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Tax Benefits Of Government-Owned Marijuana Stores, Benjamin Leff Dec 2016

Tax Benefits Of Government-Owned Marijuana Stores, Benjamin Leff

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

This Article is the first to address whether independent governmental affiliates that sell marijuana are exempt from federal income tax under section 115 of the Internal Revenue Code. It argues that such entities should easily pass the IRS's current interpretation of the three requirements for tax-exemption under section 115: (i) that exempt income be derived from "the exercise of any essential governmental function"; (ii) that such income "accru[e] to a State or any political subdivision thereof"; and (iii) that the income "not serve private interests[.]" In addition, this Article argues that though selling marijuana is illegal under federal ...


Nontechnical Disclosure, Jonas Anderson Nov 2016

Nontechnical Disclosure, Jonas Anderson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

One of the primary goals of the patent system is the broad dissemination of technical knowledge. But, as this Article argues, there is also an underappreciated amount of nontechnical knowledge contained in a patent, information that may in certain cases be more valuable to readers than the technical disclosure contained in a patent. This Article looks at various types of nontechnical disclosure to argue that appreciating the nontechnical aspects of patent disclosure can increase our understanding of what information patents are disseminating to the general public.


Supreme Court Amicus Brief Of Law Professors In Support Of Petitioner Lee V. Tam, No. 15-1293 (Filed Nov. 16, 2016), Christine Farley, Rebecca Tushnet Nov 2016

Supreme Court Amicus Brief Of Law Professors In Support Of Petitioner Lee V. Tam, No. 15-1293 (Filed Nov. 16, 2016), Christine Farley, Rebecca Tushnet

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

The Federal Circuit’s ruling that the § 2(a) disparagement provision is unconstitutional, if upheld, could allow for numerous provisions of the Trademark Act to be overturned, dismantling the modern trademark system. The trademark system is premised on evaluating speech and making content-based determinations. Granting a trademark registration requires content-based determinations, though not viewpoint-based, as words are evaluated independent of applicants’ individual viewpoints.In no way does the refusal to register a trademark prevent its use or diminish public debate. Rather than facilitating public debate, a trademark registration is a government-issued document that makes it easier for its owner to ...


Intellectual Property And Related Rights In Climate Data, Michael Carroll Apr 2016

Intellectual Property And Related Rights In Climate Data, Michael Carroll

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

This chapter focuses on the ways in which intellectual property law can act as a barrier to data sharing. Intellectual property laws supply exclusive rights that can enable a researcher, employer or funder to ‘own’ data; they can then bring legal claims against persons who access or reuse data without permission. Some of these rights attach automatically to data, data sets, or databases, and thus must be managed properly to enable robust data sharing in climate science. Other rights are created by contract, and the policies around such privately created rights must be understood and analyzed. This chapter briefly describes ...


Vilifying The Vigilante: A Narrowed Scope Of Citizen's Arrest, Ira P. Robbins Jan 2016

Vilifying The Vigilante: A Narrowed Scope Of Citizen's Arrest, Ira P. Robbins

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Ira P. Robbins* The doctrine of citizen’s arrest in the United States has been ignored for far too long. In every jurisdiction in the United States, a private person may lawfully detain another and often may even use physical force to do so. Placing such power in the hands of ordinary, untrained individuals creates the possibility that citizens will misuse or abuse the privilege, sometimes with serious consequences for both the arrestor and the arrestee. This risk is compounded by the disparate treatment of the citizen’s arrest doctrine in different jurisdictions and the ambiguities inherent in many of ...


Danger And Dignity: Immigrant Day Laborers And Occupational Risk, Jayesh Rathod Jan 2016

Danger And Dignity: Immigrant Day Laborers And Occupational Risk, Jayesh Rathod

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

The plight of immigrant workers in the United States has captured significant scholarly attention in recent years. Despite the prevalence of discourses regarding this population, one set of issues has received relatively little attention: immigrant workers’ exposure to unhealthy and unsafe working conditions, and their corresponding susceptibility to workplace injuries and illnesses. Researchers have consistently found that immigrant workers suffer disproportionately from occupational injuries and fatalities, even when controlling for industry and occupation. Why, then, are foreign-born workers at greater risk for workplace injuries and fatalities, when compared with their native-born counterparts? This Article seeks to develop answers to that ...


Evaluating Appropriability Defenses For The Exclusionary Conduct Of Dominant Firms In Innovative Industries, Jonathan Baker Jan 2016

Evaluating Appropriability Defenses For The Exclusionary Conduct Of Dominant Firms In Innovative Industries, Jonathan Baker

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

In response to antitrust cases challenging the exclusionary conduct of dominant firms, some dominant firms offer an “appropriability defense.” This defense is the claim that prohibiting the challenged conduct would lessen the dominant firm’s return to investment in research and development (R&D), undermine that firm’s incentive to innovate, and harm the prospects for industry innovation. An appropriability defense should be questioned, and often rejected, if the dominant firm would be expected to increase its own R&D effort in response to increased R&D by its rivals after liability on a dominant firm is imposed. An analytical ...


Why The Hurry To Regulate Autonomous Weapon Systems-But Not Cyber-Weapons?, Kenneth Anderson Jan 2016

Why The Hurry To Regulate Autonomous Weapon Systems-But Not Cyber-Weapons?, Kenneth Anderson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Liability For Mobile Health And Wearable Technologies, Lindsay Wiley, Nicolas Terry Jan 2016

Liability For Mobile Health And Wearable Technologies, Lindsay Wiley, Nicolas Terry

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Most of the legal commentary regarding mobile health has focused on direct regulation leveraging existing laws and regulators such as HIPAA privacy through HHS-OCR or device regulation by the FDA. However, much of the mobile health revolution likely will play out in lightly regulated spaces bereft of most of the privacy, security, and safety rules associated with traditional health care. This article examines the potential for common law liability models to bridge these gaps (even on a temporary basis). Part II of this paper provides an introduction to the terminology used, and presents a brief typology of the apps appearing ...


Why Delaware Courts Should Abolish The Schnell Doctrine, Mary Siegel Jan 2016

Why Delaware Courts Should Abolish The Schnell Doctrine, Mary Siegel

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


The Historical Realization Of The Americans With Disabilities Act On Athletes With Disabilities, Michael W. Carroll, Michael Cottingham, Don Lee, Deborah Shapiro, Brenda Pitts Jan 2016

The Historical Realization Of The Americans With Disabilities Act On Athletes With Disabilities, Michael W. Carroll, Michael Cottingham, Don Lee, Deborah Shapiro, Brenda Pitts

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 has been one of the most powerful tools used by persons with disabilities in the fight for access and equality. Significant case law demonstrates the impact of the ADA on disability sport participation and access, but little is known regarding how the ADA has impacted athletes with disabilities. Thus, the purpose of this study was to gain the perspective of elite athletes with disabilities who competed before and after the ADA's enactment. Participants were interviewed, and the data were transcribed and analyzed. Findings indicated that participants generally felt physical barriers were ...


The Affordable Care Act Is Not Tort Reform, Andrew F. Popper Jan 2016

The Affordable Care Act Is Not Tort Reform, Andrew F. Popper

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

On March 23, 2010, President Obama signed The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). Prior to the enactment of the PPACA, Congress held several hearings focused on subrogation and relaxation of collateral source restrictions as well as caps on damages in an effort to promote tort reform. While the ACA included provisions on medical liability reform, the suggested tort reform was thwarted, and the ACA had no actual legal effect on limiting medical malpractice liability. This article argues that the reality is that the PPACA has done nothing to change the admissibility of collateral sources nor has it enhanced ...


Arbitrary Detention? The Immigration Detention Bed Quota, Anita Sinha Jan 2016

Arbitrary Detention? The Immigration Detention Bed Quota, Anita Sinha

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

When President Obama took office in 2009, Congress through appropriations linked the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) funding to “maintaining” 33,400 immigration detention beds a day. This provision, what this Article refers to as the bed quota, remains in effect, except now the mandate is 34,000 beds a day. Since 2009, DHS detentions of non-citizens have gone up by nearly 25 percent. To accommodate for this significant spike over a relatively short period of time, the federal government has relied considerably on private prison corporations to build and operate immigration detention facilities.

This Article takes ...


The Global Struggle For Lgbtq Rights: Legal, Political, And Social Dimensions, Macarena Saez Jan 2016

The Global Struggle For Lgbtq Rights: Legal, Political, And Social Dimensions, Macarena Saez

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


The External Dimension Of Eu Investment Law, Fernanda Nicola Jan 2016

The External Dimension Of Eu Investment Law, Fernanda Nicola

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

EU trade and investment policy is in flux. The rate at which the global trade and investment architecture is evolving through the mega-regional Free Trade Agreements ("FTAs") is unprecedented. In this context, we explain how European lawyers and trade negotiators are addressing the newly acquired investment competence, while at the same time reforming investment arbitration and proposing new systems of dispute resolution at the international level. EU trade negotiators have put forward transformative proposals for investment chapters in their FTAs to safeguard, above all, the autonomy of the EU legal order in its relationship with international arbitration law. By mapping ...


Residual Value Capture In Subsidized Housing, Brandon Weiss Jan 2016

Residual Value Capture In Subsidized Housing, Brandon Weiss

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

This Article argues that our primary federal subsidized housing production pro- gram, the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), will result in the unnecessary forfeit of billions of dollars of government investment and the potential displacement of tens of thousands of households beginning in 2020 when LIHTC property use restrictions start to expire. The LIHTC example is presented as a case study of an inherent dynamic of public-private partnerships namely, the potential capture by for-profit providers of "residual value." For purposes of this Article, this is value generated by a public-private transaction that is unnecessary to incentivize a private provider to ...


Stories Of Teaching Race, Gender, And Class: A Narrative, Brenda V. Smith Jan 2016

Stories Of Teaching Race, Gender, And Class: A Narrative, Brenda V. Smith

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

This Essay arises out of the keynote speech that I gave at the New England Clinical Conference at Harvard Law School in November 2015. The conference theme was, “Teaching Race, Gender and Class: Learning from Our Students, Communities and Each Other.” The primary planners and hosts for the conference were clinical teachers and programs in the Northeast, but participants came from around the country to talk about the importance of addressing race, gender and class in this moment of black lives mattering. They wanted to talk about the way that these issues of race, gender and class had always been ...


Student Loan Derivatives: Improving On Income-Based Approaches To Financing Law School, Benjamin Leff, Heather Hughes Jan 2016

Student Loan Derivatives: Improving On Income-Based Approaches To Financing Law School, Benjamin Leff, Heather Hughes

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Stories Of Teaching Race, Gender, And Class: A Narrative, Brenda V. Smith Jan 2016

Stories Of Teaching Race, Gender, And Class: A Narrative, Brenda V. Smith

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

This Essay transcribes and discusses Smith's keynote speech at the New England Clinical Conference at Harvard Law School in November, 2015. Smith's speech discusses the intersection between race, gender, and class, highlighting them as sites of vulnerability through a personal storytelling lens. By sharing her individual experiences, Smith hopes to draw attention to insecurities and threats faced by many individuals who refuse to speak out.


Food Stamps, Unjust Enrichment And Minimum Wage, Candace Kovacic-Fleischer Jan 2016

Food Stamps, Unjust Enrichment And Minimum Wage, Candace Kovacic-Fleischer

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

A number of large retail chains with monopsony power, such as Walmart, pay their low level employees so little that these employees are eligible for food stamps and other governmental benefits. In addition to paying low wages, these chains often have hourly restrictions so that their employees are not eligible for overtime pay. At times the chains violate the wage and hour provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) by making hourly employees work “off the clock,” a practice known as wage theft.

One of the reasons these low wage retailers can pay so little is because their employees ...


Talking Foreign Policy: The Iran Nuclear Accord, Paul Williams, Milena Sterio, Avidan Cover, Mike Newton Jan 2016

Talking Foreign Policy: The Iran Nuclear Accord, Paul Williams, Milena Sterio, Avidan Cover, Mike Newton

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


#Lawyeringpeace: The Role Of Lawyers In Peacebuilding, Paul Williams, Christin Coster Jan 2016

#Lawyeringpeace: The Role Of Lawyers In Peacebuilding, Paul Williams, Christin Coster

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Based on the Public International Law & Policy Group’s (“PILPG”) two decades of experience assisting countries and clients in conflict situations, it is clear there are a number of ways for lawyers and international law to promote peacebuilding. This article condenses information shared during the International Law Weekend panel, “International Law and States in Emergency: Responses and Challenges.” The focus of the presentation was how lawyers can and should make a difference in peacebuilding and post-conflict constitution drafting. The world needs more lawyers to “lawyer peace” by assisting countries and clients involved in ongoing conflicts or in peace negotiations. In ...


State-Enabled Crimes, Rebecca Hamilton Jan 2016

State-Enabled Crimes, Rebecca Hamilton

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

International crimes are committed by individuals, but many – from genocide in Rwanda to torture at Abu Ghraib – would not have occurred without the integral role played by the State. This dual contribution, of individual and State, is intrinsic to the commission of what I term “State-Enabled Crimes.” Viewing international adjudication through the rubric of State-Enabled Crimes highlights a feature of the international judicial architecture that is typically taken for granted: its bifurcated structure. Notwithstanding the deep interrelationship between individual and State in the commission of State-Enabled Crimes, the international legal system adjudicates the responsibility of each under two entirely separate ...


The Death Penalty And Mental Illness In International Human Rights Law, Richard Wilson Jan 2016

The Death Penalty And Mental Illness In International Human Rights Law, Richard Wilson

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Introduction: This symposium primarily focuses on the extraordinary legal and personal saga of one man, Joe Giarratano, his decades-long heroic struggle to overturn his death sentence and, ultimately, to obtain his release and exoneration. Prior to the conference, my only acquaintance with the Giarratano case was the decision in Murray v. Giarratanol-the U.S. Supreme Court decision holding that the Sixth Amendment right to appointed counsel does not extend to the post-conviction stages of death penalty litigation. The symposium provided a much broader perspective on the saga of Joe Giarratano, whose own legal skills parallel those of the many lawyers ...


The Olmstead Imperative: The Right To Live In The Community And Beyond, Robert Dinerstein Jan 2016

The Olmstead Imperative: The Right To Live In The Community And Beyond, Robert Dinerstein

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Of the 20 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) cases that the United States Supreme Court has decided in the 25 years of the statute’s existence, Olmstead v. L.C. by Zimring is without doubt the most significant for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Olmstead is the only Supreme Court ADA case that specifically addresses the rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, but its importance goes well beyond this specific fact. In this essay, I set out the holding of the Olmstead decision, its connection to, and extension of, prior case law, the extent of its subsequent ...


Emerging International Trends And Practices In Guardianship Law For People With Disabilities, Robert Dinerstein Jan 2016

Emerging International Trends And Practices In Guardianship Law For People With Disabilities, Robert Dinerstein

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

In this article, the authors identify current trends in promoting supported decision-making as an alternative to guardianship for people with disabilities. Support for supported decision-making (SDM) and other reforms to guardianship can be found in international conventions and declarations (notably, Article 12 of the CRPD); Concluding Observations and General Comment No. 1 issued by the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; and in various countries (or states/provinces/localities within those countries), including the United States, where developments in state legislation, state court cases (including the Jenny Hatch case, in which one of the co-authors was counsel ...


The Court And The Cannonball: An Inside Look, Stephen Wermiel, Lee Levine Jan 2016

The Court And The Cannonball: An Inside Look, Stephen Wermiel, Lee Levine

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

As lawsuits over the right of publicity proliferate among athletes and other celebrities, there is renewed interest, by litigants and judges alike, in the one decision by the U.S. Supreme Court that addresses a tort action arising from a "publicity" related claim, Zacchini v. Scripps-Howard Broadcasting Co. Although the 1977 ruling is often cited as holding that the right of publicity tort survives constitutional scrutiny under the First Amendment, an examination of the case and of the Supreme Court justices' available papers shows that the Court did not view the case as presenting the type of claim that has ...


Independence And Immigration, Amanda Frost Jan 2016

Independence And Immigration, Amanda Frost

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


The Prosecutor's Ethical Duty To End Mass Incarceration, Angela J. Davis Jan 2016

The Prosecutor's Ethical Duty To End Mass Incarceration, Angela J. Davis

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Suffering In Silence: The Survey Of Law Student Well-Being And The Reluctance Of Law Students To Seek Help For Substance Use And Mental Health Concerns, David Jaffe, Jerome Organ, Katherine Bender Jan 2016

Suffering In Silence: The Survey Of Law Student Well-Being And The Reluctance Of Law Students To Seek Help For Substance Use And Mental Health Concerns, David Jaffe, Jerome Organ, Katherine Bender

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

This article reports the results of the Survey of Law Student Well-Being (SLSWB) implemented in spring 2014 at fifteen law schools around the country. The SLSWB is the fi rst multischool study in over twenty years to address law student use of alcohol and street drugs, and the fi rst-ever multischool study to explore prescription drug use and the mental health concerns and helpseeking attitudes of law students. The results of the study indicate that roughly one-quarter to one-third of respondents reported frequent binge drinking or misuse of drugs, and/or reported mental health challenges. Moreover, the results indicated that ...