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2022

Comparative and Foreign Law

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Urgensi Pembentukan Laporan Khusus Sebagai Solusi Alat Bukti Surat Dalam Penanganan Kasus Tppu Di Indonesia: Pintu Optimalisasi Hubungan Ppatk-Penyidik, Amanda Geraldine, Altuti Altuti, Muhamad Rayhan Firmansyah Dec 2022

Urgensi Pembentukan Laporan Khusus Sebagai Solusi Alat Bukti Surat Dalam Penanganan Kasus Tppu Di Indonesia: Pintu Optimalisasi Hubungan Ppatk-Penyidik, Amanda Geraldine, Altuti Altuti, Muhamad Rayhan Firmansyah

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

The Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre or Financial intelligence unit (FIU) is an independent institution that has helped to eradicate and prevent money laundering crimes based on reports used as evidence or evidence in investigations. PPATK analysis report is made based on the report of the income and expenditure of unusual financial accounts by referring to the profile and identity of the owner. Financial Transactions requested by PPATK to be reported by the reporting party because it involves assets suspected of originating from the proceeds of a criminal offence. FATF has issued 40 specific recommendations (forty recommendations) and the …


Different Countries, Same Homophobia And Transphobia: A Cross-Cultural Survey Of So-Called Conversion Therapy Practices And The Move Toward Legislative Protections For The United States Lgbtq+ Community, Samantha J. Past Dec 2022

Different Countries, Same Homophobia And Transphobia: A Cross-Cultural Survey Of So-Called Conversion Therapy Practices And The Move Toward Legislative Protections For The United States Lgbtq+ Community, Samantha J. Past

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

So-called “conversion therapy” consists of dangerous practices that inflict detrimental, long-lasting effects on its victims. As a form of sexual orientation or gender identity or gender expression change efforts, conversion therapy is fostered by global homophobia and transphobia. Despite formal public rejection and scientific discreditation, conversion therapy providers across the world continue to target LGBTQ+ individuals, predominately under the guise of offering health care services or obeying religious practices. The following piece compares conversion therapy in three countries with recently introduced LGBTQ+ legislation––(1) Ghana; (2) Canada; and (3) the United States (U.S.)–––in order to identify factors furthering conversion therapy and …


Is Investment Arbitration An Effective Alternative To Court Litigation? Towards A Smart Mix Of Litigation And Arbitration In Resolving Investment Disputes, Wanli Ma, Michael Faure Dec 2022

Is Investment Arbitration An Effective Alternative To Court Litigation? Towards A Smart Mix Of Litigation And Arbitration In Resolving Investment Disputes, Wanli Ma, Michael Faure

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

This article analyzes litigation and arbitration as commonly used methods for dispute resolution, more particularly between foreign investors and host states. It compares investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) via investor-state arbitration with dispute resolution via domestic courts in the host state. The article adopts a goal-based approach for assessing the effectiveness of international adjudication and analyzes the extent to which the current ISDS system is aligned with its predetermined goals. The article starts by identifying four goals of ISDS: 1) fair and efficient dispute resolution, 2) norm compliance, 3) facilitating the objectives of the investment law regime, and 4) legitimizing the …


Domestic Terrorism Classification In The United States V. Canada And The United Kingdom, Michelle Hayek Dec 2022

Domestic Terrorism Classification In The United States V. Canada And The United Kingdom, Michelle Hayek

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

For the past two decades, discourse on terrorism (both global and domestic) has been commonplace throughout the international sphere. Following the attacks on September 11, 2001, many nations have followed suit in launching counterterrorism operations to identify and prevent attacks by both radical groups and lone actors. While the common narrative has focused on “why” terrorist actors commit heinous acts and “how” to best prevent future incidents from emerging, it is important to analyze the legal nuances between prosecuting domestic versus international terrorists. With the rise on “homegrown” domestic lone actors, nations have had to reevaluate and adapt counterterrorism statutes …


Contracting Against Slavery: Corporate Accountability For Human Rights Supply Chain Violations, Alexandra Hyken Dec 2022

Contracting Against Slavery: Corporate Accountability For Human Rights Supply Chain Violations, Alexandra Hyken

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

The United States Supreme Court decision in Nestlé USA, Inc. v. Doe effectively closed the door for forced laborers in the global supply chain to sue corporations headquartered in the United States for aiding and abetting in their human trafficking under the Alien Tort Statute. At the same time, however, the European Union and Canada are passing legislative measures that increase corporate accountability for human rights supply chain violations. This note argues that, in light of the Nestlé decision, contracts can be an effective mechanism for corporate accountability in the United States and that multi-national corporations will be incentivized to …


Embracing The End: A Comparative Analysis Of Medical Aid In Dying In Canada And The United States, Joel Krinsky Dec 2022

Embracing The End: A Comparative Analysis Of Medical Aid In Dying In Canada And The United States, Joel Krinsky

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Since the late nineteenth century, debate has unfolded over the use of euthanasia and physician-assisted death to alleviate the suffering of individuals with medical illnesses. The controversy surrounding the issue persists and its implications are significant. While most countries prohibit Aid in Dying (AID), legalization of the practice has expanded globally in recent years. Canada and the United States (US) are two such jurisdictions that have expanded access to AID. Canada has federally legalized the practice, which the country refers to as Medical Aid in Dying (MAID), and in 2021, the country expanded the eligibility criteria for individuals seeking access …


Liability Rule Practices Amidst The Property Rule Of Indonesian Capital Market, Adiwarman Adiwarman Dec 2022

Liability Rule Practices Amidst The Property Rule Of Indonesian Capital Market, Adiwarman Adiwarman

Indonesia Law Review

Shareholder protection is the most important legal issue in capital market law. Conflict of interest is one of the corporate actions in the capital market. The property rule requires independent shareholders’ approval for conflicts of interest transactions. The property rule paradigm empowers independent shareholders in the company’s decision-making process. In practice, listed companies violate the property rule and are subject to sanctions, but the rights of shareholders will be reduced due to fines imposed by the capital market authorities. A normative method is used to answer the problem of how does Indonesia enforce the conflict of interest rule in order …


Analysis Of Discriminatory Measures From European Union Renewable Energy Directive Ii To Indonesia As A Palm Oil Producer Country, Enrico Denis Sihotang Dec 2022

Analysis Of Discriminatory Measures From European Union Renewable Energy Directive Ii To Indonesia As A Palm Oil Producer Country, Enrico Denis Sihotang

Indonesia Law Review

On 21 December 2018, the European Union (EU) issued a regulation titled Renewable Energy Directive II (RED II), where the RED II policy introduced the indirect land use change (ILUC) criteria for palm oil. RED II states that palm oil is classified as a commodity with a “ high ILUC risk” type, and as such, the EU will gradually reduce palm oil consumption and no longer use palm oil by 2030. Indonesia brought this issue to WTO in 2020. Indonesia, through its consultation, argued that the RED II is inconsistent with the few provisions of the General Agreement on Tariffs …


An Analytical Study On The Intervention Of The Legislature To The Constitutional Court In Indonesia Compared To Developed Countries, Mochammad Arief Agus, Andi Muhammad Irvan Alamsyah Dec 2022

An Analytical Study On The Intervention Of The Legislature To The Constitutional Court In Indonesia Compared To Developed Countries, Mochammad Arief Agus, Andi Muhammad Irvan Alamsyah

Indonesia Law Review

Practical improvements in the national institution context brought numerous changes regarding interactions between The Constitutional Court & The legislature including contemporary polemics. The check and balances framework is important to be noticed related to the Judge’s Independence. Aswanto’s recall as one of the Judges of the Indonesian Constitutional Court encourages us to elaborate more about the essence of independence. At the same time, checks and balances should stand out. What is the legal standing of any actions taken by the parliament to the constitutional court? How do developed countries practice the relationship between the legislature and the judiciary? The answer …


Front Matter And Table Of Contents Dec 2022

Front Matter And Table Of Contents

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Masthead Dec 2022

Masthead

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Covid-19 On Domestic Violence And Digital Abuse: Addressing The Problem Through A National Action Plan, Kayla Bokzam Dec 2022

The Impact Of Covid-19 On Domestic Violence And Digital Abuse: Addressing The Problem Through A National Action Plan, Kayla Bokzam

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

This Article discusses the impact of COVID-19 on domestic violence and digital abuse around the world, with a focus on the United States. Violence against women has increased since the start of the pandemic largely due to lockdown restrictions and other measures taken by governments to slow the spread of the virus. Further, with an increase in the use of technology throughout our daily lives, digital abuse has become more prevalent and particularly impacts women and girls. This paper analyzes the national action plans on gender-based violence in Australia and South Africa and explores how the United States can create …


Death Sentences In The Great Qing, 1744-1840: Critical Note On Civilization In Comparison With England And Wales, Moulin Xiong, Ren Liu Dec 2022

Death Sentences In The Great Qing, 1744-1840: Critical Note On Civilization In Comparison With England And Wales, Moulin Xiong, Ren Liu

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

Over the last centuries, the view on the death penalty in Qing China has been distorted, presenting a picture of abusive brutality and excessive cruelty, and thus was used as the critical pretext to establish immune extraterritorial jurisdictions. Nevertheless, the existing comments are more literary embellishments without empirical evidence, and few comparative and historical perspectives have been utilized to clarify the truth. In this study, we mined annual death sentence numerical data for the period 1744 to 1840 from official archives and literatures, deciphering the capital crimes in detail and ascertaining the longitudinal trend with population statistics. To reassess the …


Foreclosing Asylum: “Neo-Refoulement” And The Ripple Effects Of U.S. Interdiction At Sea, Edgar Cruz Dec 2022

Foreclosing Asylum: “Neo-Refoulement” And The Ripple Effects Of U.S. Interdiction At Sea, Edgar Cruz

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

This Note argues that U.S. interdiction of asylum seekers at sea and the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) program undermine the object and purpose of international refugee law. The U.S. Government uses both practices to evade its international obligation of non-refoulement, or non-return. Such practices unjustly restrict access to asylum in the U.S. These policies can be characterized as tools of “neo-refoulement.” Neo-refoulement is a strategy used to foreclose the possibility of asylum. It allows States parties to the 1951 Refugee Convention to evade their international obligation to refrain from returning people to places where they may be at risk of …


Beyond The Corporate Responsibility To Respect Human Rights In The Dawn Of A Metaverse, Kuzi Charamba Dec 2022

Beyond The Corporate Responsibility To Respect Human Rights In The Dawn Of A Metaverse, Kuzi Charamba

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

Technological advances in the 21st century pose new threats to human rights from business activities. In this new technological age, individuals and communities engage through an increasing myriad of digital means and platforms, all facilitated by a smaller, more powerful set of global BigTech companies, such as Microsoft, Apple, Google, and Meta (formerly known as Facebook). In so doing, however, our lives as workers, consumers, and citizens become subject to increasing corporate control through surveillance capitalism and algorithmic governance. With the dawn of metaverses—3D immersive digital environments in which you can interact with others via avatars and through virtual and …


From The Vatican With Cash: Prosecuting Money Laundering In London Real Estate, Jane Tien Dec 2022

From The Vatican With Cash: Prosecuting Money Laundering In London Real Estate, Jane Tien

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

It is no news that donations from the Catholic faithful reemerge from the dark underground of Church finances as lace vestments, embroidered mitres, velvet slippers, and posh mansions. A year after Pope Francis announced the overhaul of the Vatican’s antimoney laundering (AML) laws, a makeshift courtroom in the Vatican Museum witnessed the largest criminal trial in the Vatican’s modern history. At the center was Cardinal Angelo Becciu—the former No. 3 in the Vatican—for allegedly defrauding the Vatican’s investment in London real estate. After the tumbrels, now comes the reckoning: How could the Vatican mend a broken system and effectively tackle …


Gender Justice And Human Rights Symposium: Holistic Approaches To Gender Violence, Denisse Córdova Montes, Tamar Ezer, Reem Ali, Kayla Bokzam, Renu Sara Nargund, Megan Norris, Maxwell Zoberman Dec 2022

Gender Justice And Human Rights Symposium: Holistic Approaches To Gender Violence, Denisse Córdova Montes, Tamar Ezer, Reem Ali, Kayla Bokzam, Renu Sara Nargund, Megan Norris, Maxwell Zoberman

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Comparative Intellectual Property Protection For Marijuana: United States Vs. The European Union, Jillian Gosser Dec 2022

Comparative Intellectual Property Protection For Marijuana: United States Vs. The European Union, Jillian Gosser

Global Business Law Review

Protecting intellectual property relating to marijuana is a complicated endeavor. The federal ban on marijuana renders trademark protection difficult at best, and patent protection, while available, still rife with complications. In Europe, the laws pose similar challenges in the protection and enforcement of marijuana related intellectual property. This Note presents a comparative law analysis of the various ways marijuana related intellectual property may be protected in the United States and Europe. Different types of intellectual property protection explored include utility patents, design patents, trademarks, plant patents, Plant Variety Protection Act coverage, and Community Plant Variety Act coverage. This Note explores …


The Uncitral Model Law And Secured Transactions Law Reform, Louise Gullifer Dec 2022

The Uncitral Model Law And Secured Transactions Law Reform, Louise Gullifer

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law

No abstract provided.


The Law Applicable To Trademark Gift Deeds: A Study Of The Provision Of Article 49 Of Kuwait Law No. 5 Of 1961 Regulating Relationships With Foreign Elements Law Applicable To Trademark Gift Contract: A Study Of Article 49 Of Kuwaiti Law No. 5 Of 1961 Regulating Relations With Foreign Parties, Bashayer Alghanim Dr. Nov 2022

The Law Applicable To Trademark Gift Deeds: A Study Of The Provision Of Article 49 Of Kuwait Law No. 5 Of 1961 Regulating Relationships With Foreign Elements Law Applicable To Trademark Gift Contract: A Study Of Article 49 Of Kuwaiti Law No. 5 Of 1961 Regulating Relations With Foreign Parties, Bashayer Alghanim Dr.

مجلة جامعة الإمارات للبحوث القانونية UAEU LAW JOURNAL

This paper addresses the question of the law applicable to a trademark gift deed involving a foreign element as trademarks have become movable, intangible assets that can be transferred to third parties. The significance of studying the applicable law lies in the fact that it helps identify the law applicable to a trademark gift deed that involves a foreign element pursuant to Article 49 of Kuwait Law No. 5 of 1961.

This paper attempts to clearly characterise a gift deed in order to avoid confusion with other forms of deeds, such as sale deeds and wills. It also tries to …


Masthead & Table Of Contents Nov 2022

Masthead & Table Of Contents

Dalhousie Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Deregulasi Terhadap Paradoks Vaksin Covid-19 Sebagai Barang Publik Dan Vaksin Berbayar Dalam Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor 19 Tahun 2021, Fikri Ahsan Sep 2022

Deregulasi Terhadap Paradoks Vaksin Covid-19 Sebagai Barang Publik Dan Vaksin Berbayar Dalam Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor 19 Tahun 2021, Fikri Ahsan

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

The Coronavirus Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine coronavirus (COVID-19) on pandemics is public goods that make public use of all societies in general, but in the regulation of the minister of health number 19 of 2021 regarding the second amendment to the regulation of the minister of health number 10 of 2021 regarding the implementation of vaccinations in the wake of the corona virus virus 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine, Explains the cooperative vaccination that funding is imposed on individuals/individuals (paid). This goes against public goods and tends to become commercial private goods, so in this pandemic of covid-19 should not be …


Redistribusi Tanah Bekas Hak Erfpacht Dalam Kaitannya Dengan Pilot Project Of Agrarian Reform Guna Mewujudkan Sustainable Development Di Desa Galengdowo, Kabupaten Jombang, Fadila Fernanda, Adhitya Widya Kartika Sep 2022

Redistribusi Tanah Bekas Hak Erfpacht Dalam Kaitannya Dengan Pilot Project Of Agrarian Reform Guna Mewujudkan Sustainable Development Di Desa Galengdowo, Kabupaten Jombang, Fadila Fernanda, Adhitya Widya Kartika

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

The redistribution of land with erfpacht right in Galengdowo village is one of the agrarian reform programs in the form of distributing state land to cultivators by giving ownership right to the land they cultivate. These freehold land certificates can then be used as collateral to obtain business capital through Community Land Empowerment (CLE) which is aimed at becoming a pilot project for an agrarian reforma village producing coffee and dairy products by developing regional-level businesses to become national scale. This study uses an empirical legal research method that examines the implementation of law in society. The approach used is …


Dewan Pertimbangan Presiden Dalam Struktur Ketatanegaraan Indonesia, Brilliant Bintang Prasetya, Ryan Muthiara Wasti Sep 2022

Dewan Pertimbangan Presiden Dalam Struktur Ketatanegaraan Indonesia, Brilliant Bintang Prasetya, Ryan Muthiara Wasti

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

The existence of the Presidential Advisory Council is inseparable from the history of state administration with the political phenomenon of law. Various ideas of pros and cons questioned the position and authority of the country's advisory institutions. The institution which at the beginning of its formation was named the Supreme Advisory Council then turned into a Presidential Advisory Council under the executive rule after the amendment to the 1945 Constitution. The shift raises the peculiarities of the position of advisors not under the authority given by advice. Reflecting on the discourse, this paper reviews how the position and extent of …


Mekanisme Hukum Adat Perdmaian ( Mela Sare ) Dalam Mewujudka Rekonsiliasi Para Pihak Pasca Putusan Pengadilan Pada Masyarakat Lamaholot Di Adonara – Flores Timur, Handrianus David Ola Sili Sep 2022

Mekanisme Hukum Adat Perdmaian ( Mela Sare ) Dalam Mewujudka Rekonsiliasi Para Pihak Pasca Putusan Pengadilan Pada Masyarakat Lamaholot Di Adonara – Flores Timur, Handrianus David Ola Sili

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

The substance aspect that underlies this writing in the Adonara community, the implication of a court decision is the breakdown of relations / relations both personal and social between the parties to the dispute or "kenetun". In order for the implication of the court decision to help eliminate the "kenetun" customary bulkhead, an effort was made to reconcile the parties to the dispute. Interesting to study more deeply, the Lamaholot community has a customary law tradition that is packaged in the traditional ritual of peace mela sare. This research is sociological law (sociological legal research) or empirical legal research with …


Pembaruan Pemahaman Bahasa Hukum Indonesia Dalam Penafsiran Konstitusi Untuk Jaminan Kepastian Hukum, Normand Edwin Elnizar Sep 2022

Pembaruan Pemahaman Bahasa Hukum Indonesia Dalam Penafsiran Konstitusi Untuk Jaminan Kepastian Hukum, Normand Edwin Elnizar

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

This article attempts to explain legal language aspects need to be improved in implementing laws that uphold justice while at the same time provide legal certainty. The study is limited to the constitution as the highest law in the national legal system. The explanation of the linguistic aspect including foreign legal terminology in the constitutional interpretation and the constitutional interpretation as a discourse analysis. It was conducted by literature research to compare the paradigm of constitutional interpretation theory with linguistic aspects in linguistic theory. Decision Number 84/PUU-XVI/2018 used as example for this research. This qualitative research describes some linguistic aspects …


Pengaturan Pembatasan Penggunaan Data Nasabah Bank Untuk Mencegah Penggelapan Dana Nasabah Di Bank, Nathasya Nauli Nainggolan, Rouli Anita Velentina Sep 2022

Pengaturan Pembatasan Penggunaan Data Nasabah Bank Untuk Mencegah Penggelapan Dana Nasabah Di Bank, Nathasya Nauli Nainggolan, Rouli Anita Velentina

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

As financial institutions, banks are required to have customer data protection mechanisms. This is for the sake of the banking busines’ continuity that is being undertaken. The sustainability of a bank's business is largely determined by the trust of the customers to save funds and use bank services. The customer data protection mechanism is one of a risk management form that is primarily aimed at protecting customer personal data, which is useful for preventing the risk of misuse of bank customer data by irresponsible persons. This study aims to discuss the provisions regarding the protection of customer data by banks …


Menelisik Sikap Pemerintah Indonesia Dalam Menghadapi Kelangkaan Alat Pelindung Diri Ditengah Wabah Pandemi Coronavirus Disease (Ditinjau Dari Undang-Undang Nomor 36 Tahun 2009 Tentang Kesehatan), Marisca Gondokesumo, Nabbilah Amir Sep 2022

Menelisik Sikap Pemerintah Indonesia Dalam Menghadapi Kelangkaan Alat Pelindung Diri Ditengah Wabah Pandemi Coronavirus Disease (Ditinjau Dari Undang-Undang Nomor 36 Tahun 2009 Tentang Kesehatan), Marisca Gondokesumo, Nabbilah Amir

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

World Health Organization (WHO) has established coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), WHO recommends all countries to anticipate COVID-19. One important element needed to deal with the virus is personal protective equipment that is used by medical personnel to carry out medical treatment for patients infected with COVID-19, but the item is scarcity in Indonesia. What is the attitude of the Indonesian government in responding to the scarcity of personal protective equipment. The research method used is empirical juridical. The results showed that the scarcity of the availability of personal protective equipment due to …


Analisis Politik Hukum Islam Berbasis Maqoshid Syari’Ah (Studi Terhadap Konsep Anak Sah Dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 Tentang Perkawinan), Asmuni Asmuni, Agus Firman Sep 2022

Analisis Politik Hukum Islam Berbasis Maqoshid Syari’Ah (Studi Terhadap Konsep Anak Sah Dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 Tentang Perkawinan), Asmuni Asmuni, Agus Firman

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

This article aims to use maqashid sharia to analyze the conformity of the rules regarding legitimate children in Article 42 of the Marriage Law (UUP) with sharia principles. At the level of application of the law, it will also be seen whether the regulation is in accordance with the basic principles of maqashid. The results of this study indicate that the provisions of Article 42 UUP which equate the status of children born 'as a result of' and 'in' a legal marriage, are not in accordance with sharia principles. The Office of Religious Affairs (KUA) in determining marriage guardians for …


Database Floklore Dalam Undang-Undang Tentang Hak Cipta Dan Undang-Undang Tentang Pemajuan Kebudayaan, Lora Sinta Sulistiorini Sep 2022

Database Floklore Dalam Undang-Undang Tentang Hak Cipta Dan Undang-Undang Tentang Pemajuan Kebudayaan, Lora Sinta Sulistiorini

Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan

Law 28/2014 on Copyright and Law 5/2017 on Cultural Promotion have a major role in regulating and protecting floklore. This can be seen from the norms that regulate the mechanism for protecting floklore in Article 38 paragraph (2) of the Copyright Law, which states that the state is obliged to make an inventory, maintain, and maintain traditional cultural expressions.law a quo also regulates the procedures for recording as contained in Articles 66-72. Not only that, the Law for the Advancement of Culture also regulates the floklore database through Articles 16-26 of a quo. The two laws then raise the question, …