allen Oct 1991

On Coming Of Age: Twenty-Five Years Of The University Of Michigan Journal Of Law Reform, Francis A. Allen

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

A reflection on the first twenty-five years of the University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform.


Two (Federal) Wrongs Make A (State) Right: State Class Action Procedures As An Alternative To The Opt-In Class Action Provisions Of The Adea, Janet M. Bowermaster Oct 1991

Two (Federal) Wrongs Make A (State) Right: State Class Action Procedures As An Alternative To The Opt-In Class Action Provisions Of The Adea, Janet M. Bowermaster

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Article argues that the opt-in class action of the ADEA is an anachronism and that age-discrimination litigants can take advantage of the broader protection afforded to Title VII litigants by bringing their ADEA suits as Rule 23 class actions in state courts. A comparison of the two statutes reveals similar purposes and nearly identical substantive provisions, but procedural provisions that provide less protection to victims of age discrimination, including widely disparate class-action provisions.


Paradox And Pandora's Box: The Tragedy Of Current Right-To-Die Jurisprudence, Cathaleen A. Roach Oct 1991

Paradox And Pandora's Box: The Tragedy Of Current Right-To-Die Jurisprudence, Cathaleen A. Roach

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Part I of this Article examines the trilogy of recent right-to-die cases and contrasts the results of those cases with recent national opinion polls and statistical surveys of the issue. Part II examines federal and state legislative responses to the debate. It suggests that both the courts and legislatures are out of sync with an emerging national consensus on the death-with- dignity debate. In fact, the federal legislative response may only exacerbate the problem. Instead of creating new rights, it feeds individuals into the existing state network, which is a quagmire of confusing and inequitable statutory provisions. Part III examines ...


Gatekeepers Of The Profession: An Empirical Profile Of The Nation's Law Professors, Robert J. Borthwich, Jordan Schau Oct 1991

Gatekeepers Of The Profession: An Empirical Profile Of The Nation's Law Professors, Robert J. Borthwich, Jordan Schau

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Part I of this Note surveys the existing body of literature on legal education, with a particular emphasis on previous empirical studies concerning law professors. Part II focuses on the increasing number of women in the teaching profession. Part III looks at the nonteaching experience of law teachers, including judicial clerkships, private practice, government experience, and public interest experience. Finally, Part IV examines the influence of "elite schools" in law school hiring and tenure decisions.


Deferral And The Dissident, Paul Alan Levy May 1991

Deferral And The Dissident, Paul Alan Levy

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

I discuss two examples involving a dissident group, Teamsters for a Democratic Union (TDU), that vividly illustrate the problems with NLRB deferral. I then examine the development and evolution of the NLRB's policies concerning deferral to arbitration. Next, I review the statutory- and policy-based arguments advanced for and against deferral. I attempt to assess the best reasons given for the deferral doctrine, while showing why, at least in its current incarnation, NLRB deferral doctrine is contrary to the requirements of the NLRA. More specifically, I show that, to the extent that deferral has some legitimate basis, it is founded ...


Augmenting Erisa With Market Discipline: Transforming Pension Plan Interests Into Securities, Keir N. Dougall May 1991

Augmenting Erisa With Market Discipline: Transforming Pension Plan Interests Into Securities, Keir N. Dougall

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Part I of this Note provides general background information about pension plans and details the problems that ERISA creates because of its dependence on trust law. Part II canvasses recent problems in pension plan governance that courts and pension plan members have faced in takeover defense and social investment contexts, demonstrating that ERISA's use of trust law cannot respond adequately to these problems. Parts I and II draw on an analysis of ERISA presented by Professors Fischel and Langbein but argue that their proposals for changing ERISA inadequately address the problems they identify. Part III argues that the economic ...


The Nlrb's Deferral Policy And Union Reform: A Union Perspective, Leonard Page, Daniel W. Sherrick May 1991

The Nlrb's Deferral Policy And Union Reform: A Union Perspective, Leonard Page, Daniel W. Sherrick

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Part I of this Article outlines the government's approach to civil RICO actions involving labor unions, including an overview of the government's prior civil RICO actions and a summary of the types of issues that often arise in such actions. Part II examines the unique issues involved in a civil RICO action brought by a private plaintiff. The principal issue addressed in this Part is whether a private plaintiff can bring an action under the equitable remedies provisions of the RICO statute. This Part also addresses the issues of how a private plaintiff can gain access to information ...


Private Plaintiffs' Use Of Equitable Remedies Under The Rico Statute: A Means To Reform Corrupted Labor Unions, Randy M. Mastro, Steven C. Bennett, Mary P. Donlevy May 1991

Private Plaintiffs' Use Of Equitable Remedies Under The Rico Statute: A Means To Reform Corrupted Labor Unions, Randy M. Mastro, Steven C. Bennett, Mary P. Donlevy

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Part I of this Article outlines the government's approach to civil RICO actions involving labor unions, including an overview of the government's prior civil RICO actions and a summary of the types of issues that often arise in such actions. Part II examines the unique issues involved in a civil RICO action brought by a private plaintiff. The principal issue addressed in this Part is whether a private plaintiff can bring an action under the equitable remedies provisions of the RICO statute. This Part also addresses the issues of how a private plaintiff can gain access to information ...


Union Trusteeships And Union Democracy, Clyde W. Summers May 1991

Union Trusteeships And Union Democracy, Clyde W. Summers

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

I start from the fundamental premise that unions should be democratic. They must be democratic if they are to serve the union movement's own mission and if they are to serve our society's democratic values.


Market-Share Liability After Hymowitz And Conley: Exploring The Limits Of Judicial Power, Christopher J. Mcguire May 1991

Market-Share Liability After Hymowitz And Conley: Exploring The Limits Of Judicial Power, Christopher J. Mcguire

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Note surveys the development of market-share liability and examines the limits on the power of state and federal courts to impose liability on defendants through market-share liability. Part I examines briefly the development of market-share liability in the early 1980s. It then explores how the New York Court of Appeals extended market-share liability in Hymowitz v. Eli Lilly and explores this case's ramifications. Part I also draws on a recent Florida case, Conley v. Boyle Drug Co., for further insight into the problems surrounding market-share liability litigation. Part II argues that jurisdictional limitations, such as standing to sue ...


Defining "Green": Toward Regulation Of Environmental Marketing Claims, Roger D. Wynne May 1991

Defining "Green": Toward Regulation Of Environmental Marketing Claims, Roger D. Wynne

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Note joins a rising chorus calling for government regulation of green marketing claims. It attempts to encourage and add a sense of urgency to a burgeoning regulatory movement by highlighting some of the legal issues that such regulation entails. Part I identifies a gap in the law: the inability of current truth-in-advertising laws to clarify the legality of green marketing claims. Part II urges bridging that gap quickly; it examines the costs of continued nonregulation and describes some of the forms regulation is taking. Part III attempts to allay any fears that such regulations might be challenged on first ...


Introduction, Theodore J. St. Antoine May 1991

Introduction, Theodore J. St. Antoine

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

An introduction to a 1991 Symposium covering the topic of union democracy.


Evaluating The Fourth Amendment Exclusionary Rule: The Problem Of Police Compliance With The Law, William C. Heffernan, Richard W. Lovely Jan 1991

Evaluating The Fourth Amendment Exclusionary Rule: The Problem Of Police Compliance With The Law, William C. Heffernan, Richard W. Lovely

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Part I of this article reviews background matters bearing on our research - in particular, we discuss the Court's framework for analyzing exclusion as a deterrent safeguard, the research questions that need to be raised within that framework, and the research strategy we adopted in light of the Court's approach to exclusion. Part II analyzes our findings on police knowledge of the rules of search and seizure. Part III analyzes our findings on officers' willingness to obey the law. Part IV evaluates our findings in light of policy questions concerning the exclusionary rule. We consider whether the Court should ...


The Impact Of Public Abortion Funding Decisions On Lndigent Women: A Proposal To Reform State Statutory And Constitutional Abortion Funding Provisions, Carole A. Corns Jan 1991

The Impact Of Public Abortion Funding Decisions On Lndigent Women: A Proposal To Reform State Statutory And Constitutional Abortion Funding Provisions, Carole A. Corns

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Note argues that state legislatures should relax funding restrictions on abortions for indigent women and proposes specific mechanisms to ensure the equal protection of indigent women in the abortion context. Part I briefly recounts the history of federal funding for abortions, from the liberal post-Roe funding scheme to the restrictive funding arrangements that have prevailed since the early 1980s. Part II surveys the existing literature and discusses patterns of state funding and the impact of funding restrictions on indigent women seeking abortions. This literature shows that the tightening of state funding policies subsequent to the federal Medicaid restrictions has ...


Stemming The Modification Of Child-Support Orders By Responding Courts: A Proposal To Amend Ruresa's Antisupersession Clause, Jane H. Gorham Jan 1991

Stemming The Modification Of Child-Support Orders By Responding Courts: A Proposal To Amend Ruresa's Antisupersession Clause, Jane H. Gorham

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

This Note examines the practice of using the Act to modify existing child-support orders. Part I explores the question of whether the Act's enforcement mechanisms were designed to permit the responding court to modify existing support orders. It emphasizes the problems involved with concurrent support orders and modification and describes the range of positions courts have taken to support or oppose allowing responding courts to modify support orders. Part II explores the federal child-support enforcement programs, their interstate applications, and their relationship to the Act's enforcement mechanisms. The analysis in these parts leads to Part III, which proposes ...


The Power Line Health Controversy: Legal Problems And Proposals For Reform, Philip S. Mccune Jan 1991

The Power Line Health Controversy: Legal Problems And Proposals For Reform, Philip S. Mccune

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Part I of this Note examines the primary means of compensating individuals whose property is affected by EMFs from nearby power lines: eminent-domain and inverse-condemnation proceedings. Although power lines adversely affect property values in several ways, 6 fear of the potential health problems caused by power lines has had the greatest impact.' v Part I evaluates the three approaches that courts have developed to determine whether plaintiffs can recover for the effect of public fears of EMFs on property values. This Part concludes that although testimony about the biological effects of EMFs should be inadmissible, property owners should be able ...