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Full-Text Articles in Law
Reconciling Positivism And Realism: Kelsen And Habermas On Democracy And Human Rights, David Ingram
It is well known that Hans Kelsen and Jürgen Habermas invoke realist arguments drawn from social science in defending an international, democratic human rights regime against Carl Schmitt’s attack on the rule of law. However, despite embracing the realist spirit of Kelsen’s legal positivism, Habermas criticizes Kelsen for neglecting to connect the rule of law with a concept of procedural justice (Part I). I argue, to the contrary (Part II), that Kelsen does connect these terms, albeit in a manner that may be best described as functional, rather than conceptual. Indeed, whereas Habermas tends to emphasize a conceptual connection between …
Of Sweatshops And Human Subsistence: Habermas On Human Rights, David Ingram
In this paper I argue that the discourse theoretic account of human rights defended by Jürgen Habermas contains a fruitful tension that is obscured by its dominant tendency to identify rights with legal claims. This weakness in Habermas’s account becomes manifest when we examine how sweatshops diminish the secure enjoyment of subsistence, which Habermas himself (in recognition of the UDHR) recognizes as a human right. Discourse theories of human rights are unique in tying the legitimacy of human rights to democratic deliberation and consensus. So construed, their specific meaning and force is the outcome of historical political struggle. However, unlike …
Linking International Investment Agreements And Corporate Social Responsibility: Challenges And Opportunities In The Grounds Of Corporate Governance, Marco A. Velásquez-Ruiz
Marco A. Velásquez-Ruiz
Considering the intention of introducing a dialogue on the possible interconnections between Foreign Investment Law and Corporate Governance, the purpose of this paper is to present some ideas on the International Investment Agreements likelihood to make Corporate Social Responsibility compromises more robust by including specific provisions on the matter. More specifically, it is intended to understand the ways on which Investment Law –and more specifically International Investment Agreements– influences the structure and dynamics of Corporate Governance, so as to assess whether the inclusion of Corporate Social Responsibility on the abovementioned legal instruments might influence the conduct of Multinational Corporations.
Ending Judgment Arbitrage: Jurisdictional Competition And The Enforcement Of Foreign Money Judgments In The United States, Gregory Shill
Recent multi-billion-dollar damage awards issued by foreign courts against large American companies have focused attention on the once-obscure, patchwork system of enforcing foreign-country judgments in the United States. That system’s structural problems are even more serious than its critics have charged. However, the leading proposals for reform overlook the positive potential embedded in its design.
In the United States, no treaty or federal law controls the domestication of foreign judgments; the process is instead governed by state law. Although they are often conflated in practice, the procedure consists of two formally and conceptually distinct stages: foreign judgments must first be …