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Full-Text Articles in Law

"The Law"--In West Virginia, Thomas P. Hardman Dec 1940

"The Law"--In West Virginia, Thomas P. Hardman

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Municipal Trade Barriers, Pressly S. Sikes, Robert J. Parrish Dec 1940

Municipal Trade Barriers, Pressly S. Sikes, Robert J. Parrish

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Law-Delegation Of Legislative Power - Utah Milk Control Act, Edward S. Biggar Dec 1940

Constitutional Law-Delegation Of Legislative Power - Utah Milk Control Act, Edward S. Biggar

Michigan Law Review

The Utah Milk Control Act declared the necessity of stabilizing the production and distribution of market milk, for the purpose of insuring "a continuous and adequate supply of pure, wholesome milk." The state board of agriculture was authorized to fix prices and regulate the surplus of milk in particular marketing areas. Provision was made for public hearings to precede the board's issuance of regulatory orders. In fixing prices, the board was directed to consider the cost of "producing, handling, pasteurizing, and distributing" the milk to be sold. There was no requirement that the orders promulgated contain any specific provisions. Pursuant …


Municipal Corporations - Labor Law - Conflict Of Municipal Ordinance With State Statute, Kenneth J. Nordstrom Dec 1940

Municipal Corporations - Labor Law - Conflict Of Municipal Ordinance With State Statute, Kenneth J. Nordstrom

Michigan Law Review

Defendant, a member of a machinist's union, was indicted for violation of a city ordinance which prohibited peaceful picketing except by employees employed three months or more at a place of business and who had been so employed within sixty days of the commencement of the picketing. A state statute modeled on the Norris-LaGuardia Act authorized the giving of publicity of labor disputes and forbade the issuing of injunctions for designated types of labor controversies. Held, that the ordinance was void and that the defendant was entitled to picket peacefully a company which had never employed him, but which …


Constitutional Law - Labor Law - Peaceful Picketing Guaranteed By Due Process Clause Of Fourteenth Amendment, Eugene T. Kinder Nov 1940

Constitutional Law - Labor Law - Peaceful Picketing Guaranteed By Due Process Clause Of Fourteenth Amendment, Eugene T. Kinder

Michigan Law Review

In the recent Thornhill and Carlson decisions the Supreme Court of the United States declared an Alabama statute and a California county ordinance prohibiting all picketing, peaceful or otherwise, unconstitutional on the ground that such broad legislation deprived employees and union members of their right of free speech, guaranteed by the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. In holding that employees and workers have a constitutional right to publicize the facts of a labor dispute, the Court was but taking another step in its recent crusade for the preservation of civil liberties. …


Public Utilities - Municipal Corporations - Power Of Municipal Corporations To Regulate Public Utility Rates - Finality Of Such Regulation, John S. Pennell Nov 1940

Public Utilities - Municipal Corporations - Power Of Municipal Corporations To Regulate Public Utility Rates - Finality Of Such Regulation, John S. Pennell

Michigan Law Review

Since the decision in the case of Munn v. Illinois it has been settled that where property is devoted to a public use and is charged with a public interest, the state may prescribe reasonable rates for such public service. However, the question then arises as to the manner in which the state may prescribe these rates, through what agencies it may act, and the effect on the total picture of rate regulation within a state after there has been action by one of the proper agencies. The answers to these questions depend to a large extent upon the particular …


Criminal Law And Procedure - Extradition Of A Juvenile Delinquent, Felicia I. Hmiel Nov 1940

Criminal Law And Procedure - Extradition Of A Juvenile Delinquent, Felicia I. Hmiel

Michigan Law Review

The state of Georgia, by an acting justice of peace of a county, charged a thirteen-year-old boy with the crime of assault with intent to murder. Under the Georgia Criminal Code the offense was punishable by imprisonment in the penitentiary for a term of two to ten years. The boy was found in the state of New York, whereupon the governor of Georgia sent a requisition for extradition to the governor of New York. The boy defendant brought a habeas corpus proceeding in a New York court to obtain release from custody under the extradition warrant. Held, the defendant …


Descent And Distribution - Inheritance Through Illegitimate Child - Iowa Statute, James W. Deer Nov 1940

Descent And Distribution - Inheritance Through Illegitimate Child - Iowa Statute, James W. Deer

Michigan Law Review

This action involved a determination of the heirs of A, a widow, whose deceased husband, B, was an illegitimate child. Three sets of claimants asked for her estate: the legitimate descendants of B's mother, the legitimate descendants of B's father, and the state of Iowa, the domicile of the deceased. The district court awarded the property to the state, as uninherited property, on the ground that the other claimants could not take through an illegitimate. On appeal, reversed. An Iowa statute provided that an illegitimate child could inherit from his mother, and from his father, when …


Insurance - Insurable Interest In Life - Right Of Insured To Designate Beneficiary Without Insurable Interest, William D. Sutton Nov 1940

Insurance - Insurable Interest In Life - Right Of Insured To Designate Beneficiary Without Insurable Interest, William D. Sutton

Michigan Law Review

The Metropolitan Life Insurance Company issued a group insurance policy in the sum of $500 upon the life of appellant's husband. The husband paid all the premiums and designated a niece, appellee, the beneficiary therein. Several years prior to the issuance of the policy appellant had ceased to live with the insured, although a divorce had never been obtained. Appellant contested the recovery of the proceeds by appellee on the ground that said niece had no insurable interest in the life of insured. Held, judgment of the trial court awarding proceeds to appellee affirmed, on the ground that appellee …


Insurance - Right Of Insurer Against An Insured Who Has Released The Tortfeasor After Receiving Payment From The Insurer, James A. Lee Nov 1940

Insurance - Right Of Insurer Against An Insured Who Has Released The Tortfeasor After Receiving Payment From The Insurer, James A. Lee

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff insured the defendant against loss on his car due to collision, paid its liability when the defendant's car was damaged by a third party, and took an assignment of plaintiff's claim against the third party to that extent. Defendant then released the third party from liability and plaintiff brought this action to recover the amount paid to the defendant. Held, plaintiff could recover from defendant only for the loss it had sustained by the release, and since plaintiff had failed to prove it could have recovered anything from defendant, it had shown no cause of action. Century Ins. …


Constitutional Law - Interstate Commerce - Validity Of Ordinance Requiring Drummer's License, Michigan Law Review Jun 1940

Constitutional Law - Interstate Commerce - Validity Of Ordinance Requiring Drummer's License, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

Defendant, a door-to-door salesman, solicited orders in Minnesota for goods, which were later shipped from his employer's factory in Wisconsin to his house in Minnesota. There he broke the original packages and filled his customers' orders by delivering the goods in a truck provided him by his employer. Defendant was convicted of violating a municipal ordinance requiring a license of all door-to-door canvassers. Held, the ordinance was unconstitutional as an unreasonable burden on interstate commerce, and the conviction should be set aside. City of Waseca v. Braun, (Minn. 1939) 288 N. W. 229.


Trade Restraints - Due Process - Interference With Liberty To Fix Sale Price Of Gasoline, Michigan Law Review Jun 1940

Trade Restraints - Due Process - Interference With Liberty To Fix Sale Price Of Gasoline, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

In 1925 the state of Iowa enacted a statute requiring all distributors of gasoline in the state, wholesale or retail, to post in plain sight the price at which they intended to sell their gasoline, setting out all taxes thereon. They were then bound to sell at this price to all buyers. Defendant was such a dealer, and although he posted the price, he failed to abide by it as to all sales and was charged with violating the statute. The lower court sustained defendant's demurrers, holding the statute unconstitutional as a denial of due process and equal protection of …


Municipal Corporations - Debt Limitations - Validity Of Revenue Financing Bonds, James W. Deer Jun 1940

Municipal Corporations - Debt Limitations - Validity Of Revenue Financing Bonds, James W. Deer

Michigan Law Review

The state of Ohio created a building authority to which it transferred for a period of twenty-five years certain hospitals and public land. In return the authority promised to repair the hospitals and to construct a number of new buildings. Bonds to the amount of $7,500,000 were issued by the authority on a resolution pledging the income to be derived from the property pursuant to a twenty-three year rent and bond retirement agreement with the department of welfare. The department promised to charge its patients enough to meet these obligations, and to make payment possible a statute was passed allowing …


Municipal Corporations - Police Power - Control Of Streets - Power Of City To Grant Exclusive Garbage Disposal Privilege, Michigan Law Review Jun 1940

Municipal Corporations - Police Power - Control Of Streets - Power Of City To Grant Exclusive Garbage Disposal Privilege, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

Defendant was arrested and fined for collecting and removing garbage by truck over the streets of plaintiff city in violation of an ordinance which provided that no persons other than the duly authorized employees of the city should collect, remove, convey, or transport garbage by any means whatsoever over the city streets. The state constitution gave municipalities the power to adopt and enforce local police and sanitary measures which did not conflict with the general laws. In broad terms, the general code gave the city the power to dispose of garbage, sewage, etc. Defendant claimed that the ordinance conflicted with …


Public Officers - Duties And Responsibilities Of Custodians Of Public Funds, Michigan Law Review Jun 1940

Public Officers - Duties And Responsibilities Of Custodians Of Public Funds, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

The treasurer of a village, acting under the direction of the board of supervisors, deposited the village funds in a certain bank. The village treasurer was the managing officer of this bank. A public official's bond was given to cover his specific term beginning May 5, 1931, and ending May 5, 1932. The bond included a provision exempting the surety from liability for loss by reason of bank failure. A state statute spelled out the obligations of the principal and surety in an official bond without making provisions for any exemptions. At the close of the term of office on …


Public Utilities - Due Process - Validity Of Order Reducing Intrastate Telephone Rates To Conform To Interstate Rates, Michigan Law Review Jun 1940

Public Utilities - Due Process - Validity Of Order Reducing Intrastate Telephone Rates To Conform To Interstate Rates, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

The Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, by order of March 15, 1938, required appellant, the Bell Telephone Company of Pennsylvania, to reduce its intrastate toll rates for distances exceeding thirty-six miles so as to conform to rates charged by the American Telephone and Telegraph Company for comparable distances for interstate services. After full hearing the commission based its order upon .findings that the interstate American Company offered at substantially lower rates the very same service, with identical facilities, accorded by its intrastate subsidiary, plus the additional service furnished by a connecting company, and that hence the higher intrastate rates constituted an …


Trade Restraints - Fair Trade Statutes - Validity Of Statute Forbidding The Giving Of A Premium To Promote The Sale Of Gasoline With An Intent To Injure Competition, Benjamin W. Franklin Jun 1940

Trade Restraints - Fair Trade Statutes - Validity Of Statute Forbidding The Giving Of A Premium To Promote The Sale Of Gasoline With An Intent To Injure Competition, Benjamin W. Franklin

Michigan Law Review

Defendant operated an independent gasoline station. He gave to each cash customer purchasing five gallons of gasoline at the generally prevailing prices a drinking glass worth less than five cents. For this act he was charged with violating a statute prohibiting the giving away of any commodity for the purpose of promoting the sale of any other commodity. Defendant moved that the information be quashed and a verdict be directed of not guilty on the ground that the statute was unconstitutional. From an order denying the motion and finding him guilty, defendant appeals. Held, that the giving of a …


Statutes - Interpretation - Application Of Venue Statute To Owners Of Forms Of Transportation Unknown At The Time Of Its Enactment, Michigan Law Review Apr 1940

Statutes - Interpretation - Application Of Venue Statute To Owners Of Forms Of Transportation Unknown At The Time Of Its Enactment, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

An Iowa venue statute passed in 1872 provided that "an action may be brought against any railway corporation, the owner of stages, or other line of coaches or cars . . . in any county through which such road or line passes or is operated." A damage action was brought against petitioner in a county through which its truck line regularly operated. Petitioner moved for a change of venue to the county where its principal office was located. The motion was overruled and petitioner tested the validity of the ruling in an action in certiorari. Held, a common carrier …


Criminal Law And Procedure-Federal Courts - Substitution By Supreme Court Of Its Inferences Of Fact For Those Of The State Court, John S. Pennell Apr 1940

Criminal Law And Procedure-Federal Courts - Substitution By Supreme Court Of Its Inferences Of Fact For Those Of The State Court, John S. Pennell

Michigan Law Review

The recent cases of Avery v. Alabama and Chambers v. Florida raise the interesting question of the conclusiveness of a fact finding of a state court upon the United States Supreme Court in a criminal trial when the accused claims that one of his constitutional rights has been impaired, and the holding of the state court is to the effect that on the facts presented such right has not been impaired. The case may arise in the United States Supreme Court in either of two ways. It may come up on appeal from a lower federal court denying a petition …


Municipal Corporations - Home Rule Amendments - Conflict Between Local And State Law, William L. Howland Apr 1940

Municipal Corporations - Home Rule Amendments - Conflict Between Local And State Law, William L. Howland

Michigan Law Review

The petitioner, on behalf of the city of Akron, applied for a writ of mandamus to compel the board of health of the city to apply the municipal civil service regulations to the employees of the board. In 1912, Ohio had adopted a so-called "home rule amendment" to its constitution, under authority of which the city had formulated its charter. By statute, each city in Ohio constitutes a city health district, and the officers thereof are appointed by the mayor of the city with the consent of the city council. The state statutes make no express reference to civil service …


Municipal Corporations - Liability For Services Performed Under Invalid Contract, Michigan Law Review Apr 1940

Municipal Corporations - Liability For Services Performed Under Invalid Contract, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff was employed by the board of overseers of defendant city to supervise obtaining employment for recipients of welfare relief, thus relieving the city of the expense of providing for them. The powers of the board were restricted by an ordinance which provided that before any increase should be made in the number of subordinates, a report thereof would be sent to the mayor for his approval. It appeared that the original employment of the plaintiff was in violation of this provision, although the mayor subsequently approved it up to April 5, 1936, when plaintiff's civil service appointment expired. Plaintiff …


Inconsistencies In Public Utility Depreciation: Deduction Of Depreciation For Rate Base Purposes, Robert D. Haun Feb 1940

Inconsistencies In Public Utility Depreciation: Deduction Of Depreciation For Rate Base Purposes, Robert D. Haun

Michigan Law Review

When considering depreciation for rate base purposes the courts and the commissions speak of accrued depreciation, existing depreciation, actual depreciation, complete depreciation, realized depreciation, incomplete depreciation, and observed depreciation. Accrued, existing and actual depreciation all have the same meaning.


Constitutional Law - Equal Protection Of The Laws - Discrimination Against Transients Vending Purchased Produce, Michigan Law Review Feb 1940

Constitutional Law - Equal Protection Of The Laws - Discrimination Against Transients Vending Purchased Produce, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

A Minneapolis ordinance required transient dealers in farm produce to procure a license, but exempted farmers selling their own produce. The appellant was fined for selling butter without the necessary transient merchant license as provided by the ordinance. On appeal, appellant contended that the ordinance was unconstitutional because of class discrimination since (1) sellers in established places of business paid one type of fee while the transients paid another, and (2) farmers selling produce grown by themselves were exempt while other transients were required to pay a fee and furnish bond. Held, that the ordinance was unconstitutional because the …


Sale Of Land For Taxes In Kentucky, Earl S. Wilson Jan 1940

Sale Of Land For Taxes In Kentucky, Earl S. Wilson

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Grounds For Disbarment And Suspension In Kentucky, J. Paul Curry Jan 1940

Grounds For Disbarment And Suspension In Kentucky, J. Paul Curry

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Prospective Overruling Of Constitutional Construction, Alan R. Vogeler Jan 1940

Prospective Overruling Of Constitutional Construction, Alan R. Vogeler

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Charitable Subscription Contracts And The Kentucky Law, Robert L. Taylor Jan 1940

Charitable Subscription Contracts And The Kentucky Law, Robert L. Taylor

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Zoning - Police Power - Will Change In Conditions Make Zoning Restrictions Invalid?, Edmund R. Blaske Jan 1940

Zoning - Police Power - Will Change In Conditions Make Zoning Restrictions Invalid?, Edmund R. Blaske

Michigan Law Review

Desiring to operate a restaurant on his land, plaintiff petitioned the city trustees of Sunnyvale to rezone his property by taking it out of the residential district and adding it to the adjacent industrial district. After denial of his petitions, plaintiff brought this suit in which he sought a judgment declaring the zoning ordinance void as to his property. Reversing the lower court's judgment in favor of the city, the supreme court held, that because conditions had changed since the enactment of the ordinance, it was void as to plaintiff's property. Skalko V. City of Sunnyvale, (Cal. 1939) …


Criminal Law--The Felony Murder Doctrine In Kentucky, J. Granville Clark Jan 1940

Criminal Law--The Felony Murder Doctrine In Kentucky, J. Granville Clark

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Remittitur In Kentucky, Clarence Cornelius Jan 1940

Remittitur In Kentucky, Clarence Cornelius

Kentucky Law Journal

No abstract provided.