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Full-Text Articles in Law

Federalism As A Constitutional Principle, Ernest Young Aug 2015

Federalism As A Constitutional Principle, Ernest Young

University of Cincinnati Law Review

Justice O’Connor rightly called federalism “our oldest question of constitutional law.”1 But the constitutional balance between the nation and the states is hardly what the cool kids are talking about these days. My first-year con law students show up each Fall expecting to learn about same-sex marriage, flag burning, and abortion; they’re plainly disappointed when they pick up the syllabus and see how much of the course is going to be about government structure.

The first part of my talk resists that intuition. The notion that federalism is passé is so tragically wrongheaded that I can’t bear to leave it …


The Legacy Of Salmon P. Chase, Carter B. Westmoreland Jan 2015

The Legacy Of Salmon P. Chase, Carter B. Westmoreland

Freedom Center Journal

Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase used his legal training and political career to being the ongoing process of truly freeing African Americans.


His Holiness, The 14th Dalai Lama: 2010 Recipient, Sherry Porter Jan 2015

His Holiness, The 14th Dalai Lama: 2010 Recipient, Sherry Porter

Freedom Center Journal

On October 20, 2010, the Freedom Center honored His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, as recipient of the International Freedom Conductor Award ("IFCA"). His Holiness was awarded the IFCA in recognition of his lifelong commitment to promote peace, non­ violence, basic human rights, human happiness, and inter-religious harmony.


From Freedom Narrative To Freedom Leadership Narrative, Michael E. Battle Jan 2015

From Freedom Narrative To Freedom Leadership Narrative, Michael E. Battle

Freedom Center Journal

The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center enters its second decade excited about the opportunities and challenges of balancing the focus on the historical realities of the antebellum freedom narratives and the modem day freedom narratives unfolding in the stories of millions of people worldwide who seek to be free. In terms of the rewards of freedom, The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center focuses on the development of freedom leadership which seeks to empower emerging freedom heroes to fully understand the meaning and application of freedom. Entering its second decade of presence and purpose, the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center sees …


President Lech Walesa And President Nelson Mandela: 2014 Recipients, Ariel Guggisberg Jan 2015

President Lech Walesa And President Nelson Mandela: 2014 Recipients, Ariel Guggisberg

Freedom Center Journal

The activist and former Polish President Lech Walesa and civil rights activist and former South African President Nelson Mandela were chosen by the Freedom Center to receive the 2014 International Freedom Conductors Award. These two revolutionaries undoubtedly meet the criteria of "reflect[ing] the spirit and courageous actions of conductors on the historic Underground Railroad." Both recipients of the award have spear headed efforts to effect positive social change and dedicated much of their lives to the fight for freedom, and "exemplify the values of freedom and human rights worldwide.'


International Freedom Conductor Award: Introduction, Zack Eckles Jan 2015

International Freedom Conductor Award: Introduction, Zack Eckles

Freedom Center Journal

The International Freedom Conductor Award ("IFCA") was created to recognize and honor contemporary individuals who exemplify the courageousness and personal strength of the historic Underground Railroad conductors.


Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth And Nicholas Kristof: 2013 Recipients, Priya Walia Jan 2015

Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth And Nicholas Kristof: 2013 Recipients, Priya Walia

Freedom Center Journal

The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center proudly presented the 2013 recipients the International Freedom Conductor Award to Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth and Nicholas Kristof. Rev. Shuttlesworth was known as the courageous, charismatic, blunt preacher who vowed to "kill segregation or be killed by it." After his successes with racial desegregation, Shuttlesworth spent the rest of his life fighting for equality for impoverished people. Two-time Pulitzer Prize winning journalist, Nicholas Kristof changed the course of social justice philanthropy through his work. Through individual personal narratives, Kristof compels the audience to delve further into seemingly remote global issues and inspires the American public …


Garner Courage, Carl B. Westmoreland Jan 2015

Garner Courage, Carl B. Westmoreland

Freedom Center Journal

Robert Garner was born into a slave family on the James Marshall plantation located in Richwood, Kentucky. At 25 years old, Robert executed a plan to free all eight members of his family. They were captured in Cincinnati. His wife, Margaret, determined not to return to slavery, sought to kill her children and then herself. She was able to kill her youngest daughter by slitting her throat. The group members that remained alive were turned over to the U.S. Marshal of Cincinnati for violating the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act. Knowledge of the Gamers' story and their gruesome capture outraged the …


Dedication To Freedom, Emily M.S. Houh Jan 2015

Dedication To Freedom, Emily M.S. Houh

Freedom Center Journal

The articles in this issue of The Freedom Center Journal are timely challenges to the persistent efforts to undermine the American values enshrined in the Preamble of the Constitution and the body of the Constitution itself with its three Civil War Amendments.

The student editors of this volume intended the selected contributions to offer readers a nuanced view of our nation’s current identity crisis. The collection is offered in the hope that it will encourage further thinking and discussion about what it means to be part of the American experiment with democratic self-governance in an age of resurgent white supremacy.


The John W. Anderson Slave Pen, Carl B. Westmoreland Jan 2015

The John W. Anderson Slave Pen, Carl B. Westmoreland

Freedom Center Journal

At the end of 18th century America, a series ofevents occurred that forever changed the economic and political status of white Americans. These changes were heavily influenced by the transportation of blacks to this country, the circumstances surrounding their enslavement, and the increasing demand for cotton. America's founders prohibited the importation of enslaved Africans into the United States at the 1787 Constitutional Convention. This prohibition, however, occurred at a time when America was expanding and additional labor was necessary. The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 increased the amount of market ready cotton. The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size …


The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center And Human Trafficking, Brooke Hathaway Jan 2015

The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center And Human Trafficking, Brooke Hathaway

Freedom Center Journal

The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center is a hybrid: one part history musemn and one part non-governmental organization (NGO). An early internal report by the Freedom Center clarified that the focus of contemporary efforts should be on "Unfreedom." The report defined Unfreedom as the conditions subjecting an individual to constraints on her/his personal wellbeing, free action, and/or thought, imposed by an outside power, and enforced by the threat of physical harm (tacit or explicit). There are six root causes of Unfreedom: poverty, poor healthcare, lack of education, prejudice, oppression, and conflict. These root causes are the basis for four major …


Archbishop Desmond Tutu: 2000 Recipient, Miranda Anandappat Jan 2015

Archbishop Desmond Tutu: 2000 Recipient, Miranda Anandappat

Freedom Center Journal

Former Archbishop Desmond Tutu received the 2000 International Freedom Conductor Award for his invaluable contributions to the collapse of the apartheid system in South Africa. His fight for the freedom and equality of all South Africans and continuing efforts to advocate for world peace, global human rights, and democratic transition through reconciliatory and restorative justice have made the Archbishop a renowned world leader.


Rosa Parks: 1998 Recipient, Jillian Rich Jan 2015

Rosa Parks: 1998 Recipient, Jillian Rich

Freedom Center Journal

Rosa Parks embodies all that the International Conductor Freedom Award stands for. Stating once, that "[she] would like to be known as a person who is concerned about freedom and equality and justice and prosperity for all people," 1 it is only fitting that she became the first recipient of the International Freedom Conductor Award in 1998.