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Series

1997

Banking and Finance Law

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Articles 1 - 23 of 23

Full-Text Articles in Law

Asset Securitization And Corporate Risk Allocation, Christopher W. Frost Nov 1997

Asset Securitization And Corporate Risk Allocation, Christopher W. Frost

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Asset securitization is a financial innovation in which corporations sell financial assets to a specially formed entity that in turn taps financial markets for the purchase price. The device provides firms an alternative to raising capital through traditional debt and equity markets. Practitioners of the approach tout securitization as a means through which a firm can lower its overall cost of capital by limiting the risk facing investors in the securitized assets. Commentators have described asset securitization as "one of the most important financing vehicles in the United States." Interest in the device is increasing dramatically as more companies see …


How Efficient Markets Undervalue Stocks: Capm And Ecmh Under Conditions Of Uncertainty And Disagreement, Lynn A. Stout Nov 1997

How Efficient Markets Undervalue Stocks: Capm And Ecmh Under Conditions Of Uncertainty And Disagreement, Lynn A. Stout

Cornell Law Faculty Publications



A Report On The Attitudes Of Foreign Companies Regarding A U.S. Listing, James A. Fanto, Roberta S. Karmel Jul 1997

A Report On The Attitudes Of Foreign Companies Regarding A U.S. Listing, James A. Fanto, Roberta S. Karmel

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Insider Story, Richard C. Reuben Jun 1997

The Insider Story, Richard C. Reuben

Faculty Publications

The central issue in United States v. O'Hagan, No. 96-842, is the validity of the so-called "misappropriation theory" of insider trader liability under Section 10(b) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934. 15 US.C. 78(j)(b). The justices heard oral arguments in April. If the theory propounded by federal regulators is endorsed by the Court, it would expand insider trader liability under U.S. law.


Towards A More Balanced Treatment Of Bidder And Target Shareholders, Miriam Baer Jan 1997

Towards A More Balanced Treatment Of Bidder And Target Shareholders, Miriam Baer

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Synergy And Friction – Cra, Bhcs, Sba And Community Development Lending, Cassandra Jones Havard Jan 1997

Synergy And Friction – Cra, Bhcs, Sba And Community Development Lending, Cassandra Jones Havard

All Faculty Scholarship

The era of federal funding retrenchment makes acute the need for community businesses to have access to capital. The Small Business Administration (SBA) provides small businesses with access to low-cost loans funds. The existing SBA regulatory scheme fosters an approach which allows a private mechanism, lenders, to make public policy decisions about the socio-economic character of communities. Implicit in the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) and its recent reforms are a recognition of the complex interdependence among policy objectives. The reform statute specifically recognizes that geographical disinvestment has an equally deleterious effect on small business lending as it does on residential …


Reconciling The Dormant Conflict: Crafting A Banking Exception To The Fraudulent Conveyance Provision Of The Bankruptcy Code For Bank Holding Company Asset Transfers, Cassandra Jones Havard Jan 1997

Reconciling The Dormant Conflict: Crafting A Banking Exception To The Fraudulent Conveyance Provision Of The Bankruptcy Code For Bank Holding Company Asset Transfers, Cassandra Jones Havard

All Faculty Scholarship

Banking law and bankruptcy law clash. This is most evident when a bank holding company (parent company) becomes insolvent after it has made an asset transfer to its financially troubled bank subsidiary.

The Bankruptcy Code (Code) governs the insolvency proceedings of the bank holding company. Predictably, the parent company's trustee, appointed for the protection of all the creditors of the bankrupt entity, uses the fraudulent conveyance provision of the Code to have any asset transfers that were made to the bank subsidiary returned to the debtor's estate. The good faith exception to that provision will protect the asset transfer only …


Shareholder Enforced Market Discipline: How Much Is Too Much?, Eric J. Gouvin Jan 1997

Shareholder Enforced Market Discipline: How Much Is Too Much?, Eric J. Gouvin

Faculty Scholarship

This Article considers the federal banking regulation regime implemented in response to the widespread bank failures of the 1980s and early 1990s. The first section of the Article examines the moral hazard problem created by the presence of the deposit insurance scheme and the market discipline debate that has attempted to correct the moral hazard problem. The Author argues that the law has evolved to make bank holding companies the primary enforcers of market discipline. The Article’s second section examines the specific regulatory changes that have been designed to create an incentive for bank holding companies to impose discipline on …


The Role Of The World Bank In Controlling Corruption, Susan Rose-Ackerman Jan 1997

The Role Of The World Bank In Controlling Corruption, Susan Rose-Ackerman

Philip A. Hart Memorial Lecture

In 1997, Professor of Law and Political Science, Susan Rose-Ackerman of Yale University, delivered the Georgetown Law Center’s seventeenth Annual Philip A. Hart Memorial Lecture: "The World Bank’s Role in Controlling Corruption."

Susan Rose-Ackerman is Henry R. Luce Professor of Law and Political Science, Yale University, and Co-director of the Law School’s Center for Law, Economics, and Public Policy. She holds a Ph.D. in economics from Yale University and has held fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation and the Fullbright Commission. She was a visiting Research Fellow at the World Bank in 1995-96 where she did research on corruption and economic …


Equilibrium Theory, The Ficas Model, And International Banking Law, Raj Bhala Jan 1997

Equilibrium Theory, The Ficas Model, And International Banking Law, Raj Bhala

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Allocation Of Sender Risks In Wire Transfers: The Common Law And Ucc Article 4a [Part 1], Benjamin Geva Jan 1997

Allocation Of Sender Risks In Wire Transfers: The Common Law And Ucc Article 4a [Part 1], Benjamin Geva

Articles & Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Piracy, Privacy, And Privitization: Fictional And Legal Approaches To The Electronic Future Of Cash, Walter Effross Jan 1997

Piracy, Privacy, And Privitization: Fictional And Legal Approaches To The Electronic Future Of Cash, Walter Effross

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Night Landings On An Aircraft Carrier: Hospital Mergers And Antitrust Law, Thomas L. Greaney Jan 1997

Night Landings On An Aircraft Carrier: Hospital Mergers And Antitrust Law, Thomas L. Greaney

All Faculty Scholarship

Abstract: Analysis of the competitive effects of hospital mergers requires antitrust tribunals to make exceedingly fine-tuned appraisals of complex economic relationships. The law requires fact finding in a number of complex areas, e.g., defining product and geographic markets, predicting the possibility of that firms will engage in coordinated behavior; and assessing efficiencies flowing from the merger. Further complicating the process is the fact that these decisions require judgments regarding what the future may hold in an industry undergoing revolutionary change. Like pilots landing at night aboard an aircraft carrier, courts are aiming for a target that is small, shifting and …


Allocation Of Sender Risks In Wire Transfers: The Common Law And Ucc Article 4a [Part 2], Benjamin Geva Jan 1997

Allocation Of Sender Risks In Wire Transfers: The Common Law And Ucc Article 4a [Part 2], Benjamin Geva

Articles & Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Putting The Cards Before The Purse: Distinctions, Differences, And Dilemmas In The Regulation Of Stored Value Card Systems, Walter Effross Jan 1997

Putting The Cards Before The Purse: Distinctions, Differences, And Dilemmas In The Regulation Of Stored Value Card Systems, Walter Effross

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Securities Market And Securities Regulations In China, Fengxia Dai Jan 1997

Securities Market And Securities Regulations In China, Fengxia Dai

LLM Theses and Essays

China is a large developing country with a socialist ideology that is currently undergoing a period of reform and transformation. In December 1990, China opened its first national securities market - the Shanghai Securities Exchange. This was soon followed in November 1991 by the first special shares denominated in foreign currencies and sold only to overseas investors. These important steps in the development of China’s securities industry indicate commitment by Chinese authorities to the two key components of the nation’s economic reform program - economic systemic reform, and opening to the outside world. China’s securities market and securities regulations contain …


Federal Reserve: History, Purposes And Functions - An Analysis, Mukunda Lakshamanarao Jan 1997

Federal Reserve: History, Purposes And Functions - An Analysis, Mukunda Lakshamanarao

LLM Theses and Essays

On December 23, 1913, President Woodrow Wilson signed into law the Federal Reserve Act. With this law, Congress established a central banking system which would enable the world’s most powerful industrial nation to manage its money and credit more effectively than ever before. The political and legislative struggle to create the Federal Reserve System was long and often bitter, and this final product in 1913 was the result of a carefully crafted and somewhat tenuous political compromise between national and regional powers. Since its founding, the Federal Reserve System has evolved to meet the needs of a changing financial system …


Central Banks As Regulators And Supervisors Of The Financial System; Parallel Between The American Federal Reserve System And The Colombian Bank Of The Republic, Ricardo Mauricio Rosillo Jan 1997

Central Banks As Regulators And Supervisors Of The Financial System; Parallel Between The American Federal Reserve System And The Colombian Bank Of The Republic, Ricardo Mauricio Rosillo

LLM Theses and Essays

The first part of this thesis will focus on the origin and legal nature of the American Federal Reserve System established by the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 and Colombia's Bank of the Republic. Next, I will offer a deep study of the structure of the Federal Reserve System, concentrating on institutions like the Board of Governors, the Federal Reserve Bank, the Federal Open Market Committee, and member banks. The author also describes and analyzes Colombia's Bank of the Republic, placing emphasis on the reforms introduced by the new Constitution. In Chapter IV the main faculties, functions, and operations undertaken …


Debtors' Good Faith In Us Bankruptcy Proceedings, Chen Yang Jan 1997

Debtors' Good Faith In Us Bankruptcy Proceedings, Chen Yang

LLM Theses and Essays

Bankruptcy is a judicial process purporting to regulate and adjust the financial relationships between debtors and creditors which come into a deadlock. In the modern United States, bankruptcy has become a concept pervading each corner of the social and economic lives. It touches mass tort victims, large corporations, small family business, government institutions, and even normal individuals. The appearance of the modern bankruptcy law of the United States is signaled by the enactment of the Bankruptcy Reform Act in 1978 which, together with later amendments, constitute the current Bankruptcy Code of the United States; but also help them strategically restructure …


Article 5 - Recent Developments, James J. White Jan 1997

Article 5 - Recent Developments, James J. White

Other Publications

I. Mitigation in Letter of Credit Transactions Assume a Buyer has procured a letter of credit to pay for contracted goods but no longer wants the goods. The Buyer and the Issuer would like to force the Beneficiary to mitigate. Assume that both the Issuer and Applicant repudiate their obligation or that the Applicant has failed and the Issuer repudiates its obligation to pay under the letter of credit. At the moment of repudiation the price for a gallon of the underlying oil that is the subject of the letter of credit is $.75 and that the letter of credit …


The Truth About Secured Financing, Robert E. Scott Jan 1997

The Truth About Secured Financing, Robert E. Scott

Faculty Scholarship

The debate over the social value of secured credit (and the appropriate priority for secured claims in bankruptcy) is entering its nineteenth year. Yet the continuing publication of succeeding generations of articles exploring the topic have yielded precious little in the way of an emerging scholarly consensus about the nature and function of secured credit. Put simply, we still do not have a theory, of finance that explains why firms sometimes (but not always) issue secured debt rather than unsecured debt or equity. Moreover (and perhaps because of the lack of any plausible general theory), we lack any persuasive empirical …


The Role Of Secured Credit In Small-Business Lending, Ronald J. Mann Jan 1997

The Role Of Secured Credit In Small-Business Lending, Ronald J. Mann

Faculty Scholarship

The traditional perspective holds that large firms in our economy use unsecured credit and small firms use secured credit. Existing scholarship, however, has provided little explanation of that pattern. In a recent article, I attributed the use of unsecured credit by large firms to the limited capacity of secured credit to lower the lending costs of creditworthy companies. This article uses data from a dozen interviews with small-business bankers to explain the small-business half of that lending pattern. To the extent smallbusiness lenders require secured credit, they do so largely for one significant benefit: secured credit allows small-business lenders to …


Searching For Negotiability In Payment And Credit Systems, Ronald J. Mann Jan 1997

Searching For Negotiability In Payment And Credit Systems, Ronald J. Mann

Faculty Scholarship

The casual observer of the legal academy would assume that negotiability is a legal principle of foundational importance to our nation's payment and credit systems. All of the obvious indicators support that assumption. Among other things, the 1980s witnessed a major effort by the American Law Institute and the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws to update and revise the relevant provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code. Similarly, negotiability continues to occupy a safe position in law school curricula, as prominent academics at our most elite schools continue to write casebooks focusing on negotiability. Most recently, for example, …