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Journal Articles

2009

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 113

Full-Text Articles in Law

On The Many Flavors Of Capitalism Or Reflections On Schumpeter's Ghost, John Henry Schlegel Dec 2009

On The Many Flavors Of Capitalism Or Reflections On Schumpeter's Ghost, John Henry Schlegel

Journal Articles

Most legal scholars treat capitalism as a genus with one species. The appearance of several books that argue to the contrary suggests that it is sensible to revisit this assumption. Discussion begins by considering the constructed nature of markets, the importance of market systems, and the role of financings as the factor distinguishing capitalism from other forms of a market economy. Thereafter, four articulations of the varieties of capitalism are reviewed: the classic Marxist one, one by a political economist, another by a pair of comparative political scientists, and third by a trio of economists. This review leads to a …


Uprooting Identities: The Regulation Of Olive Trees In The Occupied West Bank, Irus Braverman Nov 2009

Uprooting Identities: The Regulation Of Olive Trees In The Occupied West Bank, Irus Braverman

Journal Articles

The Israeli/Palestinian conflict has rarely been associated with trees in the common perception. This article reveals the complex historical and cultural processes that have led to strong identification between the olive tree and the Palestinian people, arguing that this identification is not only a reflection of the olive’s unique economic and cultural status in this region but also an act of resistance to Israel’s occupation. The article also explains how Israel’s tightening of surveillance, practiced in the name of olive protection, actually ends up forcing an alien set of spatial and temporal regimes on the everyday life of Palestinians in …


Dorothy Kenyon And The Making Of Modern Legal Feminism, Samantha Barbas Oct 2009

Dorothy Kenyon And The Making Of Modern Legal Feminism, Samantha Barbas

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Expanding The P-4 Trade Agreement Into A Broader Trans-Pacific Partnership: Implications, Risks And Opportunities, Meredith Kolsky Lewis Sep 2009

Expanding The P-4 Trade Agreement Into A Broader Trans-Pacific Partnership: Implications, Risks And Opportunities, Meredith Kolsky Lewis

Journal Articles

In 2005, New Zealand, Singapore, Chile and Brunei entered into a path-breaking free trade agreement, the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement which is also known as the P-4 Agreement. The agreement contains an open accession provision which explicitly contemplates the expansion of the agreement to include other countries willing to commit to its terms. The expansion of the agreement has important implications for the world trading system. Its broad coverage and open accession provision may suggest that the agreement has the potential to serve as a stepping stone in the path towards further multilateral trade liberalization in the WTO context. …


Worker Well-Being In The 21st Century: Addressing The Psychosocial Context Of Work, Barbara Fick Aug 2009

Worker Well-Being In The 21st Century: Addressing The Psychosocial Context Of Work, Barbara Fick

Journal Articles

The world of work has undergone significant change since the days when nation-states first began addressing the issue of worker well-being. Early legal responses (such as worker compensation laws and health and safety regulations) focused on the physical environmental hazards to which workers were subjected, e.g. unsafe machinery or exposure to toxic chemicals. The transformation in the nature of work to a service-oriented economy has led many to rethink the types of hazards to which workers are exposed. Recent research has focused on the psychological and social environment in the workplace and how that may contribute to undermining worker health. …


Not Just Collective Bargaining: The Role Of Trade Unions In Creating And Maintaining A Democratic Society, Barbara Fick Jun 2009

Not Just Collective Bargaining: The Role Of Trade Unions In Creating And Maintaining A Democratic Society, Barbara Fick

Journal Articles

This essay addresses the historical and contemporary roles which trade unions have played in creating conditions necessary for democracy to flourish. Their effectiveness in fulfilling these roles is due in large measure to the organizational characteristics which make trade unions the archetypal civil society organization: democratic representation, demographic representation, financial independence, breadth of concerns and placement within society. This essay explores these aspects of the trade union movement and suggests that advocates for democracy have cause for concern in the absence of a vibrant, and independent, domestic trade union movement.


Incentivizing Divorce, Andrea B. Carroll May 2009

Incentivizing Divorce, Andrea B. Carroll

Journal Articles

Marriage is an important relationship, both for the parties to it and for society as a whole. Its benefits, stemming from the economies of scale and joint consumption inherent in the relationship, are largely unquestionable. And when marriage fails, the results are rather staggering. Economically, it is estimated that the annual cost of divorce to American taxpayers approaches $30 billion. From a social science perspective, the negative impacts of divorce on women and children have long been decried. In the face of these facts, we expect family law to fulfill a certain role. It should channel parties into the relationship …


The Appropriations Power And Sovereign Immunity,, Jay Tidmarsh, Paul F. Figley May 2009

The Appropriations Power And Sovereign Immunity,, Jay Tidmarsh, Paul F. Figley

Journal Articles

Discussions of sovereign immunity assume that the Constitution contains no explicit text regarding sovereign immunity. As a result, arguments about the existence-or nonexistence-of sovereign immunity begin with the English and American common-law doctrines. Exploring political, fiscal, and legal developments in England and the American colonies in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, this Article shows that focusing on common-law developments is misguided. The common-law approach to sovereign immunity ended in the early 1700s. The Bankers' Case (1690- 1700), which is often regarded as the first modern common-law treatment of sovereign immunity, is in fact the last in the line of English …


Awaking Rip Van Winkle: Has The National Labor Relations Act Reached A Turning Point?, William Corbett May 2009

Awaking Rip Van Winkle: Has The National Labor Relations Act Reached A Turning Point?, William Corbett

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Measure For Measure: The Uneasy Marriage Of Tax Policy And Immigration Reform, Jacqueline Lainez Apr 2009

Measure For Measure: The Uneasy Marriage Of Tax Policy And Immigration Reform, Jacqueline Lainez

Journal Articles

The United States has deeply contradictory policies related to undocumented immigrant workers. America’s disparate immigration and tax policies include immigration directives that designate deportation proceedings for any immigrant living in the U.S. without proper authorization. Simultaneously, the government’s enforcement of its tax laws requires undocumented workers to apply for a tax identification number in order to file taxes because, as undocumented immigrants, they do not qualify for a valid Social Security Number. Additionally, undocumented workers do not qualify for Social Security benefits, but they are subject to mandatory Social Security and Medicare payroll tax withholdings on their W-2 wages. This …


Introductory Note To The Optional Protocol To The International Covenant On Economic, Social And Cultural Rights, Tara J. Melish Apr 2009

Introductory Note To The Optional Protocol To The International Covenant On Economic, Social And Cultural Rights, Tara J. Melish

Journal Articles

This Introductory Note to the publication in ILM of the newly-adopted Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (OP-ICESCR) seeks to put the primary source document in proper context by briefly explaining its history, content, and significance in international law. The Note is accompanied by the text of the OP-ICESCR, adopted by the U.N. General Assembly on December 10, 2008 to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The OP creates an individual complaints procedure for alleged violations of the ICESCR, rectifying a thirty year asymmetry in human rights treaty law.


Principios, Moral Y Positivismo Jurídico: Respuestas Y Redefinición Del Positivismo Contemporáneo [Principles, Morality And Legal Positivism], Jorge Luis Fabra-Zamora Mar 2009

Principios, Moral Y Positivismo Jurídico: Respuestas Y Redefinición Del Positivismo Contemporáneo [Principles, Morality And Legal Positivism], Jorge Luis Fabra-Zamora

Journal Articles

El objetivo de este escrito es hacer una esbozar la evolución del positivismo jurídico desde las críticas de Dworkin. La idea principal es servir como una introducción a este importante debate de la Filosofía del Derecho. El autor parte de una elucidación del Problema Original, analiza las respuestas incluyentes y excluyentes del Positivismo y Finaliza con la tesis que fueron los principios los causantes de la redefinición del Positivismo Jurídico.

[This paper seeks to sketch the evolución of Legal Positivism since Dworkin criticism. The main idea is to serve as an introduction of this current debate in Legal Philosophy. The …


Randomization In Criminal Justice: A Criminal Law Conversation, Ken Levy, Michael O'Hear, Bernard E. Harcourt, A. Harel Jan 2009

Randomization In Criminal Justice: A Criminal Law Conversation, Ken Levy, Michael O'Hear, Bernard E. Harcourt, A. Harel

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Remand And Appellate Review Issues Facing The Supreme Court In Carlsbad Technology, Inc. V. Hif Bio, Inc., Deborah Challener, John B. Howell Iii Jan 2009

Remand And Appellate Review Issues Facing The Supreme Court In Carlsbad Technology, Inc. V. Hif Bio, Inc., Deborah Challener, John B. Howell Iii

Journal Articles

This Essay provides a brief explanation of § 1367 and §§ 1447(c) and (d) and argues that the Supreme Court should reverse the Federal Circuit’s decision in HIF Bio. We contend that the Federal Circuit erred in concluding that Cohill remands are subject-matter jurisdictional because a district court does not remand supplemental claims based on its lack of power over the claims. Instead, a district court remands supplemental claims based on its discretionary decision under § 1367(c) that a state court is a better forum in which to litigate them. After establishing that Cohill remands are not subject-matter jurisdictional and …


The State As Batterer: Learning From Family Law To Address American's Family-Like Racial Dysfunction, Angela Mae Kupenda Jan 2009

The State As Batterer: Learning From Family Law To Address American's Family-Like Racial Dysfunction, Angela Mae Kupenda

Journal Articles

The women's movement for equality bootstrapped to the movement for equality for Blacks. Now the reverse can happen. This Article uses family law and the plight of some battered women, as a lens to address analogous racial conflicts in the broader American family.


Should The Rooster Guard The Henhouse: A Critical Analysis Of The Judicial Conduct And Disability Act Of 1980, Donald E. Campbell Jan 2009

Should The Rooster Guard The Henhouse: A Critical Analysis Of The Judicial Conduct And Disability Act Of 1980, Donald E. Campbell

Journal Articles

The purpose of this Article is to critically examine the aspect of the Judicial Conduct and Disability Act of 1980 which seems to invite the most criticisms and raise the most questions of impropriety - namely, the initial receipt, review, and investigation of misconduct complaints. This article proposes that the current process of receiving, reviewing, and investigating judicial misconduct complaints should be amended. Specifically, the Act should incorporate into the current system an initial review and investigation by a magistrate judge. To this end, Part II sets out the procedures of how complaints are currently handled under the Act. Part …


Desegregation Law And Jurisprudence, Wendy B. Scott Jan 2009

Desegregation Law And Jurisprudence, Wendy B. Scott

Journal Articles

My Essay provides context for the articles that query the contemporary relevance of integration. Part I addresses the challenge of understanding desegregation and its relationship to integration. Part II explores the equality rationales offered by courts and scholars to support or reject integration as the most viable method for achieving desegregation. The Essay concludes that we should move beyond substantive equality to anti-subordination strategies targeted at the deeply entrenched structural inequalities that marginalize children in poor or racially-isolated schools.


Reasonable Factors Other Than Age: The Emerging Specter Of Ageist Stereotypes, Judith J. Johnson Jan 2009

Reasonable Factors Other Than Age: The Emerging Specter Of Ageist Stereotypes, Judith J. Johnson

Journal Articles

In spite of two recent Supreme Court cases that ostensibly reinstated a more expansive interpretation of discrimination under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), the protection that the ADEA affords still faces the same danger that threatened it before these decisions. The courts, including the Supreme Court, have been allowing employers to interpose defenses that correlate so strongly with age that they can be used as thinly veiled covers for discrimination. If the Court is serious about enforcing the purpose of the ADEA, it must interpret the “reasonable factor other than age” (RFOA) defense to protect older employees from …


Beyond Black Ink: From Langdell To The Oyez Project--The Voice Of The Past, Paul R. Baier Jan 2009

Beyond Black Ink: From Langdell To The Oyez Project--The Voice Of The Past, Paul R. Baier

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Recodification In Louisiana And Latin America, Olivier Moreteau, Agustín Parise Jan 2009

Recodification In Louisiana And Latin America, Olivier Moreteau, Agustín Parise

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Diminishing Probable Cause And Minimalist Searches, Kit Kinports Jan 2009

Diminishing Probable Cause And Minimalist Searches, Kit Kinports

Journal Articles

This paper comments on recent Supreme Court opinions that have used phrases such as "reasonable belief" and "reason to believe" when analyzing intrusions that generally require proof of probable cause. Historically, the Court used these terms as shorthand references for both probable cause and reasonable suspicion. While this lack of precision was unobjectionable when the concepts were interchangeable, that has not been true since Terry v. Ohio created a distinction between the two standards. When the Justices then resurrect these terms without situating them in the dichotomy between probable cause and reasonable suspicion, it is not clear whether they are …


Introduction: Unsettling Questions, Disquieting Stories, Mae Kuykendall, David A. Westbrook Jan 2009

Introduction: Unsettling Questions, Disquieting Stories, Mae Kuykendall, David A. Westbrook

Journal Articles

The Business Law and Narrative Symposium, held at Michigan State University on September 10-11, 2009, brought together nationally known legal scholars, and scholars from other disciplines, to discuss whether and how the institution of the corporation was embedded in social narratives, public stories. This introductory essay reviews the responses of these scholars to the thesis of Kuykendall's article, No Imagination: The Marginal Role of Narrative in Corporate Law. The authors conclude with a hope that corporate law might offer a more literary sensibility by which to make our lives in global capitalism more comprehensible.


Untold Stories: Gender-Related Persecution And Asylum In South Africa, Lindsay M. Harris Jan 2009

Untold Stories: Gender-Related Persecution And Asylum In South Africa, Lindsay M. Harris

Journal Articles

South Africa receives more asylum seekers than any other country in the world.1 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres proclaimed, “If you look at the policy and legal statutes of South Africa, refugees enjoy one of the most advanced and progressive systems of protection in the world today.”2 Increasing numbers of women seek South Africa’s protection. In 2006, 20.2% of asylum seekers were women; a significant increase from previous years.3 Given South Africa’s prominence in the region, its handling of female asylees and gender-related persecution claims influences the adjudication of these claims regionally and even worldwide.4


Attorney Referral, Negligence, And Vicarious Liability, Bruce Ching Jan 2009

Attorney Referral, Negligence, And Vicarious Liability, Bruce Ching

Journal Articles

As a consequence of requests from clients or prospective clients, lawyers are often placed in a position of giving referrals, especially in situations of cross-specialty referrals (such as an estate planning attorney whose longtime client has become a party in a personal injury lawsuit) or cross-jurisdictional referrals (such as an attorney in Michigan who is contacted by a prospective client who must respond to a lawsuit that was filed in Ohio).

But if the lawyer who receives the referral commits malpractice in handling the case, can the lawyer who made the referral be held liable for the client's loss? This …


Eu Law, International Law And Economic Sanctions Against Terrorism: The Judiciary In Distress?, P. Takis Tridimas Jan 2009

Eu Law, International Law And Economic Sanctions Against Terrorism: The Judiciary In Distress?, P. Takis Tridimas

Journal Articles

This article seeks to examine the relationship between European Union law, international law, and the protection of fundamental rights in the light of recent case law of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) and the Court of First Instance (CFI) relating to economic sanctions against individuals. On 3 September 2008, the ECJ delivered its long-awaited judgment in Kadi and Al Barakaat on appeal from the CFI. In its judgment under appeal, the CFI had held that the European Community (EC) is competent to adopt regulations imposing economic sanctions against private organizations in pursuance of UN Security Council (UNSC) Resolutions seeking …


The Evolution Of Chinese Merger Notification Guidelines: A Work In Progress Integrating Global Consensus And Domestic Imperatives, Susan Beth Farmer Jan 2009

The Evolution Of Chinese Merger Notification Guidelines: A Work In Progress Integrating Global Consensus And Domestic Imperatives, Susan Beth Farmer

Journal Articles

China is among the most recent entrants into global competition enforcement, having adopted the first competition law of general application, the Anti-Monopoly Law (AML) after more than a decade of drafting. The AML and Merger Notification Thresholds, rules issued by decree of the State Council, became effective on August 3, 2008. Both the law and the guidelines were subject to public review and comment, and went through a number of drafts before final adoption.

This article is a comprehensive comparison of merger standards across jurisdictions, with particular focus on the evolution of merger regulation in China. It comprises six parts; …


Fixing Employment Discrimination Law, William R. Corbett Jan 2009

Fixing Employment Discrimination Law, William R. Corbett

Journal Articles

Employment discrimination law in the United States is "broken." The proof structures that are used to analyze claims,rule on motions, and instruct juries are fraught with crucial uncertainties. The state of disrepair is so bad that lawyers and judges do not know how to analyze any given case. It is time for Congress to repair the proof structures through legislation, and it is a propitious time to do so. This article proposes the repairs that Congress should enact.


A Discourse On The Public Nature Of Research In Contemporary Life Science: A Law-Policy Proposal To Promote The Public Nature Of Science In An Era Of Academia-Industry Integration, Michael J. Malinowski Jan 2009

A Discourse On The Public Nature Of Research In Contemporary Life Science: A Law-Policy Proposal To Promote The Public Nature Of Science In An Era Of Academia-Industry Integration, Michael J. Malinowski

Journal Articles

This article addresses the impact of integration of academia, industry, and government on the public nature of research. The article concludes that, while the integration has benefited science immensely, regulatory measures should be taken to restore the public nature of research in an age of integration.


Working Group On Chapter 2 Of The Proposed Restatement Of Employment Law: Employment Contracts: Termination, William Corbett, Matthew W. Finkin, Lea Vander Velde, Stephen F. Befort Jan 2009

Working Group On Chapter 2 Of The Proposed Restatement Of Employment Law: Employment Contracts: Termination, William Corbett, Matthew W. Finkin, Lea Vander Velde, Stephen F. Befort

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


International Law And Domestic Legitimacy: Remarks Prepared For Lincoln’S Constitutionalism In Time Of War: Lessons For The Current War On Terror?, Scott Sullivan Jan 2009

International Law And Domestic Legitimacy: Remarks Prepared For Lincoln’S Constitutionalism In Time Of War: Lessons For The Current War On Terror?, Scott Sullivan

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.