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1984

International Trade Law

Institution
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Full-Text Articles in Law

Protecting Intellectual Property In Taiwan—Non-Recognized United States Corporations And Their Treaty Right Of Access To Courts, Michael M. Hickman Dec 1984

Protecting Intellectual Property In Taiwan—Non-Recognized United States Corporations And Their Treaty Right Of Access To Courts, Michael M. Hickman

Washington Law Review

As global trade grows, intellectual property rights become increasingly important. United States corporations must often seek redress for infringement of their intellectual property rights in foreign forums. Taiwan has an international reputation for commercial counterfeiting. United States corporations with no presence in Taiwan are sometimes victims of infringement there. This Note describes the problems a non-recognized United States corporation presently faces in protecting its intellectual property rights in Taiwan and proposes a solution embodied in the United States-Republic of China (ROC) Treaty of Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation (FCN Treaty). A criminal case instituted by Apple Computer in Taiwan illustrates the …


The Other Deficit: A Review Of International Trade In California And The U.S., Senate Office Of Research Nov 1984

The Other Deficit: A Review Of International Trade In California And The U.S., Senate Office Of Research

California Senate

No abstract provided.


In Re Certain Alkaline Batteries_Representing Duracell, Jonathan Baker Nov 1984

In Re Certain Alkaline Batteries_Representing Duracell, Jonathan Baker

Congressional and Other Testimony

Litigation work: United States International Trade Commission Investigation No. 337-TA-165


Mitsubishi Motors Corporation V. Soler Chrysler-Plymouth, Inc., Lewis F. Powell Jr. Oct 1984

Mitsubishi Motors Corporation V. Soler Chrysler-Plymouth, Inc., Lewis F. Powell Jr.

Supreme Court Case Files

No abstract provided.


Third World Trade Partnership: Supranational Authority Vs. National Extraterritorial Antitrust--A Plea For "Harmonized" Regionalism, Wolfgang Fikentscher May 1984

Third World Trade Partnership: Supranational Authority Vs. National Extraterritorial Antitrust--A Plea For "Harmonized" Regionalism, Wolfgang Fikentscher

Michigan Law Review

That "Third World countries" should receive the assistance of the "industrialized nations" in increasing the level of their economic development is a matter beyond dispute. Yet the years following the "economic decade" of the 1970's have made apparent a crisis in the concepts underlying this philosophy of Third World assistance. The nature of this crisis has not yet been fully ascertained, and the following text does not undertake that task. Rather, it starts from the general feeling among experts involved in one way or another with "development aid" that the paths so far followed and the methods so far applied …


Perspectives On The Jurisprudence Of International Trade: Costs And Benefits Of Legal Procedures In The United States, John H. Jackson May 1984

Perspectives On The Jurisprudence Of International Trade: Costs And Benefits Of Legal Procedures In The United States, John H. Jackson

Michigan Law Review

In this brief article I will confine myself to an analysis of the U.S. legal system pertaining to regulation of imports, deferring to other works an exploration of similar questions relating to regulation of exports or other international economic activities. First, however, I wish to touch on policies related to the legal structure of international rules for trade. This will help put the subject of this article in broader perspective, and although I will focus on U.S. domestic law measures, it will readily be seen that the international system depends greatly on national legal systems for its efficacy, and that …


The Interrelationship Between United Nations Law And The Law Of Other International Organizations, Richard H. Lauwaars May 1984

The Interrelationship Between United Nations Law And The Law Of Other International Organizations, Richard H. Lauwaars

Michigan Law Review

The question regarding the interrelationship between UN law and the law of other international organizations acquired actual significance in the Netherlands in the spring of 1983. At that time, the Dutch Government published a Note stating that, due to the strictures of international law embodied in the law of the European Economic Community (EEC) and European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the Benelux Economic Union, and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), it could not impose unilateral sanctions against South Africa. In response to this Note, a group of public international law professors in the Netherlands issued a …


The Applicability Of The Ecsc-Cartel Prohibition (Article 65) During A "Manifest Crisis", Ernst-Joachim Mestmäcker May 1984

The Applicability Of The Ecsc-Cartel Prohibition (Article 65) During A "Manifest Crisis", Ernst-Joachim Mestmäcker

Michigan Law Review

The Commission and the Council have found that the steel industry of the Community is facing a "manifest crisis" within the meaning of article 58 of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty. Factors that have led to this crisis include structural peculiarities of the steel industry, an increase in production costs, a decrease in demand for steel and steel products, and the resulting excess capacity in steel mills. A majority of the Member States have attempted to protect their national steel industries from the economically mandated cutback in production capacity through substantial subsidization. International competition has thus degenerated, …


Legal Models For The International Regulation Of Exchange Rates, Joseph Gold May 1984

Legal Models For The International Regulation Of Exchange Rates, Joseph Gold

Michigan Law Review

No legal scholar has contributed more to the study of the harmonization of national interests by international agreement than Professor Eric Stein. This essay in his honor examines some of the efforts that have been made since the Bretton Woods Conference of July 1944 to bring order into the important international relationships that are called exchange rates. The subject has a further pertinence because of Eric Stein's work on the European Community. The law of the Community on exchange rates has been affected by the fortunes of the law of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The Treaty of Rome relied …


Trade Friction With Japan And The American Policy Response, Thomas J. Schoenbaum May 1984

Trade Friction With Japan And The American Policy Response, Thomas J. Schoenbaum

Michigan Law Review

In Toyko recently I called upon an official of the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) to discuss trade frictions between the United States and Japan. On the way to my appointment I passed by Hibiya Park in the center of the city. About 10,000 people were gathered in a peaceful demonstration against any lifting of Japan's quotas on imports of agricultural products. Inside the MIT! building I asked the official whether the quotas on beef and oranges would be abolished soon. He told me they would eventually be liberalized or abolished to please the United States, but that …


In The Wake Of The Pipeline Embargo: European-United States Dialogue, Sarah J. Cogswell Apr 1984

In The Wake Of The Pipeline Embargo: European-United States Dialogue, Sarah J. Cogswell

Florida State University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Congress, The Executive Branch, And Special Interests: The American Response To The Arab Boycott Of Israel, Michigan Law Review Feb 1984

Congress, The Executive Branch, And Special Interests: The American Response To The Arab Boycott Of Israel, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Congress, The Executive Branch, and Special Interests: The American Response to the Arab Boycott of Israel by Kennan L. Teslik


A Labor View Of Industrial Policy, Henry B. Schechter Jan 1984

A Labor View Of Industrial Policy, Henry B. Schechter

Michigan Journal of International Law

This article discusses the following topics: secular economic decline, factors in the loss of U.S. competitive position, foreign industrial policies, a labor-endorsed legislative proposal for an industrial policy, and supplementary measures that are required for a successful industrial policy.


A New Export Policy: The Foreign Sales Corporation And State Unitary Taxation Of Foreign Source Income, Reed D. Rubinstein Jan 1984

A New Export Policy: The Foreign Sales Corporation And State Unitary Taxation Of Foreign Source Income, Reed D. Rubinstein

Michigan Journal of International Law

Part I of this note will examine the structure of the FSC, and analyze its potential benefits in light of the Domestic International Sales Corporation (DISC) tax incentive. Part II discusses the use of the unitary tax as a disincentive to direct foreign investment by U.S. corporations. Finally, Part III outlines the new export policy based upon a combination of the FSC export incentive and state unitary taxation of foreign-source income. If implemented, this policy would increase export production and discourage direct foreign investment, thereby making a substantial contribution to U.S. economic well-being.


Canada's Foreign Investment Review Act And The Problem Of Industrial Policy, James M. Spence Q.C. Jan 1984

Canada's Foreign Investment Review Act And The Problem Of Industrial Policy, James M. Spence Q.C.

Michigan Journal of International Law

The purpose of this article is to consider the Foreign Investment Review Act (FIRA or the Act) of Canada in the context of the continuing discussion in North America of the concept of "industrial policy." The particular version of industrial policy of interest for this purpose is the concept which involves interventionist activity by the government designed to affect directly the economic activity of an industry, company, or plant. The first part of the article briefly describes the background and operation of FIRA. The second part comments on the concept of interventionist industrial policy as it has developed in Canada. …


Industrial Policy In The Field Of Informatics In Brazil, Walter Douglas Stuber Jan 1984

Industrial Policy In The Field Of Informatics In Brazil, Walter Douglas Stuber

Michigan Journal of International Law

This article first presents a brief overview of Brazilian industrial development. This overview provides a basis for understanding how the Brazilian Government's informatics policy differs from past Brazilian industrial models. The article then describes the Brazilian Government's policy in the field of informatics. It concludes that a policy which is less protectionist than the government's current program would, through allowing greater foreign participation in the market, better encourage the development of Brazilian informatic companies.


Employee Involvement In Decision-Making: European Attempts At Harmonization, Ruth A. Harvey Jan 1984

Employee Involvement In Decision-Making: European Attempts At Harmonization, Ruth A. Harvey

Michigan Journal of International Law

Part I of this note examines the sources of Community power over employment policy. Part II analyzes two Community directives approximating laws regarding employee involvement in dismissal procedures. It also examines the impact of these Community directives on two Member States, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG or West Germany) and the United Kingdom. The note focuses on the FRG because its statutes have served as the model for Community directives, and because the harmonization of laws throughout the Community will provide unique benefits to the FRG. The note examines the United Kingdom because its government has historically had a …


Annotated Bibliography, Michigan Journal Of International Law Jan 1984

Annotated Bibliography, Michigan Journal Of International Law

Michigan Journal of International Law

For the convenience of our readers, the Michigan Yearbook of International Legal Studies publishes a bibliography of current research in the field. This bibliography is not intended to be comprehensive. Rather, its aim is to guide the reader who wishes to undertake further research.


Reciprocity In International Telecommunications Trade: A New Trade Barrier?, Sheryl Powers Jan 1984

Reciprocity In International Telecommunications Trade: A New Trade Barrier?, Sheryl Powers

Michigan Journal of International Law

To those advocating its use, reciprocity legislation is especially appropriate for the telecommunications industry. Only 5 percent of telecommunications equipment manufactured in the United States is exported for sale in other nations. Trade barriers, loyalty to domestic manufacturers and the importance of telecommunications to national defense systems have combined to restrict access to foreign markets in the telecommunications sector. To persuade other nations to increase market access in telecommunications, United States legislators added a requirement of reciprocity to two proposed bills, S.898 and H.R.5158. This note will examine these two bills, concluding that reciprocity is an inappropriate solution to United …


The Extraterritorial Application Of The Export Administration Act Of 1979, Peter T. Knopf Jan 1984

The Extraterritorial Application Of The Export Administration Act Of 1979, Peter T. Knopf

LLM Theses and Essays

This thesis deals with the major legal issues of the gas pipeline embargo. It is not an abstract treatise on extraterritoriality under international law, but a legal expertise on the legality of the unique measures imposed in 1982. It also tries to point out the legal trends as indicated by the recent publications. The first part of the thesis examines to what extent some European firms were affected by the American embargo. The second part examines whether the President had the authority under the Export Administration Act of 1979 to impose the far-reaching extraterritorial restrictions. It concludes that the President …


Fraud And Injunctive Relief In International Standby Letter Of Credit Transactions: A Comparative Study, Dirk H. Mahler Jan 1984

Fraud And Injunctive Relief In International Standby Letter Of Credit Transactions: A Comparative Study, Dirk H. Mahler

LLM Theses and Essays

This study attempts to compare the various concepts which have been developed under U.S. and German law, focusing in particular the interpretation of fraud and the prerequisites for injunctive relief. Comparative analysis of case law, statutory provisions and corresponding commentaries will illustrate that although evolved out of different legal backgrounds the results show only minor deviations, a phenomenon which might support the hypothesis that instruments developed by practitioners to serve international commercial needs tend to give birth to uniform internationalized legal treatment.


Protective Orders And Exclusion Of Corporate Counsel From Access To Confidential Information, Joel R. Junker Jan 1984

Protective Orders And Exclusion Of Corporate Counsel From Access To Confidential Information, Joel R. Junker

Maryland Journal of International Law

No abstract provided.


The Multifiber Arrangement And Its Effect On The Profit Performance Of The Us Textile Industry, Joseph Pelzman Jan 1984

The Multifiber Arrangement And Its Effect On The Profit Performance Of The Us Textile Industry, Joseph Pelzman

Joseph Pelzman

No abstract provided.


Costs Of Protecting Jobs In Textiles And Clothing, Joseph Pelzman, Hans-Hinrich Glisman, Dean Spinanger, Martin Wolf Jan 1984

Costs Of Protecting Jobs In Textiles And Clothing, Joseph Pelzman, Hans-Hinrich Glisman, Dean Spinanger, Martin Wolf

Joseph Pelzman

No abstract provided.


Arbitral Adjudication: A Comparative Assessment Of Its Remedial And Substantive Status In Transnational Commerce, Thomas E. Carbonneau Jan 1984

Arbitral Adjudication: A Comparative Assessment Of Its Remedial And Substantive Status In Transnational Commerce, Thomas E. Carbonneau

Journal Articles

With the growth of international trade, arbitration has emerged as the preferred remedy for disputes in private international commerce. Its adjudicatory features respond well to the sui generis dispute resolution needs of international commercial contracts. Most significantly, an arbitration agreement acts as an elaborate choice-of-forum clause. It allows the parties to satisfy their need for a predictable and effective dispute resolution process by creating a more realistic and workable framework that supersedes the fundamentally parochial alternative proffered by national legal systems. The party autonomy principle that underlies arbitration gives the contracting parties the power to fashion a remedial process tailored …


Export Trade Certificates Of Review: Will Efficacy Be Permitted?, John A. Maher, Nancy J. Lamont Jan 1984

Export Trade Certificates Of Review: Will Efficacy Be Permitted?, John A. Maher, Nancy J. Lamont

Penn State International Law Review

A vital concept explicit in the Export Trading Company Act (ETCA) and implicit in its Title III is that the time has come for American export cartelism. This is in response to a world in which international trading does not routinely honor the competition principles to which the United States ordinarliy adheres. Despite various successful and unsuccessful attempts, it is not America's job to reform the world. It is foolish to expect American companies to compete in world markets on terms other than those which govern their competitors.


Some Aspects Of United States-Korean Trade Relations, Tae Hee Lee Jan 1984

Some Aspects Of United States-Korean Trade Relations, Tae Hee Lee

Penn State International Law Review

What follows is a general orientation for lawyers to the most pressing problems affecting United States-Korean trade relations. Most of these problems are not traditionally legal in the narrow sense. Instead, they result from major differences in Korean and American economic and political policies, as well as the even greater cultural and economic differences between the two countries.

I have titled what follows an overview - an aerial photograph of the terrain - showing the main features of the geography. These features, however, cannot be presented all at once as in a photograph, but must be presented ad seriatim in …


Transition From The Domestic International Sales Corporation To The Foreign Sales Corporation: Form Without Substance, Elizabeth A, Horsman Jan 1984

Transition From The Domestic International Sales Corporation To The Foreign Sales Corporation: Form Without Substance, Elizabeth A, Horsman

Penn State International Law Review

This Note will first address the Domestic International Sales Corporation (DISC) mechanism for providing incentives to foreign export traders and the benefits enjoyed by DISC users. The discussion will then shift to an examination of criticisms levied against the DISC provisions by domestic and European sources. The next section will outline the Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) legislation, and the following section will analyze its applicability to General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) Council Rulings on the DISC. Finally, this Note will conclude that the FSC provisions will also draw GATT-EC attack as "illegal" trade practices by the United States.


Fraud In The International Transaction: Enjoining Payment Of Letters Of Credit In International Transactions, Stephen J. Leacock Jan 1984

Fraud In The International Transaction: Enjoining Payment Of Letters Of Credit In International Transactions, Stephen J. Leacock

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

The Sztejn principles present to issuing banks a perplexing dilemma in international letter of credit transactions. Issuing banks that have received notice of fraud in the underlying transaction may yet be presented with documents that apparently conform to the letter of credit requirements by a seller who is not a holder in due course. If the bank refuses payment and a court determines that the fraud was not sufficiently egregious, the bank will be liable for breach of contract between the bank and the seller. But if the bank relies on the doctrine of separation and pays the draft, and …


United States Investment In Ireland, Eugene P. Fanning Jan 1984

United States Investment In Ireland, Eugene P. Fanning

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

This Article will examine in general the structure of the Irish Government relating to foreign investment, and describe the role of the government agencies that provide incentives for foreign direct investments. The Article will focus on the negotiation process between those government agencies and foreign investors, and examine the typical investment contract entered into by United States investors. The Article will also describe some important aspects of the typical forms of direct investment in Ireland: manufacturing, service industry, and joint venture investments. This Article will examine the concept of tax-advantaged lending in Ireland, Ireland's foreign exchange control regulations, and its …