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University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

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Full-Text Articles in Law

The People's Court: On The Intellectual Origins Of American Judicial Power, Ian C. Bartrum Jan 2021

The People's Court: On The Intellectual Origins Of American Judicial Power, Ian C. Bartrum

Scholarly Works

This article enters into the modern debate between "constitutional departmentalists"-who contend that the executive and legislative branches share constitutional interpretive authority with the courts-and what are sometimes called "judicial supremacists." After exploring the relevant history of political ideas, I join the modern minority of voices in the latter camp.

This is an intellectual history of two evolving political ideas-popular sovereignty and the separation of powers-which merged in the making of American judicial power, and I argue we can only understand the structural function of judicial review by bringing these ideas together into an integrated whole. Or, put another way ...


Chevron’S Asylum: Judicial Deference In Refugee Cases, Michael Kagan Jan 2021

Chevron’S Asylum: Judicial Deference In Refugee Cases, Michael Kagan

Scholarly Works

Chevron deference is at the height of its powers in refugee and asylum cases, with the highest possible human consequences. Why does the Supreme Court seem so comfortable with Chevron deference in asylum cases when it has been reluctant to defer to the government in other kinds of deportation cases? More to the point, is this deference justified? There are cogent arguments justifying more deference in asylum cases than in other kinds of deportation cases. These arguments rest to a great extent on the premise that greater political accountability is a good thing when interpreting a statute. Yet in a ...


The Legal Industry's Second Chance To Get It Right, Nancy B. Rapoport, Joseph R. Tiano Jr. Jan 2021

The Legal Industry's Second Chance To Get It Right, Nancy B. Rapoport, Joseph R. Tiano Jr.

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


The Rhetoric Of Racism In The United States Supreme Court, Kathryn M. Stanchi Jan 2021

The Rhetoric Of Racism In The United States Supreme Court, Kathryn M. Stanchi

Scholarly Works

This Article is the first study that categorizes and analyzes all the references to the terms "racist," "racism," and "white supremacy" throughout Supreme Court history. It uses the data to tease out how the Court shaped the meaning of these terms and uncovers a series of patterns in the Court's rhetorical usages. The most striking pattern uncovered is that, for the Supreme Court, racism is either something that just happens without any acknowledged racist actor or something that is perpetrated by a narrow subset of usual suspects, such as the Ku Klux Klan or Southern racists. In the Supreme ...


Talking Back In Court, M. Eve Hanan Jan 2021

Talking Back In Court, M. Eve Hanan

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Infected Judgment: Problematic Rush To Conventional Wisdom And Insurance Coverage Denial In A Pandemic, Erik S. Knutsen, Jeffrey W. Stempel Jan 2021

Infected Judgment: Problematic Rush To Conventional Wisdom And Insurance Coverage Denial In A Pandemic, Erik S. Knutsen, Jeffrey W. Stempel

Scholarly Works

The COVID-19 pandemic created not only a public health crisis but also an insurance coverage imbroglio, prompting near-immediate business interruption claims by policyholders impacted by government restrictions ordered in response to the pandemic. Insurers and their representatives "presponded" to the looming coverage claims by quickly moving to denigrate arguments for coverage, engaging in a pre-emptive strike that has largely worked to date, inducing too many courts to rush to judgment by declaring-as a matter of law-that policy terms such as "direct physical loss or damage" do not even arguably encompass the business shutdowns resulting from COVID-19. Our closer examination of ...


The Elastics Of Snap Removal: An Empirical Case Study Of Textualism, Thomas O. Main, Jeffrey W. Stempel, David Mcclure Jan 2021

The Elastics Of Snap Removal: An Empirical Case Study Of Textualism, Thomas O. Main, Jeffrey W. Stempel, David Mcclure

Scholarly Works

This article reports the findings of an empirical study of textualism as applied by federal judges interpreting the statute that permits removal of diversity cases from state to federal court. The “snap removal” provision in the statute is particularly interesting because its application forces judges into one of two interpretive camps—which are fairly extreme versions of textualism and purposivism, respectively. We studied characteristics of cases and judges to find predictors of textualist outcomes. In this article we offer a narrative discussion of key variables and we detail the results of our logistic regression analysis. The most salient predictive variable ...


Hard Battles Over Soft Law: The Troubling Implications Of Insurance Industry Attacks On The American Law Institute Restatement Of The Law Of Liability Insurance, Jeffrey W. Stempel Jan 2021

Hard Battles Over Soft Law: The Troubling Implications Of Insurance Industry Attacks On The American Law Institute Restatement Of The Law Of Liability Insurance, Jeffrey W. Stempel

Scholarly Works

ALI Restatements of the Law have traditionally exerted significant influence over court decisions and the development of the common law. During the past two decades, however, the ALI has seen an upsurge in interest group activity designed to shape or even thwart aspects of the Institute's work. Most recently, the Restatement of the Law of Liability Insurance (RLLI) has been the focus of not only criticism of particular provisions but a concerted effort by members of the insurance industry to demonize the project as a whole and bar use of the document by courts.

The vehemence of insurer opposition ...


"Our Most Sacred Legal Commitments": A Digital Exploration Of The U.S. Supreme Court Defining Who We Are And How They Should Opine, Eric C. Nystrom, David S. Tanenhaus Jan 2021

"Our Most Sacred Legal Commitments": A Digital Exploration Of The U.S. Supreme Court Defining Who We Are And How They Should Opine, Eric C. Nystrom, David S. Tanenhaus

Scholarly Works

This Article focuses on uncovering the multiple meanings of the word "our" in the published opinions of the U.S. Supreme Court from Chisholm to modern times. To do so, we use a digital legal history approach, combining robust court data, text mining techniques, and expert word classification, using a set of custom open-source tools and open data.


Telling The Story On Your Timesheets: A Fee Examiner's Tips For Creditors' Lawyers And Bankruptcy Estate Professionals, Nancy B. Rapoport Jan 2021

Telling The Story On Your Timesheets: A Fee Examiner's Tips For Creditors' Lawyers And Bankruptcy Estate Professionals, Nancy B. Rapoport

Scholarly Works

This essay discusses how much of a lawyer’s embedded assumptions and cognitive errors can come across in something as simple as a time entry on a bill. So much can be revealed about how a lawyer views himself or herself in society and about the lawyer’s relationship with the client that it’s worth examining what we can find when we look at legal bills.


International Law Association's Guidelines On Intellectual Property And Private International Law ("Kyoto Guidelines"): Recognition And Enforcement, Pedro De Miguel Asensio, Marketa Trimble Jan 2021

International Law Association's Guidelines On Intellectual Property And Private International Law ("Kyoto Guidelines"): Recognition And Enforcement, Pedro De Miguel Asensio, Marketa Trimble

Scholarly Works

This section of the the chapter "Recognition and Enforcement" of the International Law Association's Guidelines on Intellectual Property and Private International Law ("Kyoto Guidelines") establishes the conditions under which the effects of judgments rendered in a country may be extended to foreign jurisdictions. It seeks to favor international coordination and legal certainty by facilitating the cross-border recognition and enforcement of judgments relating to IP disputes. The Guidelines are based on a broad concept of judgment with restrictions concerning judgments not considered final under the law of the State of origin as well as certain provisional measures. The main provision ...


High-Tech Dispute Resolution: Lessons From Psychology For A Post-Covid-19 Era, Jean R. Sternlight, Jennifer K. Robbennolt Jan 2021

High-Tech Dispute Resolution: Lessons From Psychology For A Post-Covid-19 Era, Jean R. Sternlight, Jennifer K. Robbennolt

Scholarly Works

Covid-19 fostered a remote technology boom in the world of dispute resolution. Pre-pandemic, adoption of technical innovation in dispute resolution was slow moving. Some attorneys, courts, arbitrators, mediators and others did use technology, including telephone, e-mail, text, or videoconferences, or more ambitious online dispute resolution (ODR). But, to the chagrin of technology advocates, many conducted most dispute resolution largely in-person. The pandemic effectively put the emerging technological efforts on steroids. Even the most technologically challenged quickly began to replace in-person dispute resolution with videoconferencing, texting, and other technology. Courts throughout the world canceled all or most in-person trials, hearings, conferences ...


Cummings V. Barber, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 18 (April 2, 2020), Alexis Taitel Apr 2020

Cummings V. Barber, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 18 (April 2, 2020), Alexis Taitel

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

No abstract provided.


In Re: Colman Family Revocable Living Trust, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 13 (Apr. 2, 2020), Petya Pucci Apr 2020

In Re: Colman Family Revocable Living Trust, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 13 (Apr. 2, 2020), Petya Pucci

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

A second beneficiary is entitled to a property in a trust created by decedent and her former spouse, under NRS 111.781, when (1) the property remained decedent’s separate property throughout the marriage; (2) the spouses have divorced; and (3) there is no evidence that the former spouse had contributed to the purchase of the property or its improvement.


Reynolds V. Tufenkjian, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 19 (Apr. 9, 2020), Brittni Tanenbaum Apr 2020

Reynolds V. Tufenkjian, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 19 (Apr. 9, 2020), Brittni Tanenbaum

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court considered whether a party who purchased a judgment debtor’s rights of action could motion the Court to substitute themselves in as the real party in interest and dismiss the appeal. The Court held that only “things in action” that are otherwise assignable may be subject to execution to satisfy a judgment. The Court concluded that tort claims for personal injury—including fraud/intentional misrepresentation and elder exploitation—are generally not assignable. The Court further concluded that tort claims for injury to property and contract-based claims, unless the claims are personal in nature, are generally assignable. Therefore, the ...


Jaramillo V. Ramos, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 17 (Apr. 2, 2020), Jose Tafoya Apr 2020

Jaramillo V. Ramos, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 17 (Apr. 2, 2020), Jose Tafoya

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court found a plaintiff is not required to provide expert testimony to survive a defendant’s summary judgment motion when the plaintiff is relying on the res ipsa loquitur statute’s prima facie case of negligence. Rather, plaintiff must only establish facts that entitle it to a rebuttable presumption of negligence under Nevada’s res ipsa loquitur statute. Whether a defendant can rebut the presumption through their own expert testimony or evidence is a question of fact for the jury.


In Re Raggio Family Trust, 136 Nev. Ad. Op. 21 (Apr. 9, 2020), Aariel Williams Apr 2020

In Re Raggio Family Trust, 136 Nev. Ad. Op. 21 (Apr. 9, 2020), Aariel Williams

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined that neither the language in the trust instrument nor NRS 163.4175 requires the trustee to consider the beneficiary’s other assets before making distributions from the trust.


Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department V. The Center For Investigative Reporting, Inc., A California Nonprofit Organization, 136 Nev. Adv. Opn. No. 15 (2020), Paige Silva Apr 2020

Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department V. The Center For Investigative Reporting, Inc., A California Nonprofit Organization, 136 Nev. Adv. Opn. No. 15 (2020), Paige Silva

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Pursuant to NRS 239.010, the Nevada Public Records Act (NPRA), governmental entities are required to make available to the public, nonconfidential public records that the governmental entity has in its legal custody or control. If a governmental entity denies a request for public records, the person requesting such records may seek a court order to compel production. NRS 239.011(1). If the party requesting such records prevails, that party is entitled to receive attorney fees and costs. NRS 239.011(2).

This case asks whether the requesting party is entitled to receive attorney fees and costs when the ...


Valdez-Jimenez V. Eighth Jud. Dist. Ct.,163 Nev. Adv. Op. 20 (April 9, 2020), Katrina Weil Apr 2020

Valdez-Jimenez V. Eighth Jud. Dist. Ct.,163 Nev. Adv. Op. 20 (April 9, 2020), Katrina Weil

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined what process is constitutionally required when a district court sets bail in an amount that the defendant cannot afford, resulting in pretrial detention. The Court found that bail may only be imposed where it is necessary to reasonably ensure the defendant’s appearance at court proceedings or to reasonably protect the community. If a defendant remains in custody after arrest they are (1) entitled to an individualized hearing, where (2) the State must prove by clear and convincing evidence that bail, rather than less restrictive conditions, is necessary to ensure the defendant’s appearance at future court ...


Abrams V. Sanson, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 9 (Mar. 5, 2020), Anya Lester Mar 2020

Abrams V. Sanson, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 9 (Mar. 5, 2020), Anya Lester

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined that statements sent to an email listserv criticizing an attorney’s courtroom conduct were good faith communications regarding a matter of public concern and were protected under the Nevada anti-SLAPP statutes. However, the Court held that Abrams did not show a probability of prevailing on her claims with prima facie evidence as her claims did not exhibit minimal merit.


Martinez Guzman V. Second Judicial Dist. Court, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 12 (Mar. 26, 2020), John Mccormick-Huhn Mar 2020

Martinez Guzman V. Second Judicial Dist. Court, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 12 (Mar. 26, 2020), John Mccormick-Huhn

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court clarified the ambiguity of the meaning “territorial jurisdiction,” a term of art found in NRS 172.105. The Court held that NRS 172.105 incorporates Nevada’s venue statutes and grants a grand jury the authority to “inquire into a [criminal] offense so long as the district court that empaneled the grand jury may appropriately adjudicate the defendant’s guilt for that particular offense.”


State Of Nevada Department Of Employment, Training & Rehabilitation, Employment Security Division V. Sierra National Corporation, D/B/A The Love Ranch, A Nevada Corporation, 136 Nev., Adv. Op. 11 (Mar. 26, 2020), Alexandra Matloff Mar 2020

State Of Nevada Department Of Employment, Training & Rehabilitation, Employment Security Division V. Sierra National Corporation, D/B/A The Love Ranch, A Nevada Corporation, 136 Nev., Adv. Op. 11 (Mar. 26, 2020), Alexandra Matloff

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court held that because the records requested by the legal brothel the Love Ranch do not violate the limitations set forth in NRS 612.265, the district court was correct to grant the Love Ranch’s petition for a writ of mandamus.


Cranesbill Tr. V. Wells Fargo Bank, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 8 (March 5, 2020), Brittney Lehtinen Mar 2020

Cranesbill Tr. V. Wells Fargo Bank, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 8 (March 5, 2020), Brittney Lehtinen

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined that homeowners may cure defaults as to superpriority portions of HOA liens much like first deed of trust holders; however, failure to explicitly or implicitly direct allocation of payments by either debtors or creditors requires court intervention to decide what is “just and equitable.”


Berberich V. Bank Of America, 136 Nev. Ad. Op (Mar. 26, 2020), Amelia Mallette Mar 2020

Berberich V. Bank Of America, 136 Nev. Ad. Op (Mar. 26, 2020), Amelia Mallette

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Supreme Court of Nevada considered whether a quiet title action from a foreclosure sale was barred by NRS 11.080 because Berberich was in possession of the property for five years before commencing the action. The Court held that the limitations period outlined in NRS 11.080 will not run against an owner who is in undisputed possession of the land.


Chur V. Eighth Jud. Dist. Ct., 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 7 (Feb. 27, 2020), Dylan Lawter Feb 2020

Chur V. Eighth Jud. Dist. Ct., 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 7 (Feb. 27, 2020), Dylan Lawter

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

Former directors of Lewis & Clark LTC Risk Retention Group, Inc. filed a writ of mandamus in the Nevada Supreme Court, seeking (1) direction concerning the district court’s application of Shoen v. SAC Holding Corp. and (2) relief from that court’s judgment. The directors asserted that gross negligence does not support a viable claim for personal liability under the NRS 78.138. The Commissioner of Insurance for the State of Nevada maintained that gross negligence is an appropriate claim against directors under Shoen. The Court elected to consider the director’s petition for a writ of mandamus, clarified the ...


Republican Attorneys General Association V. Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 3 (Feb. 20, 2020), Nicholas Hagenkord Feb 2020

Republican Attorneys General Association V. Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department, 136 Nev. Adv. Op. 3 (Feb. 20, 2020), Nicholas Hagenkord

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined that (1) the district court did not err in denying appellant Republican Attorneys General Association’s (RAGA) petition for a writ of mandamus under the Nevada Public Records Act (NPRA) seeking bodycam footage regarding juveniles and former State Senator Aaron Ford’s interactions with police; and (2) the district court abused its discretion in denying RAGA’s request for other requested records by not assessing whether these records contain any nonconfidential material.


Brief For Child Usa Et Al. As Amici Curiae Supporting Respondents, Our Lady Of Guadalupe School V. Morrissey-Berru, Leslie C. Griffin Jan 2020

Brief For Child Usa Et Al. As Amici Curiae Supporting Respondents, Our Lady Of Guadalupe School V. Morrissey-Berru, Leslie C. Griffin

Court Briefs

No abstract provided.


Toll V. Dist. Ct. (Gilman), 135 Nev., Advanced Opinion 58 (December 5, 2019), Gabrielle Boliou Jan 2020

Toll V. Dist. Ct. (Gilman), 135 Nev., Advanced Opinion 58 (December 5, 2019), Gabrielle Boliou

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

A blogger claimed that his sources are protected under NRS 49.275. The court held that digital media is protected, but did not address whether a blogger is protected. The district court did not err in allowing discovery to determine whether the blogger acted with actual malice.


Anderson V. State, 135 Nev. Adv. Op. 56 (Nov. 27, 2019), Tayler Bingham Jan 2020

Anderson V. State, 135 Nev. Adv. Op. 56 (Nov. 27, 2019), Tayler Bingham

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined that (1) when the government relies on the forfeiture exception of the Confrontation Clause to introduce a witness’s out-of-court statements, the burden of proof the litigant must meet is that of preponderance of the evidence; and (2) that a trial court does not abuse its discretion in denying a motion to substitute counsel and thereby violate the Sixth Amendment right to counsel when the trial court holds a Young hearing for each motion and enough evidence indicates there is not a complete breakdown in the attorney-client relationship.


Rosen V. Tarkanian, 135 Nev. Adv. Op. 15 (December 12, 2019), Andrew Brown Jan 2020

Rosen V. Tarkanian, 135 Nev. Adv. Op. 15 (December 12, 2019), Andrew Brown

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

This issue was whether several of Jacky Rosen’s statements about Danny Tarkanian made during her political campaign constituted defamation. The Court determined that Rosen’s political statements were made in good faith and, therefore, the case was reversed and remanded with instructions for the district court to grant the special motion to dismiss.