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Full-Text Articles in Law

Understanding Islam And The Radicals, David F. Forte Oct 2001

Understanding Islam And The Radicals, David F. Forte

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

The United States is in a war, but it is not a war between Islam and the West. Radical Islamic terrorists hijacked four airplanes and killed thousands of innocent Americans on September 11. But their enmity was not just directed against the United States and the civilization it represents. These terrorists also mean, as President Bush made clear in his speech to the Joint Session of Congress recently, to hijack Islam itself and destroy Islamic civilization. In the developing battle on behalf of these two great civilizations, it is imperative that we understand something about the basic traditions of Islam ...


Effective Strategies For Protecting Human Rights: A Conference Engaging The International Community, David R. Barnhizer Apr 2001

Effective Strategies For Protecting Human Rights: A Conference Engaging The International Community, David R. Barnhizer

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Human rights protection needs teeth. And those who work in the disparate field of human rights need to see the system more comprehensively and strategically. Far too often, political issues interfere with enforcement of human rights laws and allow violators to hide behind the unwillingness of national governments to take action to enforce existing laws against human rights violators. Lack of commitment to human rights enforcement or timely preventative or intervention actions have led to violators being left unpunished for torture, rape and genocide. This failure of governments means that there is a lack of deterent power sufficient to inhibit ...


Legislative Innovation In State Brownfields Redevelopment Programs, Heidi Gorovitz Robertson Jan 2001

Legislative Innovation In State Brownfields Redevelopment Programs, Heidi Gorovitz Robertson

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

States throughout the country have created legislation and administrative programs to encourage the cleanup and redevelopment of urban brownfield land. In part, these efforts respond to the federal government's recent focus on the issue. However, leadership in method and approach has come, not from the federal government, but from the states. States have approached the cleanup and redevelopment of contaminated land in a variety of ways, some choosing to create voluntary cleanup programs, others imposing mandatory cleanup programs, and still others using combinations of these approaches. Regardless of method, however, the push to clean brownfield land is grounded in ...


Point & Counterpoint - Plaintiff's Attorney Fees And Costs, Deborah A. Geier Jan 2001

Point & Counterpoint - Plaintiff's Attorney Fees And Costs, Deborah A. Geier

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Discusses a series of recent and controversial cases that raised the issue of how plaintiffs must treat attorney fees and costs that are paid out of otherwise includable settlement or litigation awards.


Muzzling Death Row Inmates: Applying The First Amendment To Regulations That Restrict A Condemned Prisoner's Last Words, Kevin F. O'Neill Jan 2001

Muzzling Death Row Inmates: Applying The First Amendment To Regulations That Restrict A Condemned Prisoner's Last Words, Kevin F. O'Neill

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

This Article asserts that the privilege to deliver a last dying speech— uttered in the presence of, and made audible to, the assembled witnesses in the moments just before one's execution—is a First Amendment right, and that prison policies departing from its traditional exercise are unconstitutional. After canvassing the state prison policies that govern last words, this Article will recount the long historical tradition surrounding their utterance—a history that reveals the extraordinary degree to which Anglo-American governments have honored the privilege.Next, this Article will draw a parallel between the right to utter one's last words ...


Legitimacy, Globally: The Incoherence Of Free Trade Practice, Global Economics And Their Governing Principles Of Political Economy, Michael Henry Davis, Dana Neacsu Jan 2001

Legitimacy, Globally: The Incoherence Of Free Trade Practice, Global Economics And Their Governing Principles Of Political Economy, Michael Henry Davis, Dana Neacsu

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

In this article, we observe the legalized character of the phenomenon popularly called “globalization.” We first examine what it means to be a legalized phenomenon and observe that an important part of legalization is legitimation. In domestic legal regimes, legitimation is accomplished through the Rule of Law, which makes certain claims about the nature of the society of which the legal regime is a part. Simply stated, the Rule of Law claims that a legal system is legitimate if its rules are definite and predictable and are applied in a general, impartial, and non-retroactive manner. In the international trading system ...


Nurturing In The Service Of White Culture: Racial Subordination, Gestational Surrogacy, And The Ideology Of Motherhood, April L. Cherry Jan 2001

Nurturing In The Service Of White Culture: Racial Subordination, Gestational Surrogacy, And The Ideology Of Motherhood, April L. Cherry

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

I approach the question of race, motherhood, and gestational surrogacy, by looking at courts' opinions in the case of Johnson v. Calvert and the racialized institution of motherhood. In the next section, I discuss motherhood as a social institution. I contrast some of the radical feminist critiques of motherhood, which recognize motherhood as institutionalized and compulsory, with Black feminist criticism, which understands motherhood as a site of power for African-American women. In Section III, I discuss the current popular understanding of the cultural and legal dictates of institutionalized motherhood from a historical perspective, focusing on the late eighteenth and early ...


Ohio: A Microcosm Of Tort Reform Versus State Constitutional Mandates, Stephen J. Werber Jan 2001

Ohio: A Microcosm Of Tort Reform Versus State Constitutional Mandates, Stephen J. Werber

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Tort reform emanates, for our purposes, from two primary bodies: state judicial and legislative branches. The vast panoply of congressional and regulatory federal action that bears on the protections afforded and rights to recover for persons within their ambit is a subject for another day. Similarly, the rare areas in which the Supreme Court of the United States establishes federal common law are subjects for another day. On a national scale, the impetus for state legislative reform action can be found in a series of landmark decisions that were soon adopted, in largely similar form, by almost all state supreme ...


Introduction, Toward More Reliable Jury Verdicts?: Law, Technology And Media Developments Since The Trials Of Dr. Sam Sheppard, Patricia J. Falk Jan 2001

Introduction, Toward More Reliable Jury Verdicts?: Law, Technology And Media Developments Since The Trials Of Dr. Sam Sheppard, Patricia J. Falk

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

As the Ohio Supreme Court noted almost one-half century ago, the Sheppard case had it all—“Murder, mystery, society, sex[,] and suspense were combined in this case in such a manner as to intrigue and captivate the public fancy to a degree perhaps unparalleled in recent annals.” But apart from the tantalizingly lurid details of the murder of Marilyn Sheppard and the curious way the case became a national cause celebre, the Sheppard case is of historical significance and academic interest because of the many important and ground-breaking aspects of the case. In actuality, there have been three (and perhaps ...


"On The Make": Campaign Funding And The Corrupting Of The American Judiciary, David R. Barnhizer Jan 2001

"On The Make": Campaign Funding And The Corrupting Of The American Judiciary, David R. Barnhizer

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

The thesis offered here is that the cost of judicial campaigns has reached a level where both candidates and sitting judges are shaping their behavior to attract financial and other support. This not only results in distortion of judicial selection by repelling meritorious potential candidates who are unwilling to compromise their principles, but in the capture of judges by special interests willing to finance judicial campaigns. Some argue that the great increase in contributions to judicial candidates simply means that contributors are giving to candidates they feel certain will support their positions. To some extent this is certainly true. But ...


Case Commentary - Martin V. Corporation Of The Presiding Bishop: Should Zoning Accommodate Religious Uses Or Vice Versa?, Alan C. Weinstein Jan 2001

Case Commentary - Martin V. Corporation Of The Presiding Bishop: Should Zoning Accommodate Religious Uses Or Vice Versa?, Alan C. Weinstein

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

In Martin v. Corporation of the Presiding Bishop, 747 N.E. 2d 131 (Mass. 2001), the highest court in Massachusetts rules that the Dover Amendment, a state statutes that denies local government the authority to "prohibit, regulate, or restrict the use of land or structures for religious purposes..." authorized the town of Belmont to grant a church special permission to build a steeple for a newly built Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints temple that was taller than the local zoning provisions would normally allow. Since Martin involved a Massachusetts statute, normally the decision would evoke limited interest ...


Gay And Lesbian Applicants To The Bar: Even Lord Devlin Could Not Defend Exclusion, Joel J. Finer Jan 2001

Gay And Lesbian Applicants To The Bar: Even Lord Devlin Could Not Defend Exclusion, Joel J. Finer

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

In 1957, the publication of a report to Parliament, the Wolfenden Report, which recommended the repeal of laws criminalizing private homosexual conduct between consenting adults, sparked an intensely debated controversy in political philosophy and jurisprudence. The issue: is society justified in criminalizing behavior which, although causing no secular harm, transgresses widely held moral values? The principal proponent of morals legislation was Lord Patrick Devlin, who responded to the Wolfenden recommendation with a paper disputing the report's premises--that criminal law had no proper business punishing private immorality.Oxford Professor of Jurisprudence H.L.A. Hart, a philosophical successor to the ...


Battle For The Bulge: The Reclaiming Seller Vs. The Floating Lien Creditor, William Tabac Jan 2001

Battle For The Bulge: The Reclaiming Seller Vs. The Floating Lien Creditor, William Tabac

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Part I of this article will discuss "title" holders under the Uniform Commercial Code and the powers and rights that they have to defeat reclaiming sellers. Part II will describe the Code "lessees" and "secured creditors" as well as the powers and rights that they have to defeat reclaiming sellers. Part III will explain how a misreading of the Code has subordinated the reclaiming seller of goods to the Article 9 floating lien creditor. Finally, Part IV will argue that, as the Code drafters intended, the reclaiming seller of goods should prevail over the floating lien creditor.


Why Don't We Enforce Existing Drug Price Controls? The Unrecognized And Unenforced Reasonable Pricing Requirements Imposed Upon Patents Deriving In Whole Or In Part From Federally-Funded Research, Michael Henry Davis, Peter S. Arno Jan 2001

Why Don't We Enforce Existing Drug Price Controls? The Unrecognized And Unenforced Reasonable Pricing Requirements Imposed Upon Patents Deriving In Whole Or In Part From Federally-Funded Research, Michael Henry Davis, Peter S. Arno

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

This Article discusses drug pricing in the context of federally funded inventions. It examines the “march-in” provision of the Bayh-Dole Act, a federal statute that governs inventions supported in whole or in part by federal funding. It discusses technology-transfer activity as a whole and the often-conflicting roles of the government, academia, and industry. The Article discusses the mechanisms of the Bayh-Dole Act and examines its legislative history. It notes that the Act has had a powerful price-control clause since its enactment in 1980 that mandates that inventions resulting from federally funded research must be sold at reasonable prices. The Article ...


Mother Of All Rights: Making The World Safe For Religion, David F. Forte Jan 2001

Mother Of All Rights: Making The World Safe For Religion, David F. Forte

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Freedom of religion is not just one right among many. It is, in the words of the Islamic scholar John Kelsay, "the mother of all rights." When a state recognizes religious liberty, it ipso facto allows people the right to worship an authority higher than the state. Congress should insist that before any reconstruction aid is approved for Afghanistan, the new government there should affirm legal protection for basic human rights, including most importantly, freedom of religion.


Bringing Ohio's Legal Ethics Into The 21st Century, Lloyd B. Snyder Jan 2001

Bringing Ohio's Legal Ethics Into The 21st Century, Lloyd B. Snyder

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

The time has come for Ohio to replace the Code of Professional Responsibility with a set of standards based on the Model Rules of Professional Conduct. The author offers seven reasons for doing so.


Taking Globalization Seriously: Towards General Jurisprudence (Book Review Of Globalization And Legal Theory By William Twining), Doron M. Kalir Jan 2001

Taking Globalization Seriously: Towards General Jurisprudence (Book Review Of Globalization And Legal Theory By William Twining), Doron M. Kalir

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

Part II provides an account of the jurisprudence of Globalization and Legal Theory. Due to the novelty of many of the issues discussed in the book, as well as their importance to the understanding of Twining's recommendations, I have provided a longer than usual account of several chapters. Part II touches upon one of the central jurisprudential dichotomies introduced by Twining—the distinction between general and particular jurisprudence. Twining compares different accounts of the distinction using pairs of canonical jurists. In particular, he compares H.L.A Hart's Postscript with Dworkin's Law's Empire. In this part ...


It's Been 4380 Days And Counting Since Exxon Valdez: Is It Time To Change The Oil Pollution Act Of 1990, Browne C. Lewis Jan 2001

It's Been 4380 Days And Counting Since Exxon Valdez: Is It Time To Change The Oil Pollution Act Of 1990, Browne C. Lewis

Law Faculty Articles and Essays

The first Part of this Article examines the liability scheme that existed prior to the EXXON VALDEZ oil spill. In the second Part, the Article analyzes the liability scheme that was created by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA). The final Part of the Article evaluates whether the OPA's liability scheme would be able to effectively deal with an oil spill of the magnitude of the EXXON VALDEZ oil spill.