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Law and Gender

1990

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Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Law

Gestational Surrogacy And The Health Care Provider: Put Part Of The "Ivf Genie" Back Into The Bottle, Karen H. Rothenberg Dec 1990

Gestational Surrogacy And The Health Care Provider: Put Part Of The "Ivf Genie" Back Into The Bottle, Karen H. Rothenberg

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Practical Polyphony: Theories Of The State And Feminist Jurisprudence, Carol Weisbrod Jul 1990

Practical Polyphony: Theories Of The State And Feminist Jurisprudence, Carol Weisbrod

Faculty Articles and Papers

No abstract provided.


A Theory-Practice Spiral: The Ethics Of Feminism And Clinical Education, Phyllis Goldfarb Jun 1990

A Theory-Practice Spiral: The Ethics Of Feminism And Clinical Education, Phyllis Goldfarb

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Should law school classes cultivate professional skills or should they advance a broad intellectual agenda? This Article examines the relationship between theory and practice from the standpoint of two movements within law’s academy: clinical education and feminist jurisprudence. Although the former is often thought of as a practical movement and the latter a theoretical movement, the Author’s intention is to demonstrate the fundamental methodological similarity of the two movements, and hence, the problematic nature of the theory-practice label. This Article also examines the ethical impulse that sparks clinical education and feminism, suggesting that each movement’s perceptions of ...


Achieving Equal Justice For Women And Men In The Courts. The Draft Report Of The Judicial Council Advisory Committee On Gender Bias In The Courts, Judicial Council Of California Mar 1990

Achieving Equal Justice For Women And Men In The Courts. The Draft Report Of The Judicial Council Advisory Committee On Gender Bias In The Courts, Judicial Council Of California

California Agencies

The Judicial Council Advisory Committee on Gender Bias in the Courts was appointed by two Chief Justices and charged with the duty of examining the problem of gender bias in the California courts, gathering information, and making recommendations to the Judicial Council to correct any problems identified. The committee has found that serious problems do exist in decison making, court practices and procedures, the fair allocation of judicial resources, and in the courtroom environment. The committee proposes a series of recommendations in the areas of: Civil Litigation and Courtroom Demeanor, Family Law, Domestic Violence, Juvenile and Criminal Law, and Court ...


Women And Aids - Racism, Sexism, And Classism, Taunya L. Banks Jan 1990

Women And Aids - Racism, Sexism, And Classism, Taunya L. Banks

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Refocusing Abortion Jurisprudence To Include The Woman: A Response To Bopp And Coleson And Webster V. Reproductive Health Services, Barbara Cox Jan 1990

Refocusing Abortion Jurisprudence To Include The Woman: A Response To Bopp And Coleson And Webster V. Reproductive Health Services, Barbara Cox

Faculty Scholarship

This Article seeks to refocus the abortion debate to include the impact of unwanted pregnancy on women. The first two sections of this Article challenge Bopp and Coleson's argument that a woman's right to choose an abortion enjoys no constitutional basis and that Roe should be reversed. A woman's constitutionally protected liberty and privacy rights are directly implicated by the state imposed pregnancy that results from restricted access to abortion. The third section disputes Bopp and Coleson's claim that the abortion right has become virtually inviolate, not subject to the state restrictions that the Court has ...


Surrogacy, Slavery, And The Ownership Of Life, Anita L. Allen Jan 1990

Surrogacy, Slavery, And The Ownership Of Life, Anita L. Allen

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Gender Bias In The Classrom, Taunya Lovell Banks Jan 1990

Gender Bias In The Classrom, Taunya Lovell Banks

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Improving Substance Abuse Treatment For Women, Brenda V. Smith Jan 1990

Improving Substance Abuse Treatment For Women, Brenda V. Smith

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

Alcohol and other drug use among women of child-bearing age has increased dramatically, and, as a result, more pregnant women are faced with alcohol and other drug problems. The only known national estimate suggests that 11 percent of pregnant women used illegal drugs during their pregnancy. Although pregnant crack-addicted women have received the most media attention, the problem is no less serious for alcohol and other drugs.

Alcohol and other drug use during pregnancy has negative physical and psychological consequences for both the mother and the child. Alcoholic mothers are at risk of having infants with fetal alcohol syndrome, which ...


Proving Discrimination After Price Waterhouse And Wards Cove, Candace Kovacic-Fleischer Jan 1990

Proving Discrimination After Price Waterhouse And Wards Cove, Candace Kovacic-Fleischer

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

INTRODUCTION Anyone involved in litigation under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 19641 or similar state statutes may wonder what is entailed in proving or disproving discrimination after the United States Supreme Court's October 1988 Term. In fact, in the pending Civil Rights Act of 1990, Congress is considering reversing some of what the Supreme Court did during that Term. One of the issues that the Supreme Court addressed during the 1988 Term involved allocating burdens of proof in two major types of Title VII claims, dis- parate-treatment and disparate-impact. Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins, dealt with a ...


Sameness Feminism And The Work/Family Conflict, Joan C. Williams Jan 1990

Sameness Feminism And The Work/Family Conflict, Joan C. Williams

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Judicial Review And Abortion In Canada: Lessons For The United States In The Wake Of Webster V. Reproductive Health Services, 61 U. Colo. L. Rev. 537 (1990), Donald L. Beschle Jan 1990

Judicial Review And Abortion In Canada: Lessons For The United States In The Wake Of Webster V. Reproductive Health Services, 61 U. Colo. L. Rev. 537 (1990), Donald L. Beschle

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Some Questions About Gender And The Death Penalty, Elizabeth Rapaport Jan 1990

Some Questions About Gender And The Death Penalty, Elizabeth Rapaport

Faculty Scholarship

No capital punishment statute classifies by gender, but it is arguable that gender bias infects the administration of capital punishment because the discretion of prosecutors, juries and judges is employed to the advantage of female murderers. Prior to Furman, capital punishment statutes typically gave sentencing authorities untrammelled discretion to mete out life or death. Although sentencing discretion has been substantially reduced in the modern death penalty regime, it remains arguable post-Furman that the sparseness of women on death row testifies to the discriminatory use of capital sentencing discretion. However, in light of the recent decision in McCleskey v. Kemp, in ...


Women In The Lawyering Process: The Complications Of Categories, Judy Scales-Trent Jan 1990

Women In The Lawyering Process: The Complications Of Categories, Judy Scales-Trent

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Federal Judiciary Engendered, Carl W. Tobias Jan 1990

The Federal Judiciary Engendered, Carl W. Tobias

Law Faculty Publications

The dearth of women named to cabinet level positions in the George H.W. Bush Administration does not augur well for appointment of women to the federal bench. Equally discouraging was Mr. Bush's campaign response to the question whether there should be special efforts to select more women for the federal judiciary: "[I] remain committed to appointing to the bench the best qualified candidates we can find-regardless of ... gender--and the record shows that we have been successful in fulfilling this commitment. " The record compiled by the Administration in which he served as Vice-President for two terms was deplorable.

To ...


Nomos And Thanatos (Part B): Feminism As Jurisgenerative Transformation, Or Resistance Through Partial Incorporation? Part Ii, Richard F. Devlin Frsc Jan 1990

Nomos And Thanatos (Part B): Feminism As Jurisgenerative Transformation, Or Resistance Through Partial Incorporation? Part Ii, Richard F. Devlin Frsc

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

In Part A of this essay, "The Killing Fields", I developed a critique of the disciplinary impulses that underlie modern law and legal theory. Invoking a number of perspectives and a plurality of analyses, I proposed that male-stream legal theory and contemporary law both assume as inevitable, and legitimize as appropriate, the funnelling of violence through law. The problem with a funnel, however, is that it does not curtail or reduce that which is channelled through it. On the contrary, to funnel is to condense and to intensify. Viewed from this perspective, interpreted from the bottom up, law and legal ...


Nomos And Thanatos (Part B): Feminism As Jurisgenerative Transformation, Or Resistance Through Partial Incorporation? Part I, Richard F. Devlin Frsc Jan 1990

Nomos And Thanatos (Part B): Feminism As Jurisgenerative Transformation, Or Resistance Through Partial Incorporation? Part I, Richard F. Devlin Frsc

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

In Part A of this essay, "The Killing Fields", I developed a critique of the disciplinary impulses that underlie modern law and legal theory. Invoking a number of perspectives and a plurality of analyses, I proposed that male-stream legal theory and contemporary law both assume as inevitable, and legitimize as appropriate, the funnelling of violence through law. The problem with a funnel, however, is that it does not curtail or reduce that which is channelled through it. On the contrary, to funnel is to condense and to intensify. Viewed from this perspective, interpreted from the bottom up, law and legal ...


Response, [To Kathryn Abrams, Hiring Woman], Thomas B. Mcaffee Jan 1990

Response, [To Kathryn Abrams, Hiring Woman], Thomas B. Mcaffee

Scholarly Works

This article is a response to an article by Professor Kathryn Abram about the recruitment and hiring of women law professors. Professor McAffee confronts an issue that Professor Abrams does not—that of giving women a “preference” in hiring. Professor McAffee also adds to Professor Abrams’ reflections about the question of how law schools should go about hiring more women.


"Portrait Of A Lady": The Woman Lawyer In The 1980s, Stacy Caplow, Shira A. Scheindlin Jan 1990

"Portrait Of A Lady": The Woman Lawyer In The 1980s, Stacy Caplow, Shira A. Scheindlin

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Feminism's Search For The Feminine: Essentialism, Utopianism, And Community, Susan H. Williams Jan 1990

Feminism's Search For The Feminine: Essentialism, Utopianism, And Community, Susan H. Williams

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Whose Nature? Practical Reason And Patriarchy, Lynne N. Henderson Jan 1990

Whose Nature? Practical Reason And Patriarchy, Lynne N. Henderson

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Gender And Race Bias Against Lawyers: A Classroom Response, Suellyn Scarnecchia Jan 1990

Gender And Race Bias Against Lawyers: A Classroom Response, Suellyn Scarnecchia

Articles

In reviewing other clinicians' approaches to teaching about bias, I identified problems that eventually led me to design a two-hour class session on bias against lawyers. The following is a review of a few other teaching methods and a description of my own approach, detailing its own strengths and weaknesses. This is not an exhaustive review of all possible approaches to bias. It is offered to promote classroom discussion of bias against lawyers and to invite the development of innovative alternatives to my approach.


Equality Theory, Marital Rape, And The Promise Of The Fourteenth Amendment, Robin West Jan 1990

Equality Theory, Marital Rape, And The Promise Of The Fourteenth Amendment, Robin West

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

During the 1980s a handful of state judges either held or opined in dicta what must be incontrovertible to the feminist community, as well as to most progressive legal advocates and academics: the so-called marital rape exemption, whether statutory or common law in origin, constitutes a denial of a married woman's constitutional right to equal protection under the law. Indeed, a more obvious denial of equal protection is difficult to imagine: the marital rape exemption denies married women protection against violent crime solely on the basis of gender and marital status. What possibly could be less rational than a ...


Whose Nature? Practical Reason And Patriarchy, Lynne Henderson Jan 1990

Whose Nature? Practical Reason And Patriarchy, Lynne Henderson

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Reflections On Identity, Diversity And Morality, Deborah W. Post Jan 1990

Reflections On Identity, Diversity And Morality, Deborah W. Post

Scholarly Works

The author reflects over events in her life that helped her define herself and her ethical identity, a black woman teacher.


Women In The Aids Epidemic: A Portrait Of Unmet Needs, Arlene Zarembka, Katherine M. Franke Jan 1990

Women In The Aids Epidemic: A Portrait Of Unmet Needs, Arlene Zarembka, Katherine M. Franke

Faculty Scholarship

While rarely a month goes by that the topic of AIDS escapes discussion in the legal literature, a survey of legal publications reveals that the implications of AIDS for women has received scant treatment by legal commentators. Unfortunately, this neglect is not unique to the legal community, but reflects a larger societal disinterest in women with AIDS.

In fact, this epidemic looks quite different from the perspective of women. The medical, social, and legal needs of women affected by AIDS are in many ways needs that preexisted AIDS, but which have been magnified by the threat and implications of HIV ...