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Full-Text Articles in Law

Antitrust-Clayton Act-Admissibilty Of Criminal Conviction Entered On A Plea Of Guilty As Prima Facie Evidence In Civil Suit For Treble Damage, Arthur M. Sherwood Dec 1963

Antitrust-Clayton Act-Admissibilty Of Criminal Conviction Entered On A Plea Of Guilty As Prima Facie Evidence In Civil Suit For Treble Damage, Arthur M. Sherwood

Michigan Law Review

In a civil action for treble damages under section 4 of the Clayton Act, the plaintiff sought to allege as prima facie evidence of a Sherman Act violation a criminal conviction entered on a plea of guilty by the defendant in an earlier prosecution by the government. The trial court sustained a motion by the defendant to strike from plaintiff's complaint any reference to the criminal prosecution. On appeal, held, reversed, one judge dissenting. A judgment entered on a plea of guilty is not a consent judgment within the meaning of the proviso to section 5(a) of the Clayton …


Radiation Injuries And Time Limitations In Workmen's Compensation Cases, Samuel D. Estep, Walter R. Allan Dec 1963

Radiation Injuries And Time Limitations In Workmen's Compensation Cases, Samuel D. Estep, Walter R. Allan

Michigan Law Review

The increasing use of radioactive materials and radiation-producing devices in industry and elsewhere makes it clear that injuries from exposure to radiation must be anticipated. It becomes relevant, therefore, to inquire into the extent to which the present workmen's compensation statutes will be able to cope with the injuries which may arise from the use of this new source of energy.


Recent Books, Michigan Law Review Dec 1963

Recent Books, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

A List of Books Received by Michigan Law Review


The Regulation Of Specialty Policies In Life Insurance, Spencer L. Kimball, Jon S. Hanson Dec 1963

The Regulation Of Specialty Policies In Life Insurance, Spencer L. Kimball, Jon S. Hanson

Michigan Law Review

Every entrepreneur is vitally concerned with selling methods. Success depends upon sales. Sales depend upon desire for the product. Desire for most products, including life insurance, is not inherent but is created by the efforts of the entrepreneur. In the case of life insurance, an effective job of creating the desire, i.e., of selling, is usually necessary to convince a prospective insurance buyer that over a long period he should allocate a significant portion of his income to the purchase of an intangible such as life insurance.


The Judicial Treatment Of The Automobile Dealer Franchise Act, J. Patrick Martin Dec 1963

The Judicial Treatment Of The Automobile Dealer Franchise Act, J. Patrick Martin

Michigan Law Review

The representatives of the auto industry initially viewed the act with a jaundiced eye and warned that this special class legislation6 would radically change the existing case law by allowing the dealer to win where formerly he would have lost. However, the court decisions under the act have not borne out such dire predictions. This discussion will examine what has, in fact, been the judicial interpretation and treatment of the act.


Constitutional Law-Relation Of Federal And State Governments- Applicability Of State Minimum Price Regulations To Federal Procurement, Alexander E. Bennett Dec 1963

Constitutional Law-Relation Of Federal And State Governments- Applicability Of State Minimum Price Regulations To Federal Procurement, Alexander E. Bennett

Michigan Law Review

The United States accepted the lowest bids for the supply of milk at three military installations in California. Because these bids were below the minimum prices for wholesale milk prescribed by state law, California instituted proceedings in the state courts for civil damages and injunctive relief against the successful bidders. The United States brought a separate action in a federal district court asking that the state be enjoined from applying its minimum price regulations to milk purchases by the armed services on the grounds that the military installations were federal enclaves over which the United States has exclusive jurisdiction and …


Patents-Patent Grant By Private Law-Constitutionality Of Grant After Expiration Of Time Limit, Stanley P. Wagner Jr. Dec 1963

Patents-Patent Grant By Private Law-Constitutionality Of Grant After Expiration Of Time Limit, Stanley P. Wagner Jr.

Michigan Law Review

An army officer invented a radar system before World War II but was prevented from patenting it by his superior officers for security reasons. In 1945 his application for a patent was rejected because it was not filed within the time limit embodied in section 102(b) of the Patent Code.1 Congress, in 1950, enacted Private Law 10082 to waive the statutory time limit for the officer's patent application. The act provided that a patent should issue from the 1945 application if the invention .met all the other statutory requirements of the Patent Code. The act provided also that the patent …


Securities Regulation-Sec Rule 10b-5-Recovery By Corporation Induced By Fraud Of Insider To Issue Shares, Charles K. Dayton Dec 1963

Securities Regulation-Sec Rule 10b-5-Recovery By Corporation Induced By Fraud Of Insider To Issue Shares, Charles K. Dayton

Michigan Law Review

Trustees in reorganization of a corporation brought suit on its behalf to recover damages under section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and rule 10b-5 of the Securities and Exchange Commission, alleging that the corporation had been fraudulently induced by defendant, its comptroller, to issue stock for inadequate consideration. Also named as defendants were the American Stock Exchange and several banks and brokers, whose alleged complicity in the improper public distribution of the shares made them parties to the scheme to defraud the corporation. On a motion by all defendants but the comptroller to dismiss the complaint for …


Sawyer: Business Aspects Of Pricing Under The Robinson-Patman Act (Trade Regulation Series), Cyrus Austin Dec 1963

Sawyer: Business Aspects Of Pricing Under The Robinson-Patman Act (Trade Regulation Series), Cyrus Austin

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Business Aspects of Pricing Under the Robinson-Patman Act (Trade Regulation Series). By Albert E. Sawyer


Municipal Corporations-Master Plans-Power Of Cities To Zone For Future Conditions, Walter A. Urick Nov 1963

Municipal Corporations-Master Plans-Power Of Cities To Zone For Future Conditions, Walter A. Urick

Michigan Law Review

After purchasing land which was subject to a zoning ordinance requiring a minimum lot size of 21,780 square feet, plaintiffs, real estate developers, challenged the ordinance as unreasonable and confiscatory. Defendant city argued that the ordinance was based upon a comprehensive master plan and had the purpose of limiting future density of population in accordance with sewage capacity. On appeal from the circuit court order invalidating the zoning ordinance as applied to plaintiff's property, held, judgment affirmed, three judges dissenting. A city zoning ordinance requiring a minimum lot size for the purpose of limiting future density of population in …


Notice Requirements Of Guaranty Contracts, Richard F. Dole Jr. Nov 1963

Notice Requirements Of Guaranty Contracts, Richard F. Dole Jr.

Michigan Law Review

The following is an attempt to verify Corbin's educated guess through the application of factual analysis. If significant facts can be isolated which produce the same result regardless of the theory applied by the court, no real conflict can be said to exist. An initial exploration of the problems involved is a prerequisite to delineating the area in which factual analysis must be used.


Construction, Reformation, And The Rule Against Perpetuities, Olin L. Browder Jr. Nov 1963

Construction, Reformation, And The Rule Against Perpetuities, Olin L. Browder Jr.

Michigan Law Review

Not long ago, in all the commotion about the doctrine of wait-and-see, a different principle for dealing with the pitfalls in perpetuities law unobtrusively emerged. This was an adaptation of the principle of cy pres to require that provisions, void under the Rule Against Perpetuities, be reformed within the limits of that Rule so as to give effect as closely as possible to the intention of the donor.


Federal Estate Tax-Determination Of Marital Deduction In Community Property State When Surviving Spouse Elects To Take Under Decedent's Will, Jon E. Denney Nov 1963

Federal Estate Tax-Determination Of Marital Deduction In Community Property State When Surviving Spouse Elects To Take Under Decedent's Will, Jon E. Denney

Michigan Law Review

Decedent, a Texas resident, provided that if his wife elected to take under his will she would receive one-third of the total community property and one-third of his separate estate. The remaining two-thirds of decedent's total estate was devised in trust for the benefit of his children. The widow elected to take under the will, thereby allowing her interest in the community property to pass as provided in the will. The executors claimed a marital deduction for the one-third separate property passing to the widow. Since she received less under the will than the value of her relinquished community property, …


Labor Law-Independent Contractor Status-Extension Of The Right Of Control Test, F. Bruce Kulp Jr. Nov 1963

Labor Law-Independent Contractor Status-Extension Of The Right Of Control Test, F. Bruce Kulp Jr.

Michigan Law Review

Petitioner, a large independent oil company, owned a gasoline service station which it leased to an individual operator, reserving the right to determine certain aspects of the lessee's operations. During the lease period, a majority of the station attendants signed union authorization cards, and the union requested a meeting with the lessee for the purpose of negotiating a contract. The lessee refused to negotiate, discharged the attendants, and hired replacements. The trial examiner found that petitioner, as an employer of his lessee, had violated section 8(a)(5) of the National Labor Relations Act by refusing to bargain. On appeal, held, …


Patents-Procedure-Applicability Of Invention Secrecy Act Where Government Use Of Invention Is Authorized, Thomas G. Dignan Jr. Nov 1963

Patents-Procedure-Applicability Of Invention Secrecy Act Where Government Use Of Invention Is Authorized, Thomas G. Dignan Jr.

Michigan Law Review

After extended negotiations, plaintiff entered into a contract with the United States for the development of a new model "hemisphere sight," a mock-up of which plaintiff had previously revealed to the Air Force. Acting upon a request by the Air Force, the Commissioner of Patents issued a secrecy order on the gun sight pursuant to provisions of the Invention Secrecy Act, thus preventing the issuance of a patent to the plaintiff. In order for the United States to have a second source of supply for the sights, the plaintiff revealed its engineering information to another manufacturer upon governmental request to …


Shuman: Legal Positivism: Its Scope And Limitations, Edgar Bodenheimer Nov 1963

Shuman: Legal Positivism: Its Scope And Limitations, Edgar Bodenheimer

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Shuman: Legal Positivism: Its Scope and Limitations . By Samuel I. Shuman


The Constitution And Preclusion/Res Judicata, Allan D. Vestal Nov 1963

The Constitution And Preclusion/Res Judicata, Allan D. Vestal

Michigan Law Review

The interrelation of lawsuits is one of the most troublesome, yet least commented upon, areas of the law. The ramifications are great; related lawsuits may be pending concurrently, either brought by the same individual-repetitive litigation--or brought by different parties-reactive litigation. Such lawsuits may occur serially over a period of time. The courts are then faced with problems which have traditionally been discussed in terms of res judicata, bar, merger, or estoppel. It is impossible to cover the whole area or even a sizable part of it in a single article, but it is feasible to examine one facet which certainly …


Right Of A Surviving Partner To Purchase A Deceased Partner's Interest Under The Uniform Partnership Act, Charles R. Frederickson Nov 1963

Right Of A Surviving Partner To Purchase A Deceased Partner's Interest Under The Uniform Partnership Act, Charles R. Frederickson

Michigan Law Review

This discussion is intended to demonstrate that, under the act, the likelihood of fraud should no longer be so controlling a factor as to require invariably a liquidation sale of partnership assets when a court of equity has within its supervisory powers the ability to protect fully all of the parties involved when a partnership is dissolved by death.


Patents-Adjudication Of Validity In Infringement Cases Where Alternative Grounds For Dismissal Exist, Walter A. Urick Nov 1963

Patents-Adjudication Of Validity In Infringement Cases Where Alternative Grounds For Dismissal Exist, Walter A. Urick

Michigan Law Review

Petitioner's complaint alleging validity and infringement of his patent was dismissed by the trial court on the ground that petitioner had granted to respondent an implied license or "shop right." On appeal, petitioner claimed, among other things, error in the refusal of the trial court to rule on the questions of validity and infringement of the patent. Respondent moved to strike these claims from petitioner's statement of points on appeal. Held, motion denied. Failure of the trial court to pass on the questions of validity and infringement does not preclude the petitioner from arguing these issues on appeal. Kierulff …


Torts-Negligent Misrepresentation-Abolition Of The Privity Requirement, Leon E. Irish Nov 1963

Torts-Negligent Misrepresentation-Abolition Of The Privity Requirement, Leon E. Irish

Michigan Law Review

Defendants, professional consulting engineers, contracted with the city of Chattanooga to design a sewage system. As part of their performance of the contract they prepared a report of geological conditions which was to be distributed by the city to prospective bidders. Plaintiff, a tunneling subcontractor, had no dealings with the defendants, but did rely on their report in making its bid. Because one of defendant's draftsmen carelessly omitted pertinent geological information from the report, it took plaintiff three weeks longer to complete the work than had been anticipated. Plaintiff sued defendant for damages for misrepresentation; held, plaintiff may recover. …


Recent Books, Michigan Law Review Nov 1963

Recent Books, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

A List of Books Received by Michigan Law Review


Federal Jurisdiction-Three-Judge Courts-The Recent Evolution In Jurisdiction And Appellate Review, Peter W. Williamson S.Ed. Jun 1963

Federal Jurisdiction-Three-Judge Courts-The Recent Evolution In Jurisdiction And Appellate Review, Peter W. Williamson S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

This comment seeks to analyze each decision against its historical background. No more than a proforma attempt will be made to integrate one decision with the others, for sufficient material is not yet available to predict with any accuracy the Court's ultimate achievements in this important area of federal civil procedure.


Fraenkel: Lawyer's Medical Cyclopedia Of Personal Injuries And Allied Specialties, C. W. Muehlberger Ph.D. Jun 1963

Fraenkel: Lawyer's Medical Cyclopedia Of Personal Injuries And Allied Specialties, C. W. Muehlberger Ph.D.

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Lawyer's Medical Cyclopedia of Personal Injuries and Allied Specialties . Edited by Charles ]. Fraenkel, M.D., and others.


Federal Jurisdiction-Federal Civil Procedure-Right To Jury Trial Of Seaman's Claim For Maintenance And Cure Where Joined With Claim Under Jones Act, Edwin A. Howe Jr. Jun 1963

Federal Jurisdiction-Federal Civil Procedure-Right To Jury Trial Of Seaman's Claim For Maintenance And Cure Where Joined With Claim Under Jones Act, Edwin A. Howe Jr.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff seaman, having been injured while in the employ of defendant shipowner, filed an action in federal district court. Plaintiff invoked the court's federal-question jurisdiction alone, under section 1331 of the federal Judicial Code. He alleged claims for negligence under the Jones Act, for unseaworthiness, and for maintenance and cure, and demanded jury trial of all three counts. The trial court sustained the demand as to the first two counts, but ordered that the claim for maintenance and cure be tried to the judge alone, sitting as a court of admiralty. On appeal from the order denying jury trial …


Trusts-Trustees-Investment Duties Of Trustees And The Problem Of Unduly-Conservative Trust Investments, Lawrence Hirsch S.Ed. Jun 1963

Trusts-Trustees-Investment Duties Of Trustees And The Problem Of Unduly-Conservative Trust Investments, Lawrence Hirsch S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

This comment will first examine the trustee's investment duties, particularly those relating to investments in securities, and then consider the factors which have brought to the fore the problem of the unduly-conservative trust investment. On the basis of this examination, it may be determined whether the present law in this area provides the beneficiary with adequate safeguards against the unduly-conservative investment. Finally, assuming such safeguards have not been provided, some suggested remedies for this situation will be considered, including the possible imposition of a duty upon trustees to invest at least part of the trust funds in common stock.


The Worker And Three Phases Of Unionism: Administrative And Judicial Control Of The Worker-Union Relationship, Alfred W. Blumrosen Jun 1963

The Worker And Three Phases Of Unionism: Administrative And Judicial Control Of The Worker-Union Relationship, Alfred W. Blumrosen

Michigan Law Review

This article will examine the extent to which, and the methods by which, individual rights are protected in each of these three phases of union activity. We will see that the employee is well protected in his right to oppose political action of the union and has considerable legal protection for his rights to engage in internal union political struggles, but the employee has received little protection for his economic interests in collective bargaining between unions and employers. A recent decision by the NLRB, which will be examined in some detail, suggests that additional protection for individual economic rights in …


Constitutional Law-Expatriation-Criminal Due Process As Prerequisite To Expatriation When Imposed As Punishment, John W. Erickson Jun 1963

Constitutional Law-Expatriation-Criminal Due Process As Prerequisite To Expatriation When Imposed As Punishment, John W. Erickson

Michigan Law Review

Respondents, native-born Americans, in two separate cases sought declaratory judgments confirming their status as United States citizens. One wanted to return to this country, and the other sought to avoid deportation as an alien. The Government claimed that respondents had lost their citizenship by operation of section 401(j) of the Nationality Act of 1940 and its successor, section 349(a)(10) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, which automatically divest an American of his citizenship for "departing from or remaining outside the jurisdiction of the United States in time of war or . . . national emergency for the purpose …


Federal Civil Procedure-Federal Rule 16-Definition Of Issues By The Pre-Trial Judge, F. Bruce Kulp Jr. Jun 1963

Federal Civil Procedure-Federal Rule 16-Definition Of Issues By The Pre-Trial Judge, F. Bruce Kulp Jr.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff instituted a civil antitrust suit against defendant in 1956. After numerous pre-trial conferences, the parties reached agreement as to the definition of only some of the issues. On other issues, however, the parties tendered different versions and were unable to reach an agreement. In a progress memorandum, the court issued a pre-trial order adopting defendant's version of the issues and rejecting the version proposed by plaintiff. The court reasoned that, under Federal Rule 16, it has the authority to adopt the formulation of issues proposed by one of the parties even though the other party is not in complete …


The New Michigan Pre-Trial Procedural Rules-Models For Other States?, Robert Meisenholder Jun 1963

The New Michigan Pre-Trial Procedural Rules-Models For Other States?, Robert Meisenholder

Michigan Law Review

The new Michigan procedural laws are embodied in a revised set of statutes and court rules which became effective January 1, 1963, after a long period of study by a Joint Committee on Michigan Procedural Revision. They abolish an anachronistic distinction between procedures in law and equity, abrogate a scattered, disorganized set of rules and statutes, and create a unified, coherent procedural system.


Taxation-Federal Tax Liens--Priority Of Senior Federal Lien Over Local Tax Lien In Mortgage Foreclosure, Samuel J. Mckim Iii Jun 1963

Taxation-Federal Tax Liens--Priority Of Senior Federal Lien Over Local Tax Lien In Mortgage Foreclosure, Samuel J. Mckim Iii

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff, a first mortgagee, instituted a foreclosure proceeding joining the mortgagors, a second mortgagee, several judgment creditors, and the United States Government. The Government's lien had been recorded subsequently to the first mortgage but had attached prior to the accrual of various local real estate taxes. Plaintiff's motion for summary judgment, that the premises be sold free of the United States lien but subject to all local real property taxes, was granted. After reversal on appeal, the court again granted summary judgment and effected the same distribution, this time by directing that all local real property taxes be paid as …