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2003

Comparative and Foreign Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 62

Full-Text Articles in Law

U.S. Foreign Direct Investment In Developing Countries: A Case Study Of Malaysia, Mexico And South Africa, Abenaa A. Oti-Prempeh Dec 2003

U.S. Foreign Direct Investment In Developing Countries: A Case Study Of Malaysia, Mexico And South Africa, Abenaa A. Oti-Prempeh

LLM Theses and Essays

There is an upsurge for foreign investment in developing countries. Developing countries that seek foreign investment actually prefer foreign direct investment. The issue of foreign direct investment has become a controversial issue among developing countries. Though this type of investment provides economic growth, employment, and infrastructure development, developing countries may also suffer legal and economic manipulation by the foreign investors at the expense of their countries’ resources. The foreign investment policies of developing countries that seek such foreign direct investment ultimately determine the actions of foreign investors. In many developing countries, foreign investment policies and other investment regulation are catalysts ...


Are Your Click-Wrap Agreements Valid?—Internet Contracting In The Global Electronic Age: Comparative Perspectives For Taiwan, James Maxeiner Nov 2003

Are Your Click-Wrap Agreements Valid?—Internet Contracting In The Global Electronic Age: Comparative Perspectives For Taiwan, James Maxeiner

All Faculty Scholarship

Addresses the issue of standard terms in click-wrap and shrink-wrap licenses generally and in some detail how the laws of Taiwan, Germany, the European Union, the United States and Japan.


A Miscarriage Of Justice In Massachusetts: Eyewitness Identification Procedures, Unrecorded Admissions, And A Comparison With English Law, Stanley Z. Fisher, Ian K. Mckenzie Oct 2003

A Miscarriage Of Justice In Massachusetts: Eyewitness Identification Procedures, Unrecorded Admissions, And A Comparison With English Law, Stanley Z. Fisher, Ian K. Mckenzie

Faculty Scholarship

Like many other states, Massachusetts has recently known a number of acknowledged miscarriages of justice. This article examines one of them, the Marvin Mitchell case, in order to ask two questions: "What went wrong?" and "What systemic reforms might have prevented this injustice?" In seeking ideas for reform, we look to English law.

In 1990 Marvin Mitchell was convicted of rape in Massachusetts. Seven years later he became the first Massachusetts prisoner to be exonerated by DNA testing. In this article we describe the two key factors leading to Mitchell's wrongful conviction: faulty eyewitness identification procedures, and inadequate safeguards ...


Conflicts In The Regulation Of Hostile Business Takeovers In The United State And The European Union, Barbara Ann White Oct 2003

Conflicts In The Regulation Of Hostile Business Takeovers In The United State And The European Union, Barbara Ann White

All Faculty Scholarship

This essay focuses on hostile business takeovers to illustrate the significance that cultural differences among nations can play in developing a harmonized European Union law. After 12 years of development, the EU Directive regulating hostile takeovers, to everyone’s surprise, was voted down in the EU Parliament in 2001. The EU Parliament consists of the member nations and the movement to defeat the Directive was led by Germany, which had just suffered a brutal hostile takeover of its largest company by British raiders.

The “harmonization” efforts within the EU (i.e., establishing uniform laws among the member nations) mirrors the ...


Approaches To Statutory Interpretation And Legislative History In France, Claire M. Germain Jul 2003

Approaches To Statutory Interpretation And Legislative History In France, Claire M. Germain

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Sexual Abuse Of Women In United States Prisons: A Modern Corollary Of Slavery_April 25, 2003, Brenda V. Smith Apr 2003

Sexual Abuse Of Women In United States Prisons: A Modern Corollary Of Slavery_April 25, 2003, Brenda V. Smith

Presentations

No abstract provided.


Lay Participation In Legal Decision Making: Introduction To Law & Policy Special Issue, Valerie P. Hans Apr 2003

Lay Participation In Legal Decision Making: Introduction To Law & Policy Special Issue, Valerie P. Hans

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

United States scholarship on lay participation revolves around one predominant form of lay participation, the jury (Hans & Vidmar forthcoming 2004). However, in the legal systems of many countries, laypeople participate as decision makers in other ways. Laypersons serve as judges (Provine 1986), magistrates (Diamond 1993), and private prosecutors (Perez Gil 2003). Lay and law-trained judges may also decide cases together in mixed tribunals (Kutnjak Ivkovi6 2003; Machura 2003; Vidmar 2002). Although diverse in structure, these methods share with the jury a set of animating ideas about lay involvement in legal decision making.

Many of these ideas appear to be quite compelling. But despite an extensive body of scholarship on the functioning of the jury system, there is limited scholarly work on how alternative methods of using laypersons in legal decision making operate in practice. There is even less on the political and social impact of lay participation. Whether diverse ...


A Solution To The Yahoo! Problem? The Ec E-Commerce Directive As A Model For International Cooperation On Internet Choice Of Law, Mark F. Kightlinger Apr 2003

A Solution To The Yahoo! Problem? The Ec E-Commerce Directive As A Model For International Cooperation On Internet Choice Of Law, Mark F. Kightlinger

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

In May 2000, a French court decided that a French law banning the display of Nazi materials for sale applies to an auction website hosted by the California-based company Yahoo! Inc. The following year, at the request of Yahoo! Inc., a U.S. District Court declared that the French judgment was unenforceable in the United States because enforcing it would violate an important public policy-the First Amendment. These two cases have attracted considerable attention because they crystallize a difficult problem. The Internet is global. Every website potentially reaches every home on the planet. Thus, website content or activity that may ...


Recent Developments In International And Comparative Law And Feasible Alternatives To The Use Of Force In Contemporary International Law, Sompong Sucharitkul Mar 2003

Recent Developments In International And Comparative Law And Feasible Alternatives To The Use Of Force In Contemporary International Law, Sompong Sucharitkul

The Sompong Sucharitkul Center for Advanced International Legal Studies

Last year, Golden Gate presented "A Survey of Progressive Developments of International Law and Order since the events of 11 September 2001 ". This year, a further succession of events have taken place that warrant a fresh examination of "Recent Developments in International and Comparative Law on the Urgent Necessity for Feasible Alternatives to the Use of Force in Contemporary International Law." An imminent and impending threat of the preemptive use of force to prevent war and continuing deployment of forces poised to strike as if to demonstrate that the only plausible means to achieve the ultimate peace is to be ...


Property As A Fundamental Constitutional Right? The German Example, Gregory S. Alexander Mar 2003

Property As A Fundamental Constitutional Right? The German Example, Gregory S. Alexander

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Reform Of The Choice Of Law Rule Relating To Torts: Report Of The Law Reform Committee Of The Singapore Academy Of Law, Jimmy Yim, Suresh Divyyanathan, Woon Yin Liew, Yock Lin Tan, Joel Tye Beng Lee, Tiong Min Yeo Mar 2003

Reform Of The Choice Of Law Rule Relating To Torts: Report Of The Law Reform Committee Of The Singapore Academy Of Law, Jimmy Yim, Suresh Divyyanathan, Woon Yin Liew, Yock Lin Tan, Joel Tye Beng Lee, Tiong Min Yeo

Research Collection School Of Law

An act done abroad is actionable as a tort in Singapore if it is both actionable as a tort according to the law of Singapore and the law where the act was done. This double actionability rule which requires actionability by the law of Singapore even though the act in question was done abroad, was first enunciated in the 19th century when proof of foreign law was difficult and unfamiliarity with and perhaps suspicion of foreign law was inevitable. The UK, Australia, and Canada have replaced the rule with a more ‘international’ choice of law rule which reflects changes in ...


Comparative Reasoning And Judicial Review, Sarah K. Harding Feb 2003

Comparative Reasoning And Judicial Review, Sarah K. Harding

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Genocide, Press Freedom, And The Case Of Hassan Ngeze, C. Edwin Baker Jan 2003

Genocide, Press Freedom, And The Case Of Hassan Ngeze, C. Edwin Baker

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This essay was written under contract with the United Nations to serve as background for my testimony as an expert witness in behalf of Hassen Ngeze in his prosecution before the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. (On motion of the prosecutor, the Court excluded this essay - or report - and the offer of my testimony.) In the Prosecutor v. Ngeze, the prosecution charged Ngeze with direct and public incitement to genocide and conspiracy to commit genocide almost entirely on the basis of his publication of a newspaper, Kangura one of many newspapers being published in Rwanda during the period before the ...


Comparative And International Health Law, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost Jan 2003

Comparative And International Health Law, Timothy Stoltzfus Jost

Scholarly Articles

No abstract provided.


Ethnic Federalism: Its Promise And Pitfalls For Africa, Alemante G. Selassie Jan 2003

Ethnic Federalism: Its Promise And Pitfalls For Africa, Alemante G. Selassie

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Best Patent Practice Or Mere Compromise? A Review Of The Current Draft Of The Substantive Patent Law Treaty And A Proposal For A "First-To-Invent" Exception For Domestic Applicants, Toshiko Takenaka Jan 2003

The Best Patent Practice Or Mere Compromise? A Review Of The Current Draft Of The Substantive Patent Law Treaty And A Proposal For A "First-To-Invent" Exception For Domestic Applicants, Toshiko Takenaka

Articles

Part I of this paper I review the past efforts of patent harmonization. In Part II, I review the current draft of the Substantive Patent Law Treaty (SPLT) and compare its major articles with Title 35 of the United States Code, the European Patent Convention (EPC), and Japanese Patent Law (JPL). In Part III, I analyze the changes expected by the integration of the SPLT into U.S. patent practice and examine if such changes would result in the best patent practice. I propose that the best practice takes into account underlying patent policies in such instances in which the ...


México: ¿Nuevamente Una Colonia Europea?, Richard Stith Jan 2003

México: ¿Nuevamente Una Colonia Europea?, Richard Stith

Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Hans Kelsen And The Logic Of Legal Systems, Michael S. Green Jan 2003

Hans Kelsen And The Logic Of Legal Systems, Michael S. Green

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The European Commission's Ge/Honeywell Decision: U.S. Responses And Their Implications, David J. Gerber Jan 2003

The European Commission's Ge/Honeywell Decision: U.S. Responses And Their Implications, David J. Gerber

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Discussed In Federico Stella, Criminal Omissions, Causality, Probability, Counterfactuals: Medical-Surgical Activity, Richard W. Wright Jan 2003

Discussed In Federico Stella, Criminal Omissions, Causality, Probability, Counterfactuals: Medical-Surgical Activity, Richard W. Wright

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Transitional Justice Genealogy (Symposium: Human Rights In Transition), Ruti G. Teitel Jan 2003

Transitional Justice Genealogy (Symposium: Human Rights In Transition), Ruti G. Teitel

Articles & Chapters

No abstract provided.


Civil Rights And Civil Liberties: Whose “Rule Of Law”?, William W. Van Alstyne Jan 2003

Civil Rights And Civil Liberties: Whose “Rule Of Law”?, William W. Van Alstyne

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Restoring Faith In Government: Transparency Reform In The United States And The European Union, Amanda Frost Jan 2003

Restoring Faith In Government: Transparency Reform In The United States And The European Union, Amanda Frost

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Comparative Labor Law: Some Reflections On The Way Ahead, Thomas C. Kohler Jan 2003

Comparative Labor Law: Some Reflections On The Way Ahead, Thomas C. Kohler

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Ending Marriage As We Know It, Nancy Polikoff Jan 2003

Ending Marriage As We Know It, Nancy Polikoff

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Continuing Fictions Of Latin American Law, Jorge L. Esquirol Jan 2003

Continuing Fictions Of Latin American Law, Jorge L. Esquirol

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Van Ert Methodology Of Domestic Reception, Jamie Cameron Jan 2003

The Van Ert Methodology Of Domestic Reception, Jamie Cameron

Articles & Book Chapters

A review of Gibran van Ert's book: Using International Law in Canadian Courts. This review approaches the author's methodology of domestic reception from a constitutionalist's perspective.


Diffusing Environmental Regulation Through The Financial Services Sector: Reforms In The Eu And Other Jurisdictions, Benjamin J. Richardson Jan 2003

Diffusing Environmental Regulation Through The Financial Services Sector: Reforms In The Eu And Other Jurisdictions, Benjamin J. Richardson

Articles & Book Chapters

The financial services sector has the potential to be an important facet of future systems of environmental governance. But, so far, only ad hoc policy initiatives have arisen in the EU and other countries addressing the environmental roles of banks or insurers. Because the financial services sector is where wholesale decisions regarding future development, and thus pressures on the environment, arise, reform of investment, banking and insurance services to promote long term investment and better consideration of environmental impacts may be an effective way to promote sustainable development. Reforms such as corporate environmental reporting requirements, mandatory environmental liability insurance, and ...


American Law Schools As A Model For Japanese Legal Education? A Preliminary Question From A Comparative Perspective, James Maxeiner Jan 2003

American Law Schools As A Model For Japanese Legal Education? A Preliminary Question From A Comparative Perspective, James Maxeiner

All Faculty Scholarship

Law faculties in Japan are asking whether and how they should remake themselves to become law schools. One basic issue has been framed in terms of whether such programs should be professional or general. One Japanese scholar put it pointedly: "[a] major issue of the proposed reform is whether Japan should adopt an American model law school, i.e., professional education at the graduate level, while essentially doing away with the traditional Japanese method of teaching law at university." American law schools are seen as having as their fundamental goal "to provide the training and education required for becoming an ...


The Professional In Legal Education: Foreign Perspectives, James Maxeiner Jan 2003

The Professional In Legal Education: Foreign Perspectives, James Maxeiner

All Faculty Scholarship

Japan is about to change its system of legal education. In April 2004 Japan will introduce law schools. Law schools are to occupy an intermediary place between the present undergraduate faculties of law and the national Legal Training and Research Institute. The law faculties are to continue to offer general undergraduate education in law, while the law schools in combination with the national Institute are to provide professional legal education. A principal goal of the change is to produce more lawyers. Law schools are charged with providing "practical education especially for fostering legal professionals." But just what is professional legal ...