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Natural Resources Law

2019

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Legal Frameworks & Foreign Investment: A Primer On Governments’ Obligations, Kaitlin Y. Cordes, Lise Johnson, Sam Szoke-Burke, Rumbidzaii Mawen Nov 2019

Legal Frameworks & Foreign Investment: A Primer On Governments’ Obligations, Kaitlin Y. Cordes, Lise Johnson, Sam Szoke-Burke, Rumbidzaii Mawen

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

Legal frameworks, and how they interact, are often invisible in the day to day. Yet they are powerful forces that influence government actions and that help to shape who benefits and who loses from foreign investment. Understanding these legal frameworks, and how they interact, is critical for anyone concerned with how foreign investment can be better harnessed to support, rather than weaken, sustainable development and human rights.

This primer provides a brief overview of host government obligations under international investment law, international human rights law, domestic law, and relevant investor-state contracts. It also highlights some of the ways in which ...


Outcome Report On The Climate Crisis, Global Land Use And Human Rights Conference, Mateusz Kasprowicz, Sam Szoke-Burke, Kaitlin Y. Cordes Nov 2019

Outcome Report On The Climate Crisis, Global Land Use And Human Rights Conference, Mateusz Kasprowicz, Sam Szoke-Burke, Kaitlin Y. Cordes

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

On September 27th, the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment (CCSI), the Sabin Center for Climate Change Law, Landesa, the New York City Bar Association International Environmental Law Committee, and Wake Forest Law School hosted a day-long conference on the intersection between land use, the climate crisis and clean energy transition, and human rights.

Held at the Ford Foundation Center for Social Justice, the conference brought together individuals from civil society organizations, governments, and academia, as well as lawyers, climate scientists, land-rights experts, indigenous representatives and other stakeholder groups. The panelists analyzed the critical role that land plays in achieving ...


Law School News: Rwu Law Marine Programs Included In $1.2m Aquaculture Research Grant 10-07-2019, Michael M. Bowden Oct 2019

Law School News: Rwu Law Marine Programs Included In $1.2m Aquaculture Research Grant 10-07-2019, Michael M. Bowden

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


Natural Resources And Environmental Law Newsletter, Fall 2019, Natural Resources And Environmental Law Program Oct 2019

Natural Resources And Environmental Law Newsletter, Fall 2019, Natural Resources And Environmental Law Program

Newsletter

Table of Contents:

  • Emerita Professor Eileen Gauna Receives American Bar Association Award
  • UNM Hires Joseph A. Schremmer as Leon Karelitz Oil & Gas Law Professor
  • Faculty Scholarship and Presentations
  • NREL Clinic Proposes Low Income Energy Efficiency Bill, Participates in Methane Regulation Expert Workgroup
  • Reed D. Benson Elected to Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation Board of Directors
  • Alumna Stefanie Tsosie Hired for Tribal Partnerships Program at Earthjustice
  • 2019 Graduate Ann Brethour Gains National Recognition


Climate Change And Dam Owner Liability In Rhode Island, Read Porter, James Philopena Jr., Cory Lee Oct 2019

Climate Change And Dam Owner Liability In Rhode Island, Read Porter, James Philopena Jr., Cory Lee

Sea Grant Law Fellow Publications

Increasing precipitation associated with climate change is affecting dam operation and hazards in Rhode Island. Flooding caused by increased precipitation or extreme weather events can cause dam failure or upstream or downstream flooding, resulting in loss of life and property. These losses can result in liability, which may vary based on the dam owner and its purpose. This study assists dam owners and the public in understanding the potential liabilities that may arise as a result of flooding from extreme weather events. Section one provides a background of dam hazards in Rhode Island in the context of climate change. Section ...


Transnational Perspectives On The Paris Climate Agreement Beyond Paris: Redressing American Defaults In Caring For Earth’S Biosphere, Nicholas A. Robinson Oct 2019

Transnational Perspectives On The Paris Climate Agreement Beyond Paris: Redressing American Defaults In Caring For Earth’S Biosphere, Nicholas A. Robinson

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Faculty Publications

Anxiety about the fate of human civilization is rising. International Law has an essential role to play in sustaining community of nations. Without enhancing International Environmental Law, the biosphere that sustains all nations is imperiled. Laws in the United States can either impede or advance global environmental stewardship. What is entailed in such a choice?

The biosphere is changing. At a time when extraordinary technological prowess allows governments the capacity to know how deeply they are altering Earth's biosphere, nations experience a perverse inability to cooperate together. The Arctic is melting rapidly, with knock on effects for sea level ...


Linkages To The Mining Sector In Colombia, Nicolas Maennling, Perrine Toledano Oct 2019

Linkages To The Mining Sector In Colombia, Nicolas Maennling, Perrine Toledano

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

At the request of the Colombian Government and with the support of GIZ, CCSI prepared a policy brief focused on linkages from the mining sector in Colombia. The brief gives an overview of existing regulatory requirements, government policies and company programs to foster economic and infrastructure linkages. Based on the findings, the brief provides suggestions for next steps if the government is to develop a more comprehensive linkage creation program.


The Rise Of Renewable Energy In The Mena Region: An Investigation Into The Policies Governing Energy Resources, Farah Abdelrahim Sep 2019

The Rise Of Renewable Energy In The Mena Region: An Investigation Into The Policies Governing Energy Resources, Farah Abdelrahim

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

This paper explores the various policies and legislative frameworks regarding renewable energy in place throughout the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), with a specific focus on two representative countries: Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. Through compiling information from past literature covering renewable energy policies in general, the history of hydrocarbons in the Middle East, and the steadily growing presence of renewables in the area, and combining that information with primary research through meetings and interviews with individuals throughout the different stages of the renewable energy market, this paper arrives at recommendations regarding the future of renewable energy production ...


The Safe And Efficient Development Of Offshore Transboundary Hydrocarbons: Best Practices From The North Sea And Their Application To The Gulf Of Mexico, Elise Aldendifer, Mckenzie Coe, Taylor Faught, Ian Klein, Peter Kuylen, Keeli Lane, Robert Loughran, Kristin Newby, Morgan Parker, Megan Pharis, John Thomas, Braxton Wood Sep 2019

The Safe And Efficient Development Of Offshore Transboundary Hydrocarbons: Best Practices From The North Sea And Their Application To The Gulf Of Mexico, Elise Aldendifer, Mckenzie Coe, Taylor Faught, Ian Klein, Peter Kuylen, Keeli Lane, Robert Loughran, Kristin Newby, Morgan Parker, Megan Pharis, John Thomas, Braxton Wood

EENRS Program Reports & Publications

Offshore hydrocarbon resources have been developed for many decades, and with technology improvements, many fields which were once impossible to develop, are now economically and technologically feasible. This has led to a growing difficulty in determining the legislative and regulatory framework for resources that straddle the recognized borders between two states. In this paper, we examine a successful framework agreement governing the transboundary resources between the United Kingdom (“U.K.”) and Norway in the North Sea, and the agreement between the United States and Mexico governing the Gulf of Mexico. Following the 2013 Energy Reform, the Mexican energy sector has ...


Fixing The Business Of Food: The Food Industry And The Sdg Challenge, Barilla Center For Food And Nutrition, Sustainable Development Solutions Network, Columbia Center On Sustainable Investment, Sanda Chiara Lab Sep 2019

Fixing The Business Of Food: The Food Industry And The Sdg Challenge, Barilla Center For Food And Nutrition, Sustainable Development Solutions Network, Columbia Center On Sustainable Investment, Sanda Chiara Lab

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

In collaboration with the Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition, the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network, and the Santa Chiara Lab of the University of Siena, CCSI presented its first report on Fixing the Business of Food.

The document, part of a two-year effort, highlights the sustainable development challenge faced by the food industry. By proposing a Four Dimension framework, the report asks four overarching questions for companies in the food sector to address alignment with the SDGs:

  1. Does the company contribute to healthy and sustainable dietary patterns through its products and strategy?
  2. Are the company’s production processes economically ...


Appeal No. 0950: General Electric Company V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Aug 2019

Appeal No. 0950: General Electric Company V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Order 2017-347


Appeal No. 0965: Brookfield Citizens Against Injection Wells, Et Al. V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management And Highland Field Services, Llc, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Aug 2019

Appeal No. 0965: Brookfield Citizens Against Injection Wells, Et Al. V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management And Highland Field Services, Llc, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Order 2018-286; Highland Brookfield Well #5 (Highland Field Services, LLC)


Appeal No. 974: L.D. Jenkins V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Aug 2019

Appeal No. 974: L.D. Jenkins V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Orders 2019-69 & 2019-77; Smith East Unit & Smith Unit (Chesapeake Exploration)


Appeal No. 0973: L.D. Jenkins V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Aug 2019

Appeal No. 0973: L.D. Jenkins V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Orders 2019-69 & 2019-77; Smith East Unit & Smith Unit (Chesapeake Exploration)


Briefing For Civil Society Organizations – Understanding Commercial Eucalyptus Plantations: How Do They Work And What Are Their Environmental Impacts?, Columbia Center On Sustainable Investment Jul 2019

Briefing For Civil Society Organizations – Understanding Commercial Eucalyptus Plantations: How Do They Work And What Are Their Environmental Impacts?, Columbia Center On Sustainable Investment

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

If a company wants to use a community’s land for eucalyptus plantations, the community should think carefully about whether this is a good idea. Civil society organizations that support communities can use this briefing to help communities understand the potential environmental impacts the community should be aware of. The briefing explains plantation forestry and the life-cycle of eucalyptus tree plantations. It also notes the different possible negative environmental impacts of eucalyptus plantations before exploring how this information can be factored into community decision-making about a proposed eucalyptus plantation. While the briefing focuses on eucalyptus plantations, a lot of it ...


Conferring Legal Personality On The World's Rivers: A Brief Intellectual Assessment, Gabriel Eckstein, Ariella D'Andrea, Virginia Marshall, Erin O'Donnell, Julia Talbot-Jones, Deborah Curran, Katie O'Bryan Jul 2019

Conferring Legal Personality On The World's Rivers: A Brief Intellectual Assessment, Gabriel Eckstein, Ariella D'Andrea, Virginia Marshall, Erin O'Donnell, Julia Talbot-Jones, Deborah Curran, Katie O'Bryan

Faculty Scholarship

The following compilation is substantially reproduced and adapted from a series of essays that appeared in the blog of the International Water Law Project (www.inter nationalwaterlaw.org). The series was solicited in response to the unique recent phenomenon in which a number of courts and legislatures around the world have conferred legal personality on particular rivers. What resulted is a fantastic, thoughtprovoking and timely compilation.

In effect, various water bodies around the world have been accorded legal rights – some though legislative actions and others via judicial decisions – that in some jurisdictions, equate with those recognized in human beings. Although ...


Appeal No. 0915: Dynamerican, Llc, Et. Al V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management And American Energy - Utica, Llc Nka Ascent Resources - Utica, Llc., Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Jun 2019

Appeal No. 0915: Dynamerican, Llc, Et. Al V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management And American Energy - Utica, Llc Nka Ascent Resources - Utica, Llc., Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Order 2016-47 (American Energy - Utica nka Ascent Resources - Utica; Henry LND GR Unit)


Appeal No. 0962: Jeffrey D. Kuster, On Behalf Of David Kuster, Deceased V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Jun 2019

Appeal No. 0962: Jeffrey D. Kuster, On Behalf Of David Kuster, Deceased V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Order 2018-114


Fostering Adaptive Marine Aquaculture Through Procedural Innovation In Marine Spatial Planning, Robin Kundis Craig Jun 2019

Fostering Adaptive Marine Aquaculture Through Procedural Innovation In Marine Spatial Planning, Robin Kundis Craig

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

Worldwide, as wild-caught commercial fisheries plateau and human demands for protein increase, marine aquaculture is expanding. Much marine aquaculture is inherently adaptable to changing climatic and chemical conditions. Nevertheless, siting of marine aquaculture operations is subject to competing environmental, economic, and social demands upon and priorities for ocean space, while some forms of marine aquaculture can impose other externalities on marine systems, such as pollution from wastes (nutrients) and antibiotics, consumption of wild fish as food, and introduction of non-native or genetically modified species. As a result, governmental policy decisions to promote both marine aquaculture that can adapt to a ...


Legal Mechanisms For Mitigating Flood Impacts In Texas Coastal Communities, Philip Bedford, Alexis Long, Thomas Long, Erin Milliken, Lauren Thomas, Alexis Yelvington May 2019

Legal Mechanisms For Mitigating Flood Impacts In Texas Coastal Communities, Philip Bedford, Alexis Long, Thomas Long, Erin Milliken, Lauren Thomas, Alexis Yelvington

EENRS Program Reports & Publications

Flooding is a major source of concern for Texas’ coastal communities. It affects the quality of infrastructure, the lives of citizens, and the ecological systems upon which coastal communities in Texas rely. To plan for and mitigate the impacts of flooding, Texas coastal communities may implement land use tools such as zoning, drainage utility systems, eminent domain, exactions, and easements. Additionally, these communities can benefit from understanding how flooding affects water quality and the tools available to restore water bodies to healthy water quality levels. Finally, implementing additional programs for education and ecotourism will help citizens develop knowledge of the ...


The Niobrara National Scenic River: Exploring Co-Management Through A Case Study Of The Niobrara Council, Melissa M. Mosier May 2019

The Niobrara National Scenic River: Exploring Co-Management Through A Case Study Of The Niobrara Council, Melissa M. Mosier

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

In recent decades, government staff and local citizens have increasingly employed cooperative schemes of natural resource management, in lieu of more conventional, top-down approaches of addressing user conflicts as they relate to water resources. The focus of this project was on the Niobrara Council, a partnership of local, state, and federal representatives charged with cooperatively managing the reach of the Niobrara River that was federally designated under the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act in 1991. The project's purpose was to explore the cooperative framework of the Council, using the methodology outlined by Carlsson and Berkes (2005). This methodology involved ...


Clean Energy Equity, Felix Mormann May 2019

Clean Energy Equity, Felix Mormann

Faculty Scholarship

Solar, wind, and other clean, renewable sources of energy promise to mitigate climate change, enhance energy security, and foster economic growth. But many of the policies in place to promote clean energy today are marred by an uneven distribution of economic opportunities and associated financial burdens. Tax incentives for renewables cost American taxpayers billions of dollars every year, yet the tax code effectively precludes all but the largest banks and most profitable corporations from reaping the benefits of these tax breaks. Other policies, such as renewable portfolio standards that set minimum quota to create demand for renewable electricity require such ...


Appeal No. 0966: Hardesty Production V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Apr 2019

Appeal No. 0966: Hardesty Production V. Division Of Oil & Gas Resources Management, Ohio Oil & Gas Commission

Ohio Oil & Gas Commission Decisions

Review of Chief's Order 2018-242


Oil Wealth And Gender In Political And National Belonging, Caroline M. Bosworth Apr 2019

Oil Wealth And Gender In Political And National Belonging, Caroline M. Bosworth

Student Publications

Oil-based economies drive a connection between national identity and support for patriarchal belonging. Oil wealthy nations ensure that both men and women are excluded from political participation, and thus have a weak civil society. Through entrenching the population in the benefits of the oil economy, rentier states affirm that there is a high level of national identity. A weak civil society and the patriarchal nature of the oil wealth disenfranchises men and women, thus increasing women’s belief in the effectiveness of a male leader.


Municipal Options To Address Nuisance Flooding Of Coastal Highways In Rhode Island, Marine Affairs Institute, Roger Williams University School Of Law, Olivia Thompson, Read Porter Apr 2019

Municipal Options To Address Nuisance Flooding Of Coastal Highways In Rhode Island, Marine Affairs Institute, Roger Williams University School Of Law, Olivia Thompson, Read Porter

Sea Grant Law Fellow Publications

Sea level rise and more powerful storm surges and erosion have increased flooding in low-lying coastal areas of Rhode Island. These impacts affect coastal highways, requiring municipalities to make difficult choices about whether and how to maintain or abandon their infrastructure. This fact sheet helps cities and towns understand their legal duties, options, and potential liabilities when considering the future of threatened coastal infrastructure. By using the information in this fact sheet, municipalities can make informed decisions about the consequences of their infrastructure investments. After providing background on nuisance flooding associated with sea level rise, this fact sheet describes Rhode ...


Innovative Financing Solutions For Community Support In The Context Of Land Investments, Sam Szoke-Burke Mar 2019

Innovative Financing Solutions For Community Support In The Context Of Land Investments, Sam Szoke-Burke

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

Communities affected by agricultural, forestry, and other resource investments urgently need increased funding for legal and technical support. Without support, communities risk losing access to critical land and resources, suffering human rights violations, or missing opportunities to benefit from investments. A lack of community support can also lead to conflict and challenges that are damaging for companies and host governments.

Donors and support providers have found ways to finance support for communities, but such efforts can only extend so far. Promising new opportunities exist for filling the financing gap, yet they will require sustained efforts by a range of actors ...


Specialization Trend: Water Courts, Vanessa Casado-Pérez Mar 2019

Specialization Trend: Water Courts, Vanessa Casado-Pérez

Faculty Scholarship

Definition of property rights is not useful unless there is an enforcement system, either public or private, that backs it up. While the definition of property rights as a solution to the tragedy of the commons has been carefully analyzed in the literature, the enforcement piece has been somewhat overlooked. Water is becoming scarcer and conflict is rising. As a result, the need for an efficient and fair enforcement system is more necessary than ever due to climate change.

Given the complexity of water law and the backlog in the judicial system, introducing specialization in the resolution of water cases ...


Betting On Climate Policy: Using Prediction Markets To Address Global Warming, Gary M. Lucas Jr, Felix Mormann Feb 2019

Betting On Climate Policy: Using Prediction Markets To Address Global Warming, Gary M. Lucas Jr, Felix Mormann

Faculty Scholarship

Global warming, sea level rise, and extreme weather events have made climate change a top priority for policymakers across the globe. But which policies are best suited to tackle the enormous challenges presented by our changing climate? This Article proposes that policymakers turn to prediction markets to answer that crucial question. Prediction markets have a strong track record of outperforming other forecasting mechanisms across a wide range of contexts — from predicting election outcomes and economic trends to guessing Oscar winners. In the context of climate change, market participants could, for example, bet on important climate outcomes conditioned on the adoption ...


Proposed State Offshore Oil & Gas Legislation And Resolutions: 2017-18, Marine Affairs Institute, Roger Williams University School Of Law, Megan Betts Feb 2019

Proposed State Offshore Oil & Gas Legislation And Resolutions: 2017-18, Marine Affairs Institute, Roger Williams University School Of Law, Megan Betts

Sea Grant Law Fellow Publications

No abstract provided.


Measuring The Nepa Litigation Burden: A Review Of 1,499 Federal Court Cases, John C. Ruple, Kayla Race Jan 2019

Measuring The Nepa Litigation Burden: A Review Of 1,499 Federal Court Cases, John C. Ruple, Kayla Race

Wallace Stegner Center for Land, Resources, and the Environment publications

We reviewed thirteen years of National Environmental Policy Act (“NEPA”) litigation data summarizing 1,499 federal court opinions to assess:


(1) How frequently NEPA compliance efforts result in litigation;

(2) how agency NEPA decisions fare in court; and

(3) how NEPA litigation outcomes compare to outcomes in other challenges to federal agency decisions.

We found that only one in 450 NEPA decisions were litigated and that the rate of NEPA challenges declined during the thirteen-year study period. We noted an inverse relationship between the amount of time spent on Environmental Impact Statement (“EIS”) preparation and the likelihood that an EIS ...