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2023

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Freedom On Paper: Reforms To Women’S Rights In Saudi Arabia Will Not Be Effective Until Male Guardianship Is Abolished, Mackenzie Kramer Dec 2023

Freedom On Paper: Reforms To Women’S Rights In Saudi Arabia Will Not Be Effective Until Male Guardianship Is Abolished, Mackenzie Kramer

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Male guardianship, a societal custom derived from Islamic law, renders women in Saudi Arabia second class citizens. The country’s preservation of male guardianship has broken its agreement to adhere to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the leading international women’s rights treaty. Throughout the past decade the country’s Crown Prince, Mohammed bin Salman al Saud (“MbS”), has issued rulings that work to slowly dismantle the apparatus of male guardianship. These developments have been both meaningful and restrained; MbS attempts to tread lightly into human rights reforms to garner the support of western allies, …


Background Noise: Lessons About Media Influence, Mitigation Measures, And Mens Rea From Argentine And Us Criminal Cases, Agustina Mitre, Matthew P. Cavedon Dec 2023

Background Noise: Lessons About Media Influence, Mitigation Measures, And Mens Rea From Argentine And Us Criminal Cases, Agustina Mitre, Matthew P. Cavedon

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

This Article reflects on the influence that intense media coverage can have on high-profile criminal cases and considers ways to reconcile defendants’ right to a fair trial with press freedom, comparing approaches and cases from Argentina and the US. The Article begins by discussing the tension between journalists’ and defendants’ rights (Part I). It then surveys how the US seeks to mitigate media influence (Part II). After this, it notes two recent Argentine mitigation measures (Part III). Next, it conducts a legal analysis of the Fernando Báez Sosa case, blaming media pressure for errors in the judgment and then proposing …


Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia Dec 2023

Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia

Journal of Nonprofit Innovation

Urban farming can enhance the lives of communities and help reduce food scarcity. This paper presents a conceptual prototype of an efficient urban farming community that can be scaled for a single apartment building or an entire community across all global geoeconomics regions, including densely populated cities and rural, developing towns and communities. When deployed in coordination with smart crop choices, local farm support, and efficient transportation then the result isn’t just sustainability, but also increasing fresh produce accessibility, optimizing nutritional value, eliminating the use of ‘forever chemicals’, reducing transportation costs, and fostering global environmental benefits.

Imagine Doris, who is …


#Metoo & The Courts: The Impact Of Social Movements On Federal Judicial Decisionmaking, Carol T. Li, Matthew E.K. Hall, Veronica Root Martinez Dec 2023

#Metoo & The Courts: The Impact Of Social Movements On Federal Judicial Decisionmaking, Carol T. Li, Matthew E.K. Hall, Veronica Root Martinez

Washington and Lee Law Review Online

In late 2017, the #MeToo movement swept through the United States as individuals from all backgrounds and walks of life revealed their experiences with sexual abuse and sexual harassment. After the #MeToo movement, many scholars, advocates, and policymakers posited that the watershed moment would prompt changes in the ways in which sexual harassment cases were handled. This Article examines the impact the #MeToo movement has had on judicial decisionmaking. Our hypothesis is that the #MeToo movement’s increase in public awareness and political attention to experiences of sexual misconduct should lead to more pro-claimant voting in federal courts at the district …


Volume 6, Issue 1 (2023) Criminal Justice Agents And Responsibility, Colleen Berryessa, Elizabeth Griffiths, Kaitlen Hubbard, Deena A. Isom, Kateryna Kaplun, Hiuxuan Li, Siyu Liu, Esther Nir, Heather L. Scheuerman, Rachel Schumann, Sandy Xie, Carolyn Yule Dec 2023

Volume 6, Issue 1 (2023) Criminal Justice Agents And Responsibility, Colleen Berryessa, Elizabeth Griffiths, Kaitlen Hubbard, Deena A. Isom, Kateryna Kaplun, Hiuxuan Li, Siyu Liu, Esther Nir, Heather L. Scheuerman, Rachel Schumann, Sandy Xie, Carolyn Yule

International Journal on Responsibility

This special issue of the International Journal on Responsibility (IJR) advances scholarship on the various ways responsibility infuses the roles of criminal justice agents. As the inaugural issue of my tenure as Editor-in-Chief, Volume 6 deepens our understanding of responsibility in the context of the criminal justice system, thereby fulfilling IJR’s aim and scope. Specifically, the articles highlight issues of responsibility within each component of the criminal justice system: police, courts, and corrections.


Large Language Models: Ai's Legal Revolution, Adam Allen Bent Dec 2023

Large Language Models: Ai's Legal Revolution, Adam Allen Bent

Pace Law Review

This article contemplates and advocates for the use of Artificial Intelligence (“AI”) through Large Language Models (“LLM”) in legal practice. The author ultimately addresses the need to orient LMMs within varying legal contexts including academia, private practice, as well as the U.S. court system. Additionally, the author emphasizes the inevitability of AI and LLM systems infiltrating legal practice, and the reality that the industry must acknowledge and accept these systems to regulate and to provide better while still ethical legal services. Large Language Models: AI’s Legal Revolution, begins by walking the reader through the history of technological innovation of AI, …


Seeking Higher Ground: Developing A Tribal Model Code For Disaster And Emergency Management In A Complex Jurisdictional Environment, Brian Candelaria Dec 2023

Seeking Higher Ground: Developing A Tribal Model Code For Disaster And Emergency Management In A Complex Jurisdictional Environment, Brian Candelaria

American Indian Law Journal

“The teepee is much better to live in;

always clean, warm in winter, cool in summer; easy to move. The white man builds his big house, cost much money, like big cage, shut out sun, can never move; always sick. Indians and animals know better how to live than white man; nobody can be in good health if does not have all the time fresh air, sunshine, and good water.”

- Chief Flying Hawk[1]

In 2019, I opened my submission for the Sovereignty Symposium’s Doolin Award with the statement above. The entry was accepted and reprinted in the American …


Table Of Contents, Mecca Wilkinson Dec 2023

Table Of Contents, Mecca Wilkinson

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Letter To Our Readers, Mecca Wilkinson Dec 2023

Letter To Our Readers, Mecca Wilkinson

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Disinfecting The Criminal Legal System Of Punitive Deterrence, Joseph Dole Dec 2023

Disinfecting The Criminal Legal System Of Punitive Deterrence, Joseph Dole

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Public Interest Burnout: Seven Factors That Increase The Risk, Sandra Simkins Dec 2023

Public Interest Burnout: Seven Factors That Increase The Risk, Sandra Simkins

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Titles And Pronouns In The Academy: Academic Freedom And In-Class Speech Pursuant To Classroom Management, Michael K. Park Dec 2023

Titles And Pronouns In The Academy: Academic Freedom And In-Class Speech Pursuant To Classroom Management, Michael K. Park

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


The Constitutional Ambition Of Black Liberation, Paul A. Gowder Dec 2023

The Constitutional Ambition Of Black Liberation, Paul A. Gowder

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Locating The 'Nanny' In Legal Theory, Akshat Agarwal Dec 2023

Locating The 'Nanny' In Legal Theory, Akshat Agarwal

National Law School Journal

Paid domestic workers pose a challenge to legal theorists since they occupy the unique intersection of the market and the home. While being paid for the ‘care’ they provide, their work is characterised by a high degree of informality and is usually also considered emotive. I use India as a case study to show how attempts to include paid domestic workers within formal labour law protections have been consistently unsuccessful, which demonstrates the unique nature of paid domestic work. At the same time, academic arguments for the inclusion of such workers in family law frameworks raise several practical concerns and …


Women Seldom Make History And Tradition: Patriarchal Originalism In Dobbs, Anna Greer Dec 2023

Women Seldom Make History And Tradition: Patriarchal Originalism In Dobbs, Anna Greer

DePaul Journal for Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Blue State Exodus?, Jon D. Michaels, David L. Noll Dec 2023

Blue State Exodus?, Jon D. Michaels, David L. Noll

Pepperdine Law Review

American businesses and families are leaving Blue states in record numbers for destinations like Texas, Florida, and Georgia. This migration of people, businesses, and tax dollars has prompted claims of a “Blue state exodus” prompted by “leftist politicians imposing leftist ideology.” As expressed by Utah’s Senator Mike Lee, the “exodus” proves that “the Left’s policies don’t work.” But does the movement of taxpayers from Blue to Red states really signal a rejection of progressive policies? This Essay argues that, before accepting that interpretation, we should consider another possibility. Perhaps Blue states aren’t overly progressive, but insufficiently so. Paralyzed by political …


“How Dare You Vote!” The Enactment Of Racist And Undemocratic Voting Laws To Preserve White Supremacy, Maintain The Status Quo, And Prevent The Rise Of The Black Vote – Saying The Quiet Parts Out Loud, Patricia A. Broussard, Joi Cardwell Dec 2023

“How Dare You Vote!” The Enactment Of Racist And Undemocratic Voting Laws To Preserve White Supremacy, Maintain The Status Quo, And Prevent The Rise Of The Black Vote – Saying The Quiet Parts Out Loud, Patricia A. Broussard, Joi Cardwell

University of Miami Race & Social Justice Law Review

Historically the United States has proudly described itself as a “melting pot,” declaring, “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free.” However, if the truth is told, the United States of America has never been a melting pot. In a melting pot, the ingredients each contribute something to the pot that equalizes them into becoming a well-seasoned, indistinguishable meal. No one ingredient dominates the mixture, and each adds something that makes the pot richer. This country is more like a gumbo, a dish whose ingredients stand out, where some purportedly add more value to the …


The Forgotten Activists: Black People In The Disability Rights Movement, Kiyra Ellis Dec 2023

The Forgotten Activists: Black People In The Disability Rights Movement, Kiyra Ellis

University of Miami Race & Social Justice Law Review

No abstract provided.


Challenging Florida’S Parental Rights In Education Act, Aka The “Don’T Say Gay” Law: Finding Equality Through Equal Protection Doctrine, Nelson Garcia Dec 2023

Challenging Florida’S Parental Rights In Education Act, Aka The “Don’T Say Gay” Law: Finding Equality Through Equal Protection Doctrine, Nelson Garcia

University of Miami Race & Social Justice Law Review

No abstract provided.


On Liberty: From Due Process To Equal Protection—Dobbs’ Impact On The Transgender Community, Emily Kaufman Dec 2023

On Liberty: From Due Process To Equal Protection—Dobbs’ Impact On The Transgender Community, Emily Kaufman

University of Miami Race & Social Justice Law Review

Liberty has been a bedrock principle of American democracy from the time of our nation’s founding and is the norm that charters our nation’s existence. Liberty was the motivation driving the colonists’ rebellion against tyranny in order to establish a nation that would preserve liberty, at all costs. The preamble of the Constitution explicitly classifies every subsequent article’s purpose, to secure the blessings of liberty.

This note will touch on the concepts of personal liberty in the context of abortion in the landmark case Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Org, and the implications of this case on the transgender community. …


The Conferred Jurisdiction Of The International Criminal Court, Leila Nadya Sadat Dec 2023

The Conferred Jurisdiction Of The International Criminal Court, Leila Nadya Sadat

Notre Dame Law Review

After twenty years of operation, we know that the International Criminal Court (ICC) works in practice. But does it work in theory? A debate rages regarding the proper conceptualization of the Court’s jurisdiction. Some have argued that the ICC’s jurisdiction is little more than a delegation by states of a subset of their own criminal jurisdiction. They contend that when states ratify the Rome Statute, they transfer some of their own prescriptive or adjudicative criminal jurisdiction to the Court, meaning that the Court cannot do more than the state itself could have done. Moreover, they argue that these constraints are …


Toward “The Most Freedom”: Decriminalizing Sex Work Alleviates Housing Discrimination And Housing Instability Faced By Sex Workers In New York City, Bianca B. Li Dec 2023

Toward “The Most Freedom”: Decriminalizing Sex Work Alleviates Housing Discrimination And Housing Instability Faced By Sex Workers In New York City, Bianca B. Li

Journal of Law and Policy

While sex work has been incrementally decriminalized in New York City, statutes that criminalize some forms of sex work remain good law in New York City and generate potentially life-altering penalties for sex workers who are arrested or convicted under these laws. This leads to complications for sex workers who seek to rent apartments. The New York City Human Rights Law, the City’s anti-discrimination statute, does not offer explicit protection to sex workers against housing discrimination, and two criminal laws penalize property owners for allowing sex work to occur on or near their premises. This Note explores the shortcomings of …


Legal Representation Of Parents In Child Dependency Cases In Virginia, Eric J. Reynolds Dec 2023

Legal Representation Of Parents In Child Dependency Cases In Virginia, Eric J. Reynolds

University of Richmond Law Review

Virginia’s current system of providing court-appointed legal counsel for parents involved in child dependency cases is unsustainable and inadequate, requiring swift and dramatic action from the state government. Inadequate legal representation for parents often leads to poor outcomes for children and a lack of protections for the parents’ due process rights. While attempts to improve the system have been made in recent years, they are often quickly dismissed. The largest hindrances in the current system, this Article suggests, is that court-appointed attorneys for parents are typically underpaid, undertrained, and consequently unable to meaningfully advocate for their client. Due to the …


The Current State Of Abortion Law In Virginia Leaves Victims Of Domestic And Sexual Violence Vulnerable To Abuse: Why Virginia Should Codify The Right To Abortion In The State Constitution†, Courtenay Schwartz Dec 2023

The Current State Of Abortion Law In Virginia Leaves Victims Of Domestic And Sexual Violence Vulnerable To Abuse: Why Virginia Should Codify The Right To Abortion In The State Constitution†, Courtenay Schwartz

University of Richmond Law Review

All people must have access to safe and legal reproductive health care—especially victims of sexual and domestic violence who can and do become pregnant because of the violence they experience. This year, the United States Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade and Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization. In doing so, the Supreme Court held that the Constitution does not protect the right to an abortion. Though abortion access is currently protected in Virginia, this could change with each new General Assembly session. To guard against the danger that this poses to …


Taxing The New With The Old: Capturing The Value Of Data With The Corporate Income Tax In Virginia, Coleman H. Cheeley Dec 2023

Taxing The New With The Old: Capturing The Value Of Data With The Corporate Income Tax In Virginia, Coleman H. Cheeley

University of Richmond Law Review

The Commonwealth of Virginia markets itself as “The Largest Data Center Market in the World.”In 2019, the Northern Virginia market alone was the largest in the United States by inventory, with room to grow. In 2021, data centers in Northern Virginia required an estimated 1,686 megawatts of power; that number is expected to increase by 200 megawatts in the near future, reflecting data centers currently under development. For reference, in 2022, it was estimated that more than 100 homes could be powered by one megawatt of solar power in Virginia. Historically, data centers have been located in the Commonwealth due …


Pathways To Liberty: What Colonial, Antebellum, And Postbellum Education Can Teach Us About Today, Danielle Wingfield Dec 2023

Pathways To Liberty: What Colonial, Antebellum, And Postbellum Education Can Teach Us About Today, Danielle Wingfield

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Education is a critical part of nation-building. More specifically, it can also be a powerful pathway to liberty and a tool for disseminating knowledge. However, historically it has been used to subjugate and censor vulnerable groups like women, socio-economically disadvantaged persons, as well as men of color. Therefore, to avoid subordinating members of such minoritized groups and suppressing uncomfortable historical facts, advocates must continually evaluate the purpose and method of education. Such persistent monitoring can provide a basis for constructive reform of public education in the United States. Such reform must also consider changing social conditions.

Presently, for example, public …


Legal Ethics, Code Of Conduct For Barristers And The Overriding Objective In Criminal Trials, Zia Akhtar Nov 2023

Legal Ethics, Code Of Conduct For Barristers And The Overriding Objective In Criminal Trials, Zia Akhtar

St. Mary's Journal on Legal Malpractice & Ethics

The criminal lawyer has a duty to his client, to the court, and to the administration of justice. This must be accomplished within a framework of ethics comprised from codes of conduct regulating the legal profession. There are difficult ethical problems arising from conflicts between a lawyers responsibilities to clients, the legal system, and the disciplinary codes of the profession. In England, the barristers conduct is governed by the Bar Standard Board, and legal professionals must abide by the regulations that are imposed upon them when acting for their clients. The new Criminal Procedure Rules and …


Unauthorized Practice Or Untenable Prohibitions: Refining And Redefining Upl, Jan L. Jacobowitz, Peter R. Jarvis Nov 2023

Unauthorized Practice Or Untenable Prohibitions: Refining And Redefining Upl, Jan L. Jacobowitz, Peter R. Jarvis

St. Mary's Journal on Legal Malpractice & Ethics

An extraordinarily number of Americans either cannot afford or cannot find lawyers to assist them on civil legal matters. And an increasing number of Americans turn either to on-line apps or to nonlawyer professionals whose practices may overlap in whole or in part with what lawyers do. Although individuals receive much needed assistance, these alternative providers often confront allegations of committing the unauthorized practice of law. Unfortunately, the rules regarding the unauthorized practice of law (“UPL”) are both outdated and extraordinarily ambiguous. Moreover, UPL issues regarding alternative providers are distinct from questions concerning whether nonlawyers should be entitled to be …


To Write Or Not To Write: The Ethics Of Judicial Writings And Publishing, Nick Badgerow, Michael Hoeflich, Sarah Schmitz Nov 2023

To Write Or Not To Write: The Ethics Of Judicial Writings And Publishing, Nick Badgerow, Michael Hoeflich, Sarah Schmitz

St. Mary's Journal on Legal Malpractice & Ethics

Judges are bound by the Model Code of Judicial Conduct promulgated by the American Bar Association and adopted most states, including the federal judiciary. Within these rules governing judicial conduct, Judges owe duties to the public and to their calling, to be (and appear to be) objective, fair, judicious, and independent. When judges venture into the realm of extrajudicial writing—in the form of fiction novels, short stories, legal books, children’s books, and the like—they must consider the ethical bounds of that expression. The Model Code of Judicial Conduct imposes five main constraints upon extrajudicial writings: (a) a judge may not …


Why The Dobbs Draft Release Makes It Tougher To Teach Legal Ethics, Lynne Marie Kohm Nov 2023

Why The Dobbs Draft Release Makes It Tougher To Teach Legal Ethics, Lynne Marie Kohm

St. Mary's Journal on Legal Malpractice & Ethics

No abstract provided.