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2003

International Law

Institution
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Full-Text Articles in Law

Employment Market Institutions And Japanese Working Hours, Mark West Dec 2003

Employment Market Institutions And Japanese Working Hours, Mark West

Law & Economics Working Papers Archive: 2003-2009

Why do Japanese workers work such long hours? Beginning with a series of cases in the 1950s, Japanese courts drastically curtailed firms’ abilities to dismiss workers. As a consequence of the inability to dismiss workers legally, large Japanese firms hired a smaller number of workers than were necessary to fulfill capacity without overtime. Employers rely on the working hours of this undersized cadre of workers, carefully screened to rule out the slothful, as a buffer. In bad times, the size of the work force makes dismissal unnecessary. In good times, workers are forced to work long hours. While these court ...


An Islamic Perspective On Domestic Violence, Azizah Y. Al-Hibri Dec 2003

An Islamic Perspective On Domestic Violence, Azizah Y. Al-Hibri

Law Faculty Publications

In this Article, the author addresses the traditional Islamic view of domestic violence. To understand the Islamic perspective on domestic violence, the author will explore the Islamic view of gender relations, especially within the family. This view is rooted in the Qur'an, which is examined in this Article.


Different Roads To The Rule Of Law: Their Importance For Law Reform In Taiwan, James Maxeiner Dec 2003

Different Roads To The Rule Of Law: Their Importance For Law Reform In Taiwan, James Maxeiner

All Faculty Scholarship

Talk of law reform is in the air throughout East Asia. Whether in Beijing or Tokyo or here, law reform is spoken of in terms of strengthening the Rule of Law. But what is the Rule of Law? Different legal systems have different roads to reach the Rule of Law. These different roads are noticeable mainly in the different emphases different systems place on two critical elements in the realization of the Rule of Law State, namely rules and the machinery for implementing the rules, i.e., courts and administrative agencies. The Rule of Law makes demands on both the ...


Are Your Click-Wrap Agreements Valid?—Internet Contracting In The Global Electronic Age: Comparative Perspectives For Taiwan, James Maxeiner Nov 2003

Are Your Click-Wrap Agreements Valid?—Internet Contracting In The Global Electronic Age: Comparative Perspectives For Taiwan, James Maxeiner

All Faculty Scholarship

Addresses the issue of standard terms in click-wrap and shrink-wrap licenses generally and in some detail how the laws of Taiwan, Germany, the European Union, the United States and Japan.


Beware Of Lawyers Bearing Ggifts: A Critical Evaluation Of The Report Of Wg Ii To The European Convention On Incorporation Of The Eu Charter Of Fundamental Rights And Accession To The European Convention Of Human Rights., Stephen Carruthers Nov 2003

Beware Of Lawyers Bearing Ggifts: A Critical Evaluation Of The Report Of Wg Ii To The European Convention On Incorporation Of The Eu Charter Of Fundamental Rights And Accession To The European Convention Of Human Rights., Stephen Carruthers

Articles

This article undertakes a critical analysis of the fundamental rights provisions of the draft Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe as presented to the President of the European Council in Rome on 18 July 2003, and in particular the Articles in Parts I and II of the draft Constitution incorporating proposals made in the final Report of Working Group II on “Incorporation of the Charter/Accession to the ECHR”.


It's Time To Be Fair To Jonathan Pollard, Kenneth Lasson Oct 2003

It's Time To Be Fair To Jonathan Pollard, Kenneth Lasson

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Georgia Journal Of International And Comparative Law Editorial And Managing Boards 2003-2004, Georgia Journal Of International And Comparative Law Oct 2003

Georgia Journal Of International And Comparative Law Editorial And Managing Boards 2003-2004, Georgia Journal Of International And Comparative Law

Materials from All Student Organizations

No abstract provided.


In Defense Of Chief Justice Roy S. Moore, Jeffrey C. Tuomala Oct 2003

In Defense Of Chief Justice Roy S. Moore, Jeffrey C. Tuomala

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Envisioning A Global Legal Culture, Charles H. Koch Jr. Oct 2003

Envisioning A Global Legal Culture, Charles H. Koch Jr.

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Transnational Legal Practice: Cross-Border Legal Services: 2002 Year-In-Review, Robert E. Lutz, Philip T. Von Mehren, Laurel S. Terry, Peter Ehrenhaft, Carole Silver Oct 2003

Transnational Legal Practice: Cross-Border Legal Services: 2002 Year-In-Review, Robert E. Lutz, Philip T. Von Mehren, Laurel S. Terry, Peter Ehrenhaft, Carole Silver

Faculty Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Who Decides The Arbitrators' Jurisdiction? Separability And Competence-Competence In Transnational Perspective, John J. Barceló Iii Oct 2003

Who Decides The Arbitrators' Jurisdiction? Separability And Competence-Competence In Transnational Perspective, John J. Barceló Iii

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of International Organizations And International Dispute Settlement Edited By Laurence Boisson De Chazournes, Cesare Romano, And Ruth Mackenzie, David A. Wirth Oct 2003

Review Of International Organizations And International Dispute Settlement Edited By Laurence Boisson De Chazournes, Cesare Romano, And Ruth Mackenzie, David A. Wirth

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Conflicts In The Regulation Of Hostile Business Takeovers In The United State And The European Union, Barbara Ann White Oct 2003

Conflicts In The Regulation Of Hostile Business Takeovers In The United State And The European Union, Barbara Ann White

All Faculty Scholarship

This essay focuses on hostile business takeovers to illustrate the significance that cultural differences among nations can play in developing a harmonized European Union law. After 12 years of development, the EU Directive regulating hostile takeovers, to everyone’s surprise, was voted down in the EU Parliament in 2001. The EU Parliament consists of the member nations and the movement to defeat the Directive was led by Germany, which had just suffered a brutal hostile takeover of its largest company by British raiders.

The “harmonization” efforts within the EU (i.e., establishing uniform laws among the member nations) mirrors the ...


The (Un)Favorable Judgment Of History: Deportation Hearings, The Palmer Raids, And The Meaning Of History, Harlan G. Cohen Oct 2003

The (Un)Favorable Judgment Of History: Deportation Hearings, The Palmer Raids, And The Meaning Of History, Harlan G. Cohen

Scholarly Works

As Americans respond to the events of September 11, 2001, they are being forced to contemplate their place in American history-past, present, and future. This has become particularly stark in the fight over secret deportation hearings. Following September 11, Attorney General John Ashcroft announced that the deportation hearings of "special interest" aliens would be closed to the public. Applying Richmond Newspapers's two-pronged logic-and-experience test, the Third and Sixth Circuits subsequently split over the constitutionality of the blanket closure. At the heart of their disagreement was the scarce history of deportation hearings and whether such hearings had been closed in ...


Discourse In Development: Viewing The United Nations Committee On Economic, Social And Cultural Rights Through The Post-Colonial Lens, Beth Lyon Sep 2003

Discourse In Development: Viewing The United Nations Committee On Economic, Social And Cultural Rights Through The Post-Colonial Lens, Beth Lyon

Working Paper Series

This article uses post-colonial theory to examine the cluster of international human rights known as economic, social and cultural rights. The article surveys the jurisprudence of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, making it relevant for scholars of international human rights as well as post-colonial theory.

Traditionally, international human rights divide into two branches: 1) civil and political rights, and 2) economic, social and cultural rights (ESCRs). ESCRs were virtually ignored during the cold war era, but they now receive expanded attention at the international and regional levels. The creation of the UN Committee on Economic, Social ...


Interim Measures In International Commercial Arbitration: Past, Present And Future, Sandeep Adhipathi Aug 2003

Interim Measures In International Commercial Arbitration: Past, Present And Future, Sandeep Adhipathi

LLM Theses and Essays

This work is a comparative study of the availability and handling of interim measures in international commercial arbitration in different legal systems. It studies the difference in handling of interim measures and the need for a harmonized structure. It also contains a review of the proposed draft amendment to the UNCITRAL Model Law and further suggests a different version for the amendment.


Punitive Damages: A Comparative Analysis, John Y. Gotanda Aug 2003

Punitive Damages: A Comparative Analysis, John Y. Gotanda

Working Paper Series

In light of expanding international trade, it is increasingly likely that politicians, courts and tribunals will wrestle with whether punitive damages are appropriate in transnational disputes, and whether countries that traditionally do no allow exemplary relief should recognize and enforce foreign awards of such damages. Furthermore, by seeing how different systems address these problems, we can gain a deeper understanding of the role of punitive damages in our own legal system and be better able to deal with punitive damages issues in the international arena. This Article undertakes a thorough comparative study of punitive damages in common law countries. It ...


International Courts And Tribunals, Nancy Amoury Combs, Daryl A. Mundis, Ucheora O. Onwuamaegbu, Mark B. Rees, Jacqueline A. Weisman Jul 2003

International Courts And Tribunals, Nancy Amoury Combs, Daryl A. Mundis, Ucheora O. Onwuamaegbu, Mark B. Rees, Jacqueline A. Weisman

Faculty Publications

This article reviews and summarizes significant developments in 2002 involving international courts and tribunals, particularly events relating to the International Court of Justice, the United Nations Compensation Commission, the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, the Claims Resolution Tribunal, and the International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims. Significant developments relating to the International Criminal Court, the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda, proposed additional ad hoc international criminal tribunals, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the World Trade Organization dispute settlement system, and other trade dispute settlement systems are detailed in other articles in ...


Trademarks Under The North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta) With References To The New Trademark Law Of Spain, Effective July 31, 2002, And The Current Mexican Law, Roberto Rosas Jul 2003

Trademarks Under The North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta) With References To The New Trademark Law Of Spain, Effective July 31, 2002, And The Current Mexican Law, Roberto Rosas

Faculty Articles

A trademark is any distinctive sign indicating that certain products or services have been manufactured or rendered by a specific person or company. This concept is currently recognized worldwide; however, the origin of trademarks dates back to antiquity when artisans placed their signatures or “marks” on their products containing an artistic or utilitarian element. Through time, these marks have evolved to such an extent that today, a reliable and efficient system for their registration and protection has been established. Besides protecting owners of trademarks, this system also helps consumers identify and purchase goods or services, which, because of the essence ...


The American Challenge To International Law: A Tentative Framework For Debate, Harlan G. Cohen Jul 2003

The American Challenge To International Law: A Tentative Framework For Debate, Harlan G. Cohen

Scholarly Works

The United States often appears hypocritical in its commitment to International Law. It supports Nuremberg, Yugoslavia, and Rwandan tribunals, but opposes the International Criminal Court. It supports the creation of the United Nations, but seeks unilateral action in Iraq. This Essay explores these seeming contradictions in American stances toward international law. It argues that while such apparent hypocrisy might be explained by mere pragmatism, ideas prevalent in American foreign policy history seem to point in a more dangerous direction, that such divergent actions may actually be informed by a coherent, specifically American conception of international law. In particular, this Essay ...


Ground Water Resources And International Law In The Middle East Process, Yoram Eckstein, Gabriel Eckstein Jun 2003

Ground Water Resources And International Law In The Middle East Process, Yoram Eckstein, Gabriel Eckstein

Faculty Scholarship

Next to issues of land, water resources are the major bone of contention in the peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Arabs. The objective of negotiations is de facto setting the clock back to the eve of the Israel War of Independence, when the Jews accepted the 1947 UN resolution of partition, while the Arabs rejected it. The Arabs now accept the principle of territorial partition, but at the same time, they demand re-apportioning of resources, mainly of water. The Palestinians contend that the facts created on the ground unilaterally by Israel during the last 50 years, namely the ...


Memorandum Of Argument, Supreme Court Of Canada, In Re James R. Demers, Jeffrey C. Tuomala May 2003

Memorandum Of Argument, Supreme Court Of Canada, In Re James R. Demers, Jeffrey C. Tuomala

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Science And International Trade–Third Generation Scholarship, David A. Wirth, Jeffery Atik May 2003

Science And International Trade–Third Generation Scholarship, David A. Wirth, Jeffery Atik

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Sexual Abuse Of Women In United States Prisons: A Modern Corollary Of Slavery_April 25, 2003, Brenda V. Smith Apr 2003

Sexual Abuse Of Women In United States Prisons: A Modern Corollary Of Slavery_April 25, 2003, Brenda V. Smith

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Who Owns The Rules Of War? The War In Iraq Demands A Rethinking Of The International Rules Of Conduct, Kenneth Anderson Apr 2003

Who Owns The Rules Of War? The War In Iraq Demands A Rethinking Of The International Rules Of Conduct, Kenneth Anderson

Popular Media

The war in Iraq requires a rethinking of the rules of conduct in war, international humanitarian law. The nature of asymmetric warfare in the conflict has turned out to be less a question of technological disparities than the weaker side turning to systematic violations of the laws of war as its method. Over time, we risk creating an international system in which it is tacitly assumed and permitted that the weaker side fight using systematic violations of the law as its method. Part of this trend arises from the biases of 1977 Protocol I which blessed activities of irregular forces ...


The Rule Of Law In China: Lawyers Without Law?: Hearing Before The Congressional-Executive Commission On China, 108th Cong., Apr. 1, 2003 (Statement Of James V. Feinerman, Prof Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), James V. Feinerman Apr 2003

The Rule Of Law In China: Lawyers Without Law?: Hearing Before The Congressional-Executive Commission On China, 108th Cong., Apr. 1, 2003 (Statement Of James V. Feinerman, Prof Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), James V. Feinerman

Testimony Before Congress

No abstract provided.


Us Turns Blind Eye To Global Unity, David A. Wirth Apr 2003

Us Turns Blind Eye To Global Unity, David A. Wirth

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


A Solution To The Yahoo! Problem? The Ec E-Commerce Directive As A Model For International Cooperation On Internet Choice Of Law, Mark F. Kightlinger Apr 2003

A Solution To The Yahoo! Problem? The Ec E-Commerce Directive As A Model For International Cooperation On Internet Choice Of Law, Mark F. Kightlinger

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

In May 2000, a French court decided that a French law banning the display of Nazi materials for sale applies to an auction website hosted by the California-based company Yahoo! Inc. The following year, at the request of Yahoo! Inc., a U.S. District Court declared that the French judgment was unenforceable in the United States because enforcing it would violate an important public policy-the First Amendment. These two cases have attracted considerable attention because they crystallize a difficult problem. The Internet is global. Every website potentially reaches every home on the planet. Thus, website content or activity that may ...


Misreading A Canonical Work: An Analysis Of Mansfield's 1994 Study, Paul J. Heald Apr 2003

Misreading A Canonical Work: An Analysis Of Mansfield's 1994 Study, Paul J. Heald

Scholarly Works

It would be hard to overestimate the influence of Edwin Mansfield's 1994 empirical study for the International Finance Corporation (an arm of the World Bank) of American business executives' attitudes toward low levels of intellectual property protection in developing nations. His paper is ubiquitously cited for the proposition that if developing countries raise their level of intellectual property protection (especially patents), they will attract foreign investment and technology transfer. In the spirit of the honoree of this symposium, I take a skeptical new look at a canonical work and conclude that the developing world should be very suspicious of ...


Recent Developments In International And Comparative Law And Feasible Alternatives To The Use Of Force In Contemporary International Law, Sompong Sucharitkul Mar 2003

Recent Developments In International And Comparative Law And Feasible Alternatives To The Use Of Force In Contemporary International Law, Sompong Sucharitkul

The Sompong Sucharitkul Center for Advanced International Legal Studies

Last year, Golden Gate presented "A Survey of Progressive Developments of International Law and Order since the events of 11 September 2001 ". This year, a further succession of events have taken place that warrant a fresh examination of "Recent Developments in International and Comparative Law on the Urgent Necessity for Feasible Alternatives to the Use of Force in Contemporary International Law." An imminent and impending threat of the preemptive use of force to prevent war and continuing deployment of forces poised to strike as if to demonstrate that the only plausible means to achieve the ultimate peace is to be ...