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Journal Articles

2010

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 116

Full-Text Articles in Law

Hidden In Plain View: Legal Geography From A Visual Perspective, Irus Braverman Oct 2010

Hidden In Plain View: Legal Geography From A Visual Perspective, Irus Braverman

Journal Articles

Law, with a capital “L” at least, is not particularly fond of hiding itself. In order to be effective, law must be asserted in the world; it must be acknowledged; and, most importantly, it must be visually seen. Why, then, would law hide itself in space? And, perhaps more importantly, how would it do so? And why would such hidden places of law be of importance to us? This paper explores the dual project of seeing and concealing within the context of legal geography. It examines how law sees the physical landscape and how it is seen from a spatial …


Rights, Privileges, And Access To Information, Alina Ng Oct 2010

Rights, Privileges, And Access To Information, Alina Ng

Journal Articles

Protecting property rights in creative works represents a classic institutional approach to the specific economic problems of nonrivalness and non-excludability of information. By providing the copyright owner with an enforceable right against non-paying members of society, copyright laws encourage the production and dissemination of literary and artistic works to society for educational purposes. Implicit in the grant of property rights is the assumption that commercial incentives foster creative activity and productivity. In recent years, literary and artistic works have increasingly become the subject matter of exclusive property rights and control, particularly as emerging technologies provide users of creative works with …


Immigration As Urban Policy, Rick Su Oct 2010

Immigration As Urban Policy, Rick Su

Journal Articles

Immigration has done more to shape the physical and social landscape of many of America’s largest cities than almost any other economic or cultural force. Indeed, immigration is so central to urban development in the United States that it is a wonder why immigration is not explicitly discussed as an aspect of urban policy. Yet in the national conversation over immigration, one would strain to hear it described in this manner. This essay addresses this oversight by making the case for a reorientation of immigration toward urban policy; and it does so by advocating for an immigration regime that both …


Lessons Learned, Lessons Lost: Immigration Enforcement's Failed Experiment With Penal Severity, Teresa A. Miller Oct 2010

Lessons Learned, Lessons Lost: Immigration Enforcement's Failed Experiment With Penal Severity, Teresa A. Miller

Journal Articles

This article traces the evolution of “get tough” sentencing and corrections policies that were touted as the solution to a criminal justice system widely viewed as “broken” in the mid-1970s. It draws parallels to the adoption some twenty years later of harsh, punitive policies in the immigration enforcement system to address perceptions that it is similarly “broken,” policies that have embraced the theories, objectives and tools of criminal punishment, and caused the two systems to converge. In discussing the myriad of harms that have resulted from the convergence of these two systems, and the criminal justice system’s recent shift away …


Governing With Clean Hands: Automated Public Toilets And Sanitary Surveillance, Irus Braverman Sep 2010

Governing With Clean Hands: Automated Public Toilets And Sanitary Surveillance, Irus Braverman

Journal Articles

To anyone familiar with the story of urban decay in major American cities in the 1980s – and with the subsequent abolition of toilets from city streets – the introduction of automated public toilets (APTs) to urban spaces sounds like very good news. This article explores the re-democratizing message that commonly accompanies the introduction of APTs to North American city streets as well as their on-the-ground manifestations. It focuses on two major components of APTs: privatization and automation. The process of privatization, which characterizes most APT operations in North America, carries with it various exclusionary effects that stand in stark …


Advertising And Social Identity, Mark Bartholomew Jul 2010

Advertising And Social Identity, Mark Bartholomew

Journal Articles

This essay takes a stand in the brewing legal academic debate over the consequences of advertising. On one side are the semiotic democratists, scholars who bemoan the ability of advertisers to take control of the meanings that they create through trademark law and other pro-business legal rules. On the other side are those who are more sanguine about the ability of consumers to rework advertising messages and point to several safety valves for free expression existing in the current advertising regulation regime. My take on this debate is that the participants have failed to address the impact of advertising on …


Happy Talk And The Stock Market, David A. Westbrook Jun 2010

Happy Talk And The Stock Market, David A. Westbrook

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Anatomy Of A Search: Intrusiveness And The Fourth Amendment, Renee Mcdonald Hutchins May 2010

The Anatomy Of A Search: Intrusiveness And The Fourth Amendment, Renee Mcdonald Hutchins

Journal Articles

For more than two months beginning in late December of 2005, police officers in New York State continuously monitored the location and movements of Scott Weaver's van using a surreptitiously attached global positioning system ("GPS") device, known as a "Qball."' The reason Weaver was targeted for police surveillance has never been disclosed. 2 In addition, law enforcement made no attempt to justify the heightened scrutiny of Weaver by seeking the pre-authorization of a warrant from a neutral magistrate.3 Rather, for sixty-five days, the police subjected Weaver to intense surveillance without oversight, interruption, or explanation. 4 More than a year after …


Tragedy, Law, And Rethinking Our Financial Markets, David A. Westbrook Mar 2010

Tragedy, Law, And Rethinking Our Financial Markets, David A. Westbrook

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Significance Of Signatures: Why The Framers Signed The Constitution And What They Meant By Doing So, Michael Coenen Mar 2010

The Significance Of Signatures: Why The Framers Signed The Constitution And What They Meant By Doing So, Michael Coenen

Journal Articles

The signing of the U.S. Constitution is traditionally understood as the closing act of the Constitutional Convention. This Note provides an alternative account, one that understands the Constitution’s signing as the opening act of the ratification campaign that followed in the Convention’s wake. To begin, the Note explains the signatures’ ambiguous form as the product of political maneuvering designed to win support for the Constitution during ratification. The Note then hypothesizes two ways in which the signatures may have helped to secure this support: (1) by highlighting pro-Constitution selling-points likely to resonate with the ratifying public; and (2) by limiting …


Women Lawyers, Women’S Rights In Senegal: The Association Of Senegalese Women Lawyers, Judy Scales-Trent Feb 2010

Women Lawyers, Women’S Rights In Senegal: The Association Of Senegalese Women Lawyers, Judy Scales-Trent

Journal Articles

L'Association des Femmes Juristes Sénégalaises (The Association of Senegalese Women Lawyers) has been working to improve the lives of women in Senegal for almost forty years. In a predominantly Muslim country where most women do not even attend high school, these women have used their legal skills to make change. With little money, no paid attorneys on staff, and using a borrowed room in a law firm as an office, they have successfully pushed the government to make positive changes in the Family Code and other laws and have played an important role in the development of human rights consciousness …


Protecting Cats And Dogs In Order To Protect Humans: Making The Case For A Felony Companion Animal Statute In Mississippi, Deborah Challener Jan 2010

Protecting Cats And Dogs In Order To Protect Humans: Making The Case For A Felony Companion Animal Statute In Mississippi, Deborah Challener

Journal Articles

During the 2010 session of the Mississippi legislature, Senator Billy Hewes (R-Gulfport) introduced Senate Bill No. 2623 which, inter alia, made it a felony to "with malice torture, mutilate, maim, burn, starve, disfigure or kill any domesticated dog or cat." The penalty for a conviction under the proposed companion animal statute was one to five years in prison and a fine of $1500 to $10,000. Senate Bill No. 2623 passed the Senate but failed in the House, largely because the Mississippi Farm Bureau Federation argued that it would be harmful to Mississippi's farming industry. This objection, along with the others …


The Struggling Class: Replacing An Insider White Female Middle Class Dream With A Struggling Black Female Reality, Angela Mae Kupenda Jan 2010

The Struggling Class: Replacing An Insider White Female Middle Class Dream With A Struggling Black Female Reality, Angela Mae Kupenda

Journal Articles

“What is the appropriate role of former outsiders who are now on the inside?” I propose that the appropriate role for an outsider who is now an insider, is not to sprawl out on plush, white, crushed velvet sofas, sipping vintage wines or imported teas and nibbling at aged cheese and delicate crackers while enjoying being one among a quota or token few that made it to the inside. Rather, the role of a former outsider is to go to work from the inside to dismantle the house, shrewdly using available tools to remove the nails from the walls, loosening …


Diagnosing American Health Care: Economic Stakeholders And Bioethical Considerations, Jonathan Will Jan 2010

Diagnosing American Health Care: Economic Stakeholders And Bioethical Considerations, Jonathan Will

Journal Articles

Cost. Access. Quality. These are three objectives that must drive a responsible discussion regarding reform of the delivery of health care in this country, and specifically, decreasing (or at least controlling) cost while increasing access and quality.


Rethinking Contractual Limits On Fiduciary Duties, Christina M. Sautter Jan 2010

Rethinking Contractual Limits On Fiduciary Duties, Christina M. Sautter

Journal Articles

The recent financial crisis has placed a renewed focus on completion risk in the world of mergers and acquisitions. Dealmakers have increasingly attempted to control for such risks by altering merger agreement provisions to achieve a greater level of deal certainty. This Article addresses one such provision – the merger recommendation covenant and its related fiduciary out. The purpose of the merger recommendation fiduciary out is to address a tension created by two fundamental precepts arising under corporate law and contract law – a board of director’s duties to the corporation and its stockholders versus the binding covenants of a …


Matter Of S-E-G-: The Final Nail In The Coffin For Gang-Related Asylum Claims?, Lindsay M. Harris, Morgan M. Weibel Jan 2010

Matter Of S-E-G-: The Final Nail In The Coffin For Gang-Related Asylum Claims?, Lindsay M. Harris, Morgan M. Weibel

Journal Articles

In July 2008, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA)1 affirmed an Immigration Judge’s (“IJ”) denial of asylum to three young Salvadoran siblings fleeing gang violence and threats. This decision affects the likelihood that other youth and their family members fleeing gang violence will gain protection in the United States. The reach of the BIA decision in Matter of S-E-G-2 stretches far beyond the facts of the actual case or gang cases in general and may shape the future of asylum based on membership in a particular social group. The BIA published Matter of S-E-G- as one of only 36 precedent …


Imagining A More Humane Immigration Policy In The Age Of Obama: The Use Of Plenary Power To Halt The State Balkanization Of Immigration Regulation, Kristina M. Campbell Jan 2010

Imagining A More Humane Immigration Policy In The Age Of Obama: The Use Of Plenary Power To Halt The State Balkanization Of Immigration Regulation, Kristina M. Campbell

Journal Articles

The first decade of the twenty-first century has been grim for immigrants to the United States—both legal and undocumented—and the lawyers and advocates who work on their behalf. Following the failure of comprehensive immigration reform at the federal level, states and municipalities have seen fit to take matters into their own hands and pass a patchwork of local ordinances, statutes, and ballot initiatives ostensibly designed to do what the federal government had failed to do—regulate the flow of immigration into their cities and towns. As the economy continues to spiral downward into what may very well be the next Great …


Preserving The Corporate Attorney-Client Privilege, Katrice Bridges Copeland Jan 2010

Preserving The Corporate Attorney-Client Privilege, Katrice Bridges Copeland

Journal Articles

This Article argues that, while legislation such as the Attorney-Client Privilege Protection Act ("ACPPA") is necessary to preserve that corporate attorney-client privilege, any such legislation must include judicial oversight to deter prosecutorial misconduct effectively. Part II examines the costs and benefits of granting corporations the attorney-client privilege in criminal investigations. It concludes that the benefits of the privilege fat outweigh the costs and that the privilege must be safeguarded from unnecessary infringement. Part III traces the evolution of the DOJ's waiver policies that have threatened the corporate attorney-client privilege. It also examines the costs and benefits of the waiver policy …


Qualitative, Quantitative, And Integrative Conservation, Jamison E. Colburn Jan 2010

Qualitative, Quantitative, And Integrative Conservation, Jamison E. Colburn

Journal Articles

In this essay for a symposium on new directions in environmental law, I reflect back on the last 35 years of Endangered Species Act (ESA) practice and offer several modest reforms. My claim is that conservation has been growing increasingly quantitative and risk-based, much like other fields of regulation, but that big problems lie ahead if this trend continues with the ESA as currently structured. In my view, the quantitative demands of listing species, designing recovery objectives, and designating so-called 'critical habitat' are depleting the resources we have put into the ESA because it is an expression of fundamentally qualitative …


Interrogating Iqbal: Intent, Inertia, And (A Lack Of) Imagination, Victor C. Romero Jan 2010

Interrogating Iqbal: Intent, Inertia, And (A Lack Of) Imagination, Victor C. Romero

Journal Articles

In Ashcroft v. Iqbal, the Court reaffirmed the long-standing equal protection doctrine that government actors can only be held liable for discriminatory conduct when they purposefully rely on a forbidden characteristic, such as race or gender, in promulgating policy; to simply know that minorities and women will be adversely affected by the law does not deny these groups equal protection under the law. This Essay interrogates this doctrine by taking a closer look at Iqbal and Feeney, the thirty-year-old precedent the majority cited as the source of its antidiscrimination standard. Because Feeney was cited in neither of the …


Convergence In Contort: Landlord Liability For Defective Premises In Comparative Perspective, Melissa T. Lonegrass Jan 2010

Convergence In Contort: Landlord Liability For Defective Premises In Comparative Perspective, Melissa T. Lonegrass

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


When Is A Use In Commerce A Noncommercial Use?, Lee Ann Lockridge Jan 2010

When Is A Use In Commerce A Noncommercial Use?, Lee Ann Lockridge

Journal Articles

When is a use in commerce a noncommercial use? This question may sound like the opening for a ridiculous legal riddle, but it is a real conundrum in trademark dilution law. The current federal dilution statute, section 43(c) of the Lanham Act, creates liability based on the "use of a mark or trade name in commerce," when that use is likely to blur or tarnish a famous mark. At the same time, the statute characterizes certain activities as nonactionable "exclusions," including 'any noncommercial use of a mark." So the use of a mark in commerce can be a noncommercial use-but …


Freeze-Outs: Transcontinental Analysis And Reform Proposals, Marco Ventoruzzo Jan 2010

Freeze-Outs: Transcontinental Analysis And Reform Proposals, Marco Ventoruzzo

Journal Articles

One of the most crucial, but systematically neglected, comparative differences between corporate law systems in Europe and in the United States concerns the regulations governing freeze-out transactions in listed corporations. Freeze-outs can be defined as transactions in which the controlling shareholder exercises a legal right to buy out the shares of the minority, and consequently delists the corporation and brings it private. Beyond this essential definition, the systems diverge profoundly. This gap exists despite the fact that minority freeze-outs are one of the most debated issues in corporate law, in the public media, in a vast body of scholarly work …


Argument, Analogy, And Audience: Using Persuasive Comparisons While Avoiding Unintended Effects, Bruce Ching Jan 2010

Argument, Analogy, And Audience: Using Persuasive Comparisons While Avoiding Unintended Effects, Bruce Ching

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The High Cost Of Free Speech: Anti-Solicitation Ordinances, Day Laborers And The Impact Of 'Backdoor' Local Immigration Regulations, Kristina M. Campbell Jan 2010

The High Cost Of Free Speech: Anti-Solicitation Ordinances, Day Laborers And The Impact Of 'Backdoor' Local Immigration Regulations, Kristina M. Campbell

Journal Articles

This paper examines how local efforts to regulate the activities of immigrants, while not regulation of immigration per se, can have a substantial and detrimental effect on the civil rights of immigrants and Latinos. The paper discuss how day laborers - individuals, mostly Latino men, who seek short-term employment in public fora - are routinely targeted by state and local governments, federal immigration authorities, anti-immigrant activists, and the general public as a symbol of the employment of unauthorized aliens. Even though many day laborers are lawfully present, or have authorization to work in the United States, due to the high-profile …


The Death Of The Public Disclosure Tort: A Historical Perspective, Samantha Barbas Jan 2010

The Death Of The Public Disclosure Tort: A Historical Perspective, Samantha Barbas

Journal Articles

In 1890, Samuel Warren and Louis Brandeis, in their famous Harvard Law Review article The Right to Privacy, called for a new legal right that would allow the victims of truthful but embarrassing press publicity to recover damages for emotional harm. Currently, in most states, it constitutes a tort if the disclosure of “matter concerning the private life of another” would be highly offensive to a reasonable person and the matter is not “of legitimate concern to the public,” or newsworthy. However, because courts generally consider virtually everything that appears in the news media to be newsworthy, the public disclosure …


Normalizing Trepidation And Anxiety, Christine P. Bartholomew, Johanna Oreskovic Jan 2010

Normalizing Trepidation And Anxiety, Christine P. Bartholomew, Johanna Oreskovic

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


New York’S Inbred Judiciary: Pathologies Of Nomination And Appointment Of Court Of Appeals Judges, James A. Gardner Jan 2010

New York’S Inbred Judiciary: Pathologies Of Nomination And Appointment Of Court Of Appeals Judges, James A. Gardner

Journal Articles

The practice of selecting judges by popular election, commonplace among the American states, has recently come in for a good deal of criticism, much of it well-founded. But if popular election of judges is a bad method of judicial selection, what ought to replace it? Opponents of judicial election typically treat gubernatorial appointment as self-evidently better. New York’s experience with gubernatorial appointment to its highest court, the Court of Appeals, suggests that greater caution is in order. Although New York’s current method of selecting Court of Appeals judges was designed to be wide open and based entirely on merit, the …


Progress, Innovation And Technology: A Delicate "Google" Balance, Robert I. Reis Jan 2010

Progress, Innovation And Technology: A Delicate "Google" Balance, Robert I. Reis

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


In Memoriam: Virginia Leary, Makau Wa Mutua Jan 2010

In Memoriam: Virginia Leary, Makau Wa Mutua

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.