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Journal Articles

2002

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Articles 1 - 30 of 73

Full-Text Articles in Law

New Career Paths: From Computing Services To Library Director, James G. Milles Nov 2002

New Career Paths: From Computing Services To Library Director, James G. Milles

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


American Legal Ethics, Thomas L. Shaffer Oct 2002

American Legal Ethics, Thomas L. Shaffer

Journal Articles

The ethics of American lawyers come from the English gentleman-lawyer of the nineteenth century, with the steady addition of an elitist Jeffersonian gloss. But they have, within the last century, been seperated, so that reulation claims to operate without conscience. The result is that the law of lawyers is now the principal, if not only, feature of the official codes, and ethics as ethics is is spread oer insignificant consensus statements by bar associations and promising scholarship from academic lawyers, some small part of which deserves to be called ethics and even, from small beginnings to be called religious ethics.


One Person, One Vote, And The Possibility Of Political Community, James A. Gardner May 2002

One Person, One Vote, And The Possibility Of Political Community, James A. Gardner

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


State Courts As Agents Of Federalism: Power And Interpretation In State Constitutional Law, James A. Gardner Mar 2002

State Courts As Agents Of Federalism: Power And Interpretation In State Constitutional Law, James A. Gardner

Journal Articles

In the American constitutional tradition, federalism is commonly understood as a mechanism designed to institutionalize a kind of permanent struggle between state and national power. The same American constitutional tradition also holds that courts are basically passive institutions whose mission is to apply the law impartially while avoiding inherently political power struggles. These two commonplace understandings conflict on their face. The conflict may be dissolved for federal courts by conceiving their resistance to state authority as the impartial consequence of limitations on state power imposed by the U.S. Constitution. But this reconciliation is unavailable for state courts, which, by operation …


Neutralizing The Incompetent Voter: A Comment On Cook V. Gralike, James A. Gardner Mar 2002

Neutralizing The Incompetent Voter: A Comment On Cook V. Gralike, James A. Gardner

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Book Review, Mark C. Modak-Truran Jan 2002

Book Review, Mark C. Modak-Truran

Journal Articles

Eric Michael Mazur’s dissertation (supervised by Phillip E. Hammond) argues that minority religious communities have had to “subordinate their distinct theological beliefs to the transcending principles of the majority articulated by the constitutional order, or they are forced to do so by the physical powers of the government” (p. xxv). To support this argument, he takes an empirical approach and focuses on the Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (the Mormons), and Native American religious traditions.


For White Women: Your Blues Ain't Like Mine, But We All Hide Our Faces And Cry--Literary Illumination For White And Black Sister/Friends, Angela Mae Kupenda Jan 2002

For White Women: Your Blues Ain't Like Mine, But We All Hide Our Faces And Cry--Literary Illumination For White And Black Sister/Friends, Angela Mae Kupenda

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Allocation Of Powers In The European Union: A Closer Look At The Principle Of Subsidiary, Christoph Henkel Jan 2002

The Allocation Of Powers In The European Union: A Closer Look At The Principle Of Subsidiary, Christoph Henkel

Journal Articles

In the first section this article examines the different meanings of subsidiarity, its character as a doctrine of social philosophy and the origins of the concept of subsidiarity in the Community Treaties. The second section of this article describes the community approach to application, interpretation and review of compliance with subsidiarity. In this context, the Principle of Proportionality and the procedural requirement to Show Sufficient Grounds are considered as tools for judicial review and first developments in the case law of the European Court of Justice are discussed. Finally, against the background of political economic theory, the article will highlight …


A Refreshing Jury Cola: Fulfilling The Duty To Compensate Jurors Adequately, Evan R. Seamone Jan 2002

A Refreshing Jury Cola: Fulfilling The Duty To Compensate Jurors Adequately, Evan R. Seamone

Journal Articles

This Article adopts a new perspective on the obligation of states to compensate jurors on the basis of their financial needs. It combs the nation’s history for answers to a variety of significant questions: Why do states compensate jurors? Have there ever been minimal levels of juror compensation among the states of the union? Have any legal challenges resulted in governments raising jury fees? Have states developed uniform standards for juror compensation in light of varied economic conditions? While, at times, the responses to these questions will be brief, answering them is crucial to understanding how jury fees can be …


Judicial Mindfulness, Evan R. Seamone Jan 2002

Judicial Mindfulness, Evan R. Seamone

Journal Articles

Like all human beings, judges are influenced by personal routines and behaviors that have become second nature to them or have somehow dropped below the radar of their conscious control. Professor Ellen Langer and others have labeled this general state "mindlessness." They have distinguished "mindful" thinking as a process that all people can employ to gain awareness of subconscious influences, and thus increase the validity of their decisions. In this Article, I establish a theory of "judicial mindfulness" that would guard against two types of "cold" bias when interpreting legal materials. The first harmful bias involves traumatic past events that …


Law School Professors Comment On The Campus Boycott Of Justice Clarence Thomas: Did They Do The Right Thing?, Angela Mae Kupenda Jan 2002

Law School Professors Comment On The Campus Boycott Of Justice Clarence Thomas: Did They Do The Right Thing?, Angela Mae Kupenda

Journal Articles

The black professors' only mistake occurred if they assumed that, like white professors, they would be found deserving of two core professorial rights: the right of academic freedom and the right to exercise individual moral responsibility. The harsh critics of the black professors' boycott of Justice Thomas' speech are trying to deny the professors these core professorial rights/duties that are ordinarily heaped upon white professors without reservation.


Note, When Wishing On A Star Just Won’T Do: The Legal Basis For International Cooperation In The Mitigation Of Asteroid Impacts And Similar Transboundary Disasters, Evan R. Seamone Jan 2002

Note, When Wishing On A Star Just Won’T Do: The Legal Basis For International Cooperation In The Mitigation Of Asteroid Impacts And Similar Transboundary Disasters, Evan R. Seamone

Journal Articles

This Note uses the threat of collisions of large space bodies with the Earth as a vehicle to investigate the legal duties of nations to participate in collective efforts at megadisaster mitigation. Asteroids and comets are space bodies while meteors occupy a less-threatening category. Although they differ in chemical composition and in visibility to the naked eye, large space bodies can endanger multiple nations simultaneously. Space bodies are ideal topics of investigation because the magnitude of the threats they pose is inestimable. Legal obligations to mitigate Earth impacts apply equally well to other infrequent threats that are currently of the …


The Rhetoric Of Motive And Intent, Guyora Binder Jan 2002

The Rhetoric Of Motive And Intent, Guyora Binder

Journal Articles

This article offers a critical analysis of the traditional maxim that motive is irrelevant to criminal liability. It retraces the history of this principle to show how its meaning has changed and its validity has declined over time. Originally promoted by reformers, the irrelevance of motive maxim derived meaning from their efforts to codify criminal law. In this context, the irrelevance of motive stood for two related reforms: (1) legislators should condition criminal liability on expectations of harm rather than desires, and (2) courts should require proof of statutory mental elements. With the success of codification, however, the irrelevance of …


Context And Institutional Structure In Attorney Regulation: Constructing An Enforcement Regime For International Arbitration, Catherine A. Rogers Jan 2002

Context And Institutional Structure In Attorney Regulation: Constructing An Enforcement Regime For International Arbitration, Catherine A. Rogers

Journal Articles

The question that looms large over the future of international arbitration is: How much should states yield to the international arbitration system? This Article attempts to answer the question as it applies to the specific context of regulating attorney conduct.


Postsecondary School Education Benefits For Undocumented Immigrants: Promises And Pitfalls, Victor C. Romero Jan 2002

Postsecondary School Education Benefits For Undocumented Immigrants: Promises And Pitfalls, Victor C. Romero

Journal Articles

Should longtime undocumented immigrants have the same opportunity as lawful permanent residents and U.S. citizens to attend state colleges and universities? There are two typical justifications for denying them such opportunities. First, treating undocumented immigrants as in-state residents discriminates against U.S. citizen nonresidents of the state. Second, and more broadly, undocumented immigration should be discouraged as a policy matter, and therefore allowing undocumented immigrant children equal opportunities as legal residents condones and perhaps encourages "illegal" immigration. This essay responds to these two concerns by surveying state and federal solutions to this issue.


Law, Policy, And Market Implications Of Genetic Profiling In Drug Development, Michael J. Malinowski Jan 2002

Law, Policy, And Market Implications Of Genetic Profiling In Drug Development, Michael J. Malinowski

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


'Rogue States' Within American Borders: Remedying State Noncompliance With The International Covenant On Civil And Political Rights, Margaret S. Thomas Jan 2002

'Rogue States' Within American Borders: Remedying State Noncompliance With The International Covenant On Civil And Political Rights, Margaret S. Thomas

Journal Articles

Nearly a decade after the United States ratified the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the treaty's implementation is incomplete. A complex maze of reservations, understandings, and declarations has hindered domestic implementation, as has Congress 's failure to pass national implementing legislation. Almost every state in the Union has laws that violate the Covenant. For example, the treaty requires that in criminal matters, juveniles must be tried in a manner that takes account of their age. Nevertheless, California and many other states frequently treat minors as adults in such matters. Because the Senate declared the treaty to be non-self-executing, …


Waiting For The Labor Law Of The Twenty-First Century: Everything Old Is New Again, William R. Corbett Jan 2002

Waiting For The Labor Law Of The Twenty-First Century: Everything Old Is New Again, William R. Corbett

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Changing The Premise Of International Legal Remedies: The Unfounded Adoption Of Assurances And Guarantees Of Non-Repetition, Scott Sullivan Jan 2002

Changing The Premise Of International Legal Remedies: The Unfounded Adoption Of Assurances And Guarantees Of Non-Repetition, Scott Sullivan

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Guilds At The Millennium: Antitrust And The Professions: Introduction, Susan Beth Farmer Jan 2002

Guilds At The Millennium: Antitrust And The Professions: Introduction, Susan Beth Farmer

Journal Articles

This Article is an Introduction to the Symposium Issue of the Loyola Consumer Law Review. The papers published in the symposium issue were originally presented at the meeting of the Section on Antitrust and Economic Regulation of the Association of American Law Schools (AALS) at the Association Annual Conference in 2002.


Charter Insights For American Equality Jurisprudence, Stephen F. Ross Jan 2002

Charter Insights For American Equality Jurisprudence, Stephen F. Ross

Journal Articles

Although both the Canadian Charter and the United States Constitutions protect persons from denial of equal protection of the law, the interpretation of the broad language of the two equality guarantees has been quite different. The Supreme Court of Canada has adopted an approach of substantive equality, concluding that section 15 is designed to prevent the loss of human dignity that accompanies discrimination based on disadvantage and stereotype. At least with regard to race, a majority of the justices on the United States Supreme Court adhere to a jurisprudence of formal equality, concluding that the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments prohibit …


Light, Less-Filling, It's Blue-Ribbon!, Stephen F. Ross Jan 2002

Light, Less-Filling, It's Blue-Ribbon!, Stephen F. Ross

Journal Articles

This Commentary reviews the recommendations of the Blue Ribbon Panel and, accepting the Report's perspective of advocating the long-term interests of baseball fans, identifies some important and positive contributions made by the Report. Next, some significant flaws and shortcomings are discussed. Finally, the Commentary suggests several practical reforms likely to improve competitive balance which plausibly could secure the support of t he various constituencies of the National Pastime.


The New Environmental Law: Forest Certification, Errol E. Meidinger Jan 2002

The New Environmental Law: Forest Certification, Errol E. Meidinger

Journal Articles

This paper argues that the rapidly expanding practice of forest certification, together with similar developments in other sectors, is creating a new template for environmental law. Nongovernmental organizations and some industry actors are establishing binding regulatory standards, systems for monitoring compliance, sanctions for non-compliance, and, when things work well, methods for assessment and revision. It locates these developments as a part of “phase 3” of environmental law, which also involves a proliferation of other initiatives beyond traditional regulation. Finally, it offers a preliminary discussion of the efficacy, adaptability, coherence, and legitimacy of the emergent system.


Empirical Work In Family Law, Margaret F. Brinig Jan 2002

Empirical Work In Family Law, Margaret F. Brinig

Journal Articles

Until fairly recently, researchers have not done much theoretical work on the subject of family law. Although the move towards theoretical work is a positive one, unfortunately, most of the latest reforms in family law have been uninformed by empirical studies. Furthermore, the few empirical studies that have been conducted are replete with intractable problems.

In this essay, Margaret Brinig discusses some of the problems researchers have encountered in their attempts to conduct empirical work in the area of family law. For example, most researchers have used state cross-sectional data for their experiments. Reliance on this type of data can …


On War As Hell, Roger P. Alford Jan 2002

On War As Hell, Roger P. Alford

Journal Articles

This article addresses the question of the proper international standard for war reparations. War reparations are especially hard on the credibility and efficacy of international law. Wars are hard because the suffering is so great and reparations so onerous that often there is no mutuality of interest between the victorious governments and their own constituent victims. Wars force victorious States to make hard choices between looking backward to repair the harm caused to constituent victims and looking forward to a relationship with a potential strong and strategic ally. Just as the conduct of war, in its great features, is...policy itself, …


The Enduring Illegitimacy Of The Poison Pill, Julian Velasco Jan 2002

The Enduring Illegitimacy Of The Poison Pill, Julian Velasco

Journal Articles

The poison pill is the ultimate defense against a hostile takeover. From management's perspective, it is almost too good to be true. Originally, the poison pill was seen as a way to guard against the worst of hostile takeover tactics. It has been successful; the poison pill has virtually eliminated these tactics from the repertoires of hostile bidders. However, the poison pill is extremely potent, capable of preventing all hostile takeovers, regardless of their underlying merit. Thus, the poison pill eventually became the means to employ a just say no defense of resisting hostile takeovers, regardless of the interests of …


Delaware Is Not A State: Are We Witnessing Jurisdictional Competition In Bankruptcy, G. Marcus Cole Jan 2002

Delaware Is Not A State: Are We Witnessing Jurisdictional Competition In Bankruptcy, G. Marcus Cole

Journal Articles

Over the last twelve years, the United States District Court for the District of Delaware has experienced exponential growth in the number of bankruptcy filings for large corporate debtors. This relatively recent rise in Delaware bankruptcy venue cannot, on its face, be explained by Delaware's eighty-five-year preeminence in the race for corporate charters, since the advantages most often postulated for Delaware's dominance in corporate law do not carry over to corporate bankruptcy. The state has limited influence over federal bankruptcy law and virtually no control over the selection of federal bankruptcy judges.

This rise of Delaware bankruptcy venue, or Delawarization …


God Bless America, John J. Coughlin Jan 2002

God Bless America, John J. Coughlin

Journal Articles

On the morning of September 11, 2001, the friars at St. Francis of Assisi Church on West 31st Street in Manhattan had just prayed matins, the ancient morning prayer of the Catholic Church. Afterwards, Fr. Mychael Judge, O.F.M., and his brother Franciscans were enjoying the simple pleasure of their first cup of coffee of the day in the peace of Friary's Refectory. Directly across the street from the Church, an ominous all-alarm bell began to sound in the firehouse, while Fr. Mychael's fire department beeper went off. As he had done so many times previously, the Chaplain to the New …


Limiting Liability Through Bankruptcy, G. Marcus Cole Jan 2002

Limiting Liability Through Bankruptcy, G. Marcus Cole

Journal Articles

The purpose of this Article is to expose that function of bankruptcy law that distinguished it from English and Colonial insolvency law, and to determine the scope of and need for bankruptcy law to perform that function in contemporary society. I posit that the distinguishing character of bankruptcy law was, and continues to be, its ability to serve as a temporal asset partitioning device. By asset partition, I mean the ability of a structure to sequester the assets of an owner of an enterprise from the reach of the creditors of that enterprise, or the assets of the enterprise from …


An Introduction: The Legalization Of International Relations/The Internationalization Of Legal Reglations, Roger P. Alford, Mary Ellen O'Connell Jan 2002

An Introduction: The Legalization Of International Relations/The Internationalization Of Legal Reglations, Roger P. Alford, Mary Ellen O'Connell

Journal Articles

The Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law is always an important gathering in the international legal community. It is a chance for everyone interested in international law to come together to deepen our understanding of the developments in the field. Ultimately, the aim of the discussion is to advance the international rule of law in the world.

To focus discussion at the 2002 Annual Meeting, we chose two intersecting developments that merited considered reflection: the legalization of international relations and the internationalization of legal relations. Representing two sides of the same coin, these twin themes, it was …