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Full-Text Articles in Law

Internal Revenue Code Section 7701(B): A More Certain Definition Of Resident, Rolf E. Kroll Jan 1985

Internal Revenue Code Section 7701(B): A More Certain Definition Of Resident, Rolf E. Kroll

Penn State International Law Review

The purpose of this Note is four-fold. First, it seeks to articulate the central concepts underlying taxation of nonresidents and residents. In so doing, the discussion endeavors to show the importance of section 7701(b) of the Internal Revenue Code. Second, it attempts to cancas the case law and pertinent regulations and rulings and highlight the ambiguities therein. Third, the discussion will address the essential features of section 7701(b) and illustrate Congress' new approach to the problem of determining resident status for aliens. Finally, the policy implications of 7701(b) are examined and suggestions for further improvement are made.


United States Taxation Of Its Citizens Abroad: Incentive Or Equity, Renee J. Sobel Jan 1985

United States Taxation Of Its Citizens Abroad: Incentive Or Equity, Renee J. Sobel

Vanderbilt Law Review

The United States, unlike many sovereignties, has exercised worldwide income tax jurisdiction over its individual citizens since the inception of the income tax. Since 1926, however, United States citizens working abroad have received special treatment in the taxation of their foreign earned income. By the use of a tax credit, direct double taxation has been avoided. In addition, various exclusions and deductions have been permitted. Such tax preferences have been justified on the grounds that they promote tax equity and that they serve as incentives to encourage Americans to work overseas.

This Article considers whether the special treatment of United ...


The Supreme Court's Misconstruction Of A Procedural Statute-A Critique Of The Court's Decision In Badaracco, Douglas A. Kahn Jan 1985

The Supreme Court's Misconstruction Of A Procedural Statute-A Critique Of The Court's Decision In Badaracco, Douglas A. Kahn

Articles

When a taxpayer files an honest' federal income tax return for a taxable year, section 6501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code2 limits the period of time during which the Government can assess a tax for that year to a three-year period commencing with the date that the return was filed. The three-year limitations period is extended for an additional three years by section 6501(e)(1)(A) if the taxpayer's return omits properly includible gross income in an amount in excess of twenty-five percent of the gross income that was reported. If a taxpayer fails to file a ...


Disparate Tax Treatment Of Different Types Of Business Organizations: Where Should We Go From Here?, Douglas A. Kahn Jan 1985

Disparate Tax Treatment Of Different Types Of Business Organizations: Where Should We Go From Here?, Douglas A. Kahn

Articles

If several persons wish to join together in a common enterprise in order to pool their capital or labor or some of each, they may choose among a variety of available organizational structures that will serve that purpose. The most common entity forms are partnerships (including joint ventures), corporations, and trusts. While, in its typical structure, each of those entity forms has its own distinct characteristics, the structure of such organizations often is modified by agreement so as to adopt attributes of another type of entity. Because of this, the substantive distinction between entity types is blurred.