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Journal Articles

2007

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 97

Full-Text Articles in Law

Standard Setting In Human Rights: Critique And Prognosis, Makau Wa Mutua Aug 2007

Standard Setting In Human Rights: Critique And Prognosis, Makau Wa Mutua

Journal Articles

This article interrogates the processes and politics of standard setting in human rights. It traces the history of the human rights project and critically explores how the norms of the human rights movement have been created. This article looks at how those norms are made, who makes them, and why. It focuses attention on the deficits of the international order, and how that order - which is defined by multiple asymmetries - determines the norms and the purposes they serve. It identifies areas for further norm development and concludes that norm-creating processes must be inclusive and participatory to garner legitimacy …


"Balancing Your Strengths Against Your Felonies": Considerations For Military Recruitment Of Ex-Offenders, Michael Boucai Jul 2007

"Balancing Your Strengths Against Your Felonies": Considerations For Military Recruitment Of Ex-Offenders, Michael Boucai

Journal Articles

Existing work on ex-offenders’ access to military employment too narrowly represents both the Armed Forces’ and the public’s interests in the issue. This Article proposes to shift the conversation from ex-offenders’ usefulness to the Armed Forces to the reciprocal responsibilities and benefits involved for these potential recruits, the military, and society at large. Part One reviews the rules, policies, and procedures governing the “moral waivers” that allow thousands of individuals with criminal histories to enlist each year, and it shows that that the waiver system nonetheless often fails to detect the criminal backgrounds of many recruits. Part Two reviews some …


Powers Of Illegality: House Demolitions And Resistance In East Jerusalem, Irus Braverman Jun 2007

Powers Of Illegality: House Demolitions And Resistance In East Jerusalem, Irus Braverman

Journal Articles

This article examines how techniques of illegality based in planning laws and policy are utilized to dominate the Palestinian population of East Jerusalem. Although the demolition of homes is the most spectacular spatial mechanism of illegality exercised by Israel in East Jerusalem, my focus in the first part of the article is on more mundane techniques of illegality, such as mapping, filing, and arbitrariness. The second part of the article introduces the notion of resistance and explores the illegal building carried out by East Jerusalemite Palestinians as an act of spatial protest. In examining tactics of "everyday" resistance, I suggest …


Age Discrimination In Employment (Book Review), Lisa Goodman May 2007

Age Discrimination In Employment (Book Review), Lisa Goodman

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Can Happy Subjects Have An Enlightened Despot? Customer Satisfaction Among Army Corps Permit Applicants, Kim Diana Connolly May 2007

Can Happy Subjects Have An Enlightened Despot? Customer Satisfaction Among Army Corps Permit Applicants, Kim Diana Connolly

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Act Requirement As A Basic Concept Of Criminal Law, Francisco Muñoz-Conde, Luis E. Chiesa May 2007

The Act Requirement As A Basic Concept Of Criminal Law, Francisco Muñoz-Conde, Luis E. Chiesa

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Survey Says: Army Corps No Scalian Despot, Kim Diana Connolly May 2007

Survey Says: Army Corps No Scalian Despot, Kim Diana Connolly

Journal Articles

Justice Antonin Scalia and others have described the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers ('the Corps') administration of the permitting process as burdensome and inefficient. Empirical data gathered from the Corps, however, do not bear out this assessment. In this Article, Kim Diana Connolly evaluates data collected from Corps Customer Service Surveys as well as the apparent disconnect between applicant experiences and the public's negative perception of the permitting process. She begins the Article with an overview of the Corps' regulatory permitting process, then lays out the history of and context for the Corps' Customer Service Surveys. Next, she summarizes available …


Free To Believe, Richard Garnett May 2007

Free To Believe, Richard Garnett

Journal Articles

Richard Garnett reviews Religious Freedom and the Constitution by Christopher L. Eisgruber & Lawrence G. Sager, Harvard University Press, 352 pages, $28.95


Individuals First, Richard Garnett Apr 2007

Individuals First, Richard Garnett

Journal Articles

Richard Garnett reviews Modern Liberty and the Limits of Government by Charles Fried, W.W. Norton, 224 pp. (2006)


Drop Coffers, Richard W. Garnett, Benjamin P. Carr Apr 2007

Drop Coffers, Richard W. Garnett, Benjamin P. Carr

Journal Articles

”Coffers.” When we hear or read the word, what do we picture? Buried treasure on the Isle of Monte Cristo? The dragon Smaug’s stolen riches, piled deep under the Lonely Mountain? Maybe we dimly remember a line of Shakespeare or Chaucer. If one is male and of a certain age, the word might bring to the surface suppressed memories of the all-nighters and arcana associated with Dungeons & Dragons. And, if one is a justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, one’s thoughts might turn to the checking account of St. Jerome Catholic School in Cleveland.


A Damn Hard Thing To Do, John Henry Schlegel Mar 2007

A Damn Hard Thing To Do, John Henry Schlegel

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Ramsar Convention On Wetlands: Assessment Of International Designations Within The United States, Royal C. Gardner, Kim Diana Connolly Feb 2007

The Ramsar Convention On Wetlands: Assessment Of International Designations Within The United States, Royal C. Gardner, Kim Diana Connolly

Journal Articles

Editors' Summary: The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat, more commonly knows as the Ramsar Convention, is one international framework used to protect wetlands. At this time, the United States has designated 22 sites as wetlands of international importance. In this Article, Royal C. Gardner and Kim Diana Connolly analyze survey data collected from each of these 22 sites to determine whether and how Ramsar designation benefits these wetland areas. The authors first provide a brief overview of the Ramsar Convention, including its function within the United States. They then break down the survey data, looking …


The Great American Makeover: The Sexing Up And Dumbing Down Of Women's Work After Jespersen V. Harrah's Operating Company, Inc., Dianne Avery Jan 2007

The Great American Makeover: The Sexing Up And Dumbing Down Of Women's Work After Jespersen V. Harrah's Operating Company, Inc., Dianne Avery

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


An Rsvp To Professor Wexler's Warm Therapeutic Jurisprudence Invitation To The Criminal Defense Bar: Unable To Join You, Already (Somewhat Similarly) Engaged, Mae C. Quinn Jan 2007

An Rsvp To Professor Wexler's Warm Therapeutic Jurisprudence Invitation To The Criminal Defense Bar: Unable To Join You, Already (Somewhat Similarly) Engaged, Mae C. Quinn

Journal Articles

This Article responds to Professor David 13. Wexler's recent suggestion that adopting Therapeutic Jurisprudence ("V) principles to create a new type of "rehabilitative" defense lawyer could improve the criminal defense bar. Contrary to the empirical foundation of the therapeutic justice movement, many of his proposed changes seem unsubstantiated. Others, such as calls for creative plea bargaining, are already part of the practice of quality defense attorneys. The "rehabilitative," -Pi defense lawyer may be overly paternalistic, imposing his interpretation of the facts and his standards of appropriate behavior on the accused; such a lawyer also may not comport with express ethical …


Tied Up In Knotts? Gps And The Fourth Amendment, Renee Mcdonald Hutchins Jan 2007

Tied Up In Knotts? Gps And The Fourth Amendment, Renee Mcdonald Hutchins

Journal Articles

Judicial and scholarly assessment of emerging technology seems poised to drive the Fourth Amendment down one of three paths. The first would simply relegate the amendment to a footnote in history books by limiting its reach to harms that the framers specifically envisioned. A modified version of this first approach would dispense with expansive constitutional notions of privacy and replace them with legislative fixes. A third path offers the amendment continued vitality but requires the U.S. Supreme Court to overhaul its Fourth Amendment analysis. Fortunately, a fourth alternative is available to cabin emerging technologies within the existing doctrinal framework. Analysis …


Local Illegal Immigration Relief Act Ordinances: A Legal, Policy, And Litigation Analysis, Kristina M. Campbell Jan 2007

Local Illegal Immigration Relief Act Ordinances: A Legal, Policy, And Litigation Analysis, Kristina M. Campbell

Journal Articles

Obtaining comprehensive immigration reform is one of the most important legal issues facing the Latino community today. For the nation, virtually every family, business, and community is touched by immigration. In 2006, when millions marched for comprehensive immigration reform, prospects for federal action increased. During the summer of 2006, as the U.S. House failed to move forward to complete legislative action, frustrations by anti-immigrant activists led to a small number of cities and towns attempting to enact restrictions and prohibitions against illegal immigrants at the local level. These measures violate the Constitution, and pit neighbor against neighbor. Immigration policy must …


The Ugly Truth About Appearance Discrimination And The Beauty Of Our Employment Discrimination Law, William R. Corbett Jan 2007

The Ugly Truth About Appearance Discrimination And The Beauty Of Our Employment Discrimination Law, William R. Corbett

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Superior Position Of The Creditor In The Community Property Regime: Has The Community Become A Mere Creditor Collection Device?, Andrea B. Carroll Jan 2007

The Superior Position Of The Creditor In The Community Property Regime: Has The Community Become A Mere Creditor Collection Device?, Andrea B. Carroll

Journal Articles

This article is a first step in an effort to critically examine the continued vitality of the community regime for regulating spousal property. Specifically, the article examines the American community property regimes in light of how they measure up against non-community property states in terms of creditor protection. The results are often surprising. The community regime grants creditors access to a variety of property for all manner of debts. For instance, the entirety of the community property, including the non-debtor spouse's wages, may be seized in some community property states for the other's premarital debts. That the non-debtor spouse has …


Promoting And Establishing The Recovery Of Endangered Species On Private Lands: A Case Study Of The Gopher Tortoise, Blake Hudson Jan 2007

Promoting And Establishing The Recovery Of Endangered Species On Private Lands: A Case Study Of The Gopher Tortoise, Blake Hudson

Journal Articles

Important species are increasingly threatened on private lands and remain largely unregulated by federal and state laws. The gopher tortoise, present within six south-eastern states, is one such species. The tortoise is a keystone species, meaning that upon its existence numerous other species depend. Despite its ecological importance, tortoise populations have declined by 80%, partly due to development pressures, but primarily due to forest management practices which reduced the longleaf pine ecosystem upon which it depends by 96%. This article focuses on legal and policy issues associated with both urban development and forest management of lands containing the gopher tortoise. …


At The Intersection Of Race And History: The Unique Relationship Between The Davis Intent Requirement And The Crack Laws, Christopher J. Tyson Jan 2007

At The Intersection Of Race And History: The Unique Relationship Between The Davis Intent Requirement And The Crack Laws, Christopher J. Tyson

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Ghosts Of The Past And Hopes For The Future: Article 466 And Societal Expectations, Elizabeth Carter Jan 2007

Ghosts Of The Past And Hopes For The Future: Article 466 And Societal Expectations, Elizabeth Carter

Journal Articles

This paper traces the history of the law governing component parts Louisiana Civil Code article 466 and its predecessor articles. It notes that civilian methods of interpretation do little to solve the ambiguity inherent in component parts and that stare decisis and jurisprudence constante only confuse the situation. The societal expectations test has been designed to account for these problems and has successfully resolved the ambiguities when it is correctly applied.


The Myth Of Copyright's Fair Use Doctrine As A Protector Of Free Speech, Lee Ann Lockridge Jan 2007

The Myth Of Copyright's Fair Use Doctrine As A Protector Of Free Speech, Lee Ann Lockridge

Journal Articles

This article debunks the myth that the fair use doctrine exists to protect the freedom of speech within copyright. Using the history of fair use in the courts and in Congress, as well as recent case law, the Article demonstrates that.fair use is not, and never has been, intended or designed to restrain copyright in the face of the First Amendment. The conflict between copyright and free speech could be lessened by reforming the balance of interests within fair use to eliminate the focus on commercial use and to expand the understanding of the broader public-benefit purpose underlying the Supreme …


Redefining Academic Law Library Excellence In A Technological Age: From Evolution To Revolution, Steven D. Hinckley Jan 2007

Redefining Academic Law Library Excellence In A Technological Age: From Evolution To Revolution, Steven D. Hinckley

Journal Articles

This article focuses on the rapidly changing standards of academic law library excellence as the ready availability and diversity of information technologies and digital collections supplant traditional print collections as the determinative measurement of library quality. The author challenges the legal and law library professions to discard traditional qualitative standards (e.g., print volume and title holdings) and to embrace standards that recognize the importance of meaningful access to information that is not tied to physical ownership or location.


Revisiting 'Dreyfus': A More Complete Account Of A Trial By Mathematics, David H. Kaye Jan 2007

Revisiting 'Dreyfus': A More Complete Account Of A Trial By Mathematics, David H. Kaye

Journal Articles

Legal literature and case law depicts the infamous conviction of Alfred Dreyfus for treason and espionage in 1899 as a prime example of the irresistible power of even grossly fallacious mathematical demonstrations to overwhelm a legal tribunal. This essay shows that Dreyfus is not a case of mathematics run amok, unchecked and uncomprehended. To the contrary, the defects in the mathematical proof were dramatically exposed, and this evidence did not lead Dreyfus's judges to condemn him. This history undercuts the reliance of modern courts and commentators on Dreyfus as an indication or illustration of the alleged dangers of probability evidence …


Please, Let's Bury The Junk: The Codis Loci And The Revelation Of Private Information, David H. Kaye Jan 2007

Please, Let's Bury The Junk: The Codis Loci And The Revelation Of Private Information, David H. Kaye

Journal Articles

This Northwestern University Law Review Colloquy paper describes the four possible ways in which genetic loci could possess predictive or diagnostic value with regard to diseases and explains why these mechanisms have not led, and probably cannot lead, to useful screening tests with the Convicted Offender DNA Index System (CODIS) profiles in national, state, and local databases. It then considers the phenotypes and familial relationships that the CODIS STRs can be used to identify. The profiles carry limited information about an individual's race and familial relationships, and the article places the resulting privacy issues in perspective. Finally, the paper comments …


The Science Of Dna Identification: From The Laboratory To The Courtroom (And Beyond), David H. Kaye Jan 2007

The Science Of Dna Identification: From The Laboratory To The Courtroom (And Beyond), David H. Kaye

Journal Articles

This article focuses on sequences of DNA base-pairs, which are becoming increasingly important in the field of law. These DNA sequences are used by forensic scientists to discover evidence such as blood stains, semen, saliva, and hair, and has become highly useful in the courtroom with regard to exonerating the innocent and convicting the guilty. Part I of the article examines how courts may (or may not) admit DNA evidence in court through four phases: uncritical acceptance; serious challenges to analytical methods and statistical interpretation of the results; renewed acceptance of DNA evidence; and acceptance of advance systems of DNA …


Crossing Borders: Loving V. Virginia As A Story Of Migration, Victor C. Romero Jan 2007

Crossing Borders: Loving V. Virginia As A Story Of Migration, Victor C. Romero

Journal Articles

The struggle of binational same-gender partners today parallels the struggles of Mildred and Richard Loving during the heyday of the Civil Rights Movement - not only in the obvious parallels between race and sexual orientation as barriers to freedom, but also in the way the law uses these immutable characteristics to limit the freedom of movement. It is this freedom of movement - this migration or immigration - that I want to focus on in this essay. Lest we forget, the Lovings' story is, importantly, a story of migration: It's a story of the great lengths to which an interracial …


The Policy And Politics Of Immigrant Rights, Shoba S. Wadhia Jan 2007

The Policy And Politics Of Immigrant Rights, Shoba S. Wadhia

Journal Articles

This article examines how immigration policies over the past decade have affected immigrant rights, scrutinizes administrative and legislative efforts to improve or eliminate these measures, and makes recommendations for advancing a due process agenda in the future. The first part of this article analyzes administrative and legislative proposals under four themes: 1) checks and balances, 2) punishment does not fit the crime, 3) judicial review, and 4) detention. The second part of this article identifies efforts to redress measures emanating from the 1996 immigration laws and policies issued after September 11, 2001. For example, it analyzes legislation introduced in the …


Statutory Interpretation As A Parasitic Endeavor, Stephen F. Ross Jan 2007

Statutory Interpretation As A Parasitic Endeavor, Stephen F. Ross

Journal Articles

The principal theme of this essay is that statutory interpretation is a project that requires advocates and judges to utilize the insights of three discrete disciplines apart from law: communications and linguistics to understand the way that legislative drafters use words to communicate to others, either in text or in extratextual legislative material; political science to describe the way that legislators behave in enacting statutes; and political theory to provide a normative guide for courts interpreting statutes in a constitutional democracy.


Center Of Main Interests, International Insolvency Case Venue, And Equality Of Arms: The Eurofood Decision Of The European Court Of Justice, Samuel Bufford Jan 2007

Center Of Main Interests, International Insolvency Case Venue, And Equality Of Arms: The Eurofood Decision Of The European Court Of Justice, Samuel Bufford

Journal Articles

This Article examines the Eurofood-E.C.J. decision and evaluates its impact on the decisions of the Irish and the Italian courts to open main insolvency cases for Eurofood. This Article also addresses the broader international insolvency law issues that the E.C.J. decision left open. Part II of this Article provides background information on the format and binding effect of a decision of the E.C.J. Part III explores the background of Parmalat and Eurofood and describes the Eurofood cases in the Irish and Italian courts prior to the E.C.J. decision. Part IV examines the E.C.J. decision, its rationale, and its application to …