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1985

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Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Law

Sex Discrimination In Newscasting, Leslie S. Gielow Dec 1985

Sex Discrimination In Newscasting, Leslie S. Gielow

Michigan Law Review

This Note argues that the current judicial deference to viewer surveys used by television stations in newscasting employment decisions is unwarranted. Part I explores how different treatment of women newscasters constitutes sex-plus discrimination. Part II demonstrates that viewer surveys almost always reflect sexual stereotypes that are impermissible under title VII, and argues that such surveys should be presumptively inadmissible as evidence to rebut a claim of sex discrimination. Indeed, mere use of these surveys may in and of itself establish a prima facie case of sex discrimination.

Part III contends that sex discrimination in the news industry resulting from the ...


Women's Pension Reform: Congress Inches Toward Equity, Anne Moss Oct 1985

Women's Pension Reform: Congress Inches Toward Equity, Anne Moss

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

In the workplace and in the home, women suffer economic injustices. The inequities of our private and governmental pension systems compound their financial problems, leading to inadequate retirement income for many older women. For example, only ten percent of women age sixty-five and over received private pensions or annuities in 1982, as compared to twenty-nine percent of men age sixty-five and over. Women receiving pensions likewise get much less than men, averaging $1,520 in 1982. The average for men in 1982 was $2,980.

Gradually, policymakers are recognizing the shortcomings of pension systems. In the past few years, federal ...


Correspondence: Letter, September 13, 1985 To Dr. Saffy, Duval County Hospital Authority, Betty Holzendorf Sep 1985

Correspondence: Letter, September 13, 1985 To Dr. Saffy, Duval County Hospital Authority, Betty Holzendorf

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

A letter stating Dr. Edna L. Saffy’s confirmation of appointment to the Duval County Hospital Authority by Mayor Jake M. Godbold scheduled to come before the Rules Committee September 19, 1985.


Correspondence: Letter, July 31, 1985 To Dr. Saffy, Mayor’S Commission On The Status Of Women, Jeanne Bucher Ward Jul 1985

Correspondence: Letter, July 31, 1985 To Dr. Saffy, Mayor’S Commission On The Status Of Women, Jeanne Bucher Ward

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

A letter from the Chairperson, Mayor’s Commission on the Status of Women expressing deep appreciation for all the work Edna L. Saffy did in Jacksonville on the behalf of women. Written on Office of the Mayor letterhead, Jake M. Godbold mayor.


Correspondence: Letter, July 16, 1985, To. Dr. Saffy, Duval County Hospital Authority, Jake M. Godbold Jul 1985

Correspondence: Letter, July 16, 1985, To. Dr. Saffy, Duval County Hospital Authority, Jake M. Godbold

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

A letter from Mayor Godbold to Dr. Saffy regarding appointment to the Duval County Hospital Authority.


Sex Discrimination In Pension And Retirement Annuity Plans After Arizona Governing Committee V. Norris: Recognizing And Remedying Employer Non-Compliance, Mary L. Heen Jul 1985

Sex Discrimination In Pension And Retirement Annuity Plans After Arizona Governing Committee V. Norris: Recognizing And Remedying Employer Non-Compliance, Mary L. Heen

Law Faculty Publications

This article is intended to help employees and practitioners determine whether an employer's pension or annuity plan violates Title VII, and if so, to identify the scope of relief which may be obtained. Part I discusses the Supreme Court's decision in Arizona Governing Committee v. Norris. Part II discusses the various types of pension and retirement plans, and describes how to identify sex discrimination in typical plans. Part ill briefly addresses the more difficult question of how to remedy employer non-compliance, and discusses the relief issues raised by both retirees and present employees (with reagard to benefits based ...


Civil Liberties For Homosexuals: The Law In Limbo, Kenneth Lasson Apr 1985

Civil Liberties For Homosexuals: The Law In Limbo, Kenneth Lasson

All Faculty Scholarship

This article will examine the recent surge in litigation arising from assertions by homosexuals of their constitutional rights - cases that reflect the law in flux and conflict - and will demonstrate that both constitutional principles and social philosophy generally require resolution of the conflicts in favor of equality, without regard to sexual preference.


The Concept Of Person In The Law, Charles H. Baron Apr 1985

The Concept Of Person In The Law, Charles H. Baron

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The focus of the abortion debate in the United States tends to be on whether and at what stage a fetus is a person. I believe this tendency has been unfortunate and counterproductive. Instead of advancing dialogue between opposing sides, such a focus seems to have stunted it, leaving advocates in the sort of “I did not!” – “You did too!” impasse we remember from childhood. Also reminiscent of that childhood scene has been the vain attempt to break the impasse by appeal to a higher authority. Thus, the pro-choice forces hoped they had proved the pro-life forces “wrong” by having ...


Premenstrual Syndrome As A Criminal Defense: The Need For A Medico-Legal Understanding, Candy Pahl-Smith Apr 1985

Premenstrual Syndrome As A Criminal Defense: The Need For A Medico-Legal Understanding, Candy Pahl-Smith

North Carolina Central Law Review

No abstract provided.


Discriminatory Treatment Of The Female Offender In The Criminal Justice System, Lawrence Bershad Mar 1985

Discriminatory Treatment Of The Female Offender In The Criminal Justice System, Lawrence Bershad

Boston College Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Dialogue On Comparable Worth, Michigan Law Review Feb 1985

A Dialogue On Comparable Worth, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

A Review of A Dialogue on Comparable Worth by Michael Evan Gold


Correspondence: Letter, January 28, 1985, To Dr. Saffy, Jake M. Godbold Jan 1985

Correspondence: Letter, January 28, 1985, To Dr. Saffy, Jake M. Godbold

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

A short letter from the Office of the Mayor offering Dr. Saffy an opportunity to be on a team.


Feminist Discourse, Moral Values, And The Law—A Conversation, Ellen C. Dubois, Mary C. Dunlap, Carol J. Gilligan, Catharine A. Mackinnon, Carrie J. Menkel-Meadow, Isabel Marcus, Paul J. Spiegelman Jan 1985

Feminist Discourse, Moral Values, And The Law—A Conversation, Ellen C. Dubois, Mary C. Dunlap, Carol J. Gilligan, Catharine A. Mackinnon, Carrie J. Menkel-Meadow, Isabel Marcus, Paul J. Spiegelman

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


Ua21 Wku Affirmative Action Plan Volume V, Wku Office Of Equal Opportunity / 504 / Ada Compliance Jan 1985

Ua21 Wku Affirmative Action Plan Volume V, Wku Office Of Equal Opportunity / 504 / Ada Compliance

WKU Archives Records

This volume contains the Report to the President for 1983-84 and the workforce analyses, availability rates, goals and timetables for the 1984-85 academic year by departmental units. The ultimate goals are scheduled for 1987.


Ua21 Wku Affirmative Action Plan, Volume Vi, Wku Office Of Equal Opportunity / 504 / Ada Compliance Jan 1985

Ua21 Wku Affirmative Action Plan, Volume Vi, Wku Office Of Equal Opportunity / 504 / Ada Compliance

WKU Archives Records

This volume contains the Report to the President for 1984-85, and the workforce analyses, availability rates, goals and timetables for the 1985-86 academic year by departmental units. the ultimate goals are scheduled for 1987.


Washington's Equal Rights Amendment: It Says What It Means And It Means What It Says, Patricia L. Proebsting Jan 1985

Washington's Equal Rights Amendment: It Says What It Means And It Means What It Says, Patricia L. Proebsting

Seattle University Law Review

This Comment begins with a discussion of the ERA's legislative history and the legislature's attempt to bring state statutes into compliance with the ERA upon its passage. Next, judicial interpretations of the new constitutional guarantee are compared to the interpretation of the Washington Constitution's privileges and immunities clause. Finally, the Comment compares Washington's standard of review with a similar standard used by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court and argues that the Washington Supreme Court should adopt the absolute standard applied by the Pennsylvania courts.


Public Policy Over Metaphysics: Wrongful Birth And Wrongful Life In Harbeson V. Parke-Davis, Inc., Eric B. Schmidt Jan 1985

Public Policy Over Metaphysics: Wrongful Birth And Wrongful Life In Harbeson V. Parke-Davis, Inc., Eric B. Schmidt

Seattle University Law Review

The recognition of the wrongful birth and wrongful life causes of action by the Washington State Supreme Court is supported by both policy rationales and legal theories. Wrongful birth and wrongful life causes of action receive support from traditional tort principles and, more important, further public policy by deterring negligent genetic counseling and negligent preconception medical treatment. This Note describes the legal history of these claims and analyzes several issues not addressed by the Washington court. In addition, this Note criticizes a more recent decision by the court, which limits wrongful conception causes of action, because that decision conflicts with ...


Identifying The Rape Victim: A Constitutional Clash Between The First Amendment And The Right To Privacy, 18 J. Marshall L. Rev. 987 (1985), Ellen B. Fishbein Jan 1985

Identifying The Rape Victim: A Constitutional Clash Between The First Amendment And The Right To Privacy, 18 J. Marshall L. Rev. 987 (1985), Ellen B. Fishbein

UIC Law Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of Passion: An Essay On Personality , Richard F. Devlin Frsc Jan 1985

Book Review Of Passion: An Essay On Personality , Richard F. Devlin Frsc

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Passion is a cogently structured, compel Jingly argued and seductively enthralling masterpiece which, in years to come, will undoubtedly stand out as an inspirational source for many who seek social transformation. Unger's style, in this essay at least, is lucid and inviting. Substantively, Passion demonstrates not only the depth of his penetrating intellect but also his command of an array of' disciplines. Unger's polymathy is all the more impressive when we remember that ours is an era in which idiosyncratic specialization is the norm.


Liberty And Community In Constitutional Law: The Abortion Cases In Comparative Perspective, Donald P. Kommers Jan 1985

Liberty And Community In Constitutional Law: The Abortion Cases In Comparative Perspective, Donald P. Kommers

Journal Articles

In the mid-1970s the high courts of several western democracies handed down constitutional decisions concerning the legal regulation of abortion. All of the courts sustained their abortion statutes except the United States and West Germany, which moved in opposite directions. The US Supreme Court voided the conservative abortion statutes of various states while West Germany's highest court nullified an abortion statute that took a liberal stance on abortion. The extended opinions of the American and German courts and their contrasting grounds for decision make them fitting candidates for a comparative analysis of abortion jurisprudence. The abortion issue illustrates the ...


Psychosexual Difference Between Gender And Sexual Identities: Courts Construct The Title Vii Female, 18 J. Marshall L. Rev. 783 (1985), Frank Lipuma Jan 1985

Psychosexual Difference Between Gender And Sexual Identities: Courts Construct The Title Vii Female, 18 J. Marshall L. Rev. 783 (1985), Frank Lipuma

UIC Law Review

No abstract provided.


The New Illinois Sex Crimes Act: The Constitutional Ramifications Of Redefining Rape, 19 J. Marshall L. Rev. 215 (1985), Mary K. Cronin Jan 1985

The New Illinois Sex Crimes Act: The Constitutional Ramifications Of Redefining Rape, 19 J. Marshall L. Rev. 215 (1985), Mary K. Cronin

UIC Law Review

No abstract provided.