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Business Organizations Law

Seattle University School of Law

Articles 1 - 15 of 15

Full-Text Articles in Law

Bankruptcy’S Corporate Tax Loophole, Diane Lourdes Dick Jan 2014

Bankruptcy’S Corporate Tax Loophole, Diane Lourdes Dick

Faculty Scholarship

Imagine you are a company with a failing business that is drowning in debt. On the bright side, you also possess a very valuable asset. This asset is unique because, unlike most assets, if you liquidate the business through a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, it will be extinguished and its value will not be realized by any shareholders or creditors. On the other hand, even if you substantially liquidate the business using Chapter 11, you can, thanks to an extraordinary ambiguity in the law, preserve this valuable asset. Even better, you can direct the value of this asset to your preferred ...


The Evolution Of The Modern Corporation: Corporate Governance Reform In Context, Charles O'Kelley Jul 2013

The Evolution Of The Modern Corporation: Corporate Governance Reform In Context, Charles O'Kelley

Faculty Scholarship

This article traces the evolution of the modern corporation from the American Civil War to the present. Professor O’Kelley begins with a focus on the period from 1865 to the Great Depression. This was the era of the Great Tycoon, the time of the second industrial revolution and the transformation of America’s economy from small proprietorships and partnerships to the forerunner of the modern corporation. Professor O’Kelley then details the transformational crisis of the Great Depression and Adolf Berle’s central role in shaping America’s changed understanding of the proper relationship between government and the modern ...


The Predictive Power Of Merger Analysis, John B. Kirkwood Jan 2011

The Predictive Power Of Merger Analysis, John B. Kirkwood

Faculty Scholarship

This article looks first at the process courts use to resolve merger challenges and finds that in the area of product market definition, merger analysis is reasonably strong. Market definition remains complex and subjective, however, and could be improved, or avoided altogether, through econometric techniques such as merger simulation. Judicial analysis of entry is much weaker. Courts ask whether the market is protected by entry barriers but rarely ask whether the barriers are high enough to make entry unprofitable.

The article also examines the results of "marginal" mergers, mergers that would have been blocked had the government and courts been ...


Confronting The Certainty Imperative In Corporate Finance Jurisprudence, Diane Lourdes Dick Jan 2011

Confronting The Certainty Imperative In Corporate Finance Jurisprudence, Diane Lourdes Dick

Faculty Scholarship

This Article argues that the methodological constraints of the Imperative have abandoned its underlying goals of certainty and stability in financial markets. Therefore, a new paradigm is needed that will enable courts to allocate rights and remedies in accordance with the economic substance of arrangements, and thus better enhance market stability.

This Article proceeds as follows: Part II articulates the jurisprudential underpinnings of the Imperative. Part III examines the economic theory and assumptions reflected in Imperative-driven decisions, as well as the interpretive methodology that has evolved across a range of judicial decisions and legislative enactments. Part IV introduces a recent ...


Corporations, Veils, And International Criminal Liability, Ronald Slye Jan 2008

Corporations, Veils, And International Criminal Liability, Ronald Slye

Faculty Scholarship

This article investigates the issue of corporations and their criminal liability. Specifically, it outlines general arguments surrounding the issue. It provides more of a broad overview, identifying the key arguments that are typically made for applying criminal liability to corporations.


The Enron Trial Drama: A New Case For Stakeholder Theory, Russell Powell Jan 2007

The Enron Trial Drama: A New Case For Stakeholder Theory, Russell Powell

Faculty Scholarship

This article analyzes the trial of Jeffrey Skilling and Kenneth Lay, including an empirical analysis of jury comments made after the trial. The study indicates that the jury was influenced by the scope of the Enron collapse and its impact on employees, in particular. The article argues that if juries (or judges) are influenced by the magnitude of harm caused by fraudulent, disloyal behavior, especially when it impacts large numbers of working and middle-class employees, it is likely that the same factors will impact the outcome of derivative suits claiming breaches in fiduciary duties brought against officers and perhaps even ...


The Entrepreneur And The Theory Of The Modern Corporation, Charles O'Kelley Jan 2006

The Entrepreneur And The Theory Of The Modern Corporation, Charles O'Kelley

Faculty Scholarship

The foremost description of the classic entrepreneur, immediately prior to the Great Depression and now, was presented by Frank Knight in his seminal work, Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit. In this Article, I will explicate Knight's theory of the entrepreneur and show how it relates to both the Berle-Means Paradigm and the nexus-of-contracts theory of the corporation. My effort here is in part intellectual history and in part the tentative beginnings of a new positive account of the corporation. In the latter regard, this Article takes only the first step in what may prove a quite exhaustive effort to re-plow ...


Delaware Corporation Law And Transaction Cost Engineering, Charles O'Kelley Jan 2000

Delaware Corporation Law And Transaction Cost Engineering, Charles O'Kelley

Faculty Scholarship

Professor O’Kelley believes that a very good way to teach Corporations is to structure the course around a core goal – to teach Delaware corporate law systematically – not just bits and pieces of it, but the entire system, much the way the teaching of constitutional law is approached. This essay is an elaboration of his reasoning and strategies, organized as a presentation and discussion of the core rationales for organizing the course in this way. The first justification flows axiomatically from the following proposition: we create value for many of our students, and harm none, by giving them an opportunity ...


Foreword: The Many Passions Of Teaching Corporations, Charles O'Kelley Jan 2000

Foreword: The Many Passions Of Teaching Corporations, Charles O'Kelley

Faculty Scholarship

Teachers of Corporations share a passion for their subject and consider this first course in the business law curriculum to have fundamental importance for all law-trained professionals. Seemingly, however, we agree on little else, including the substantive focus of the course, the nature of the course materials, and the insights that teachers should convey. In fact, Corporations differs dramatically from school to school. Some teachers focus substantial attention on unincorporated business associations, while others cover only corporation law. Some who teach exclusively about the corporation emphasize closely held firms, while others highlight the law related to publicly traded entities. Likewise ...


Foreword: Understanding The Place Of Limited Liability Companies In The Spectrum Of Business Forms, Charles O'Kelley Jan 1994

Foreword: Understanding The Place Of Limited Liability Companies In The Spectrum Of Business Forms, Charles O'Kelley

Faculty Scholarship

This article is the forward to the Symposium on Oregon's Limited Company Act. For most of this century, state law has provided participants in jointly-owned business ventures with three principal business forms the corporation, the general partnership, and the limited partnership. In the past four years, over two-thirds of the states, including Oregon, have enacted legislation authorizing a new business form-the limited liability company (LLC). It appears likely that the LLC will soon supplant the two forms of partnership as a principal business form, and that it will challenge the corporation as the form of choice for closely held ...


Labor, Loyalty, And The Corporate Campaign, Melinda J. Branscomb Jan 1993

Labor, Loyalty, And The Corporate Campaign, Melinda J. Branscomb

Faculty Scholarship

This article critically assesses the disloyalty test, offering badly needed guidance in this murky and risky area of labor law. Part I provides an overview of the relevant portions of the Act and the problems facing the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB or the Board) and the courts as these decision makers interpret section 7 law. It reviews the early section 7 exceptions, the creation of the disloyalty test, and the aftermath of this new exception, and it introduces a number of problems left as Jefferson Standard's legacy. Part II discusses the analytical inconsistency applied in disloyalty doctrine analysis ...


Jurisdiction: Foreign Plaintiffs, Forum Non Conveniens, And Litigation Against Multinational Corporations, Mark A. Chinen Jan 1986

Jurisdiction: Foreign Plaintiffs, Forum Non Conveniens, And Litigation Against Multinational Corporations, Mark A. Chinen

Faculty Scholarship

This article outlines the litigation against multinational corporations. Specifically, it investigates a case brought against a United States-based corporation, Union Carbide, that owned 51% of stock in an Indian corporation that was responsible for a chemical plant gas leak. The leak resulted in the death of 2,100 people and the injuring of over 200,000. The intricacies of the case are discussed.


Corporate Distributions And The Income Tax: A Consideration Of The Inconsistency Between Subchapter C And Its Underlying Policy, Charles O'Kelley Jan 1981

Corporate Distributions And The Income Tax: A Consideration Of The Inconsistency Between Subchapter C And Its Underlying Policy, Charles O'Kelley

Faculty Scholarship

The issue of whether the sale of shares to an issuer shall be treated as a dividend or as received in exchange for a capital asset has troubled Congress, courts, and commentators since the Revenue Act of 1913. If a corporation redeems some of its shares or distributes all of its assets in complete liquidation, the transaction is generally described as having the characteristics of a divided to the extent the distribution is ‘out of earnings and profits' and the characteristics of a sale to the extent that it terminates the equity interest of the redeemed party. In light of ...


The Constitutional Rights Of Corporations Revisited: Social And Political Expression And The Corporation After First National Bank V. Bellotti, Charles O'Kelley Jan 1979

The Constitutional Rights Of Corporations Revisited: Social And Political Expression And The Corporation After First National Bank V. Bellotti, Charles O'Kelley

Faculty Scholarship

The Supreme Court has addressed only a few occasions the extent to which corporations enjoy those constitutional rights so fundamental to private citizens. In this article Professor O'Kelley discusses the inherent difficulty in applying familiar constitutional principles to corporations and examines those cases in which the Supreme Court has either extended or denied to corporations various constitutional rights. Finding that two underlying conceptual doctrines -- the Field rational and the associational rationale -- have guided the Court in previous decisions in this area, he then applies these doctrines in an analysis of the recent Supreme Court decision in First National Bank ...


A Different Look At The Taxation Of Corporate Distribution And Shareholder Gain, Charles O'Kelley Jan 1977

A Different Look At The Taxation Of Corporate Distribution And Shareholder Gain, Charles O'Kelley

Faculty Scholarship

The taxation of corporate distributions and shareholder gain is an area of the Internal Revenue Code which has fostered a seemingly never-ending yet never-successful attempt by the Courts and Congress to design a coherent, non-discriminatory regime. In this article, Professor O'Kelley sets forth a proposal for a logical system for treating corporate distributions to shareholders which would strengthen the double tax scheme, and eliminate its present loopholes.