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2000

Comparative and Foreign Law

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Decolonising Restoration And Justice: Restoration In Transitional Cultures, Mark Findlay Nov 2000

Decolonising Restoration And Justice: Restoration In Transitional Cultures, Mark Findlay

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

This article is a strategy for the comparative analysis of justice in various contesting forms. To identify useful levels of the comparative project, the colonising potential of restorative justice is examined. In this context the influence of formalised justice mechanisms over the less formal is explored, with examples in transitional cultures in the South Pacific discussed. Local and global potentials (and dilemmas) are identified for analysis. The integration of justice forms, both in terms of structure and ideology, is argued for. Notions of collaborative rather than restorative justice are advanced, in order that the intersection between state-sponsored and customary justice …


From Pirates To Partners: Protecting Intellectual Property In China In The Twenty-First Century, Peter K. Yu Oct 2000

From Pirates To Partners: Protecting Intellectual Property In China In The Twenty-First Century, Peter K. Yu

Faculty Scholarship

During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the United States repeatedly threatened China with a series of economic sanctions, trade wars, non-renewal of most-favored-nation status, and opposition to entry into the World Trade Organization. Such threats eventually led to compromises by the Chinese government and the signing of intellectual property agreements in 1992, 1995, and 1996. Despite these agreements, intellectual property piracy remains rampant in China.

Although China initially had serious concerns about the United States's threats of trade sanctions, the constant use of such threats by the U.S. government has led China to change its reaction and approach. By …


Puerto Rico: Cultural Nation, American Colony, Pedro A. Malavet Oct 2000

Puerto Rico: Cultural Nation, American Colony, Pedro A. Malavet

UF Law Faculty Publications

As a matter of law, Puerto Rico has been a colony for an uninterrupted period of over five hundred years. In modern times, colonialism—the status of a polity with a definable territory that lacks sovereignty because legal/political authority is exercised by a peoples distinguishable from the inhabitants of the colonized region—is the only legal status that the isla (island) has known. This Article posits that Puerto Rico's colonial status—particularly its intrinsic legal and social constructs of second-class citizenship for Puerto Ricans—is incompatible with contemporary law or a sensible theory of justice and morality.

Puerto Ricans, as United States citizens by …


Spotting Money Launderers: A Better Way To Fight Organized Crime?, Diane Marie Amann Jul 2000

Spotting Money Launderers: A Better Way To Fight Organized Crime?, Diane Marie Amann

Scholarly Works

Money laundering investigations have been much in the news of late. There have been stories that Radil Salinas de Gortari laundered kickbacks from drug traffickers while his brother was President of Mexico. That Ferdinand Marcos stashed nearly half a billion dollars in Swiss banks while he ruled the Philippines. That two of Mexico's largest banks have pleaded guilty to laundering charges stemming from a controversial U.S. sting operation. That the former prime minister of Ukraine pleaded guilty to Swiss charges that he laundered $9 million in stolen funds, even as he faced U.S. charges of laundering $114 million. And, of …


German Mdps: Lessons To Learn, Laurel Terry Jun 2000

German Mdps: Lessons To Learn, Laurel Terry

Faculty Scholarly Works

This article is the third of four major articles or book chapters that I have written about MDPs. This article focuses on German multidisciplinary partnerships (MDPs) between lawyers and accountants. The German MDP experience is important because Germany is one of the few jurisdictions that expressly permits MDPs and because conferences about World Trade Organization's General Agreement on Trade in Services (the GATS) have cited to Germany when suggesting that other countries' MDP bans may be unnecessarily restrictive. After introducing common MDP regulatory issues, this article focuses on Germany. The article explains Germany's current regulation of MDPs and provides a …


Reforming Confession Law British Style: A Decade Of Experience With Adverse Inferences From Silence, Mark Berger Apr 2000

Reforming Confession Law British Style: A Decade Of Experience With Adverse Inferences From Silence, Mark Berger

Faculty Works

In response to problems encountered in the administration of justice in Northern Ireland, the British government issued the Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order 1988 changing the character of how the right to silence and privilege against self-incrimination would apply in criminal justice proceedings occurring within Northern Ireland. In general terms, the Order provided that suspects under interrogation and criminal defendants at trial would be subject to adverse inferences if they failed to answer police questions or refused to testify in court. The Order included some qualifications on when and how adverse inferences would be used, and provided that such use …


Globalizing The Rule Of International Law At The Pre-Dawn Of A New Millennium, Sompong Sucharitkul Mar 2000

Globalizing The Rule Of International Law At The Pre-Dawn Of A New Millennium, Sompong Sucharitkul

The Sompong Sucharitkul Center for Advanced International Legal Studies

Following the close of the United Nations Decade of International Law on December 31, 1999, a new era has dawned within the American Society of International Law. The Group or Section involved in the United Nations Decade of International Law has renewed its continuing interests in international legal developments under the newly acquired title of UN21 or United Nations Legal Developments in the Twenty-First Century. Setting aside the precise date at which the twenty-first century and the Third Millennium may be truly considered to start running, i.e., on January 1st, 2000 Y2K or 2001 Y2K + 1. It is clear …


The Ottawa Convention Banning Landmines, The Role Of International Non-Governmental Organizations And The Idea Of International Civil Society, Kenneth Anderson Mar 2000

The Ottawa Convention Banning Landmines, The Role Of International Non-Governmental Organizations And The Idea Of International Civil Society, Kenneth Anderson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Establishment of the Ottawa Convention Banning Landmines was regarded by many international law scholars, international activists, diplomats and international organization personnel as a defining, 'democratizing' change in the way international law is made. By bringing international NGOs - what is often called 'international civil society' - into the diplomatic and international law-making process, many believe that the Ottawa Convention represented both a democratization of, and a new source of legitimacy for, international law, in part because it was presumably made 'from below'. This article sharply questions whether the Ottawa Convention and the process leading up to it represents and real …


The Effectiveness Of International Legislative Responses To The Helms-Burton Act, Bernadette Atuahene Feb 2000

The Effectiveness Of International Legislative Responses To The Helms-Burton Act, Bernadette Atuahene

All Faculty Scholarship

The Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (Libertad) Act (Helms-Burton Act) is the latest appendage to the Cuban embargo. Title III has caused an international uproar because it gives U.S. victims of Cuban expropriation a right of action within U.S. courts against third parties who traffic in confiscated property. For example, a U.S. citizen can sue a Canadian Mining company doing business in Cuba if they are operating on or using expropriated property. The Helms-Burton Act (HBA) targets U.S. allies who continue to trade and invest in Cuba regardless of pending U.S. claims of expropriation. In response to the HBA, Cuba, …


The Nafta Package And The Environment: A Green Analysis Of Its Origins And Effects, Pedro M. Morales-Gomez Jan 2000

The Nafta Package And The Environment: A Green Analysis Of Its Origins And Effects, Pedro M. Morales-Gomez

LLM Theses and Essays

When the presidential candidate Clinton announced that he would not support NAFTA without environmental and labor side agreements, and during the period before NAFTA's ratification by the American Congress, Mexicans lived in most tense suspense. Even though, the idea of an environmental side agreement seemed to please most environmentalists in Mexico who hoped that this would lead to creating a major environmental conscience in the Mexican government. The purpose of this thesis is to elaborate a critical analysis of the North American Free Trade Agreement, its related documents and their effects concerning the environment, specifically its legal protection. We will …


International Franchising: Focus On Central And Eastern Europe And Russia, Aksinia Zaharieva Dintcheva Jan 2000

International Franchising: Focus On Central And Eastern Europe And Russia, Aksinia Zaharieva Dintcheva

LLM Theses and Essays

This thesis discusses and analyzes international franchising and its introduction and development in the emerging democracies in Eastern Europe. After a general presentation of the franchise marketing method, the advantages and disadvantages to both parties of the franchise relationship are discussed. Attention is given to the alternatives available to foreign franchisors contemplating international franchising in the Eastern European region. The thesis further reviews the newly enacted foreign investment laws in six Eastern European countries - Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, and Russia - as they relate to the joint venture operations in the region and the attending legal issues. …


International Joint Ventures Between France And The United States, Alexis Desreumaux Jan 2000

International Joint Ventures Between France And The United States, Alexis Desreumaux

LLM Theses and Essays

This thesis focuses on two markets: France and the United States. Although these markets are competitive in several areas, sometimes some cooperation is needed in order to achieve a successful venture. The focus of this thesis is on two major issues. First, how can an American company, with a French partner, venture in France? And, second, how can a French company "invade" the U.S. market, with the help of a local company? To narrow the focus of this thesis, these " multipartite" joint ventures are to be dealt with. The thesis concerns the joint ventures made from two corporations, one …


Taxation Of U.S. Llc With Foreign Participation, Victor Ianovitch Jan 2000

Taxation Of U.S. Llc With Foreign Participation, Victor Ianovitch

LLM Theses and Essays

The instant thesis is organized in three main parts. The first contains an overview of U.S. law including constitutional issues of the topic focusing on the separation of tax powers between federal and state authorities with special attention to the basis and extent to which a State is entitled to impose levies on business organizations; a brief analysis of federal legislation allowing the pass-through regime; and summary concerning LLC legislation in the States. The second analyzes the application of the main, basic principles of international taxation (such as residence, source rules, application of international treaties, and connected with it the …


Nationality, Domicile And Habitual Residence - Does The New German Citizenship Law Call For A Change Of A Principal Connecting Factor In Private International Law ?, Marc Cziesielsky Jan 2000

Nationality, Domicile And Habitual Residence - Does The New German Citizenship Law Call For A Change Of A Principal Connecting Factor In Private International Law ?, Marc Cziesielsky

LLM Theses and Essays

The purpose of the new citizenship law which was proposed by the new German federal government was to give legal aliens living in Germany a choice to become German citizens without having to give up the nationality which was conferred on them by their parentage or descent. This thesis will question whether this rigid concept should be completely abolished after an assessment of both the constitutionality and the exact implications of the new citizenship law. In the light of the conclusions, the comparative part of this thesis will then focus on a more general approach and will compare the concepts …


Comparison Between Freedom Of Religion In Germany And In The United States In General And The Treatment Of The Church Of Scientology Specifically, Wolfgang Eichele Jan 2000

Comparison Between Freedom Of Religion In Germany And In The United States In General And The Treatment Of The Church Of Scientology Specifically, Wolfgang Eichele

LLM Theses and Essays

The thesis first gives background information about the general development of fundamental rights in both Germany and the United States and specifically the freedom of religion. The analysis discusses in particular freedom of religion granted by Article 4 of the Basic Law in Germany and the religious clauses of the First Amendment of the American Constitution. In the first conclusion, the differences in the interpretations of the religious clauses both in Germany and the United States will be stated. These differences will then be illustrated by a discussion on the Church of Scientology through its basic facts, history, ideas, and …


Reflections On The Reform Of Antidumping Law A Case Study Of Anti-Dumping Law In The United States, Sung Hwan Kim Jan 2000

Reflections On The Reform Of Antidumping Law A Case Study Of Anti-Dumping Law In The United States, Sung Hwan Kim

LLM Theses and Essays

As of the end of 1997, 29 of the 132 member countries of the WTO had some form of the antidumping regime in operation. Most of the antidumping measures were taken by developed countries, with the United States leading in the number of measures invocated, which lends support to the criticism that the United States has wielded the antidumping law for the purpose of protecting its noncompetitive domestic industry. Attendant to this criticism, and taking the United States antidumping law as a typical model law embodying the Antidumping Agreement, this thesis first looks at the evolution of antidumping law in …


Public Policy Defense In International Commercial Arbitration, Mingqiang Qian Jan 2000

Public Policy Defense In International Commercial Arbitration, Mingqiang Qian

LLM Theses and Essays

The purpose of this thesis is to examine how public policy defense functions in international commercial arbitration and whether it will block the development of international commercial arbitration. Chapter II deals with the role of public policy in international private law. This chapter examines the origins of public policy in common law countries and its functions in international private law. It is difficult to evaluate public policy as a precise concept because of its relative nature. Nevertheless, to limit its application in international private law, legal scholars have tried to clarify differences between domestic public policy, international public policy, and …


A Proposal For Comparative Responsibility Analysis In Comparative Negligence Jurisdictions, Joel Leslie Terwilliger Jan 2000

A Proposal For Comparative Responsibility Analysis In Comparative Negligence Jurisdictions, Joel Leslie Terwilliger

LLM Theses and Essays

Part II of this thesis discusses the common law background of the assumption of risk and how it fits into the scheme of negligence principles as an affirmative defense. Part II also examines the background of assumption of risk and parallels its development with contributory negligence principles. Part III looks at how the assumption of risk has been redefined and narrowed in its application as comparative fault principles gained favor. It includes an examination of statutory erosion and in modern judicial activism. Next, Part IV examines how the assumption of risk, particularly the secondary form, conflicts with comparative fault and …


The Relationship Between The International Criminal Court And The International Community, Khaled M. Ahmed Jan 2000

The Relationship Between The International Criminal Court And The International Community, Khaled M. Ahmed

LLM Theses and Essays

Due to the fact that no work of this size could address every aspect of the Rome Statute, this study is limited to the provisions of Parts 2, 9, and 10 of the Rome Statute. These provisions cover all matters being on the relationship between the Court and states, in general, and especially the obligations of states parties under the Statute. The first chapter will examine the historical journey toward an international criminal court, beginning with World War I, continuing throughout the twentieth century and ending with the adoption of the Rome Statute in the Diplomatic Conference in Rome on …


Protecting Nature "Down Under": An American Law Professor's View Of Australia's Implementation Of The Convention On Biological Diversity--Laws, Policies, Programs, Institutions And Plans, 1992-2000, Robert F. Blomquist Jan 2000

Protecting Nature "Down Under": An American Law Professor's View Of Australia's Implementation Of The Convention On Biological Diversity--Laws, Policies, Programs, Institutions And Plans, 1992-2000, Robert F. Blomquist

Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Dos Visiones Norteamericanas De La Jurisdicción De La Unión Europea, Richard T. Stith Jan 2000

Dos Visiones Norteamericanas De La Jurisdicción De La Unión Europea, Richard T. Stith

Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


William Iii And The Legalist Revolution, Richard Kay Jan 2000

William Iii And The Legalist Revolution, Richard Kay

Faculty Articles and Papers

A symposium dedicated to the paradoxical idea of rebellious leadership, therefore, is a particularly apt way to honor Dean Macgill's tenure. This phrase also captures a notion that is especially fruitful when applied to basic questions of constitutional structure and political value. Every legal system rests, at the end, on a set of political assumptions. Every instance of law, that is, is ultimately supported by something that is not law. When, as inevitably happens, there develops a fundamental disharmony between the artifacts of law and the political values of a society the law will have to give way. When this …


Balance-Of-Payments Crises In The Developing World: Balancing Trade, Finance And Development In The New Economic Order, Chantal Thomas Jan 2000

Balance-Of-Payments Crises In The Developing World: Balancing Trade, Finance And Development In The New Economic Order, Chantal Thomas

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Hegemony, Coercion And Teeth Gritting Harmony: A Commentary On Law, Power And Culture In Franco’S Spain, Tayyab Mahmud, Ratna Kapur Jan 2000

Hegemony, Coercion And Teeth Gritting Harmony: A Commentary On Law, Power And Culture In Franco’S Spain, Tayyab Mahmud, Ratna Kapur

Faculty Articles

Co-authored with Ratna Kapur, this commentary engages the interrelationship of hegemony and coercion in legal regimes of the modern state. Against the backdrop of regulation of sexuality in fascist Spain, we posit a model of modern state power that draws upon the work of Gramsci, Althusser, and Foucault. It is argued that ideology is the velvet glove that encases the iron fist of coercion, and law always combines coercion and ideology by its very structure and operation. A bridge between critical race theory and queer theory is located in the concept of racing seen as the modern technology of power …


Kosovo's War Victims: Civil Compensation Or Criminal Justice For Indentity Elimination?, Irene Scharf Jan 2000

Kosovo's War Victims: Civil Compensation Or Criminal Justice For Indentity Elimination?, Irene Scharf

Faculty Publications

This Article is presented in three Parts. The first Part examines the likelihood that the displaced war victims could receive some type of civil compensation for their losses through the local courts in Yugoslavia. Part II scrutinizes the basic international human rights doctrines and systems of enforcement to determine whether they may offer remedies for the victims of identity elimination. Part III explores the likelihood that, through the Yugoslav Tribunal, those responsible for identity elimination may be held criminally responsible for their actions in Kosovo.


Ending The Apartheid Of The Closet: Sexual Orientation In The South African Constitutional Process, Eric C. Christiansen Jan 2000

Ending The Apartheid Of The Closet: Sexual Orientation In The South African Constitutional Process, Eric C. Christiansen

Publications

This paper will briefly examine the process of creating a new South African Constitution in the 1990s. Nearly a decade of talks preceded the adoption of South Africa's first multi-racial democratic constitution in 1994. These talks and the subsequent drafting conventions created an astonishing document, stunning in its novelty in South African history, in its expressed values, and in its fundamental compromises. Part Three draws on a wide variety of primary documents from disparate sources to offer an original historical reconstruction of the inclusion of sexual orientation protections in the policy documents, Bill of Rights drafts, and constitutional proposals of …


Statutory Interpretation In The Courtroom, The Classroom, And Canadian Legal Literature, Stephen F. Ross Jan 2000

Statutory Interpretation In The Courtroom, The Classroom, And Canadian Legal Literature, Stephen F. Ross

Journal Articles

In recent years, judges and scholars in Canada and the United States are devoting more attention to the theory and techniques involved in statutory interpretation. Although some advocate "foundational" theories to answer all theories of interpretation, most difficult cases require a pragmatic approach that requires analysis of the statutory text, original legislative intent, and legislative purpose in light of modern circumstances. Moreover, the most difficult cases may not be answerable by any of these approaches. In difficult cases, judges often resort to "normative canons" - rules they created to further a jurisprudence they desire. These canons need to be closely …


The Finality Of Judgment And Sentence Prerequisite In The United States-Peru Bilateral Prisoner Transfer Treaty: Calling Congress And The President To Reform And Justifying Jurisdiction Of The Inter-American Human Rights Commission And Court, 15 Am. U. Int'l L. Rev. 1071 (2000), Ralph Ruebner, Lisa Carroll Jan 2000

The Finality Of Judgment And Sentence Prerequisite In The United States-Peru Bilateral Prisoner Transfer Treaty: Calling Congress And The President To Reform And Justifying Jurisdiction Of The Inter-American Human Rights Commission And Court, 15 Am. U. Int'l L. Rev. 1071 (2000), Ralph Ruebner, Lisa Carroll

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Continuing Payment Of One's Debt To Society: The German Model Of Felon Disenfranchisement As An Alternative, Nora V. Demleitner Jan 2000

Continuing Payment Of One's Debt To Society: The German Model Of Felon Disenfranchisement As An Alternative, Nora V. Demleitner

Scholarly Articles

None available.


Every Man Has A Right To Decide His Own Destiny: The Development Of Native Hawaiian Self-Determination Compared To Self-Determination Of Native Alaskans And The People Of Puerto Rico, Michael W. Carroll Jan 2000

Every Man Has A Right To Decide His Own Destiny: The Development Of Native Hawaiian Self-Determination Compared To Self-Determination Of Native Alaskans And The People Of Puerto Rico, Michael W. Carroll

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.