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Case Western Reserve University School of Law

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Hipaa's Privacy Rule And State Privacy Laws: Roadblocks To Medical Organizations' Self-Policing Expert Medical Testimony, Miles J. Zaremski, Douglas M. Belofsky Jan 2019

Hipaa's Privacy Rule And State Privacy Laws: Roadblocks To Medical Organizations' Self-Policing Expert Medical Testimony, Miles J. Zaremski, Douglas M. Belofsky

Alumni Publications

As part of the wave of medical malpractice reforms over the last several decades, efforts were initiated to ensure the reliability and credibility of expert witness opinion and testimony, which is the sine qua non of necessary proof for any such claim or lawsuit. Governing bodies of professional medical organizations and societies have crafted rules and regulations for their members that wish to provide expert medical witness testimony. Where such testimony does not conform to these organizations’ standards, sanctions can be levied, including membership expulsion. Such self-policing has found favor with courts.

Before sanctions are imposed, however, necessary administrative investigations ...


Delegation And Time, Jonathan H. Adler, Christopher J. Walker Jan 2019

Delegation And Time, Jonathan H. Adler, Christopher J. Walker

Faculty Publications

Most concerns about delegation are put in terms of the handover of legislative power to federal agencies and the magnitude of the legislative policy decisions made by such agencies. Likewise, most reform proposals, such as the Congressional Review Act and the proposed REINS Act, address these gap-filling, democratic-deficit concerns. The same is true of the judicially created non-delegation canons, such as the major questions doctrine and other clear-statement rules. This Article addresses a different, under-explored dimension of the delegation problem: the temporal complications of congressional delegation. In other words, broad congressional delegations of authority at one time period become a ...


Portable Medical Order Sets (Polst®): Ethical And Legal Landscape, Sharona Hoffman Jan 2019

Portable Medical Order Sets (Polst®): Ethical And Legal Landscape, Sharona Hoffman

Faculty Publications

Anyone who has observed the dying of a loved one or who has thought about medical care in the final months of life may be concerned about end-of-life care. How can individuals ensure that their care fits their needs and preferences if they cannot express these because of dementia, confusion, or other frailties? Some worry that they will receive care that is painful and aggressive in the last stages of disease even though they would prefer comfort care only. By contrast, others worry that physicians will withhold therapeutic care because they assume that such care is unwanted by patients who ...


Quieting The Court: Lessons From The Muslim-Ban Case, Avidan Cover Jan 2019

Quieting The Court: Lessons From The Muslim-Ban Case, Avidan Cover

Faculty Publications

The Supreme Court’s Muslim-ban decision in Trump v. Hawaii and the confirmation of Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court call into question the civil rights litigation enterprise insofar as it challenges U.S. government’s national security and immigration policies. Litigants and advocacy organizations should employ an array of strategies and tactics to avoid the Court’s rulings that almost uniformly defer to, and thus validate, the government’s national security and immigration practices.


This article maintains that The Muslim-Ban Case was a predictable outgrowth of the Supreme Court’s national security-immigration jurisprudence that champions executive power at the ...


What Genetic Testing Teaches About Long-Term Predictive Health Analytics Regulation, Sharona Hoffman Jan 2019

What Genetic Testing Teaches About Long-Term Predictive Health Analytics Regulation, Sharona Hoffman

Faculty Publications

The ever-growing phenomenon of predictive health analytics is generating significant excitement, hope for improved health outcomes, and potential for new revenues. Researchers are developing algorithms to predict suicide, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cognitive decline, future opioid abuse, and other ailments. The researchers include not only medical experts, but also commercial enterprises such as Facebook and LexisNexis, who may profit from the work considerably. This Article focuses on long-term disease predictions (predictions regarding future illnesses), which have received surprisingly little attention in the legal and ethical literature. It compares the robust academic and policy debates and legal interventions that followed the ...


Unicorn Stock Options - Golden Goose Or Trojan Horse?, Anat Alon-Beck Jan 2019

Unicorn Stock Options - Golden Goose Or Trojan Horse?, Anat Alon-Beck

Faculty Publications

Large privately held startups valued at $1 billion or more (“unicorns”) are dealing with employees’ conflicts of expectations due to the illiquidity of the shares of stock acquired upon exercise of their options.

Until about eight years ago, many talented workers chose to work for a startup company for a lower cash salary combined with a substantial stock option grant, and the dream of cashing out for a large sum of money after an initial public offering (“IPO”) of the startup’s stock.

Today, unicorns remain private for extended periods of time in part because they are often no longer ...


Case Western University Law School Library: 125 Years, Joseph A. Custer Jan 2019

Case Western University Law School Library: 125 Years, Joseph A. Custer

Faculty Publications

Professor Custer describes the first 125 years of the Case Western Law School Library’s history, including its collections, facilities, renovations, staff, budget, evolving research and automation technologies, contributions to legal instruction, and involvement with technological advances in the legal information community.


Clown Eggs, David Fagundes, Aaron K. Perzanowski Jan 2019

Clown Eggs, David Fagundes, Aaron K. Perzanowski

Faculty Publications

Since 1946, many clowns have recorded their makeup by having it painted on eggs that are kept in a central registry in Wookey Hole, England. This tradition, which continues today, has been referred to alternately as a form of informal copyright registration and a means of protecting clowns’ property in their personae. This Article explores the Clown Egg Register and its sur- rounding practices from the perspective of law and social norms. In so doing, it makes several contributions. First, it contributes another chapter to the growing literature on the norms-based governance of intellectual property, showing how clowns—like comedians ...


The Tethered Economy, Aaron K. Perzanowski, Chris Jay Hoofnagle, Aniket Kesari Jan 2019

The Tethered Economy, Aaron K. Perzanowski, Chris Jay Hoofnagle, Aniket Kesari

Faculty Publications

Imagine a future in which every purchase decision is as complex as choosing a mobile phone. What will ongoing service cost? Is it compatible with other devices you use? Can you move data and applications across de- vices? Can you switch providers? These are just some of the questions one must consider when a product is “tethered” or persistently linked to the seller. The Internet of Things, but more broadly, consumer products with embedded software, are already tethered. While tethered products bring the benefits of connection, they also carry its pathologies. As sellers blend hardware and software—as well as ...


Time Is Not On Our Side: Why Specious Claims Of Collective Bargaining Rights Should Not Be Allowed To Delay Police Reform Efforts, Ayesha Bell Hardaway Jan 2019

Time Is Not On Our Side: Why Specious Claims Of Collective Bargaining Rights Should Not Be Allowed To Delay Police Reform Efforts, Ayesha Bell Hardaway

Faculty Publications

Many view the passage of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 as the best chance for police departments to make meaningful and lasting improvements. That legislation provides the federal government with the authority to investigate and sue local law enforcement agencies for engaging in a pattern or practice of policing that violates the rights of individuals. However, police unions have attempted to intervene in structural reform litigation designed to remedy unconstitutional policing practices. Those attempts have largely been based on employment rights conferred through collective bargaining laws and similar employment protections. The unions argue that the ...


Fixing The Broken System Of Assessing Criminal Appeals For Frivolousness, Andrew S. Pollis Jan 2019

Fixing The Broken System Of Assessing Criminal Appeals For Frivolousness, Andrew S. Pollis

Faculty Publications

This article seeks to end fifty years of confusion over how to proceed when a criminal defendant wants to appeal but appointed counsel sees no basis for doing so.

Practices vary among jurisdictions, but most require counsel to explain the predicament to the court—often at a level of detail that compromises the duty of loyalty to the client. Most also require the court to double-check counsel’s conclusion by conducting its own independent review of the record, thus burdening judges and blurring the important line between judge and advocate. And at no point in this process does the defendant ...


Passionate Advocate, Laura Mcnally-Levine Jan 2019

Passionate Advocate, Laura Mcnally-Levine

Faculty Publications

Tribute to Judy Lipton


2018 Leet Symposium: Fiduciary Duty Corporate Goals, And Shareholder Activism—Introduction, Charles R. Korsmo Jan 2019

2018 Leet Symposium: Fiduciary Duty Corporate Goals, And Shareholder Activism—Introduction, Charles R. Korsmo

Faculty Publications

On November 1, 2018, the Case Western Reserve University Law Review held the 2018 Leet Symposium, bringing together a group of nationally respected corporate law scholars to explore the current state of play between traditional shareholder wealth maximization and modern shareholder environmental and social activism. The Symposium also included a panel on the difficult role of in-house corporate counsel in a world where serving as a zealous advocate for the corporation may conflict with in-house counsel’s compliance function. This issue contains Articles that were presented on the occasion, together with the prepared remarks of the keynote speaker, SEC Commissioner ...


Lead Plaintiff Incentives In Aggregate Litigation, Charles R. Korsmo, Minor Myers Jan 2019

Lead Plaintiff Incentives In Aggregate Litigation, Charles R. Korsmo, Minor Myers

Faculty Publications

The lead plaintiff role holds out considerable promise in promoting the deterrence and compensation goals of aggregate litigation. The prevailing approach to compensating lead plaintiffs, however, provides no real incentive for a lead plaintiff to bring claims on behalf of a broader group. The policy challenge is to induce sophisticated parties to press claims not in their individual capacity but instead in a representative capacity, conferring a positive externality on all class members by identifying attractive claims, financing ongoing litigation, and managing the work of attorneys. We outline what an active and engaged lead plaintiff could add to the civil ...


Delaware’S Retreat From Judicial Scrutiny Of Mergers, Charles R. Korsmo Jan 2019

Delaware’S Retreat From Judicial Scrutiny Of Mergers, Charles R. Korsmo

Faculty Publications

This Article evaluates recent dramatic developments in Delaware law surrounding merger litigation and concludes that they have gone too far in limiting the ability to challenge managerial wrongdoing in the takeover context. The past three years have seen a sea change in merger litigation, brought on by the twin earthquakes of the Delaware Supreme Court’s decision in Corwin v. KKR and the Delaware Court of Chancery’s decision in In re Trulia. Both of these decisions were inspired by a perceived crisis in merger litigation. By 2015, the percentage of economically significant deals challenged by at least one lawsuit ...


Tribute To Judy Lipton, Ayesha B. Hardaway Jan 2019

Tribute To Judy Lipton, Ayesha B. Hardaway

Faculty Publications

Tribute to Judy Lipton


Healing The Healers: Legal Remedies For Physician Burnout, Sharona Hoffman Jan 2019

Healing The Healers: Legal Remedies For Physician Burnout, Sharona Hoffman

Faculty Publications

A career as a doctor was long considered to be among the best professional paths that one could pursue. But medicine may no longer be the sought-after career that it once was. All too often, doctors, struggling with the demands of electronic health record systems and a myriad of administrative and regulatory responsibilities, find that they fail to derive much joy from their work and become victims of burnout. Physician burnout is an acute concern in the medical community, with over half of doctors reporting that they suffer from it. Physician burnout is a public health threat. Doctors who are ...


The Deliberative Privacy Principle, B. Jessie Hill Jan 2019

The Deliberative Privacy Principle, B. Jessie Hill

Faculty Publications

In this article, I propose that there is a deep connection among at least three seemingly disparate types of constitutional rights claims. Those three rights claims are the right to make the abortion decision for any reason one chooses; the right against compelled ideological speech; and the right of religious institutions to freely hire and fire their ministers (also known as the “ministerial exception”). In particular, there is a thread that unites all of these types of claims. That unifying thread is the concept of deliberative privacy. The connection among these rights claims has not been previously made explicit by ...


(Un)Civil Denaturalization, Cassandra Burke Robertson, Irina D. Manta Jan 2019

(Un)Civil Denaturalization, Cassandra Burke Robertson, Irina D. Manta

Faculty Publications

Over the last fifty years, naturalized citizens in the United States were able to feel a sense of finality and security in their rights. Denaturalization, wielded frequently as a political tool in the McCarthy era, had become exceedingly rare. Indeed, denaturalization was best known as an adjunct to criminal proceedings brought against former Nazis and other war criminals who had entered the country under false pretenses.


Denaturalization is no longer so rare. Naturalized citizens’ sense of security has been fundamentally shaken by policy developments in the last five years. The number of denaturalization cases is growing, and if current trends ...


Striking A Grotian Moment: How The Syria Airstrikes Changed International Law Relating To Humanitarian Interventions, Michael P. Scharf Jan 2019

Striking A Grotian Moment: How The Syria Airstrikes Changed International Law Relating To Humanitarian Interventions, Michael P. Scharf

Faculty Publications

In the years since the 1999 NATO airstrikes on Serbia to prevent ethnic cleansing of the Kosovar Albanians, international law has been moving in fits and starts toward recognition of a limited right of humanitarian intervention in the absence of Security Council approval. But all the ingredients necessary for the crystallization of customary international law were not present until the April 14, 2018 U.S./French/U.K. airstrikes on Syrian chemical weapons facilities. This article examines the unique features of the April 2018 airstrikes – the context of a crisis of historic proportions, the focus on preventing the use of ...


Conflicts Of Interest And Law-Firm Structure, Cassandra Burke Robertson Jan 2019

Conflicts Of Interest And Law-Firm Structure, Cassandra Burke Robertson

Faculty Publications

Business and law are increasingly practiced on a transnational scale, and law firms are adopting new business structures in order to compete on this global playing field. Over the last decade, global law firms have merged into so-called “mega-brands” or “mega-firms”—that is, associations of national or regional law firms that join together under a single brand worldwide. For law firms, the most common mega-firm structure has been the Swiss verein, though the English “Company Limited by Guarantee” structure is growing in popularity as well, as is the similar “European Economic Interest Grouping.” All of these structures allow related entities ...


Due Process And Denaturalization, Cassandra Burke Robertson, Irina D. Manta Jan 2019

Due Process And Denaturalization, Cassandra Burke Robertson, Irina D. Manta

Faculty Publications

Policies restricting immigration and citizenship play a significant role in the current political environment. The implementation of the travel ban, litigation over DACA, and a narrowing of citizenship opportunities for members of the armed forces have all made headlines in the last two years. Along with those policies, the Trump administration has also significantly increased efforts to strip citizenship from individuals alleged to have gained it improperly.

Revocation of citizenship used to focus primarily on former Nazis and other war criminals hiding from justice in the United States. Now, through programs called Operation Janus and Operation Second Look, the Trump ...


Appeal No. 0907: Donald E. Wood, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Oct 2018

Appeal No. 0907: Donald E. Wood, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Order 2015-345 (Financial Assurance)


Appeal No. 0930: M-I L.L.C. Dba M-S Swaco, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Oct 2018

Appeal No. 0930: M-I L.L.C. Dba M-S Swaco, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Order 2016-267 (Temporary Authorization; Strasburg Facility)


Appeal No. 0964: Kevin Simballa, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Oct 2018

Appeal No. 0964: Kevin Simballa, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Order 2018-231 (Auer North Unit; Hilcorp Energy)


Appeal No. 0956: Ms. Kelly M. Rahach, Trustee, Rahach Revocable Trust, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Aug 2018

Appeal No. 0956: Ms. Kelly M. Rahach, Trustee, Rahach Revocable Trust, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Orders 2018-45, 2018-87 & 2-18-88 (Old Farm Units; Chesapeake Exploration, LLC)


Appeal No. 0955: Ms. Kelly M. Rahach, Trustee, Rahach Revocable Trust, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Aug 2018

Appeal No. 0955: Ms. Kelly M. Rahach, Trustee, Rahach Revocable Trust, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Orders 2018-45, 2018-87 & 2-18-88 (Old Farm Units; Chesapeake Exploration, LLC)


Appeal No. 0955: Ms. Kelly M. Rahach, Trustee, Rahach Revocable Trust, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Aug 2018

Appeal No. 0955: Ms. Kelly M. Rahach, Trustee, Rahach Revocable Trust, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Orders 2018-45, 2018-87 & 2-18-88 (Old Farm Units; Chesapeake Exploration, LLC)


Appeal No. 0952: Patrick Hunkler, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Aug 2018

Appeal No. 0952: Patrick Hunkler, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Order 2018-13 (Surratt Unit) (Chesapeake Exploration, LLC)


Appeal No. 0954: Patrick Hunkler, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Aug 2018

Appeal No. 0954: Patrick Hunkler, V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Order 2018-42 (Keller Unit) (Chesapeake Exploration, LLC)