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2014

Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University

Articles 1 - 30 of 41

Full-Text Articles in Law

Faustian Perspective On Digitization: Making A Deal With The Devil, Lucie Guibault Apr 2014

Faustian Perspective On Digitization: Making A Deal With The Devil, Lucie Guibault

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

No abstract provided.


Report As To Proposed Pilot Project On The Electronic Monitoring Of Forensic Mental Health Patients, Elaine Gibson, Leah Hutt, Sheila Wildeman, Constance Macintosh Jan 2014

Report As To Proposed Pilot Project On The Electronic Monitoring Of Forensic Mental Health Patients, Elaine Gibson, Leah Hutt, Sheila Wildeman, Constance Macintosh

Reports & Public Policy Documents

This report was undertaken in response to a request from the Nova Scotia government for assistance in identifying and analyzing legal issues related to the potential establishment of a pilot project. The project would involve the use of electronic monitoring (EM) of forensic mental health patients (patients) detained at the East Coast Forensic Hospital (ECFH) who are exercising indirectly supervised and unescorted community access (community access). The purpose of our analysis is not to determine if an EM policy or its application violates any laws. Rather, the purpose is to consider whether there are factors that may support legal challenges …


Report Of The Nova Scotia Independent Panel On Hydraulic Fracturing, Frank Atherton, Michael Bradfield, Kevin Christmas, Shawn Dalton, Maurice Dusseault, Graham Gagnon, Brad Hayes, Constance Macintosh, Ian Mauro, Ray Ritcey Jan 2014

Report Of The Nova Scotia Independent Panel On Hydraulic Fracturing, Frank Atherton, Michael Bradfield, Kevin Christmas, Shawn Dalton, Maurice Dusseault, Graham Gagnon, Brad Hayes, Constance Macintosh, Ian Mauro, Ray Ritcey

Reports & Public Policy Documents

On August 28, 2013, the Province of Nova Scotia and the Nova Scotia Department of Energy signed an agreement with the Verschuren Centre for Sustainability in Energy and the Environment at Cape Breton University to conduct an external review on the environmental, socio-economic, and health impacts of hydraulic fracturing. Simultaneously, Dr. David Wheeler, President and Vice Chancellor of Cape Breton University, was asked to convene and Chair the review and expert panel on a voluntary and unpaid basis.1 The mandate for the review was to: create a panel of technical experts based on input from the public and hire technical …


Aboriginal Food Security In Northern Canada: An Assessment Of The State Of Knowledge, Harriet Kuhnlein, Fikret Berkes, Laurie Hing Man Chan, Treena Wasonti:Io Delormier, Asbjørn Eide, Chris Furgal, Murray Humphries, Henry Huntington, Constance Macintosh, Ian Mauro, David Natcher, Barry Prentice, Chantelle Richmond, Cecilia Rocha, Kue Young Jan 2014

Aboriginal Food Security In Northern Canada: An Assessment Of The State Of Knowledge, Harriet Kuhnlein, Fikret Berkes, Laurie Hing Man Chan, Treena Wasonti:Io Delormier, Asbjørn Eide, Chris Furgal, Murray Humphries, Henry Huntington, Constance Macintosh, Ian Mauro, David Natcher, Barry Prentice, Chantelle Richmond, Cecilia Rocha, Kue Young

Reports & Public Policy Documents

As the world’s population increases, as global markets become more interconnected, and as the effects of climate change become clearer, the issue of food insecurity is gaining traction at local, national, and international levels. The recent global economic crisis and increased food prices have drawn attention to the urgent situation of the world’s 870 million chronically undernourished people who face the number one worldwide risk to health: hunger and malnutrition. Although about 75% of the world’s undernourished people live in low-income, rural regions of developing countries, hunger is also an issue in Canada. In 2011, 1.6 million Canadian households, or …


A New Regulatory Framework For Low-Impact/High-Value Aquaculture In Nova Scotia, Meinhard Doelle, William Lahey Jan 2014

A New Regulatory Framework For Low-Impact/High-Value Aquaculture In Nova Scotia, Meinhard Doelle, William Lahey

Reports & Public Policy Documents

The report is the result of a detailed assessment of aquaculture regulations in Nova Scotia. It proposes a new regulatory framework for the Nova Scotia aquaculture industry based on the principles of effectiveness, openness, transparency, accountability, proportionality, integration, and precaution. The report is based on a 18 months independent review of the industry and how it is regulated, as well as various forms of engagement with the public and key stakeholders. The report draws on regulatory practice in key jurisdictions around the world, including Scotland, Chile, the US, and other provinces in Canada.


Language Rights Remedies In The Supreme Court Of Canada: Invisible, Gentle, Or Stern Hand?, Dianne Pothier Jan 2014

Language Rights Remedies In The Supreme Court Of Canada: Invisible, Gentle, Or Stern Hand?, Dianne Pothier

Dianne Pothier Collection

The Supreme Court of Canada has used the context of language rights to establish significant contours of constitutional remedies. Language rights cases, both pre and post Charter, have engaged the full range of judicial intervention, from an invisible to a stern hand. Initially, the Supreme Court of Canada took a very passive stance in the context of bilingual language obligations of legislatures and courts. Despite lack express remedial direction from the Court, Quebec pulled out all the stops in its efforts to comply with the ruling with breakneck speed. In contrast, Manitoba adopted a leisurely pace in a half-hearted …


The Evolution Of Federal Ea In Canada: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back?, Meinhard Doelle Jan 2014

The Evolution Of Federal Ea In Canada: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back?, Meinhard Doelle

Research Papers, Working Papers, Conference Papers

This working paper provides a brief history of federal EA in Canada, and then offers an overview of the federal environmental assessment process (CEAA) before and after major changes introduced in 2012. The paper concludes with a brief summary of issues raised in two judicial review applications recently filed with respect to the application of CEAA 2012.


Unasur: The Newest 'Global Player' Or Neo-Boliverian Fantasy?, Sara Gwendolyn Ross Jan 2014

Unasur: The Newest 'Global Player' Or Neo-Boliverian Fantasy?, Sara Gwendolyn Ross

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

The Union of South American Nations (Unasur) presents the most recent vision for trade liberalization and political, economic, and social integration amongst South American countries. Unasur has set 2019 as the year by which it hopes to accomplish many of its goals, such as full regional integration and tariff elimination. But, as 2019 slowly approaches, it remains to be seen whether Unasur will in fact be able to reach these goals. While Unasur’s future is certainly compelling, before heralding Unasur as the long-awaited panacea for pure regional integration, important lessons can be drawn from previous attempts at and iterations of …


Your Day In 'Wiki-Court': Adr, Fairness, And Justice In Wikipedia's Global Community, Sara Gwendolyn Ross Jan 2014

Your Day In 'Wiki-Court': Adr, Fairness, And Justice In Wikipedia's Global Community, Sara Gwendolyn Ross

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Wikipedia has quickly become the largest volume of collected knowledge on the planet, but it is also one of the busiest centers for dispute resolution in the world. From small groups of individuals negotiating article changes on “talk pages”, to the involvement of hundreds of people in the formation of the community consensuses needed to implement new policies, to the use of binding arbitration to create final conflict resolutions, the Wikipedia community has developed a complex network of norms and rules that funnel all disagreements and intractable differences through a series of progressively more involved dispute resolution processes. I provide …


Person(S) Of Interest And Missing Women: Legal Abandonment In The Downtown Eastside, Elaine Craig Jan 2014

Person(S) Of Interest And Missing Women: Legal Abandonment In The Downtown Eastside, Elaine Craig

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Women are disappearing. Sixty-nine of them disappeared from the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver between 1997 and 2002. Northern communities in British Columbia believe that more than 40 women have gone missing from the Highway of Tears in the past thirty years. The endangered do not come from every walk of life. Most of these women are Aboriginal. Many of them are poor. To be more precise then, poor women and Aboriginal women are disappearing. Aboriginal women in particular are the targets of an irrefutable epidemic of violence in Canada today.

Robert Pickton is thought to have murdered almost 50 of …


Code Is Law, But Law Is Increasingly Determining The Ethics Of Code: A Comment, Jonathon Penney Jan 2014

Code Is Law, But Law Is Increasingly Determining The Ethics Of Code: A Comment, Jonathon Penney

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

“Code is Law”, the aphorism Larry Lessig popularized, spoke to the importance of computer code as a central regulating force in the Internet age. That remains true, but today, overreaching laws are also increasingly subjugating important social and ethics questions raised by code to the domain of law. Those laws — like the CFAA and DMCA — need to be curtailed or their zealous enforcement reigned; they deter not only legitimate research but also important related social and ethics questions. But researchers must act too: to re-assert control over the social, legal, and ethical direction of their fields. Otherwise, law …


Tort Claims And Canadian Prisoners, Adelina Iftene, Lynne Hanson, Allan Manson Jan 2014

Tort Claims And Canadian Prisoners, Adelina Iftene, Lynne Hanson, Allan Manson

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Prisoners can be tragically wronged by the prison system, as highlighted by the recent Ashley Smith case. Tort actions have proven to be a problematic form of recourse for them. Negligence claims made by prisoners face many obstacles at every stage of the analysis: the duty of care, standard and breach, and causation. The authors offer an overview of tort litigation coming out of Canadian prison with a focus on health care based negligence claims, risks arising from other prisoners and the risk of self-harm. They find that these cases are unevenly resolved when the plaintiff is a prisoner. The …


Capacity To Consent To Sexual Risk, Elaine Craig Jan 2014

Capacity To Consent To Sexual Risk, Elaine Craig

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

In delineating the legal boundaries of capacity to consent to sexual touching, law makers and jurists must grapple with tensions between sexual liberty, morality, sexual minority equality interests, and public safety. Legal rules that stipulate that an individual cannot consent in advance to unconscious sexual activity or to sado-masochism, or that an individual under a certain age or with a particular intellectual capacity cannot consent to sexual touching have an impact on sexual liberty and should be justified. This paper argues that establishing these limits based on normative assessments about specific sexual acts poses too great a threat to the …


Person(S) Of Interest And Missing Women: Legal Abandonment In The Downtown Eastside, Elaine Craig Jan 2014

Person(S) Of Interest And Missing Women: Legal Abandonment In The Downtown Eastside, Elaine Craig

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Women are disappearing. Sixty-nine of them disappeared from the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver between 1997 and 2002. Northern communities in British Columbia believe that more than 40 women have gone missing from the Highway of Tears in the past thirty years. The endangered do not come from every walk of life. Most of these women are Aboriginal. Many of them are poor. To be more precise then, poor women and Aboriginal women are disappearing. Aboriginal women in particular are the targets of an irrefutable epidemic of violence in Canada today. Robert Pickton is thought to have murdered almost 50 of …


Twu Law: A Reply To Proponents Of Approval, Elaine Craig Jan 2014

Twu Law: A Reply To Proponents Of Approval, Elaine Craig

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Trinity Western University has a Community Covenant that only permits sexual minorities to attend at considerable personal cost to their dignity and sense of self-worth. All student and staff applicants to TWU are required to sign this covenant pledging not to engage in same sex intimacy. On April 11, 2014, the Law Society of British Columbia accredited TWU’s law degree program despite the university’s formal policy of exclusion on the basis of sexual orientation. Later that month, the Law Society of Upper Canada and the Nova Scotia Barristers’ Society refused to approve that same program because of concerns regarding the …


The Ethical Obligations Of Defence Counsel In Sexual Assault Cases, Elaine Craig Jan 2014

The Ethical Obligations Of Defence Counsel In Sexual Assault Cases, Elaine Craig

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

The treatment of sexual assault complainants by defence counsel has been the site of significant debate for legal ethicists. Even those with the strongest commitment to the ethics of zealous advocacy struggle with how to approach the cross-examination of sexual assault complainants. One of the most contentious issues in this debate pertains to the use of bias, stereotype and discriminatory tactics to advance one’s client’s position. This paper focuses on the professional responsibilities defence lawyers bear in sexual assault cases. Its central claim is as follows: Defence counsel are ethically obligated to restrict their carriage of a sexual assault case …


The Birth Of The Warsaw Loss & Damage Mechanism: Planting A Seed To Grow Ambition?, Meinhard Doelle Jan 2014

The Birth Of The Warsaw Loss & Damage Mechanism: Planting A Seed To Grow Ambition?, Meinhard Doelle

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

This article starts with an update on the UN climate negotiations with respect to loss & damage. It then explores two approaches to loss & damage that are substantially different form the current path of the negotiations. Both approaches seek to utilize the concern over loss & damage to improve motivation for an adequate and fair global effort to mitigation and adapt to climate change. The approaches differ mainly in the extent they can be integrated into the current UN climate regime. The first approach would create a loss & damage liability fund that seeks to ensure adequate resources to …


The Role Of The Unfccc Regime In Ensuring Effective Adaptation In Developing Countries: Lessons From Bangladesh, Meinhard Doelle, Steven Evans, Tony George Puthucherril Jan 2014

The Role Of The Unfccc Regime In Ensuring Effective Adaptation In Developing Countries: Lessons From Bangladesh, Meinhard Doelle, Steven Evans, Tony George Puthucherril

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

This paper provides a general overview of the UNFCCCs approach to adaptation, and then conducts a case study of adaptation efforts in Bangladesh. Based on the results of the case study and drawing on existing literature, the paper considers to what extent the current approach under the UNFCCC is likely to be effective, and how UNFCCC adaptation efforts might be strengthened.


Recovery Planning For Pacific Marine Species At Risk In The Wake Of Climate Change And Ocean Acidification: Canadian Practice, Future Courses, Wesley Hartmann, David Vanderzwaag, Katja Fennel Jan 2014

Recovery Planning For Pacific Marine Species At Risk In The Wake Of Climate Change And Ocean Acidification: Canadian Practice, Future Courses, Wesley Hartmann, David Vanderzwaag, Katja Fennel

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

This article evaluates how Canadian recovery planning for Pacific marine species at risk incorporates two pressing 21st century concerns: global climate change and ocean acidification (OA). While many recovery strategies for Pacific species at risk show some understanding of climate change or OA, they generally fail to incorporate key climate and OA information or to consider how these two issues will actually affect the species in question. Two strategies for progress are suggested. First is an administrative strategy that includes the development of a national climate change adaptation strategy, which clarifies how projected climate and ocean acidification impacts should be …


Creating Teaching Champions: Taking The Graduate Teaching Experience Outside The Classroom, Jill Mcsweeney, Nayha Acharya, Giovanna Celli, Colin Jackson, Marissa Ley, Raghav V. Sampagni Jan 2014

Creating Teaching Champions: Taking The Graduate Teaching Experience Outside The Classroom, Jill Mcsweeney, Nayha Acharya, Giovanna Celli, Colin Jackson, Marissa Ley, Raghav V. Sampagni

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Teaching and learning (T&L) is considered an essential skill for graduate students (Rose, 2012). University T&L centres offer a range of workshops, seminars, and certificates, which allow students to engage with peers who are interested and enthusiastic about T&L and gain support for and confidence in their own teaching (Hughes, 2006). Still, there can be little opportunity for students to engage in more informal T&L dialogue within or outside of their department (Leger & Young, 2014). Through informal student feedback, the Centre for Learning and Teaching (CLT) at Dalhousie University identified this gap in graduate student T&L development, and created …


The Right To Safe Water And Crown-Aboriginal Fiduciary Law: Litigating A Resolution To The Public Health Hazards Of On-Reserve Water Problems, Constance Macintosh Jan 2014

The Right To Safe Water And Crown-Aboriginal Fiduciary Law: Litigating A Resolution To The Public Health Hazards Of On-Reserve Water Problems, Constance Macintosh

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Canada is at a crossroads. The gap between our national self-image as a country that respects human rights and the reality of socio-economic inequality and exclusion demands a re-engagement with the international human rights project and a recommitment to the values of social justice and equality affirmed in the early years of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. This book sketches a blueprint for reconceiving and retrieving social rights in diverse spheres of human rights practice in Canada, both political and legal. Leading academics and activists explore how the Charter and administrative decision making should protect social rights …


The Ethical Obligations Of Defence Counsel In Sexual Assault Cases, Elaine Craig Jan 2014

The Ethical Obligations Of Defence Counsel In Sexual Assault Cases, Elaine Craig

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

The treatment of sexual assault complainants by defence counsel has been the site of significant debate for legal ethicists. Even those with the strongest commitment to the ethics of zealous advocacy struggle with how to approach the cross-examination of sexual assault complainants. One of the most contentious issues in this debate pertains to the use of bias, stereotype and discriminatory tactics to advance one’s client’s position. This paper focuses on the professional responsibilities defence lawyers bear in sexual assault cases. Its central claim is as follows: Defence counsel are ethically obligated to restrict their carriage of a sexual assault case …


The Making Of A Myth: Unreliable Data On Access To Palliative Care In Canada, Jocelyn Downie, Georgia Lloyd-Smith Jan 2014

The Making Of A Myth: Unreliable Data On Access To Palliative Care In Canada, Jocelyn Downie, Georgia Lloyd-Smith

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Assisted death is now the subject of conversation in the media, in public meetings, and around kitchen tables across the country. A frequent part of many conversations about assisted death law reform is access to quality palliative care in Canada. Throughout the literature and other forms of media, the claim is made that only 16-30% of Canadians have access to palliative care (or, its derivative, 70% are without access). The “16-30%” claim has been widely accepted as a fact. But is it, in fact, true? We are driven to the conclusion that the oft-repeated claim that only 16-30% of Canadians …


The World Needs More Rod Macdonald: The Potential Of Big Ideas, Kim Brooks Jan 2014

The World Needs More Rod Macdonald: The Potential Of Big Ideas, Kim Brooks

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

In this article, the author makes the case for thinking boldly and experimentally about the possibilities for legal education and law schools and urges us to embrace the potential for big ideas. She illustrates this approach through the lens of admissions, curriculum, and research. Within each of those aspects of legal education, the article suggests some guidelines that might be used to evaluate reform proposals and proposes one major change to spur reflection.


Code Is Law, But Law Is Increasingly Determining The Ethics Of Code: A Comment, Jonathon Penney Jan 2014

Code Is Law, But Law Is Increasingly Determining The Ethics Of Code: A Comment, Jonathon Penney

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

“Code is Law”, the aphorism Larry Lessig popularized, spoke to the importance of computer code as a central regulating force in the Internet age. That remains true, but today, overreaching laws are also increasingly subjugating important social and ethics questions raised by code to the domain of law. Those laws — like the CFAA and DMCA — need to be curtailed or their zealous enforcement reigned; they deter not only legitimate research but also important related social and ethics questions. But researchers must act too: to re-assert control over the social, legal, and ethical direction of their fields. Otherwise, law …


Faustian Perspective On Digitization: Making A Deal With The Devil, Lucie Guibault Jan 2014

Faustian Perspective On Digitization: Making A Deal With The Devil, Lucie Guibault

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Digitization of library material, archives and museum collections, arts organizations repositories is progressing rapidly, and opens up new possibilities of accessing, using and re-using the knowledge embodied in cultural heritage. By giving new purpose and function to works, it enhances the value of the public domain and enriches the public sphere. However, digitization also creates the conditions for the rise of new proprietary entitlements over cultural objects. Such ‘informational monopolies’ are often justified as necessary to recoup the high costs of digitization, or as the basis to provide additional sources of income for the cultural institutions. At the same time, …


Toward A Jurisprudence Of Drug Regulation, Matthew Herder Jan 2014

Toward A Jurisprudence Of Drug Regulation, Matthew Herder

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

Efforts to foster transparency in biopharmaceutical regulation are well underway: drug manufacturers are, for example, legally required to register clinical trials and share research results in the United States and Europe. Recently, the policy conversation has shifted toward the disclosure of clinical trial data, not just trial designs and basic results. Here, I argue that clinical trial registration and disclosure of clinical trial data are necessary but insufficient. There is also a need to ensure that regulatory decisions that flow from clinical trials — whether positive (i.e. product approvals) or negative (i.e. abandoned products, product refusals, and withdrawals) — are …


Climate Geoengineering And Dispute Settlement Under Unclos And The Unfccc: Stormy Seas Ahead?, Meinhard Doelle Jan 2014

Climate Geoengineering And Dispute Settlement Under Unclos And The Unfccc: Stormy Seas Ahead?, Meinhard Doelle

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

This paper considers the potential for the UNCLOS and UNFCCC regimes to be faced with disputes at the intersection between the management of climate change and ocean governance. Using the example of geo-engineering, the chapter considers how tensions between climate mitigation and management and conservation goals are likely to be addressed under the two regimes. The paper explores the capacity of the existing dispute resolutions mechanisms under the two regimes to deal with these tensions, conflicts and overlap.


Opt-Out Process For Developing Countries, Meinhard Doelle Jan 2014

Opt-Out Process For Developing Countries, Meinhard Doelle

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

The Carbon Majors Funding Loss and Damage report by the Heinrich Böll Foundation and Climate Justice Programme proposes an international funding mechanism for loss and damage that would be funded by private and state actors that contribute significantly to GHG emissions. This paper explores special rules for state owned companies from developing countries that would be required to contribute to the proposed funding mechanism.


In Defence Of Consent And Capacity Boards For End-Of-Life Care, Jocelyn Downie, Michael Hadskis Jan 2014

In Defence Of Consent And Capacity Boards For End-Of-Life Care, Jocelyn Downie, Michael Hadskis

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

In Cuthbertson v. Rasouli, the Supreme Court of Canada (SCC) found that, in Ontario, it is the Consent and Capacity Board (CCB) and not the courts per se who will resolve conflicts between substitute decision-makers (SDMs) and health practitioners regarding the withdrawal of lifesustaining treatment from incapable patients. This finding was based on the SCC’s interpretation of the Ontario Health Care Consent Act (HCCA). Hawryluck et al. express concern about the SCC’s determination that the CCB is charged with resolving such conflicts since, in their view, this body is ill-equipped to fulfill this role. Instead, they take the position that …