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Full-Text Articles in Law

Is Emerging Adulthood Influencing Moffitt’S Developmental Taxonomy? Adding The “Prolonged” Adolescent Offender, Christopher Salvatore, Travis A. Taniguchi, Wayne Welsh Oct 2019

Is Emerging Adulthood Influencing Moffitt’S Developmental Taxonomy? Adding The “Prolonged” Adolescent Offender, Christopher Salvatore, Travis A. Taniguchi, Wayne Welsh

Christopher Salvatore

The study of offender trajectories has been a prolific area of criminological research. However, few studies have incorporated the influence of emerging adulthood, a recently identified stage of the life course, on offending trajectories. The present study addressed this shortcoming by introducing the "prolonged adolescent" offender, a low-level offender between the ages of 18 and 25 that has failed to successfully transition into adult social roles. A theoretical background based on prior research in life-course criminology and emerging adulthood is presented. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health analyses examined the relationship between indicators of traditional turning …


Policing A Negotiated World: A Partial Test Of Klinger’S Ecological Theory Of Policing, Christopher Salvatore, Travis A. Taniguchi Oct 2019

Policing A Negotiated World: A Partial Test Of Klinger’S Ecological Theory Of Policing, Christopher Salvatore, Travis A. Taniguchi

Christopher Salvatore

The primary goal of the current study is to examine a portion of Klinger’s theory. Specifically, we test the influence of organizational and environmental contextual factors, guided by Klinger’s theory, on one measure of officer vigor. To date, few studies have taken this approach to examine Klinger’s theory. The study builds on prior research that has tested aspects of Klinger’s theory and adds new analytic strategies that prior studies have not used. The results of this study have implications for both theory and practice, and they add to the growing literature examining the influence of ecological and organization factors on …


Virtual Life Sentences: An Exploratory Study, Jessica S. Henry, Christopher Salvatore, Bai-Eyse Pugh Oct 2019

Virtual Life Sentences: An Exploratory Study, Jessica S. Henry, Christopher Salvatore, Bai-Eyse Pugh

Christopher Salvatore

Virtual life sentences are sentences with a term of years that exceed an individual’s natural life expectancy. This exploratory study is one of the first to collect data that establish the existence, prevalence, and scope of virtual life sentences in state prisons in the United States. Initial data reveal that more than 31,000 people in 26 states are serving virtual life sentences for violent and nonviolent offenses, and suggest racial disparities in the distribution of these sentences. This study also presents potential policy implications and suggestions for future research.


A Socio-Demographic Analysis Of Responses To Terrorism, Gabriel Rubin, Christopher Salvatore Oct 2019

A Socio-Demographic Analysis Of Responses To Terrorism, Gabriel Rubin, Christopher Salvatore

Christopher Salvatore

Extensive research has found that there are differences in reported levels of fear of crime and associated protective actions influenced by socio-demographic characteristics such as race and gender. Further studies, the majority of which focused on violent and property crime, have found that specific demographic characteristics influence fear of crime and protective behaviors. However, little research has focused on the influence of socio-demographic characteristics on perceptions, and protective actions in response to the threat of terrorism. Using data from the General Social Survey, this study compared individual-level protective actions and perceptions of the effectiveness of protective responses to the 9/11 …


Where Concerned Citizens Perceive Police As More Responsive To Troublesome Teen Groups: Theoretical Implications For Political Economy, Incivilities And Policing, Christopher Salvatore, Ralph B. Taylor, Christopher Kelly Oct 2019

Where Concerned Citizens Perceive Police As More Responsive To Troublesome Teen Groups: Theoretical Implications For Political Economy, Incivilities And Policing, Christopher Salvatore, Ralph B. Taylor, Christopher Kelly

Christopher Salvatore

The current investigation extends previous work on citizens' perceptions of police performance. It examines the origins of between-community differences in concerned citizens' judgments that police are responding sufficiently to a local social problem. The problem is local unsupervised teen groups, a key indicator for both the revised systemic social disorganization perspective and the incivilities thesis. Four theoretical perspectives predict ecological determinants of these shared judgments. Less perceived police responsiveness is anticipated in lower socioeconomic status (SES) police districts by both a political economy and a stratified incivilities perspective; more predominantly minority police districts by a racialized justice perspective; and in …


Resisting In Process: Human Beings Ensnared In The Fugitive Slave Law Of 1850 (A Working Collection), Daniel Farbman Oct 2019

Resisting In Process: Human Beings Ensnared In The Fugitive Slave Law Of 1850 (A Working Collection), Daniel Farbman

Dan Farbman

No abstract provided.


Negligence: Idaho Cases And Materials, Dale D. Goble Oct 2019

Negligence: Idaho Cases And Materials, Dale D. Goble

Dale Goble

Course supplement packet for class held at the University of Idaho College of Law.


Contemplating The Successive Prosecution Phenomenon In The Federal System, Elizabeth T. Lear Oct 2019

Contemplating The Successive Prosecution Phenomenon In The Federal System, Elizabeth T. Lear

Elizabeth T Lear

Constitutional scholars have long debated the relative merits of a conduct-based compulsory joinder rule. The dialogue has centered on the meaning of the “same offence” language of the Double Jeopardy Clause, concentrating specifically on whether it includes the factual circumstances giving rise to criminal liability or applies only to the statutory offenses charged. However, the Supreme Court, in United States v. Dixon, abandoned as “unworkable” a limited conduct-based approach it had fashioned just three years before in Grady v. Corbin.

This Article does not assess the frequency with which federal authorities prosecute joinable offenses separately. While such information ultimately is …


Antitrust And Regulating Big Data, D. Daniel Sokol, Roisin E. Comerford Oct 2019

Antitrust And Regulating Big Data, D. Daniel Sokol, Roisin E. Comerford

D. Daniel Sokol

The collection of user data online has seen enormous growth in recent years. Consumers have benefited from this growth through an increase in free or heavily subsidized services, better quality offerings, and rapid innovation. At the same time, the debate about Big Data, and what it really means for consumers and competition, has grown louder. Many have focused on whether Big Data even presents an antitrust issue, and whether and how harms resulting from Big Data should be analyzed and remedied under the antitrust laws. The academic literature, however, has somewhat lagged behind the policy debate, and a closer inspection …


Reinvigorating Criminal Antitrust?, D. Daniel Sokol Oct 2019

Reinvigorating Criminal Antitrust?, D. Daniel Sokol

D. Daniel Sokol

Contemporary rhetoric surrounding antitrust in an age of populism has potential implications with regard to criminal antitrust enforcement. In areas such as resale price maintenance, monopolization, and Robinson-Patman violations, antitrust criminalization remains the law on the books. Antitrust populists and traditional antitrust thinkers who embrace a singular economic goal of antitrust push to enforce antitrust law that is already “on the books.” A natural extension of enforcement by the antitrust populists would be to advocate the use of criminal sanctions, outside of collusion, for various antitrust violations which are “on the books” but have not been used in over a …


Troubled Waters Between U.S. And European Antitrust, D. Daniel Sokol Oct 2019

Troubled Waters Between U.S. And European Antitrust, D. Daniel Sokol

D. Daniel Sokol

Antitrust is an important area of law and policy for most companies in the world. Having divergent rules across antitrust systems means that the same economic behavior may be treated differently depending on the jurisdiction, leading to disparate outcomes in which one jurisdiction finds illegal behavior (but the other does not) when the underlying behavior may be pro-competitive. This disparate set of outcomes creates a world in which the most stringent antitrust system may produce the global standard. As a result, if the antitrust rules applied are too rigid, they threaten to hurt consumers not merely in the jurisdiction where …


Teaching Compliance, D. Daniel Sokol Oct 2019

Teaching Compliance, D. Daniel Sokol

D. Daniel Sokol

Compliance is a growing field of practice across multiple areas of law. Increasingly companies put compliance risk among the most important corporate governance issues facing them. Moreover, as “JD plus” jobs proliferate, the demand for hiring both at the entry level and for former students currently in practice who are experienced in the compliance field will continue to grow. The growth in compliance jobs comes at a time in shifting demand for legal jobs for law school graduates. Traditional law firm entry level jobs at large law firms, which were the staple of on campus recruiting before 2007, have not …


Honoring Probable Intent In Intestacy: An Empirical Assessment Of The Default Rules And The Modern Family, Danaya C. Wright, Beth Sterner Oct 2019

Honoring Probable Intent In Intestacy: An Empirical Assessment Of The Default Rules And The Modern Family, Danaya C. Wright, Beth Sterner

Danaya C. Wright

This article provides preliminary analysis of an empirical study of nearly 500 wills probated in Alachua and Escambia Counties in the State of Florida in 2013. The particular focus of the study is to determine if there are noticeable patterns of property distribution preferences among decedents based on their diverse family relationships. Earlier empirical studies of distribution preferences indicated that a majority of married decedents wanted to give all or most of their estates to their surviving spouses. As a result of these studies, most states amended their probate codes to give surviving spouses a sizable percentage of a decedent …


Inheritance Equity: Reforming The Inheritance Penalties Facing Children In Non-Traditional Families, Danaya C. Wright Oct 2019

Inheritance Equity: Reforming The Inheritance Penalties Facing Children In Non-Traditional Families, Danaya C. Wright

Danaya C. Wright

This Article examines how more than 50% of children living today may be disadvantaged by 1950s era inheritance laws that privilege and protect only those children living in nuclear families with their biological parents. Because so many children today are living in blended families — single-parent families, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer/questioning (LGBTQ) families, or are living with relatives — their right to inherit from the persons who function as their parents are severely limited by most state probate codes, even though they would likely be entitled to child support under the parent-child definitions of most of those states' …


Untying The Knot: An Analysis Of The English Divorce And Matrimonial Causes Court Records, 1858-1866, Danaya C. Wright Oct 2019

Untying The Knot: An Analysis Of The English Divorce And Matrimonial Causes Court Records, 1858-1866, Danaya C. Wright

Danaya C. Wright

Historians of Anglo-American family law consider 1857 as a turning point in the development of modern family law and the first big step in the breakdown of coverture and the recognition of women's legal rights. In 1857, The United Kingdom Parliament ("Parliament") created a new civil court to handle all divorce and matrimonial causes, removing the jurisdiction of: the ecclesiastical courts over marital validity; the Chancery over custody of children and separate estates; the royal courts over marital property; and Parliament over full divorce. The new Divorce and Matrimonial Causes Court, a wing of the admiralty and probate courts, would …


A Requiem For Regulatory Takings: Reclaiming Eminent Domain For Constitutional Property Claims, Danaya C. Wright Oct 2019

A Requiem For Regulatory Takings: Reclaiming Eminent Domain For Constitutional Property Claims, Danaya C. Wright

Danaya C. Wright

For the past forty years, the United States Supreme Court has embraced the doctrine of regulatory takings, despite being unable to provide any coherent and reliable guidance on when a regulation goes so far as to require compensation. But Justice Thomas's admission in Murr v. Wisconsin (2017) that there is no real historical basis for the Court's regulatory takings jurisprudence offers a chance to reconsider the doctrine anew. Looking back to Justice Holmes's prophetic statement in Pennsylvania Coal Co. v. Mahon, that a regulation can go too far and require an exercise of eminent domain to sustain it, I argue …


Third Time's The Charm: The History Of The Merger Between The University Of Louisville And Jefferson Schools Of Law, Marcus Walker Oct 2019

Third Time's The Charm: The History Of The Merger Between The University Of Louisville And Jefferson Schools Of Law, Marcus Walker

Marcus Walker

The daytime University of Louisville School of Law and evening Jefferson School of Law existed as separate programs from the latter school's founding in 1905 until their merger in 1950. This article highlights two earlier attempts at combining the legal programs and highlights some perhaps lesser-known details of the successful attempt that extend the history of the "Ben Washer School" a bit farther than it might otherwise seem.


Breaking Energy Path Dependencies, Amy L. Stein Oct 2019

Breaking Energy Path Dependencies, Amy L. Stein

Amy L. Stein

f the many barriers to clean energy development discussed in the literature, the power of the status quo is not normally one of them. Yet beyond the need for more transmission lines, the need to decouple electricity sales from revenue, or the need to amend our environmental laws to more fully capture the externalities of energy, efforts to develop clean energy are faced with over a century of institutional “stickiness” associated with the legal and regulatory framework governing energy. This article explores how path dependency theories can inform the practical legal efforts to overcome such stickiness, identifying the troublesome approaches …


The Myth Of The Classic Property Clause Doctrine, Dale Goble Oct 2019

The Myth Of The Classic Property Clause Doctrine, Dale Goble

Dale Goble

No abstract provided.


What Are Slugs Good For?: Ecosystem Services And The Conservation Of Biodiversity, Dale Goble Oct 2019

What Are Slugs Good For?: Ecosystem Services And The Conservation Of Biodiversity, Dale Goble

Dale Goble

No abstract provided.


The Property Clause: As If Biodiversity Mattered, Dale Goble Oct 2019

The Property Clause: As If Biodiversity Mattered, Dale Goble

Dale Goble

No abstract provided.


Uncertainty In Population Estimates For Endangered Animals And Improving The Recovery Process, Dale D. Goble Oct 2019

Uncertainty In Population Estimates For Endangered Animals And Improving The Recovery Process, Dale D. Goble

Dale Goble

United States recovery plans contain biological information for a species listed under the Endangered Species Act and specify recovery criteria to provide basis for species recovery. The objective of our study was to evaluate whether recovery plans provide uncertainty (e.g., variance) with estimates of population size. We reviewed all finalized recovery plans for listed terrestrial vertebrate species to record the following data: (1) if a current population size was given, (2) if a measure of uncertainty or variance was associated with current estimates of population size and (3) if population size was stipulated for recovery. We found that 59% of …


Through The Looking-Glass And What The Idaho Supreme Court Found There, Dale Goble Oct 2019

Through The Looking-Glass And What The Idaho Supreme Court Found There, Dale Goble

Dale Goble

No abstract provided.


The Endangered Species Act: What We Talk About When We Talk About Recovery, Dale Goble Oct 2019

The Endangered Species Act: What We Talk About When We Talk About Recovery, Dale Goble

Dale Goble

No abstract provided.


Of Wolves And Welfare Ranching, Dale Goble Oct 2019

Of Wolves And Welfare Ranching, Dale Goble

Dale Goble

No abstract provided.


The Compact Clause And Transboundary Problems: A Federal Remedy For The Disease Most Incident To A Federal Government, Dale Goble Oct 2019

The Compact Clause And Transboundary Problems: A Federal Remedy For The Disease Most Incident To A Federal Government, Dale Goble

Dale Goble

The political and constitutional relationship that is known as "federalism" creates boundaries that often do not correspond to resources. The anadromous salmon and steelhead of the Columbia River Basin, for example, cross several jurisdictional boundaries during their life cycle. Jurisdictional boundaries frequently contribute to poor resource planning because some actors are excluded. One traditional response to such transboundary resource difficulties has been to nationalize the problem, thus creating a forum in which all of the actors may participate. Nationalization, however, may be overinclusive when the problem is regional. An alternative that is potentially more sensitive to local concerns is found …


Solar Access And Property Rights: Reply To A Maverick Analysis, Dale Goble Oct 2019

Solar Access And Property Rights: Reply To A Maverick Analysis, Dale Goble

Dale Goble

No abstract provided.


Introduction To The Symposium On Legal Structures For Managing The Pacific Northwest Salmon And Steelhead: The Biological And Historical Context, Dale Goble Oct 2019

Introduction To The Symposium On Legal Structures For Managing The Pacific Northwest Salmon And Steelhead: The Biological And Historical Context, Dale Goble

Dale Goble

No abstract provided.


Recovery In A Cynical Time - With Apologies To Eric Arthur Blair, Dale Goble Oct 2019

Recovery In A Cynical Time - With Apologies To Eric Arthur Blair, Dale Goble

Dale Goble

No abstract provided.


"Irrigated Eden:" Tales Of The Many Snake Rivers, Dale Goble Oct 2019

"Irrigated Eden:" Tales Of The Many Snake Rivers, Dale Goble

Dale Goble

No abstract provided.