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1985

Supreme Court of the United States

Articles 1 - 30 of 42

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Formulaic Constitution, Robert F. Nagel Nov 1985

The Formulaic Constitution, Robert F. Nagel

Michigan Law Review

This essay explores the ways in which the formulaic style is different from other, older forms of constitutional doctrine. It argues that the modern style affects the content that the Court finds in the Constitution and that it illuminates the current interpretive functions of the judiciary. Perhaps most importantly, the formulaic style establishes an identifiable relationship between the Court and the public and thus constrains how the Court's version of the Constitution bears upon the larger political culture.


Supreme Court Doctrine In The Trenches: The Case Of Collateral Estoppel, John Bernard Corr Oct 1985

Supreme Court Doctrine In The Trenches: The Case Of Collateral Estoppel, John Bernard Corr

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Class-Based Animus Requirement Of 42 U.S.C. § 1985(3): A Limiting Strategy Gone Awry?, Devin S. Schindler Oct 1985

The Class-Based Animus Requirement Of 42 U.S.C. § 1985(3): A Limiting Strategy Gone Awry?, Devin S. Schindler

Michigan Law Review

This Note focuses on Scott's impact on attempts to determine what groups fall within the statute. Part I examines the various class-based animus formulas generated by the circuits since Griffin and the potential impact of Scott on these formulas. Part II argues that the key to understanding the scope of the class-based animus requirement lies in traditional fourteenth amendment equal protection analysis.


The Second Death Of Federalism, William W. Van Alstyne Jun 1985

The Second Death Of Federalism, William W. Van Alstyne

Michigan Law Review

In 1976, in National League of Cities v. Usery, the Supreme Court distinguished acts of Congress regulating commercial relations from acts of Congress commanding the terms of state services. Last Term, in Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority, the Court abandoned the distinction and held that it was principally for Congress to determine federalism questions. In this Comment, Professor Van Alstyne criticizes the Court on both counts.


Two Models Of The Fourth Amendment, Craig M. Bradley May 1985

Two Models Of The Fourth Amendment, Craig M. Bradley

Michigan Law Review

Fourth amendment critics rank in rows, and it has been repeatedly pointed out that individual cases are inconsistent with each other or that whole chunks of doctrine, such as the automobile exception or the plain view exception, are either misconceived, too broad, or too narrow. But these critics all play the Court on its own field, simply arguing as tenth Justices that the doctrines should be tinkered with in different ways than the Court has done. This Article, in contrast, suggests that current fourth amendment law, complete with the constant tinkering which it necessarily entails, should be abandoned altogether. Instead, …


Motions For Appointment Of Counsel And The Collateral Order Doctrine, Michigan Law Review May 1985

Motions For Appointment Of Counsel And The Collateral Order Doctrine, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

This Note argues that denials of motions for appointment of counsel should be immediately appealable under the collateral order exception to 28 U.S.C. § 1291. Part I examines the extent to which the collateral order doctrine modifies the finality rule. It argues that recent Supreme Court decisions that at first appear to have narrowed the doctrine have in fact only restated it. Part II applies the collateral order doctrine to orders denying appointment of counsel, concluding that such denials qualify for immediate review. Part III argues that policy considerations support this conclusion.


Affirmative Action After Stotts: The United States Supreme Court's 1985 Term, Albert Broderick Apr 1985

Affirmative Action After Stotts: The United States Supreme Court's 1985 Term, Albert Broderick

North Carolina Central Law Review

No abstract provided.


Rejoinder: Truth, Justice, And The American Way--Or Professor Haddad's "Hard Choices", John M. Burkoff Apr 1985

Rejoinder: Truth, Justice, And The American Way--Or Professor Haddad's "Hard Choices", John M. Burkoff

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

I frankly think that Professor Haddad's response to my article on pretext searches is first-rate. It is articulate; it is thoughtful and scholarly; it sharpens the issues and the analysis in this area; and, for the most part, I think his criticisms of various portions of my own work present my positions fairly and honestly. On the other hand, I think that Professor Haddad is dead wrong.


Pretextual Fourth Amendment Activity: Another Viewpoint, James B. Haddad Apr 1985

Pretextual Fourth Amendment Activity: Another Viewpoint, James B. Haddad

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Pretextual detentions, arrests, and searches pose knotty fourth amendment problems. With an air of plausibility, defense attorneys often accuse police of pretextual use of arrest warrants, search warrants, and various exceptions to the warrant requirement. Specifically, they contend that officers have utilized a particular fourth amendment doctrine to obtain certain evidence even though courts have not assigned as a reason for approving the doctrine the need to discover such evidence.


The Bottom Line Limitation To The Rule Of Griggs V. Duke Power Company, James P. Scanlan Apr 1985

The Bottom Line Limitation To The Rule Of Griggs V. Duke Power Company, James P. Scanlan

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Part I of this article analyzes the background to the Teal decision and the treatment by the majority and dissent of the issue known in employment discrimination law as the "bottom line" limitation to the disparate impact theory of employment discrimination. Part II explains why, for reasons beyond those considered by the Teal majority, not only was the Court's rejection of the bottom line theory manifestly correct, but a contrary result would have had grievous consequences. Part III then argues for a similar rejection of the bottom line limitation in those situations where most observers have taken for granted that …


Book Review Of The Second American Revolution, Neal Devins Apr 1985

Book Review Of The Second American Revolution, Neal Devins

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Lesson In Incaution, Overwork, And Fatigue: The Judicial Miscraftsmanship Of Segura V. United States, Joshua Dressler Apr 1985

A Lesson In Incaution, Overwork, And Fatigue: The Judicial Miscraftsmanship Of Segura V. United States, Joshua Dressler

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Delegation Doctrine: Could The Court Give It Substance?, David Schoenbrod Apr 1985

The Delegation Doctrine: Could The Court Give It Substance?, David Schoenbrod

Michigan Law Review

Part I of this Article demonstrates the need for a new approach to the delegation doctrine. It shows that the Court has failed to articulate a coherent test of improper delegation and that the alternative tests offered by commentators are not sufficient. Part II then sets forth a proposed test of improper delegation. The basic principles of an approach prohibiting delegations of legislative power are outlined and illustrated. This Article does not, however, attempt anything so grand as to suggest a final definition of the doctrine or to pass broadly on the validity of statutes. Such an encompassing analysis is …


The Rise Of The Supreme Court Reporter: An Institutional Perspective On Marshall Court Ascendancy, Craig Joyce Apr 1985

The Rise Of The Supreme Court Reporter: An Institutional Perspective On Marshall Court Ascendancy, Craig Joyce

Michigan Law Review

This Article will first explore the antecedents to, and beginnings of, the reporter system under Alexander J. Dallas and William Cranch. Next, the Article will examine the transformation of the system under the Court's first official Reporter, the scholarly Henry Wheaton. Finally, the Article will recount the struggle between Wheaton and his more practical successor, Richard Peters, Jr., that culminated in 1834 in the Court's declaration that its decisions are the property of the people of the United States, and not of the Court's Reporters.


Equal Protection For Illegitimate Children: The Supreme Court's Standard For Discrimination, Martha T. Zingo Mar 1985

Equal Protection For Illegitimate Children: The Supreme Court's Standard For Discrimination, Martha T. Zingo

Antioch Law Journal

Between 1968 and 1980 the Supreme Court decided twenty cases' involving statutory classifications based on illegitimacy. The Court's decisions have determined whether discrimination against those individuals deemed illegitimate by law2 constitutes a denial of equal protection. When these decisions are analyzed it seems apparent that the Court was experiencing some difficulty in determining the appropriate constitutional test to apply to illegitimacy statutes. It is not surprising that the Court's various rulings appear inconsistent. The purpose of this article is to examine the Supreme Court's inconsistent decisions in its equal protection analysis of laws affecting illegitimate children. To accomplish this goal, …


Louis D. Brandeis: Justice For The People, Michigan Law Review Feb 1985

Louis D. Brandeis: Justice For The People, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Louis D. Brandeis: Justice for the People by Philippa Strum


The Future Course Of The Winters Doctrine, Richard B. Collins Jan 1985

The Future Course Of The Winters Doctrine, Richard B. Collins

Publications

No abstract provided.


1983-84 Current Developments In Civil Liberties, Ivan E. Bodensteiner, Rosalie Levinson Jan 1985

1983-84 Current Developments In Civil Liberties, Ivan E. Bodensteiner, Rosalie Levinson

Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Christmas Without Creches?: Can Private Nativity Scenes Be Banned From Public Land?, Neal Devins Jan 1985

Christmas Without Creches?: Can Private Nativity Scenes Be Banned From Public Land?, Neal Devins

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Accommodating Employees' Sabbaths: Is It The Government's Job?, Neal Devins Jan 1985

Accommodating Employees' Sabbaths: Is It The Government's Job?, Neal Devins

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Supreme Court And The Privilege Against Self-Incrimination: Has The Burger Court Retreated?, Paul Marcus Jan 1985

The Supreme Court And The Privilege Against Self-Incrimination: Has The Burger Court Retreated?, Paul Marcus

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Future Of Transferable Development Rights In The Supreme Court, Linda A. Malone Jan 1985

The Future Of Transferable Development Rights In The Supreme Court, Linda A. Malone

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Property And Personal Privacy: Interrelationship, Abandonment And Confusion In The Path Of Judicial Review, 18 J. Marshall L. Rev. 847 (1985), Kenneth Mott, Lovette Mott Jan 1985

Property And Personal Privacy: Interrelationship, Abandonment And Confusion In The Path Of Judicial Review, 18 J. Marshall L. Rev. 847 (1985), Kenneth Mott, Lovette Mott

UIC Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Constitution And Informational Privacy, Or How So-Called Conservatives Countenance Governmental Intrustion Into A Person's Private Affairs, 18 J. Marshall L. Rev. 871 (1985), Michael P. Seng Jan 1985

The Constitution And Informational Privacy, Or How So-Called Conservatives Countenance Governmental Intrustion Into A Person's Private Affairs, 18 J. Marshall L. Rev. 871 (1985), Michael P. Seng

UIC Law Review

No abstract provided.


In Re Parochiaid: Church-State Wall Of Separation Scrutinized-Again, Neal Devins Jan 1985

In Re Parochiaid: Church-State Wall Of Separation Scrutinized-Again, Neal Devins

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Supreme Court And The Constitution: The Continuing Debate On Judicial Review, Donald P. Kommers Jan 1985

The Supreme Court And The Constitution: The Continuing Debate On Judicial Review, Donald P. Kommers

Journal Articles

The three books reviewed in this essay are recent contributions to the growing literature of constitutional theory (Michael J. Perry, The Constitution, the Courts, and Human Rights (New Ha- ven: Yale University Press, 1982); Sotirios A. Barber, On What the Constitution Means (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984); and John Agresto, The Supreme Court and Constitutional Democracy (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984). They explore important questions about the role of the Supreme Court and the meaning of the Constitution.


Indian Allotment Water Rights, Richard B. Collins Jan 1985

Indian Allotment Water Rights, Richard B. Collins

Publications

Allotted tribal lands create troublesome questions for western water lawyers. In this article the author reviews the history of basic Indian reservation water rights created by the Supreme Court's landmark decision in Winters v. United States. He then explains the disposition of those rights when reservation lands are allotted. Finally, he discusses the difficult issues that arise when allotted lands pass from the federal trust become subject to state law, and are transferred to non-Indians.


The Videotape Rental Controversy: Copyright Infringement Or Market Necessity, 18 J. Marshall L. Rev. 285 (1985), Julie Kane-Ritsch Jan 1985

The Videotape Rental Controversy: Copyright Infringement Or Market Necessity, 18 J. Marshall L. Rev. 285 (1985), Julie Kane-Ritsch

UIC Law Review

No abstract provided.


Permanent Replacements Of Strikers After Belknap: The Employer's Quandry, 18 J. Marshall L. Rev. 321 (1985), Burr E. Anderson Jan 1985

Permanent Replacements Of Strikers After Belknap: The Employer's Quandry, 18 J. Marshall L. Rev. 321 (1985), Burr E. Anderson

UIC Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Copyright Monopoly After Sony Corp. Of America V. Universal City Studios, Inc. Jan 1985

The Copyright Monopoly After Sony Corp. Of America V. Universal City Studios, Inc.

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.