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Criminal Law and Procedure

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 314

Full-Text Articles in Law

Is Miranda Good News Or Bad News For The Police: The Usefulness Of Empirical Evidence, Meghan J. Ryan Jan 2017

Is Miranda Good News Or Bad News For The Police: The Usefulness Of Empirical Evidence, Meghan J. Ryan

Faculty Journal Articles and Book Chapters

The U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark case of Miranda v. Arizona created a culture in which police officers regularly warn arrestees that they have a right to remain silent, that anything they say can and will be used against them in a court of law, that they have the right to an attorney, and that if they cannot afford one, an attorney will be appointed to them. These Miranda warnings have a number of possible effects. The warnings are meant to inform suspects about negative consequences associated with speaking to the police without the assistance of counsel. In this ...


Information Overload, Multi-Tasking, And The Socially Networked Jury: Why Prosecutors Should Approach The Media Gingerly, Andrew E. Taslitz Jun 2015

Information Overload, Multi-Tasking, And The Socially Networked Jury: Why Prosecutors Should Approach The Media Gingerly, Andrew E. Taslitz

School of Law Faculty Publications

The rise of computer technology, the internet, rapid news dissemination, multi-tasking, and social networking have wrought changes in human psychology that alter how we process news media. More specifically, news coverage of high-profile trials necessarily focuses on emotionally-overwrought, attention-grabbing information disseminated to a public having little ability to process that information critically. The public’s capacity for empathy is likewise reduced, making it harder for trial processes to overcome the unfair prejudice created by the high-profile trial. Market forces magnify these changes. Free speech concerns limit the ability of the law to alter media coverage directly, and the tools available ...


High Expectations And Some Wounded Hopes: The Policy And Politics Of A Uniform Statute On Videotaping Custodial Interrogations, Andrew E. Taslitz Jun 2015

High Expectations And Some Wounded Hopes: The Policy And Politics Of A Uniform Statute On Videotaping Custodial Interrogations, Andrew E. Taslitz

School of Law Faculty Publications

Much has been written about the need to videotape the entire process of police interrogating suspects. Videotaping discourages abusive interrogation techniques, improves police training in proper techniques, reduces frivolous suppression motions because facts are no longer in dispute, and improves jury decision making about the voluntariness and accuracy of a confession. Despite these benefits, only a small, albeit growing, number of states have adopted legislation mandating electronic recording of the entire interrogation process. In the hope of accelerating legislative adoption of this procedure and of improving the quality of such legislation, the Uniform Law Commission (ULC), formerly the National Conference ...


The Prioritization Of Criminal Over Civil Counsel And The Discounted Danger Of Private Power, Kathryn A. Sabbeth Jan 2015

The Prioritization Of Criminal Over Civil Counsel And The Discounted Danger Of Private Power, Kathryn A. Sabbeth

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Politics Of Narrative: Law And The Representation Of Mexican Criminality, Deborah Weissman Jan 2015

The Politics Of Narrative: Law And The Representation Of Mexican Criminality, Deborah Weissman

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Repairing Online Reputation: A New Multi-Modal Regulatory Approach, Jacqueline D. Lipton Sep 2014

Repairing Online Reputation: A New Multi-Modal Regulatory Approach, Jacqueline D. Lipton

Akron Law Publications

In today’s interconnected digital society, high profile examples of online abuses abound. Cyberbullies launch attacks on the less powerful, often significantly damaging victims’ reputations. Outside of reputational damage, online harassment, bullying and stalking has led to severe emotional distress, loss of employment, physical assault and even death. Recent scholarship has identified this phenomenon but has done little more than note that current laws are ineffective in combating abusive online behaviors. This article moves the debate forward both by suggesting specific reforms to criminal and tort laws and, more importantly, by situating those reforms within a new multi-modal framework for ...


Combating Cyber-Victimization, Jacqueline D. Lipton Sep 2014

Combating Cyber-Victimization, Jacqueline D. Lipton

Akron Law Publications

In today’s interconnected society, high profile examples of online victimization abound. Cyber-bullies, stalkers and harassers launch attacks on the less powerful, causing a variety of harms. Recent scholarship has identified some of the more salient damage, including reputational harms, severe emotional distress, loss of employment, and physical assault. Extreme cases of online abuse have resulted in death through suicide or as a result of targeted attacks. This article makes two major contributions to the cyber-victimization literature. It proposes specific reforms to criminal and tort laws to address this conduct more effectively. Further, it situates those reforms within a new ...


Sharing Public Safety Helicopters, Henry H. Perritt Jr. Apr 2014

Sharing Public Safety Helicopters, Henry H. Perritt Jr.

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Policy Evaluation Of Hillsborough County’S Family Dependency Treatment Court, Shawn M. Martin, Kathleen A. Moore Jan 2013

Policy Evaluation Of Hillsborough County’S Family Dependency Treatment Court, Shawn M. Martin, Kathleen A. Moore

Mental Health Law & Policy Faculty Publications

Child abuse and neglect is a troubling issue all too familiar with courts in the United States. The problem becomes even more complicated when substance abuse is involved. In 2004, approximately 500,000 children were removed from their homes because of abuse and neglect issues1. In the past few years, a judicial model appeared to address both substance abuse and child dependency issues. This model, entitled Family Dependency Treatment Court (FDTC) enables the court to mandate treatment for parents and make reunification dependent on treatment compliance. The FDTC program in Hillsborough County, Florida is now in its second year and ...


The Sixth Amendment Rights To Fairness: The Touchstones Of Effectiveness And Pragmatism, Robert P. Mosteller Jan 2013

The Sixth Amendment Rights To Fairness: The Touchstones Of Effectiveness And Pragmatism, Robert P. Mosteller

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Potential Innocence: Making The Most Of A Bleak Environment For Public Support Of Indigent Defense, Robert P. Mosteller Jan 2013

Potential Innocence: Making The Most Of A Bleak Environment For Public Support Of Indigent Defense, Robert P. Mosteller

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Law, Social Movements, And The Political Economy Of Domestic Violence, Deborah M. Weissman Jan 2013

Law, Social Movements, And The Political Economy Of Domestic Violence, Deborah M. Weissman

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Kafkaesque Experience Of Immigrants With Mental Disabilities: Navigating The Inexplicable Shoals Of Immigration Law, Jennifer L. Aronson Sep 2012

The Kafkaesque Experience Of Immigrants With Mental Disabilities: Navigating The Inexplicable Shoals Of Immigration Law, Jennifer L. Aronson

College of Law - Student Research & Writing Projects

Law and literature comes in two forms: law as literature and law in literature, the latter referring to the exploration of legal issues in great literary texts. Law in literature scholars place a high value on the "independent" view of the literary writers as he or she sees the law. They believe that these authors have something to teach legal scholars and lawyers about the human condition. “The Trial” by Franz Kafka, concerns human beings caught up in social and political dilemmas. Kafka offers readers an insight to the nature of totalitarianism and forces us to ask hard questions about ...


Short Of The Goal: New York's Legislation To Compel Hiv Testing From Accused Sex Offenders, Joseph E. Fahey Jul 2012

Short Of The Goal: New York's Legislation To Compel Hiv Testing From Accused Sex Offenders, Joseph E. Fahey

College of Law - Faculty Scholarship

"Short of the Goal: New York's Legislation to Compel HIV Testing from Accused Sex Offenders" examines New York's newly enacted legislation allowing for such court ordered testing upon the filing of charges and prior to conviction.Although this legislation was designed to augment and improve the existing legislation which allows it only post-conviction, it contains significant flaws which leave it short of its intended result. This article examines the legislation and its flaws.


The Sixth Amendment's Textual Core, Sanjay K. Chhablani Jul 2012

The Sixth Amendment's Textual Core, Sanjay K. Chhablani

College of Law - Faculty Scholarship

The Sixth Amendment, framed in an atmosphere of deep mistrust of a potentially oppressive government, broadly requires that defendants be provided seven fundamental procedural protections. Over the course of the past five decades, the scope and meaning of these critical safeguards have undergone tremendous change, with series of expansive and restrictive readings. Through this jurisprudential development, several provisions of the Sixth Amendment have been interpreted in a manner that contravenes the plain meaning of its text, rendering the Amendment far less protective of individual liberty. After developing a comprehensive historical account of the Court’s Sixth Amendment jurisprudence, this Article ...


Discretionary Persistent Felony Offender Sentencing In New York: Can It Survive Apprendi ?, Joseph E. Fahey Jul 2012

Discretionary Persistent Felony Offender Sentencing In New York: Can It Survive Apprendi ?, Joseph E. Fahey

College of Law - Faculty Scholarship

This article examines the Discretionary Persistent Felony Offender sentencing provision contained in New York Penal law section 70.10 and its vitality in the wake of Apprendi v. New Jersey. It examines the disparity in the controlling New York Court of Appeals cases and the holdings in Apprendi and its progeny. It also discusses ways in which the sentencing court can apply the sentnecing statute and avoid Apprendi pitfalls.


Throwing Away The Key: An Examination Of New York's Sex Offender Civil Commitment Law, Joseph E. Fahey Jul 2012

Throwing Away The Key: An Examination Of New York's Sex Offender Civil Commitment Law, Joseph E. Fahey

College of Law - Faculty Scholarship

This article examines New York's newly enacted sex offender civil commitment law entitled"Sex Offenders Requiring Civil Commitment or Supervision." It examines the statute in detail, commenting on its various statutory and constiutional defeciencies, as well as its potential impact on the New York State Unified Court System.


An Alternative To Death-Qualification: The Nonunanimous Penalty Jury, Jane Tucker Mar 2012

An Alternative To Death-Qualification: The Nonunanimous Penalty Jury, Jane Tucker

Student Scholarship Papers

Eliminating jurors for cause based on their opinions concerning the death-penalty (“death-qualification”) is a widespread practice that has been upheld by multiple Supreme Court cases, but which has been widely criticized for resulting in juries that studies have shown to be more conviction-prone, and biased toward the prosecution, in addition to being unrepresentative of the community at large. This Note offers a possible solution to the problems caused by death-qualification at both the guilt and penalty phases, unlike those proposed thus far: specifically, the elimination of death-qualification altogether, coupled with the relaxation of the unanimity requirement at the penalty phase.


It's Complicated: Privacy And Domestic Violence, Kimberly D. Bailey Jan 2012

It's Complicated: Privacy And Domestic Violence, Kimberly D. Bailey

All Faculty Scholarship

This Article challenges the notion that there is no role for privacy in the domestic violence context. Privacy is a complicated concept that has both positive and negative aspects, and this Article examines the value that more privacy could provide for domestic violence victims. While privacy was historically used as a shield for batterers, more privacy for domestic violence victims could protect their personhood, ensuring that they are treated with dignity and respect. In addition, current mandatory criminal justice policies have become so intrusive in many victims’ lives that limitations are needed to prevent the threat of state abuse. These ...


Prosecution Appeals Of Court-Ordered Midtrial Acquittals: Permissible Under The Double Jeopardy Clause?, David S. Rudstein Jan 2012

Prosecution Appeals Of Court-Ordered Midtrial Acquittals: Permissible Under The Double Jeopardy Clause?, David S. Rudstein

All Faculty Scholarship

This article considers whether a statute or rule of court allowing the prosecution to appeal a directed verdict of not guilty, or its equivalent, would be constitutional under the Double Jeopardy Clause.


Challenges To Terry For The Twenty-First Century, Richard E. Myers Ii Jan 2012

Challenges To Terry For The Twenty-First Century, Richard E. Myers Ii

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Notice-And-Comment Sentencing, Stephanos Bibas, Richard A. Bierschbach Jan 2012

Notice-And-Comment Sentencing, Stephanos Bibas, Richard A. Bierschbach

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Confrontation In Children's Cases: The Dimensions Of Limited Coverage, Robert P. Mosteller Jan 2012

Confrontation In Children's Cases: The Dimensions Of Limited Coverage, Robert P. Mosteller

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Responding To Mccleskey And Batson: The North Carolina Racial Justice Act Confronts Racial Peremptory Challenges In Death Cases, Robert P. Mosteller Jan 2012

Responding To Mccleskey And Batson: The North Carolina Racial Justice Act Confronts Racial Peremptory Challenges In Death Cases, Robert P. Mosteller

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Apprendi And The Dynamics Of Guilty Pleas, Stephanos Bibas Nov 2011

Apprendi And The Dynamics Of Guilty Pleas, Stephanos Bibas

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Public Wrongs And The ‘Criminal Law’S Business’: When Victims Won’T Share, Michelle Dempsey Aug 2011

Public Wrongs And The ‘Criminal Law’S Business’: When Victims Won’T Share, Michelle Dempsey

Working Paper Series

Amongst the many valuable contributions that Professor Antony Duff has made to criminal law theory is his account of what it means for a wrong to be public in character. In this chapter, I sketch an alternative way of thinking about criminalization, one which attempts to remain true to the important insights that illuminate Duff’s account, while providing (it is hoped) a more satisfying explanation of cases involving victims who reject the criminal law’s intervention.


"Introduction" (Chapter 1) Of Stories About Science In Law: Literary And Historical Images Of Acquired Expertise (Ashgate 2011), David S. Caudill Aug 2011

"Introduction" (Chapter 1) Of Stories About Science In Law: Literary And Historical Images Of Acquired Expertise (Ashgate 2011), David S. Caudill

Working Paper Series

This is the introductory chapter of Stories About Science in Law: Literary and Historical Images of Acquired Expertise (Ashgate, 2011), explaining that the book presents examples of how literary accounts can provide a supplement to our understanding of science in law. Challenging the view that law and science are completely different, I focus on stories that explore the relationship between law and science, and identify cultural images of science that prevail in legal contexts. In contrast to other studies on the transfer and construction of expertise in legal settings, the book considers the intersection of three interdisciplinary projects-- law and ...


Lawyers Judging Experts: Oversimplifying Science And Undervaluing Advocacy To Construct An Ethical Duty?, David S. Caudill Aug 2011

Lawyers Judging Experts: Oversimplifying Science And Undervaluing Advocacy To Construct An Ethical Duty?, David S. Caudill

Working Paper Series

My focus is on an apparent trend at the intersection of the fields of evidentiary standards for expert admissibility and professional responsibility, namely the eagerness to place more ethical responsibilities on lawyers to vet their proffered expertise to ensure its reliability. My reservations about this trend are not only based on its troubling implications for the lawyer’s duty as a zealous advocate, which already has obvious limitations (because of lawyers’ conflicting duties to the court), but are also based on the problematic aspects of many reliability determinations. To expect attorneys—and this is what the proponents of a duty ...


Little Girl Lost: Las Vegas Metro Police Vice Division And The Use Of Material Witness Holds Against Teenaged Prostitutes, Geneva O. Brown May 2011

Little Girl Lost: Las Vegas Metro Police Vice Division And The Use Of Material Witness Holds Against Teenaged Prostitutes, Geneva O. Brown

Law Faculty Publications

This article explores the Las Vegas Metro Police Vice Division routine use of material witness holds to detain young prostitutes. The Juvenile court places the girls on material witness holds seeking their cooperation in the prosecution of their traffickers and pimps. The girls languish in detention awaiting the outcome of the adult cases in which they are the central or only witness. The use of material witness holds is reviewed through the historical perspective of government response to prostitution and the history of material witness holds. The article then argues that the detention of the girls, sometimes without charges, is ...


When Machines Are Watching: How Warrantless Use Of Gps Surveillance Technology Terminates The Fourth Amendment Right Against Unreasonable Search, Priscilla Smith, Nabiha Syed, Albert Wong, David Thaw Feb 2011

When Machines Are Watching: How Warrantless Use Of Gps Surveillance Technology Terminates The Fourth Amendment Right Against Unreasonable Search, Priscilla Smith, Nabiha Syed, Albert Wong, David Thaw

Lecturer and Other Affiliate Scholarship Series

The use of GPS surveillance technology for prolonged automated surveillance of American citizens is proliferating, and a direct split between the Ninth and D.C. Circuits on whether warrants are required under the Fourth Amendment for such use of GPS technology is bringing the issue to a head in the Supreme Court. A Petition for Certiorari is pending in the Ninth Circuit case which held that warrants are not required, and a second Petition is likely from the Government in the D.C. Circuit case holding that warrants are required. In this paper, we argue first, that where a technology ...