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Full-Text Articles in Law

Critical Legal Studies: An Afterword, John Henry Schlegel Jan 1984

Critical Legal Studies: An Afterword, John Henry Schlegel

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Double Benefits And Transactional Consistency Under The Tax Benefit Rule, Kenneth F. Joyce, Louis A. Del Cotto Jan 1984

Double Benefits And Transactional Consistency Under The Tax Benefit Rule, Kenneth F. Joyce, Louis A. Del Cotto

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Law; Foreword: Of Alienage, Judicial Heroes, And Equal Protection, Paul R. Baier Jan 1984

Constitutional Law; Foreword: Of Alienage, Judicial Heroes, And Equal Protection, Paul R. Baier

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Paralegal Services And Awards Of Attorneys' Fees Under Arizona Law, N. Gregory Smith Jan 1984

Paralegal Services And Awards Of Attorneys' Fees Under Arizona Law, N. Gregory Smith

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Convergence Of The Law Of State Responsibility For Injury To Aliens And International Human Rights Norms In The Revised Restatement, Thomas E. Carbonneau Jan 1984

The Convergence Of The Law Of State Responsibility For Injury To Aliens And International Human Rights Norms In The Revised Restatement, Thomas E. Carbonneau

Journal Articles

The now celebrated (infamous to some) section 711 of the Restatement of Foreign Relations Law of the United States (Revised) is meant to replace the allegedly dated and obtuse black-letter content of sections 178 through 183 of the Restatement (Second) of Foreign Relations Law of the United States with more contemporary, subtle, and economical provisions.

This Article briefly assesses the significance of these disclaimers against the unmistakable "new look" of section 711. Even upon initial perusal, the divergence in content and presentation between the existing provisions and the recommended formulation of the law of state responsibility for injury to aliens …


Thinking Like A Statistician: The Report Of The American Statistical Association Committee On Training In Statistics In Selected Professions, David H. Kaye Jan 1984

Thinking Like A Statistician: The Report Of The American Statistical Association Committee On Training In Statistics In Selected Professions, David H. Kaye

Journal Articles

In 1983, a subcommittee of the American Statistical Association composed of legal educators and one judge issued a report describing existing programs for educating law students in statistics and offering recommendations for improving these programs. This article summarizes that report.


Arbitral Adjudication: A Comparative Assessment Of Its Remedial And Substantive Status In Transnational Commerce, Thomas E. Carbonneau Jan 1984

Arbitral Adjudication: A Comparative Assessment Of Its Remedial And Substantive Status In Transnational Commerce, Thomas E. Carbonneau

Journal Articles

With the growth of international trade, arbitration has emerged as the preferred remedy for disputes in private international commerce. Its adjudicatory features respond well to the sui generis dispute resolution needs of international commercial contracts. Most significantly, an arbitration agreement acts as an elaborate choice-of-forum clause. It allows the parties to satisfy their need for a predictable and effective dispute resolution process by creating a more realistic and workable framework that supersedes the fundamentally parochial alternative proffered by national legal systems. The party autonomy principle that underlies arbitration gives the contracting parties the power to fashion a remedial process tailored …


The Oven Bird's Song: Insiders, Outsiders, And Personal Injuries In An American Community, David M. Engel Jan 1984

The Oven Bird's Song: Insiders, Outsiders, And Personal Injuries In An American Community, David M. Engel

Journal Articles

In "Sander County" Illinois, concerns about litigiousness in the local population tended to focus on personal injury suits, although such cases were very rarely brought. This article explores the roots of these concerns in the ideology of the rural community and in the reactions of many residents to social, cultural, and economic changes that created a pervasive sense of social disintegration and loss. Personal injury claims are contrasted with contract actions, which were far more numerous yet were generally viewed with approval and did not give rise to perceptions of litigiousness or greed. The distinction is explained in terms of …


Notes Toward An Intimate, Opinionated, And Affectionate History Of The Conference On Critical Legal Studies, John Henry Schlegel Jan 1984

Notes Toward An Intimate, Opinionated, And Affectionate History Of The Conference On Critical Legal Studies, John Henry Schlegel

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Dean Joseph O'Meara--A Personal Reflection, David T. Link Jan 1984

Dean Joseph O'Meara--A Personal Reflection, David T. Link

Journal Articles

In this article, Dean David Link responds to the Notre Dame Law School Law Review’s inquiry about Dean Joseph O’Meara’s effect on individuals. Dean Link states that Dean O’Meara’s philosophy of the law was simple: he expected everyone in the legal profession to be a fierce partisan for justice. A lawyer’s responsibility to justice transcends his or her responsibilities toward any particular client or case or system. Dean Link states that Notre Dame’s movement from a great teaching law school to a great teaching and research institution is owed primarily to Dean O’Meara, the man who would settle for nothing …


Antitrust Exemptions For Private Requests For Governmental Action: A Critical Analysis Of The Noerr-Pennington Doctrine, Earl W. Kintner, Joseph P. Bauer Jan 1984

Antitrust Exemptions For Private Requests For Governmental Action: A Critical Analysis Of The Noerr-Pennington Doctrine, Earl W. Kintner, Joseph P. Bauer

Journal Articles

Section 1 of the Sherman Act makes it unlawful for persons to engage in a combination or conspiracy, in restraint of trade. A variety of undertakings by persons seeking legislative action, judicial relief, administrative agency activity, or action by the executive branch of government may result in governmental steps which restrain competitors or diminish competition. Indeed, the very act of seeking governmental intervention, even if unsuccessful, may have adverse competitive effects. Similarly, monopolization or attempts to monopolize, proscribed by Section 2 of the Sherman Act, might actually be advanced by governmental activities or by an individual merely seeking governmental assistance. …


Matching Of Costs And Revenues As A Goal Of Tax Accounting, Alan Gunn Jan 1984

Matching Of Costs And Revenues As A Goal Of Tax Accounting, Alan Gunn

Journal Articles

A central principle in accounting is that accounting methods must “clearly reflect income”. They must match a taxpayer’s revenues with the expenses of producing these revenues to determine their income. The article argues against this principle with an examination of accrual accounting methods. It looks at the role of matching in connection with two fundamental concerns of accrual accounting, the “all events” test and the principle of “clear reflection” of income. Through this examination the article notes that matching is generally irrelevant in principle, since the goal of tax accounting is to produce administratively feasible and economically sensible rules for …


Moral Implications And Effects Of Legal Education Or: Brother Justinian Goes To Law School, Thomas L. Shaffer Jan 1984

Moral Implications And Effects Of Legal Education Or: Brother Justinian Goes To Law School, Thomas L. Shaffer

Journal Articles

This Article explores the moral implications of a legal education. Specifically, the author addresses three moral points of view—teleologically, interpersonally, and responsibility—and explains how a legal education advances or is in opposition to a moral community.


Amniocentesis, Coercion, And Privacy, Charles E. Rice Jan 1984

Amniocentesis, Coercion, And Privacy, Charles E. Rice

Journal Articles

The 1973 abortion decisions of the Supreme Court were based on a right of reproductive privacy which the Court in 1965 had discovered in certain elusive "penumbras formed by emanations from the Bill of Rights." This fictional right of privacy was used by the Court to declare unconstitutional virtually all state restrictions on abortion; according to the Court's rulings, the states have no effective power to prohibit abortion at any stage of pregnancy. Even in the third trimester, the state may not prohibit abortion where it is necessary "in appropriate medical judgment for the preservation of the life or health …


Can Mother Vote In The Union Election? The Board's Authority To Define The Appropriate Bargaining Unit: An Analysis Of Nlrb V. Action Automotive, Inc., Barbara J. Fick Jan 1984

Can Mother Vote In The Union Election? The Board's Authority To Define The Appropriate Bargaining Unit: An Analysis Of Nlrb V. Action Automotive, Inc., Barbara J. Fick

Journal Articles

This article previews the Supreme Court case NLRB v. Action Automotive, Inc., 469 U.S. 490 (1985). The author expected the Court to address whether the NLRB can exclude from the bargaining unit an employee-relative of the owners/managers of a closely held corporation when that employee does not enjoy any special work benefits because of that relationship.


Title Vii: When Is A Pretext Not A Pretext? An Analysis Of Westinghouse Electric Corp. V. Vaughn, Barbara J. Fick Jan 1984

Title Vii: When Is A Pretext Not A Pretext? An Analysis Of Westinghouse Electric Corp. V. Vaughn, Barbara J. Fick

Journal Articles

This article previews the Supreme Court case Westinghouse Electric Corp. v. Vaughn, 466 U.S. 521 (1984). The author expected the Court to clarify the evidentiary requirements and burdens of plaintiffs and defendants in litigating a disparate treatment claim under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.


Federal Power Over Indians: Its Sources, Scope, And Limitations, Nell Jessup Newton Jan 1984

Federal Power Over Indians: Its Sources, Scope, And Limitations, Nell Jessup Newton

Journal Articles

Judicial deference to federal legislation affecting Indians is a theme that has persisted throughout the two-hundred-year history of American Indian law. The Supreme Court has sustained nearly every piece of federal legislation it has considered directly regulating Indian tribes, whether challenged as being beyond federal power or within that power but violating individual rights.' This judicial deference often has been justified by invoking federal plenary power to regulate Indian affairs and the political question doctrine's requirement of deference to the political branches. Indeed, not until 1977 did the Court explicitly repudiate use of the political question doctrine to bar equal …


Withdrawing Jurisdiction From Federal Courts, Charles E. Rice Jan 1984

Withdrawing Jurisdiction From Federal Courts, Charles E. Rice

Journal Articles

Courts today accept two incorrect assumptions when interpreting the federal constitution. First, they assume that the judiciary is the sole branch with the definitive power in interpreting the Constitution. Second, they assume that the Supreme Court's decisions on constitutional interpretation are the law of the land and equal to the language of the Constitution itself. This Article proposes that Congress ought to exercise its removal power of appellate jurisdiction from the federal courts in certain areas of law to limit the Supreme Court’s power in creating law that expands the Constitution, which is mistakenly viewed today with equal stature as …


Protecting The Rationality Of Electoral Outcomes: A Challenge To First Amendment Doctrine, James A. Gardner Jan 1984

Protecting The Rationality Of Electoral Outcomes: A Challenge To First Amendment Doctrine, James A. Gardner

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Gentleman In Professional Ethics, Thomas L. Shaffer Jan 1984

The Gentleman In Professional Ethics, Thomas L. Shaffer

Journal Articles

The character of the “gentlemen” has served as a basis for ethics in professionalism. The purpose of this article is to describe the gentleman’s ethics, to explain its implications on the legal profession, to test its adequacy, and to argue that the gentleman’s ethic veered wrong by moving away from its religious tradition. In particular, the author analyzes its adequacy by engaging in four tests including (1) whether the gentleman’s ethic survives conceptions of class and professionalism; (2) whether it provides the skills needed for dealing with power and institutions; (3) whether it takes into account the “tragic nature of …


Labor Racketeering And Labor Law: State Regulation V. Federal Rights: An Analysis Of Brown V. Hotel And Restaurant Employees Union Local 54, Barbara J. Fick Jan 1984

Labor Racketeering And Labor Law: State Regulation V. Federal Rights: An Analysis Of Brown V. Hotel And Restaurant Employees Union Local 54, Barbara J. Fick

Journal Articles

This article previews the Supreme Court case Brown v. Hotel and Restaurant Employees, 468 U.S. 491 (1984). The author expected the Court to decide which interest prevails where there is a conflict between New Jersey's regulation of labor unions in order to reduce the influence of organized crime in the labor sector and federally granted rights to organize and bargain collectively.


Conservation, Control And Heritage - Public Law And Portable Antiquities, Geoffrey Bennett, C. Brand Jan 1984

Conservation, Control And Heritage - Public Law And Portable Antiquities, Geoffrey Bennett, C. Brand

Journal Articles

"There must be a beginning of any great matter, but the continuing unto the end until it be thoroughly finished yields the true glory." With this quotation from Sir Francis Drake begins the first Annual Report of the Trustees of the National Heritage Memorial Fund: HMSO July 22, 1981. As the Trustees themselves observed: "The national heritage of this country is remarkably broad and rich. It is simultaneously a representation of the development of aesthetic expression and a testimony to the role, played by the nation in world history... But this national heritage is constantly under threat." Part of that …


Erosion Of The Privity Requirement In Section 12(2) Of The Securities Act Of 1933: The Expanded Meaning, Patricia O'Hara Jan 1984

Erosion Of The Privity Requirement In Section 12(2) Of The Securities Act Of 1933: The Expanded Meaning, Patricia O'Hara

Journal Articles

Section 12(2) of the Securities Act of 1933 provides a securities purchaser with an express cause of action against his seller if the purchaser can establish that the seller used interstate commerce or the mails to offer or sell a security by means of a written or oral communication which misstated or omitted to state a material fact of which the purchaser was unaware. Upon proof of the foregoing, the purchaser is entitled to rescind his purchase or, in the event he no longer owns the security, to recover equivalent damages unless the seller sustains the burden of proving that …


A Federal Law Of Unfair Competition: What Should Be The Reach Of Section 43(A) Of The Lanham Act?, Joseph P. Bauer Jan 1984

A Federal Law Of Unfair Competition: What Should Be The Reach Of Section 43(A) Of The Lanham Act?, Joseph P. Bauer

Journal Articles

Statutes, like human beings, may experience a mid-life crisis. One notable illustration of this phenomenon is Section 43(a) of the Lanham Act of 1946. This provision, offering federal protection to businesses against many forms of unfair competition engaged in by their rivals, has been the subject of varied and inconsistent judicial treatment. Just as with a growing child, the first eight years of this statute's existence were characterized by few lasting achievements.

Then a landmark decision in 1954 recognized and liberated Section 43(a)'s potential. The past two decades have seen an explosion in the kinds of actions brought under this …