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International Trade Law

2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 51

Full-Text Articles in Law

Saving The Wto From The Risk Of Irrelevance: The Wto Dispute Settlement Mechanism As A ‘Common Good’ For Rta Disputes, Henry Gao, Chin Leng Lim Dec 2008

Saving The Wto From The Risk Of Irrelevance: The Wto Dispute Settlement Mechanism As A ‘Common Good’ For Rta Disputes, Henry Gao, Chin Leng Lim

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

Over the past few decades, Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) have proliferated globally. Such proliferation of RTAs created a renewed sense of urgency for the WTO to take action in order to avoid the fate of being eclipsed into irrelevance. There are several options for coping with the challenge. Theoretically speaking, the best approach would be to heighten the level of ambition in global trade talks to reduce all trade barriers to zero so that the discriminatory effect created by RTAs could be reduced or even eliminated. In reality, such an approach would be impossible for well-known reasons. The next best …


A New Role For The International Monetary Fund In A New World Economic Order, Cynthia C. Lichtenstein Nov 2008

A New Role For The International Monetary Fund In A New World Economic Order, Cynthia C. Lichtenstein

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The IMF must change to deal with its new functions in a changed world of interconnected global financial markets. The piece first describes the Fund's mandated process of internal reform as of the time the paper was given (2007). It then summarizes the recommendations of Mervyn Kind, Governor of the Bank of England (in a talk he gave in India) as to how the Fund should change its oversight of the functioning of the international monetary system.


Insource The Shareholding Of Outsourced Employees: A Global Stock Ownership Plan, Robert C. Hockett Oct 2008

Insource The Shareholding Of Outsourced Employees: A Global Stock Ownership Plan, Robert C. Hockett

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

With the American economy stalled and another federal election campaign season well underway, the “outsourcing” of American jobs is again on the public agenda. Latest figures indicate not only that claims for joblessness benefits are up, but also that the rate of American job-exportation has more than doubled since the last electoral cycle. This year’s political candidates have been quick to take note. In consequence, more than at any time since the early 1990s, continued American participation in the World Trade Organization, in the North American Free Trade Agreement, and in the processes of global economic integration more generally appear …


International And Comparative Aspects Of Trademark Dilution, Mark D. Janis, Peter K. Yu Oct 2008

International And Comparative Aspects Of Trademark Dilution, Mark D. Janis, Peter K. Yu

Faculty Scholarship

Extract:

In the United States, trademark antidilution protection is back—maybe. Proposed by Frank Schechter in the 1920s, adopted in various incarnations in some states over the next few decades, and ultimately introduced in a slightly different form in federal trademark law in 1995, the dilution provisions drew a cool reception in the courts. By the late 1990s, an increasingly restive judiciary was constraining the federal dilution provisions in various ways, most notably by requiring mark owners to prove actual dilution in order to establish liability, a requirement endorsed by the United States Supreme Court in Moseley v. V Secret Catalogue, …


New Paradigms For Protection Of Biodiversity, Srividhya Ragavan Sep 2008

New Paradigms For Protection Of Biodiversity, Srividhya Ragavan

Faculty Scholarship

The most successful bioprospecting venture was established in 1989 in Costa Rica. Interestingly, the distinction of being a forerunner in exploiting bioprospecting goes to India. In 1979, a full decade before Costa Rica, India established the TBGRI (Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute) at Trivandrum.

Yet, the TBGRI venture with the Kani Tribes, which had the potential to become a beacon of bioprospecting success, is showcased as the exemplar of failure. In this era of trade regime, the following paper asserts, bioprospecting ventures are important tools for developing countries. Countries like India and organizations like the TBGRI should learn from …


The Moral Hazard Problem In Global Economic Regulation, Frank J. Garcia Jul 2008

The Moral Hazard Problem In Global Economic Regulation, Frank J. Garcia

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Global regulation of international business transactions presents a particular form of the moral hazard problem. Global firms use economic and political power to manipulate state and state-controlled multilateral regulation to preserve their opportunity to externalize the social costs of global economic activity with impunity. Unless other actors can effectively counter this at the national and global regulatory levels, globalization re-creates the conditions for under-regulated or “robber baron” capitalism at the global level. This model of economic activity has been rejected at the national level by the same modern democratic capitalist states which currently dominate globalization, creating a crisis of legitimacy …


Oversight Of U.S. Trade Preference Programs: Hearing Before The S. Comm. On Finance, 110th Cong., June 12, 2008 (Statement Of Andrew Small, Adjunct Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), Andrew Small Jun 2008

Oversight Of U.S. Trade Preference Programs: Hearing Before The S. Comm. On Finance, 110th Cong., June 12, 2008 (Statement Of Andrew Small, Adjunct Prof. Of Law, Geo. U. L. Center), Andrew Small

Testimony Before Congress

No abstract provided.


Justice, The Bretton Woods Institutions And The Problem Of Inequality, Frank J. Garcia Jun 2008

Justice, The Bretton Woods Institutions And The Problem Of Inequality, Frank J. Garcia

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The Bretton Woods Institutions are, together with the WTO, the preeminent international institutions devoted to managing international economic relations. This mandate puts them squarely in the center of the debate concerning development, inequality and global justice. While the normative analysis of the WTO is gaining momentum, the systematic normative evaluation of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund is comparatively less developed. This essay aims to contribute to that nascent inquiry. How might global justice criteria apply to the ideology and operations of the Bank and Fund? Political theory offers an abundance of perspectives from which to conduct such …


The Eu Challenge To The Sec, Roberta S. Karmel Jun 2008

The Eu Challenge To The Sec, Roberta S. Karmel

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Access To Medicines, Brics Alliances, And Collective Action, Peter K. Yu Jun 2008

Access To Medicines, Brics Alliances, And Collective Action, Peter K. Yu

Faculty Scholarship

Most discussions on the public health implications of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights focus on the right of less developed countries to issue compulsory licenses and the need for these countries to exploit flexibilities within the TRIPs Agreement. However, there are other means by which countries can enhance access to essential medicines. To provide an illustration of these other means, this article explores the possibility for greater collaboration among the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) and between these countries and other less developed countries.

This article begins by offering a brief …


Business Taxes And International Competitiveness, Michael S. Knoll May 2008

Business Taxes And International Competitiveness, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Carey Law

Around the world, policymakers are obsessed with the competitiveness of their domestic companies and domestically based multinational corporations (MNCs). Such concerns frequently influence policy, especially tax policy. In this paper, I develop a theory of how taxes affect the international competitiveness of businesses. I then use that theory to evaluate basic tax policy decisions, such as the choice between residence- and source-based taxation and the level of tax rates, and to understand the impact various provisions in the U.S. Internal Revenue Code are likely to have on the competitiveness of U.S.-based corporations and MNCs.


Corporate Taxation And International Charter Competition, Mitchell Kane, Edward B. Rock May 2008

Corporate Taxation And International Charter Competition, Mitchell Kane, Edward B. Rock

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Carey Law

Corporate Charter competition has become an increasingly international phenomenon. The thesis of this article is that this development in the corporate law requires a greater focus on the corporate tax law. We first demonstrate how a tax system’s capacity to distort the international charter market depends both upon its approach to determining corporate location and the extent to which it taxes foreign source corporate profits. We also show, however, that it is not possible to remove all distortions through modifications to the tax system alone. We present instead two alternative methods for preserving an international charter market. The first best …


What's At Stake In The Sovereignty Debate?: International Tax And The Nation-State, Diane M. Ring Apr 2008

What's At Stake In The Sovereignty Debate?: International Tax And The Nation-State, Diane M. Ring

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The international tax problems of today are typically beyond the scope of a single nation to solve. However, the prospect of multinational problem solving, often under the auspices of an international organization, unleashes objections grounded in sovereignty. Despite widespread reliance on sovereignty arguments, little attention has been directed at what precisely is meant by sovereignty and what place it has in international tax policy. This article contends that a loss of sovereignty undermines both significant functional roles played by a nation-state (revenue and fiscal policy) and important normative governance values (accountability and democratic legitimacy). Whether these limitations are severe enough …


Evaluating Imf Crisis Prevention As A Matter Of Global Justice, Frank J. Garcia Apr 2008

Evaluating Imf Crisis Prevention As A Matter Of Global Justice, Frank J. Garcia

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Investment Provisions In Economic Partnership Agreements, Gus Van Harten Mar 2008

Investment Provisions In Economic Partnership Agreements, Gus Van Harten

Commissioned Reports, Studies and Public Policy Documents

No abstract provided.


Teaching International Intellectual Property Law, Peter K. Yu Mar 2008

Teaching International Intellectual Property Law, Peter K. Yu

Faculty Scholarship

Intellectual property law was in the backwater only a few decades ago. The Section on Intellectual Property Law of the Association of American Law Schools was not even founded until the early 1980s, and the creation of intellectual property specialty programs has been only a recent phenomenon. As senior legal scholars reminisce, early in their career, they would have been lucky to find a school that would allow them to teach a class on intellectual property law. Although intellectual property law teaching has come of age in the past decade, international intellectual property law courses remain nonexistent in more than …


Three Questions That Will Make You Rethink The U.S.-China Intellectual Property Debate, Peter K. Yu Mar 2008

Three Questions That Will Make You Rethink The U.S.-China Intellectual Property Debate, Peter K. Yu

Faculty Scholarship

The debate on China's piracy and counterfeiting problems has been ongoing for more than two decades. However, in the past few years, this debate has taken on a new sense of urgency and significance. In August 2008, the City of Beijing will host the Summer Olympic Games. Two years later, the 2010 World Expo will be held in Shanghai. In addition, two World Trade Organization dispute settlement panels were recently established to resolve disputes between China and the United States over inadequate enforcement of intellectual property rights and inadequate market access to U.S. media products. All of these developments, of …


Discovery, Judicial Assistance And Arbitration: A New Tool For Cases Involving U.S. Entities?, Peter B. Rutledge Feb 2008

Discovery, Judicial Assistance And Arbitration: A New Tool For Cases Involving U.S. Entities?, Peter B. Rutledge

Scholarly Works

Limited discovery is one of the regularly cited advantages of international arbitration, as opposed to international litigation, particularly in contrast to litigation in the US. courts. Recent decisions by US. courts, however, have threatened to upend this comparative advantage. Invoking a little known US. law, 28 U.S.C. section 1782, these courts have permitted parties in an arbitration to petition for subpoenas issued by US. courts against their adversaries or third parties. Bucking the trend in the academic literature, which largely supports this development, this article opposes reading section 1782 to authorize subpoenas in support of an arbitration. Not only does …


It-Apas - Vertical Harmonization Of Transfer - Pricing Standards, Richard Thompson Ainsworth Jan 2008

It-Apas - Vertical Harmonization Of Transfer - Pricing Standards, Richard Thompson Ainsworth

Faculty Scholarship

The World Customs Organization (WCO) and the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) have begun considering the harmonization of transfer pricing norms among income tax, customs and VAT regimes. Two conferences have been organized in May of 2006 and 2007.

These conferences have concluded so far: (a) that more analysis is needed; (b) that harmonization will require adjustments on all sides; and (c) that pilot projects (real world statutory and administrative efforts to harmonize) or case studies in harmonization (hypothetical fact patterns) are needed to facilitate consideration. This paper assesses the three basic paths being pursued at the present …


Un Regard Extérieur: Back Impact Of European Union Legislation On American Environmental Regulations, David A. Wirth Jan 2008

Un Regard Extérieur: Back Impact Of European Union Legislation On American Environmental Regulations, David A. Wirth

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Albert Kritzer: Pioneer Of Open Access To International Private Law, Marie Stefanini Newman Jan 2008

Albert Kritzer: Pioneer Of Open Access To International Private Law, Marie Stefanini Newman

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Faculty Publications

This essay explores the enormous contributions that Professor Albert H. Kritzer has made to the field of international commercial law through the creation of a unique and powerful database that explicates the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (ClSG).


Corporate Social Responsibility Of Multinational Enterprises And The International Business Law Curriculum, Constance Z. Wagner Jan 2008

Corporate Social Responsibility Of Multinational Enterprises And The International Business Law Curriculum, Constance Z. Wagner

All Faculty Scholarship

The author argues for expanded coverage of corporate social responsibility in the U.S. law school curriculum. Corporate social responsibility is of increasing importance for businesses, particularly for those companies that conduct multinational operations. Current national legal and regulatory regimes fail to adequately address the social and environmental issues that arise in business operations. As a result, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations and businesses have begun to promulgate voluntary codes ofconduct. These codes touch on such subjects as core labor standards, environmental protection, bribery offoreign government officials in international business and human rights. Examples include the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development …


China - Measures Affecting Imports Of Automobile Parts, Sungjoon Cho Jan 2008

China - Measures Affecting Imports Of Automobile Parts, Sungjoon Cho

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


A View Of The Dutch Ipo Cathedral, Peter B. Oh Jan 2008

A View Of The Dutch Ipo Cathedral, Peter B. Oh

Articles

This is the Keynote Address for "IPOs and the Internet Age: The Case for Updated Regulations," a symposium held at The Ohio State University Michael E. Moritz College of Law. Initial public offerings ("IPOs") are an exercise in asymmetrical valuation. One mechanism for bridging these asymmetries is a private financial intermediary to conduct price discovery by meeting with preferred investors. An alternate mechanism is an auction, such as a descending-bid or Dutch procedure, to conduct price discovery by soliciting bids from all prospective investors. Recent disenchantment with the relationship between issuers and intermediaries has prompted some to hail (online) auction-based …


Funky Mussels, A Stolen Car, And Decrepit Used Shoes: Non-Conforming Goods And Notice Thereof Under The United Nations Sales Convention, Harry Flechtner Jan 2008

Funky Mussels, A Stolen Car, And Decrepit Used Shoes: Non-Conforming Goods And Notice Thereof Under The United Nations Sales Convention, Harry Flechtner

Articles

This is a draft of a paper that will appear in a forthcoming issue of the Boston University International Law Journal. This paper, which derives from comments delivered at a 2006 conference held at Istanbul (Turkey) Bilgi University, gives an overview of Part III, Chapter II, Section II of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG). This portion of the Convention encompasses provisions addressing a number of critical issues, including the seller's obligations concerning the quality (Article 35), title (Article 41) and intellectual property aspects (Article 42) of goods sold in a transaction governed …


Metrics And The Measurement Of International Trade: Some Thoughts On The Early Operation Of The Wto Rta Transparency Mechanism, Chios Carmody Jan 2008

Metrics And The Measurement Of International Trade: Some Thoughts On The Early Operation Of The Wto Rta Transparency Mechanism, Chios Carmody

Law Publications

No abstract provided.


A Theory Of Wto Law, Chios Carmody Jan 2008

A Theory Of Wto Law, Chios Carmody

Law Publications

The creation of the World Trade Organization in 1994 has left open the question of whether we can identify a theory of its legal system. A theory should help us to better understand what WTO law is as well as what it should be. This article posits the idea that a theory can be identified if we conceive of the WTO Agreement as protecting expectations about trade, facilitating adjustment to realities encountered in trade, and promoting interdependence between economic operators. Each of these purposes is implemented under the WTO Agreement by a specific instrument. In the case of expectations it …


Beyond Microsoft: Intellectual Property, Peer Production And The Law's Concern With Market Dominance, 18 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 291 (2008), Daryl Lim Jan 2008

Beyond Microsoft: Intellectual Property, Peer Production And The Law's Concern With Market Dominance, 18 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 291 (2008), Daryl Lim

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Is Fame All There Is? - Beating Global Monopolists At Their Own Marketing Game, 40 Geo. Wash. Int'l L. Rev. 123 (2008), Doris E. Long Jan 2008

Is Fame All There Is? - Beating Global Monopolists At Their Own Marketing Game, 40 Geo. Wash. Int'l L. Rev. 123 (2008), Doris E. Long

UIC Law Open Access Faculty Scholarship

In the global economy of the twenty-first century, "coca-colanization" has become a painful economic reality for developing nations. With new branding strategies and a legal protection regime that favors the famous marks of global monopolists, local businesses are not only losing market share, they are also losing their ability to compete in a new environment where leveraged marks often have little relevance to the actual value of the products or services for local consumers. To counter these trends, and add rationality to the global trademark regime, developing countries must develop new strategies and a conscious policy that not only values …


Emerging Issues In North American Trade - Labor Law, Chi Carmody, Kevin Banks, Robert Strassfeld Jan 2008

Emerging Issues In North American Trade - Labor Law, Chi Carmody, Kevin Banks, Robert Strassfeld

Faculty Publications

The Proceedings of the Canada-United States Law Institute Conference on an Example of Cooperation and Common Cause: Enhancing Canada-United States Security and Prosperity Through the Great Lakes and North American Trade, Panel on Emerging Issues in North American Trade - Labor Law, Cleveland, Ohio April 2-4, 2009.