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The Relevance Of Fatf’S Recommendations And Fourth Round Of Mutual Evaluations To The Legal Profession, Laurel S. Terry, José Carlos Llerena Robles Dec 2017

The Relevance Of Fatf’S Recommendations And Fourth Round Of Mutual Evaluations To The Legal Profession, Laurel S. Terry, José Carlos Llerena Robles

Laurel S. Terry

More than two hundred countries in the world have agreed to abide by the anti-money laundering (“AML”) recommendations developed by the Financial Action Task Force (“FATF”), which is an intergovernmental organization. This Article focuses on the potential impact on the legal profession of FATF’s fourth round of mutual evaluations. During these mutual evaluations, which currently are underway, FATF-affiliated countries examine each other’s compliance with the FATF Recommendations and recommend follow-up action. This Article first presents the legal profession-related results from the completed Mutual Evaluation Reports, including case studies from Australia, Canada, and the United States regarding legal profession preparation for …


Using Occam’S Razor To Solve International Attorney-Client Privilege Choice Of Law Issues: An Old Solution To A New Problem, Nathan M. Crystal, Francesca Giannoni-Crystal Jul 2015

Using Occam’S Razor To Solve International Attorney-Client Privilege Choice Of Law Issues: An Old Solution To A New Problem, Nathan M. Crystal, Francesca Giannoni-Crystal

Nathan M. Crystal

The practice of law is increasingly becoming “delocalized.” Globalization and the use of technology are two important factors in this fundamental change in practice. Delocalization is affecting almost all areas of practice, including issues involving attorney-client privilege (ACP). To some extent the choice-of-law rules governing ACP are also – like other fields of the law - being “delocalized,” but in our view only partially. This paper discusses six approaches to choice of law issues governing ACP that are being used by the courts. Aside from the traditional lex loci approach (which simply applies the law of the forum to the …


Valuing The Waiver: The Real Beauty Of Ex Ante Over Ex Post, Robert C. Hockett Dec 2014

Valuing The Waiver: The Real Beauty Of Ex Ante Over Ex Post, Robert C. Hockett

Robert C. Hockett

Irony abounds in connection with demands and proposals made, in the wake of the Enron, Worldcom, and other corporate scandals, that firms be required or encouraged to waive attorney-client privilege. Justice Department officials speak to the importance of "getting at the truth" as trumping firms' interest in confidential internal communications as a prerequisite to compliance with law. They do so notwithstanding their own contrary arguments made on behalf of the secretive Bush administration that employs them. Corporate officers, for their part, speak as though Ralph Nader were the Attorney General when they denounce waiver proposals. They do so notwithstanding the …


Corporate America Fights Back: The Battle Over Waiver Of The Attorney-Client Privilege, Michael L. Seigel Dec 2014

Corporate America Fights Back: The Battle Over Waiver Of The Attorney-Client Privilege, Michael L. Seigel

Michael L Seigel

This Article addresses a topic that is the subject of an on-going and heated contest between the business lobby and its lawyers, on the one side, and the U.S. Department of Justice on the other. The fight is over federal prosecutors' escalating practice of requesting that corporations accused of criminal wrongdoing waive their attorney-client privilege as part of their cooperation with the government. The Department of Justice views privilege waiver as a legitimate and critical tool in its post-Enron battle against white collar crime. The business lobby views it as encroaching on corporations' fundamental right to protect confidential attorney-client communications. …


Alternative Litigation Finance And The Attorney-Client Privilege, 92 Denver U. L. Rev. 96 (2014), Grace M. Giesel Dec 2013

Alternative Litigation Finance And The Attorney-Client Privilege, 92 Denver U. L. Rev. 96 (2014), Grace M. Giesel

Grace M. Giesel

The United States legal system has a new player: the alternative litigation
finance (ALF) entity. In recent years ALF entities have begun
providing financing for small-scale matters and also complex commercial
matters involving millions of dollars. The recent success of ALF has
been assisted by the fact that at least in some jurisdictions it is now clear
that perceived historical barriers to ALF such as champerty, usury, and
ethics precepts do not, in fact, block ALF. With ALF arrangements becoming
more commonplace, questions have emerged about the effect the
integration of ALF entities into attorney-client relationships has on the
attorney-client …


Skating Too Close To The Edge: A Cautionary Tale For Tax Practitioners About The Hazards Of Waiver, Claudine Pease-Wingenter Dec 2012

Skating Too Close To The Edge: A Cautionary Tale For Tax Practitioners About The Hazards Of Waiver, Claudine Pease-Wingenter

Claudine Pease-Wingenter

The Federal Rules of Evidence defer to common law in establishing the rules of attorney-client privilege. As a general matter, such an approach creates a fairly uncertain legal landscape as each court articulates the baseline rules somewhat differently. The varied judicial applications of those differing rules can then exacerbate the uncertainty even more.

Unfortunately, in the area of tax law, the rules and their application are particularly uncertain because attorneys and accountants have overlapping responsibilities to clients and the courts have historically refused to recognize an accountant-client privilege. During my approximately eight years practicing corporate tax law, I was acutely …


Eliminating Political Maneuvering: A Light In The Tunnel For The Government Attorney-Client Privilege, Patricia E. Salkin, Allyson Phillips Jul 2012

Eliminating Political Maneuvering: A Light In The Tunnel For The Government Attorney-Client Privilege, Patricia E. Salkin, Allyson Phillips

Patricia E. Salkin

The long recognized common-law privilege afforded to certain conversations between attorneys and their clients has been the subject of troubling opinions when the lawyer and client are high ranking government officials. In a series of opinions from the 7th, 8th and D.C. Circuit Courts of Appeals, the courts refused to recognize the existence of the attorney-client privilege for the government actors under the circumstances surrounding the cases. However, recent opinions from the 2nd Circuit state that these other courts were simply wrong, setting the stage perhaps, for the U.S. Supreme Court to resolve the issue. Whether this privilege is equally …


Beware: What You Say To Your [Government] Lawyer May Be Held Against You - The Erosion Of Government Attorney-Client Confidentiality, Patricia E. Salkin Jul 2012

Beware: What You Say To Your [Government] Lawyer May Be Held Against You - The Erosion Of Government Attorney-Client Confidentiality, Patricia E. Salkin

Patricia E. Salkin

No abstract provided.


Municipal Ethics Remain A Hot Topic In Litigation: A 1999 Survey Of Issues In Ethics For Municipal Lawyers, Patricia E. Salkin Jul 2012

Municipal Ethics Remain A Hot Topic In Litigation: A 1999 Survey Of Issues In Ethics For Municipal Lawyers, Patricia E. Salkin

Patricia E. Salkin

No abstract provided.


Corporate Salvation Or Damnation? Proposed New Federal Legislation On Selective Waiver, Liesa L. Richter Jun 2012

Corporate Salvation Or Damnation? Proposed New Federal Legislation On Selective Waiver, Liesa L. Richter

Liesa L. Richter

Recently, critics have attacked federal law enforcement policies that encourage corporate targets to disclose sensitive information protected by the corporate attorney-client privilege and work-product doctrine, arguing that the policies are coercive, fundamentally unfair, and destined to chill the free flow of information to corporate counsel. The most readily apparent collateral consequence of these policies, however, has been corporations' loss of privilege protection in subsequent litigation. Good corporate citizens that have chosen to cooperate with the government in this manner have been punished with broad findings of waiver and the dissemination of protected information to companies' civil adversaries. To protect companies …


End The Experiment: The Attorney-Client Privilege Should Not Protect Communications In The Allied Lawyer Setting, Grace M. Giesel Dec 2011

End The Experiment: The Attorney-Client Privilege Should Not Protect Communications In The Allied Lawyer Setting, Grace M. Giesel

Grace M. Giesel

In recent years, courts have seen an explosion of claims that communications need not be disclosed because they enjoy the protection of something often referred to as the “common interest doctrine.” These claims—claims of attorney–client privilege—occur in two situations: the joint client setting and the allied lawyer setting. In a joint client situation, an attorney represents two or more clients on a matter with all parties working together on the joint endeavor. In an allied lawyer situation, several entities or individuals work together on a matter of common
interest but the parties have separate lawyers.
This Article argues, uncontroversially, that …


Rules, Standards, And The Attorney-Client Privilege: When Is The Privilege At-Issue In The Discovery Rule And Other Contexts?, Kenneth J. Duvall Mar 2011

Rules, Standards, And The Attorney-Client Privilege: When Is The Privilege At-Issue In The Discovery Rule And Other Contexts?, Kenneth J. Duvall

Kenneth J Duvall

Striking the right balance between a robust attorney-client privilege and a judicial system that maximizes access to the best evidence has always been difficult. In recent decades, the privilege battles have in large part been waged over one particular exception to the privilege: the “at-issue” carve-out. Under this exception, the holders of the privilege waive it when they place otherwise privileged communications at issue in the litigation not through outright consent but instead through their conduct. The troubling question has therefore been: what actions suffice to place communications at issue? Privilege defenders consider confidential communications to be at issue only …


Voluntary Client Testimony As A Privilege Waiver: Is Ohio's Law Caught In A Time Warp?, David B. Alden, Matthew P. Silversten Sep 2010

Voluntary Client Testimony As A Privilege Waiver: Is Ohio's Law Caught In A Time Warp?, David B. Alden, Matthew P. Silversten

David B. Alden

Ohio’s attorney-client privilege statute, Ohio Rev. Code § 2317.02(A), has been interpreted to provide for a broad waiver of the attorney-client privilege whenever the client testifies voluntarily, including when the client’s testimony does not disclose the substance of the otherwise privileged communications. Finding a privilege waiver under these circumstances is virtually unique to Ohio. This article (1) traces the origins of this rule back to Ohio’s first code of civil procedure, which was enacted in 1853, (2) identifies the long-forgotten reasons that prompted its adoption; (3) analyzes decisions that have applied it from the mid-nineteenth century through today; (4) assesses …


Comparing Exceptions To Privilege And Confidentiality Relating To Crime, Fraud, And Harm -- Can Hard Cases Make Good Law?, Jean Fleming Powers Mar 2010

Comparing Exceptions To Privilege And Confidentiality Relating To Crime, Fraud, And Harm -- Can Hard Cases Make Good Law?, Jean Fleming Powers

Jean F. Powers

The article begins by describing some scenarios – the hard cases – that illustrate the tension between the lawyer’s obligation to his client and what many would view as basic standards of decency and humanity. The cases include (1) the recent case of an innocent man who spent 26 years in jail for a crime he did not commit while the attorneys for the real perpetrator protected the information that their own client had committed the crime, (2) cases involving the extent of the exception to confidentiality to prevent death or substantial bodily harm, (3) a case in which attorneys …


Upjohn Warnings, The Attorney-Client Privilege, And Principles Of Lawyer Ethics: Achieving Harmony, Grace M. Giesel Dec 2009

Upjohn Warnings, The Attorney-Client Privilege, And Principles Of Lawyer Ethics: Achieving Harmony, Grace M. Giesel

Grace M. Giesel

Individuals who are related to an entity such as a corporation sometimes claim that when they communicated with the entity lawyer, they honestly and reasonably believed that the lawyer represented them. Thus, they claim that the attorney-client privilege applies and protects their statements from disclosure even when the entity has waived its privilege with regard to the communications. Many courts have given privilege claims by entity individuals harsh treatment. These courts, in the interest of protecting the entity, have required individuals to make proofs beyond that required by the traditional definition of the attorney-client privilege. In addition, these courts have …


An Economic Justification For The Attoney-Client Privilege, Keith A. Kendall Mar 2009

An Economic Justification For The Attoney-Client Privilege, Keith A. Kendall

Keith A Kendall

The attorney-client privilege is one of the oldest doctrines affecting legal practise. Notwithstanding its longevity, there have been regular calls for its abolition over the years. This paper reviews the literature calling for abolition and that favoring retention that utilize economic reasoning. Weaknesses on both sides are identified, with a new justification for retention put forward that addresses these weaknesses.


Coporate America Fights Back: The Battle Over Waiver Of The Attorney-Client Privilege, Michael L. Seigel Feb 2007

Coporate America Fights Back: The Battle Over Waiver Of The Attorney-Client Privilege, Michael L. Seigel

Michael L Seigel

This article address a topic that is the subject of an on-going and heated contest between the business lobby and its lawyers, represented primarily by the American Bar Association, the Association of Corporate Counsel, and the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, on the one side, and the United States Department of Justice, on the other. The fight is over federal prosecutors’ escalating practice of requesting that corporations accused of criminal wrongdoing waive their attorney-client privilege as part of their cooperation with the government. The Department views privilege waiver as a legitimate and very important tool in its post-Enron battle …


Dual Identities And Dueling Obligations: Preserving Independence In Corporate Representation, Susanna K. Ripken Dec 2000

Dual Identities And Dueling Obligations: Preserving Independence In Corporate Representation, Susanna K. Ripken

Susanna K. Ripken

Under the Model Rules of Professional Responsibility, lawyers for corporate entities must regard the organization itself as the client. Because the corporate client can act only through its authorized constituents, including officers, directors, and employees, the lawyer for the corporation typically looks to the authorized managers of the corporation to speak on behalf of the client. When the interests of the managers and the corporations diverge, however, the lawyer must seek out the highest authority in the organization to provide the appropriate guidance. As a general matter, the board of directors acts as the highest authority within the corporation. One …