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Abolishing Private Prisons: A Constitutional And Moral Imperative, André Douglas Pond Cummings, Robert Craig Jul 2020

Abolishing Private Prisons: A Constitutional And Moral Imperative, André Douglas Pond Cummings, Robert Craig

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Local Tax Incentives And Behavior Of Foreign Enterprises: Evidence From A Large Developing Country, Jing Xing, Wei Cui, Xi Qu Jan 2018

Local Tax Incentives And Behavior Of Foreign Enterprises: Evidence From A Large Developing Country, Jing Xing, Wei Cui, Xi Qu

All Faculty Publications

We analyze how profit reporting and investment behavior of foreign enterprises respond to local tax incentives in China, a large developing country. Using firm-level data between 2000 and 2013 from China’s industrial enterprise survey, we first provide strong evidence for tax competition among Chinese cities (especially cities within the same province) over the average effective income tax rate. We then find that, despite stringent capital controls, both reported pre-tax profits and investment of foreign firms respond strongly to local tax incentives, suggesting that subnational tax competition in China is oriented towards both mobile profits and real resources.


God And The Profits: Is There Religious Liberty For Money-Makers?, Mark L. Rienzi Jan 2013

God And The Profits: Is There Religious Liberty For Money-Makers?, Mark L. Rienzi

Scholarly Articles

Is there a religious way to pump gas, sell groceries, or advertise for a craft store? Litigation over the HHS contraceptive mandate has raised the question whether a for-profit business and its owner can engage in religious exercise under federal law. The federal government has argued, and some courts have found, that the activities of a profit-making business are ineligible for religious freedom protection.

This article offers a comprehensive look at the relationship between profit-making and religious liberty, arguing that the act of earning money does not preclude profit-making businesses and their owners from engaging in protected religious exercise.

Many ...


Fallon Paiute Shoshone Indiantribes Water Rights Settlement Act Of 1990, United States 101st Congress Nov 1990

Fallon Paiute Shoshone Indiantribes Water Rights Settlement Act Of 1990, United States 101st Congress

Native American Water Rights Settlement Project

Federal Legislation & Settlement: The Fallon Paiute Shoshone Indian Tribes Water Rights Settlement Act of 1990 (PL 101-618, 104 Stat. 3289). There is no separate Settlement Agreement. Title I -- Fallon Paiute Shoshone Tribal Settlement Act creates the Fallon Paiute Shoshone Tribal Settlement Fund and authorizes appropriations of $3 M for 1992 and $8 M for each of 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996 and 1997 for a total of $43M. The income of the fund is authorized for Tribal economic development, rehabilitation of the irrigation system, acquisition of water rights and other listed purposes. The Tribes will develop a management plan in consultation with the DOI Secretary for the settlement fund. Only income from the principle can be obligated or expended. All water rights (up to 8,453.55 a/f/y) and properties acquired in Churchill or Lyon counties to be held in trust by the US and become a part of the reservation. Water drawn from the Newlands Reclamation Project is not to exceed 10,587.5 a/f/y. The Tribes will develop a plan for rehabilitation of the irrigation system. The Tribes are authorized, among other things, to consolidate Reservation landholdings or water rights and eliminate heirship interests. The Tribes agree to release all claims against the US or in law suits and accepts limitations on use of Newlands Reclamation Project, and indemnify the US against monetary claims by landowners holding water rights on the Reservation. TJ drain system will be closed.

Title II - Truckee-Carson-Pyramid Lake Water Settlement Sec. 206: this Title provides that the Secretary and Nevada are authorized to acquire water rights, with or without lands, for the Fallon Indian Reservation wetlands and such water rights will be managed by the Secretary in consultation with the Tribes. The Secretary is authorized to take actions to prevent, correct or mitigate adverse water quality and fish and wildlife habitat conditions attributable to the Newlands Project; and consult with the Tribes where their lands and drains are involved. Naval Air Station at Fallon, NV and the Secretary will develop land and water management plans that will be in keeping with the trust responsibility to the Tribes. Sec 209 expands the authorized purposes of the Newlands Project to include municipal and industrial water supply for the Tribes among others. [Sourde: http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c101:S.3084: (searchable);

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collection.action?collectionCode=GPO&browsePath=United+States+Statutes+at+Large+%28Digitized%29%2F1990&searchPath=United+States+Statutes+at ...