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Banking and Finance Law

2018

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Between Economic Planning And Market Competition: Institutional Law And Economics In The Us, Laura Phillips Sawyer Jan 2018

Between Economic Planning And Market Competition: Institutional Law And Economics In The Us, Laura Phillips Sawyer

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In 1926 John Maurice Clark published a seminal text in institutionalist economics, Social Control of Business, surveying the ways in which business was subject to control by a variety of formal and informal constraints. 1 The text rejected mainstream ideas in neoclassical political economy by explaining how individual self-interest and competition could be manipulated not only through legal rules but also by custom, habit, codes of ethics, and morals. Representative of the institutionalist movement, Clark discarded presumptions of an individualistic economy based on market competition. Instead, he posited that long-term public goals of prosperity and equity could be achieved through …