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Journal

Labor and Employment Law

2015

Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 200

Full-Text Articles in Law

Is It Worthless To Be "Worth Less"? Ending The Exemption Of People With A Disability From The Federal Minimum Wage Under The Fair Labor Standards Act Notes, Alanna Sakovits Dec 2015

Is It Worthless To Be "Worth Less"? Ending The Exemption Of People With A Disability From The Federal Minimum Wage Under The Fair Labor Standards Act Notes, Alanna Sakovits

City University of New York Law Review

No abstract provided.


Proposing An Integrative-Progressive Model In Handling Troubled Indonesian Overseas Workers In The Transit Area (A Socio-Legal Research In Tanjung Pinang City, Kepulauan Riau Province), Rina Shahriyani Shahrullah, Elza Syarief Dec 2015

Proposing An Integrative-Progressive Model In Handling Troubled Indonesian Overseas Workers In The Transit Area (A Socio-Legal Research In Tanjung Pinang City, Kepulauan Riau Province), Rina Shahriyani Shahrullah, Elza Syarief

Indonesia Law Review

Tanjung Pinang City of the Riau Islands Province (Provinsi Kepulauan Riau) is a transit area for the troubled Indonesian overseas workers from Singapore and Malaysia. The Indonesian National Board for the Placement and Protection of Indonesian Workers (Badan Nasional Penempatan dan Perlindungan Tenaga Kerja Indonesia/BNP2TKI) reported that 15,105 troubled Indonesian overseas workers were deported from January to November 2014 via Tanjung Pinang City. Previous research revealed that citizens of Tanjung Pinang City criticized the treatments given by the local government to the deported workers by reason that they were not the citizens of the Riau Islands Province, yet the local …


Confusing Clarity: The Pregnancy Discrimination Act After Young V. Ups, Inc., Jessica M. Bretl Dec 2015

Confusing Clarity: The Pregnancy Discrimination Act After Young V. Ups, Inc., Jessica M. Bretl

Notre Dame Law Review Reflection

On March 25, 2015, the Supreme Court issued an opinion in Young v. UPS, Inc.—the most recent case in the Court’s pregnancy discrimination jurisprudence. Young focused on an interpretation of one clause of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) and how that interpretation would shape claims of employment discrimination by pregnant employees seeking work accommodations. This Comment argues that the majority opinion in Young did not clarify, but only muddied the waters: the Young framework presents challenges for the lower courts tasked with applying the framework and creates uncertainty for future pregnancy discrimination litigation.

Part I of this Comment provides …


My Coworker, My Enemy: Solidarity, Workplace Control, And The Class Politics Of Title Vii, Ahmed A. White Dec 2015

My Coworker, My Enemy: Solidarity, Workplace Control, And The Class Politics Of Title Vii, Ahmed A. White

Buffalo Law Review

No abstract provided.


If At First You Don't Succeed, Try, Try, Try Again: The Third Circuit Strikes Down Prevailing Wage Rule Once More In Comite De Apoyo A Los Trabajadores Agricolas V. Perez, Sara Moyer Dec 2015

If At First You Don't Succeed, Try, Try, Try Again: The Third Circuit Strikes Down Prevailing Wage Rule Once More In Comite De Apoyo A Los Trabajadores Agricolas V. Perez, Sara Moyer

Villanova Law Review

No abstract provided.


Awakening The Spirit Of The Nlra: The Future Of Concerted Activity Through Social Media, Benjamin J. Hogan Dec 2015

Awakening The Spirit Of The Nlra: The Future Of Concerted Activity Through Social Media, Benjamin J. Hogan

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Finding A Way Out Of No Man's Land: Compensating Mental-Mental Claims And Bringing West Virginia's Workers' Compensation System Into The 21st Century, Logan Burke Dec 2015

Finding A Way Out Of No Man's Land: Compensating Mental-Mental Claims And Bringing West Virginia's Workers' Compensation System Into The 21st Century, Logan Burke

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Naquin V. Elevating Boats, Llc: The Fifth Circuit’S Improper Expansion Of Jones Act “Seaman Status” Qualification, Timothy M. O'Hara Nov 2015

Naquin V. Elevating Boats, Llc: The Fifth Circuit’S Improper Expansion Of Jones Act “Seaman Status” Qualification, Timothy M. O'Hara

Pace Law Review

The story began nearly a century ago, when Congress enacted the Jones Act and effectively made “seamen the most generously treated personal injury victims in American law.” But defining a Jones Act seaman has not come easy, as it took the United States Supreme Court seventy five years to arrive at the modern seaman status test. This commentary examines the “tortured history” of the Jones Act, how qualification for the statute’s protections has evolved, the modern seaman status test, and the implications of the Fifth Circuit’s recent application thereof. Section II gives a brief history and explanation of maritime law …


Practical Problems In Employment Law: Flma Notices And The Not-So-Reliable Mailbox Rule, Gina E. Mcandrew Nov 2015

Practical Problems In Employment Law: Flma Notices And The Not-So-Reliable Mailbox Rule, Gina E. Mcandrew

Villanova Law Review

No abstract provided.


Illusory Rights Under The Arbitrary And Capricious Standard: Adding Remedial Safeguards To The Judicial Standard Of Review Beyond Erisa Denial Of Benefits Claims, Javier J. Diaz Nov 2015

Illusory Rights Under The Arbitrary And Capricious Standard: Adding Remedial Safeguards To The Judicial Standard Of Review Beyond Erisa Denial Of Benefits Claims, Javier J. Diaz

Seton Hall Circuit Review

No abstract provided.


Why Title Vii's Participation Clause Needs To Be Broadly Interpreted To Protect Those Involved In Internal Investigations, May M. Mansour Oct 2015

Why Title Vii's Participation Clause Needs To Be Broadly Interpreted To Protect Those Involved In Internal Investigations, May M. Mansour

St. John's Law Review

(Excerpt)

This Note argues that this narrow interpretation of the statute is contrary to the intention and aim of Title VII and, in turn, should be interpreted more broadly. Part I of this Note gives a brief explanation of the meaning and purpose of Title VII's anti-retaliation provision. Part II focuses on some of the cases that have limited the application of the participation clause to employees who are involved in formal EEOC proceedings. In particular, it focuses on the most recent Second Circuit case, Townsend v. Benjamin Enterprises, Inc., to examine the dangers presented by such a limited …


Are Unions A Constitutional Anomaly?, Cynthia Estlund Oct 2015

Are Unions A Constitutional Anomaly?, Cynthia Estlund

Michigan Law Review

This term in Friedrichs v. California Teachers Ass’n, the Supreme Court will consider whether ordinary public employees may constitutionally be required to pay an “agency fee,” as a condition of employment, to the union that represents them in collective bargaining. The Court established the terms of engagement in the 2014 decision Harris v. Quinn, which struck down an agency fee on narrower grounds while describing the current doctrine approving agency fees, blessed many times by the Court itself, as an “anomaly.” This Article asks whether labor unions are themselves anomalies in our legal system, particularly in their constitutional entitlements. Its …


A Collective Good: Disability Diversity As A Value In Public Sector Collective Bargaining Agreements, Carrie Griffin Basas Oct 2015

A Collective Good: Disability Diversity As A Value In Public Sector Collective Bargaining Agreements, Carrie Griffin Basas

St. John's Law Review

(Excerpt)

Part I of this Article explains why disability is a helpful lens and reviews the theoretical underpinnings of the roles of contracts, such as CBAs, in setting workplace dynamics and generating "informal laws." Part II describes the methodology used in this study of CBAs. Part III is a taxonomy of the models of disability-framing and workplace dynamics that the CBAs reflect. Part IV presents a new framework for envisioning how the corrective, civil rights vision of the Idealist model might transform workplaces for all workers-marginalized or empowered, public or private-and, therefore, transform labor and employment law. In other words, …


Dialogic Labor Regulation In The Global Supply Chain, Kevin Kolben Oct 2015

Dialogic Labor Regulation In The Global Supply Chain, Kevin Kolben

Michigan Journal of International Law

In May 2006, the government of Jordan was facing a crisis. A small U.S. labor-rights activist group had just released a damning report documenting extensive labor abuses in Jordan’s fledgling garment industry. Adding fuel to the fire, the New York Times published a front-page story about the report with its own field work that corroborated some of the allegations, such as long and abusive working hours, the confiscation of passports of foreign workers, horrendous living conditions, and sexual harassment. Although garment manufacturing was new to Jordan, after just several years of existence it already constituted an important part of Jordan’s …


The Law Of Intimate Work, Naomi Schoenbaum Oct 2015

The Law Of Intimate Work, Naomi Schoenbaum

Washington Law Review

This Article introduces the concept of intimate work—intimate services provided by paid workers to a range of consumers—and seeks to unify its treatment in law. The concept explains multiple exceptions to work law that have previously been viewed as random and even contradictory. From the daycare worker to the divorce lawyer, the nurse to the hairstylist, intimate work introduces an intimate party—the consumer—into the arm’s-length employer-employee dyad on which work law is premised. This disruption leads to limited enforcement of non-compete agreements, the waiver or imposition of fiduciary duties, and exceptions to wage-and-hour and antidiscrimination law, among other consequences. The …


The Wellness Approach: Weeding Out Unfair Labor Practices In The Cannabis Industry, Taylor G. Sachs Oct 2015

The Wellness Approach: Weeding Out Unfair Labor Practices In The Cannabis Industry, Taylor G. Sachs

Florida State University Law Review



Working With Cancer: How The Law Can Help Survivors Maintain Employment, Ann C. Hodges Oct 2015

Working With Cancer: How The Law Can Help Survivors Maintain Employment, Ann C. Hodges

Washington Law Review

Advances in cancer treatment are saving lives, but along with the benefits come challenges. Millions of cancer survivors of working age need to support themselves and their families. This Article looks at the impact of cancer on employment starting with the empirical evidence gathered by researchers affiliated with medical centers. This empirical research provides a base, not previously explored in the legal literature, for assessing the existing laws dealing with cancer and employment (or unemployment). Viewing the law through this lens, which reveals the complex relationship between cancer and employment, exposes both the promise and the weakness of existing laws …


Inequality And Identity At Work, Jennifer Koshan Oct 2015

Inequality And Identity At Work, Jennifer Koshan

Dalhousie Law Journal

A clinic at the University of Calgary law school in 2014 worked with unions and workers'rights groups to develop constitutionalchallenges to the historic exclusion of farm workers from labour and employment legislation in Alberta. After exploring arguments under sections 2(d), 7 and 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, we concluded that, based on the existing jurisprudence, the equality rights arguments under section 15 were the weakest. This article explores what is lost when we fail to recognize the identity-based harms that flow from government violations of equality rights. It considers the nature of these harms, why they …


A Practitioner's Guide To United States Employment Taxation Of Nonresident Aliens Working In The United States, John L. Gornall Jr., John B. Copenhaver Sep 2015

A Practitioner's Guide To United States Employment Taxation Of Nonresident Aliens Working In The United States, John L. Gornall Jr., John B. Copenhaver

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Stemming The Hobby Lobby Tidal Wave: Why Rfra Challenges To Obama's Executive Order Prohibiting Federal Contractors From Discriminating Against Lgbt Employees Will Not Succeed, Kayla A. Higgins Sep 2015

Stemming The Hobby Lobby Tidal Wave: Why Rfra Challenges To Obama's Executive Order Prohibiting Federal Contractors From Discriminating Against Lgbt Employees Will Not Succeed, Kayla A. Higgins

Buffalo Journal of Gender, Law & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


An Employer's Conscience After Hobby Lobby And The Continuing Conflict Between Women's Rights And Religious Freedom, Sarah M. Stephens Sep 2015

An Employer's Conscience After Hobby Lobby And The Continuing Conflict Between Women's Rights And Religious Freedom, Sarah M. Stephens

Buffalo Journal of Gender, Law & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


Why Don't More Employers Adopt Flexile Working Time?, Robert C. Bird Sep 2015

Why Don't More Employers Adopt Flexile Working Time?, Robert C. Bird

West Virginia Law Review

No abstract provided.


Obergefell’S Prescription: Why The Fourteenth Amendment Trumps State Employees’ Free Exercise Claims, Douglas B. Mckechnie Aug 2015

Obergefell’S Prescription: Why The Fourteenth Amendment Trumps State Employees’ Free Exercise Claims, Douglas B. Mckechnie

ConLawNOW

Soon after the United States Supreme Court’s decision in Obergefell v. Hodges, some elected officials and civil servants objected to the requirement that same-sex couples be offered marriage licenses. In particular, they argued that a government employee whose job duties include issuing marriage licenses cannot be forced to do so if it would violate his or her religion’s dictates. This piece argues that position is unavailing as it ignores the jurisprudence construing the free exercise clause of the First Amendment as well as the mandate created by the Court’s interpretation of the Fourteenth Amendment in Obergefell.


An Examination Of Two Aspects Of The Nlrb Representation Election: Employee Attitudes And Board Inferences, William H. Fitzgerald, D. Richard Froelke Aug 2015

An Examination Of Two Aspects Of The Nlrb Representation Election: Employee Attitudes And Board Inferences, William H. Fitzgerald, D. Richard Froelke

Akron Law Review

In any event, the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) has, during the last 35 years, made the ballot, with its implications of order and stability, available to over 25 million American workers. Some may suppose that the bulk of union organization has already taken place and that today the election function of the NLRB is relatively unimportant. This is not the case.

The purpose of this paper is to examine, through the use of random sampling techniques, employee reactions to unions and employers, and to examine the effectiveness of NLRB policies followed in the regulation of representation elections.


The Nlrb's Restrictions On The Employer's Right Of Free Speech, D. Richard Froelke Aug 2015

The Nlrb's Restrictions On The Employer's Right Of Free Speech, D. Richard Froelke

Akron Law Review

In fiscal year 1968 more than a half million employees cast ballots in NLRB-conducted representation elections. Over the years more than twenty-five million employees have cast ballots in NLRB-supervised elections. Consequently, it seems worthwhile to review, in the light of the First Amendment, the NLRB's attempt to regulate the conduct of elections in which employees choose whether to become organized.


A Historical Sketch Of Anglo-American Medical Law (With Emphasis On The Maxim Of Respondeat Superior), Dennis O. Norman Aug 2015

A Historical Sketch Of Anglo-American Medical Law (With Emphasis On The Maxim Of Respondeat Superior), Dennis O. Norman

Akron Law Review

In MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE, the medical and legal professions are united to encompass a wide range of human activity. The spectrum of medical law is so broad that a thorough consideration of its historical development would require the writing of several volumes. Consequently, this article confines itself to a discussion of the primary origins and major developments of Anglo American medical jurisprudence. Special emphasis has been placed upon the agency concept of respondeat superior, since this doctrine plays a prominent role in medical law and since the doctrine has been used of late to significantly expand the potential liability of the …


Public Employee Strikes In Ohio: The Ferguson Act Reconsidered, Donald J. Hoffman, Donald J. Newman Aug 2015

Public Employee Strikes In Ohio: The Ferguson Act Reconsidered, Donald J. Hoffman, Donald J. Newman

Akron Law Review

A SOCIETY CHANGES through normal evolutionary processes, the laws by which that society elects to be governed must also be changed.2 The diminution of the rationale for a given law tends to render that law vacuous. Impossibility of effective enforcement of the law will often render a law impotent. Failure by the appropriate legislative body to revise or repeal such laws to more accurately accommodate the current consensus results in a general deterioration of society's respect for law. An example is the Ferguson Act, which unequivocably prohibits any public employee in Ohio from striking. It has become clear that the …


Employment Equality In A Color-Blind Society, Earl M. Curry Jr. Aug 2015

Employment Equality In A Color-Blind Society, Earl M. Curry Jr.

Akron Law Review

The purposes of this article are first, to look at the rights of Negroes, under law, to bring economic pressure to bear for employment equality, including the demand for a quota, and secondly to see how that law is satisfying today's social needs. To achieve this latter purpose, perhaps we must ask whether our society can afford to be legally color-blind? We shall look first to the private self-help devices that have been used by minorities, and then to one area of governmental intervention that has dealt directly with minority employment and the use of quotas or goals to achieve …


Arbitration - Dispute Involving Hazardous Working Conditions Is Within The Scope Of Broad Arbitration Clause Of A Collective Bargaining Agreement In Absence Of Forceful Indication Of Exclusionary Intent; Gateway Coal Co. V. United Mine Workers, Raymond T. Royko Aug 2015

Arbitration - Dispute Involving Hazardous Working Conditions Is Within The Scope Of Broad Arbitration Clause Of A Collective Bargaining Agreement In Absence Of Forceful Indication Of Exclusionary Intent; Gateway Coal Co. V. United Mine Workers, Raymond T. Royko

Akron Law Review

The collapse of a ventilation structure substantially reduced the air flow into a mine operated 'by the Gateway Coal Co., seriously increasing the danger of accumulation of dust, flammable gas and possible explosion. Three assistant foremen, whose duties included checking and recording the airflow in the mine, made false entries in their logbooks that failed to disclose the reduced air flow. The three foremen were suspended, and criminal proceedings were instituted against them. While the charges remained pending, the Company, after receiving permission from the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources, reinstated the foremen. Ruling that the continued presence of the …


The Occupational Safety And Health Act: A Promise That Failed, Howard M. Metzenbaum Aug 2015

The Occupational Safety And Health Act: A Promise That Failed, Howard M. Metzenbaum

Akron Law Review

When Congress passed the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) in 1970, it commanded industry to provide its employees with workplaces free from recognized dangers. The legislation declared that the safety of workers is a public concern, a concern vital to the community at large. Spokesmen for the then-presiding Nixon Administration praised the Act heartily and vowed to implement it energetically. "This bill opens up a whole new vista for the Labor Department," said the Secretary of Labor. "We plan to launch the administration of the Act with all the vigor and momentum we can generate."

Four years later, the …