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Full-Text Articles in Law

Administrative Investigations, Aram A. Gavoor, Steven A. Platt Apr 2022

Administrative Investigations, Aram A. Gavoor, Steven A. Platt

Indiana Law Journal

This Article establishes the subject of federal administrative investigations as a new area of study in administrative law. While the literature has addressed investigations by specific agencies and congressional investigations, there is no general account for the trans-substantive constitutional value of administrative investigations. This Article provides such an account by exploring the positive law, agency behaviors, and constraints pertaining to this unresearched field. It concludes with some urgency that the Administrative Procedure Act of 1946—the statute that stands as a bill of rights for the Administrative State—does not serve to regulate administrative investigations and that Article III courts have held …


Ethnically Segmented Markets: Korean-Owned Black Hair Stores, Felix B. Chang Apr 2022

Ethnically Segmented Markets: Korean-Owned Black Hair Stores, Felix B. Chang

Indiana Law Journal

Races often collide in segmented markets where buyers belong to one ethnic group while sellers belong to another. This Article examines one such market: the retail of wigs and hair extensions for African Americans, a multi-billion-dollar market controlled by Korean Americans. Although prior scholarship attributed the success of Korean American ventures to rotating communal credit, this Article argues that their dominance in ethnic beauty supplies stems from collusion and exclusion.

This Article is the first to synthesize the disparate treatment of ethnically segmented markets in law, sociology, and economics into a comprehensive framework. Its primary contribution is to forge the …


Mandating Board Diversity, Sung Eun (Summer) Kim Jan 2022

Mandating Board Diversity, Sung Eun (Summer) Kim

Indiana Law Journal

California’s Assembly Bill 979 (AB-979) requires companies that are based in California to have a specified minimum number of directors from underrepresented communities. A “director from an underrepresented community” is defined as an individual who self-identifies as Black, African American, Hispanic, Latino, Asian, Pacific Islander, Native American, Native Hawaiian, or Alaska Native, or who selfidentifies as gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender. AB-979 received much attention for being the first law to mandate greater diversity on corporate boards in terms of race and sexual orientation. Senate Bill 826 (SB-826), which was introduced two years prior, was the first U.S. legislative effort …


Bitcoin: Order Without Law In The Digital Age, John O. Mcginnis, Kyle Roche Oct 2019

Bitcoin: Order Without Law In The Digital Age, John O. Mcginnis, Kyle Roche

Indiana Law Journal

Modern law makes currency a creature of the state and ultimately the value of its currency depends on the public’s trust in that state. While some nations are more capable than others at instilling public trust in the stability of their monetary institutions, it is nonetheless impossible for any legal system to make the pre-commitments necessary to completely isolate the governance of its money supply from political pressure. This proposition is true not only today, where nearly all government institutions manage their money supply in the form of central banking, but also true of past private banking regimes circulating their …


Anticompetitive Mergers In Labor Markets, Ioana Marinescu, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Jul 2019

Anticompetitive Mergers In Labor Markets, Ioana Marinescu, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Indiana Law Journal

Mergers of competitors are conventionally challenged under the federal antitrust laws when they threaten to lessen competition in some product or service market in which the merging firms sell. In many of these cases the threat is that in concentrated markets—those with only a few sellers—the merger increases the likelihood of collusion or collusion-like behavior. The result will be that the post-merger firm will reduce the volume of sales in the affected market and prices will rise.

Mergers can also injure competition in markets in which the firms purchase, however. Although that principle is widely recognized, very few litigated cases …


Taming Sherman's Wilderness, Derrian Smith Jul 2019

Taming Sherman's Wilderness, Derrian Smith

Indiana Law Journal

This Note proceeds in four Parts. Part I outlines the interpretive difficulties spawned by the vagueness of the Sherman Act—particularly, the judiciary’s necessary but undeniable departures from the text of the statute and the resulting doctrinal confusion. Part II considers ways in which the judiciary’s decision-making in Sherman Act cases approximates agency rulemaking and whether it makes sense to delegate interpretive authority to an antitrust agency. Yet, while the agency solution has upside, it would not easily escape criticisms that the Act does not provide sufficient notice of the conduct it proscribes and that the Act is an impermissible delegation …


Immigration As Commerce: A New Look At The Federal Immigration Power And The Constitution, Jennifer Gordon Jul 2018

Immigration As Commerce: A New Look At The Federal Immigration Power And The Constitution, Jennifer Gordon

Indiana Law Journal

When the United States government sets immigration law and policy, how much attention must it pay to constitutional rights? This question has been much debated since President Donald Trump issued a series of immigration-related executive orders in his first week in office, including a bar on entry by citizens of a set of majority-Muslim countries, but it was controversial long before then. In important part, the answer depends on what the Constitution says about the scope and limits of the power of the federal government over immigration. Therein lies the tale. On this subject, the country’s founding documents say very …


Too-Big-To-Fail 2.0? Digital Service Providers, Nizan Geslevich Packin Jan 2018

Too-Big-To-Fail 2.0? Digital Service Providers, Nizan Geslevich Packin

Indiana Law Journal

The Article explains why addressing Too-Big-To-Fail 2.0 has not yet become a political and societal priority. First, digital service providers are technology companies, which, many believe, are shaped by market forces such that they fail and succeed in equal measure without producing negative ripple effects on the economy or society. Second, technology giants are not as carefully regulated as banks becauseunlike banks, they do not take insured deposits backed by the government. Third, even heavily regulated financial institutions have not been required until recently to focus on cybersecurity. Finally, some believe that there is no point in worrying about Too-Big-To-Fail …


Verizon’S “Certification Process” And Why The Fcc Needs To Take A Stand, P. J. Gretter Jul 2015

Verizon’S “Certification Process” And Why The Fcc Needs To Take A Stand, P. J. Gretter

Indiana Law Journal

This Note will give an in-depth review of the legality and policy implications of Verizon’s lengthy certification process. Part I will give a short background of the time leading up to Verizon’s purchase of the C-Block. It will then review the actual rules of the agreement between Verizon and the FCC at the time of the purchase, as well as the pertinent history following the purchase. Part II will analyze whether Verizon’s lengthy certification process violates the C-Block rules or the general spirit of Verizon’s agreement to abide by the rules. Part III will then argue that, even if Verizon’s …


New Thinking On Commercial Surrogacy, Richard F. Storrow Oct 2013

New Thinking On Commercial Surrogacy, Richard F. Storrow

Indiana Law Journal

Roundtable on Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technology 2012


Shareholder Voting As Veto, Michael S. Kang Oct 2013

Shareholder Voting As Veto, Michael S. Kang

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Mothering For Money: Regulating Commercial Intimacy, Surrogacy, Adoption,, Pamela Laufer-Ukeles Oct 2013

Mothering For Money: Regulating Commercial Intimacy, Surrogacy, Adoption,, Pamela Laufer-Ukeles

Indiana Law Journal

Roundtable on Regulating Assisted Reproductive Technology 2012


Selectica Resets The Trigger On The Poison Pill: Where Should The Delaware Courts Go Next?, Paul H. Edelman, Randall S. Thomas Jul 2012

Selectica Resets The Trigger On The Poison Pill: Where Should The Delaware Courts Go Next?, Paul H. Edelman, Randall S. Thomas

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Enforcing Integrity, Katrice B. Copeland Jul 2012

Enforcing Integrity, Katrice B. Copeland

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Irony Of At&T V. Concepcion, Colin P. Marks Jan 2012

The Irony Of At&T V. Concepcion, Colin P. Marks

Indiana Law Journal

This Essay explores the possible dual readings of Concepcion in light of the FAA and its interpretation, including Supreme Court precedents. This Essay concludes that though there is support for interpreting the Concepcion decision narrowly, it is more likely that a broader interpretation was intended, but the metes and bounds of this opinion have yet to be explored. Nonetheless, under this broad interpretation, the effect on consumers will be to discourage individuals from seeking redress for their claims. Indeed, the decision may actually encourage businesses to breach contractual obligations with impunity when the individual sums owed are too small to …


Success, Dominance, And Interoperability, Alan Devlin, Michael Jacobs, Bruno Peixoto Oct 2009

Success, Dominance, And Interoperability, Alan Devlin, Michael Jacobs, Bruno Peixoto

Indiana Law Journal

In September 2007, the European Court of First Instance (CFI) ruled that Microsoft violated the European Union's competition law by failing to provide certain of its rivals with proprietary computer protocols that would have enabled them to make their products fully "interoperable" with Microsoft's dominant operating system. In the process, the court suggested that an owner of certain kinds of dominant intellectual property is obliged to share its property with rivals to the extent necessary to allow those rivals to compete "viably" with the dominant firm. Thus, in theory, should protocol sharing fail to achieve the requisite degree of "viability, …


The First Amendment And Commercial Speech, C. Edwin Baker Jul 2009

The First Amendment And Commercial Speech, C. Edwin Baker

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: An Ocean Apart? Freedom of Expression in Europe and the United States. This Article was originally written in French and delivered as a conference paper at a symposium held by the Center for American Law of the University of Paris II (Panthèon-Assas) on January 18-19, 2008.


Delaware Strikes Back: Newcastle Partners And The Fight For State Corporate Autonomy, Michael W. Ott Jan 2007

Delaware Strikes Back: Newcastle Partners And The Fight For State Corporate Autonomy, Michael W. Ott

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Let History Be Our Guide: Using Historical Analogies To Analyze State Response To A Post-Granholm Era, Matthew B. Mills Jul 2006

Let History Be Our Guide: Using Historical Analogies To Analyze State Response To A Post-Granholm Era, Matthew B. Mills

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Secured Creditors Holding Lien Creditors Hostage: Have A Little Faith In Revised Article 9, Timothy G. Hayes Apr 2006

Secured Creditors Holding Lien Creditors Hostage: Have A Little Faith In Revised Article 9, Timothy G. Hayes

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


"They've Created A Lamb With Mandibles Of Death": Secrecy, Disclosure, And Fiduciary Duties In Limited Liability Firms, J. William Callison, Allan W. Vestal Apr 2001

"They've Created A Lamb With Mandibles Of Death": Secrecy, Disclosure, And Fiduciary Duties In Limited Liability Firms, J. William Callison, Allan W. Vestal

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Patching A Hole In The Jobs Act: How And Why To Rewrite The Rules That Require Firms To Make Periodic Disclosures, Michael D. Guttentag Jan 2000

Patching A Hole In The Jobs Act: How And Why To Rewrite The Rules That Require Firms To Make Periodic Disclosures, Michael D. Guttentag

Indiana Law Journal

Provisions in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 have made it much easier for firms to avoid federal periodic disclosure obligations, but these provisions were enacted based upon a virtually nonexistent legislative record and upended rules established only after careful consideration almost fifty years earlier. Determining when firms should be required to comply with federal periodic disclosure requirements is best done in the context of a broader understanding of the history and economics of periodic disclosure regulation. This Article provides such an understanding.

The history of periodic disclosure regulation in the United States is traced back to its …


One Lawyer For The Family: A Response To Alysa Rollock, Patrick L. Baude Apr 1998

One Lawyer For The Family: A Response To Alysa Rollock, Patrick L. Baude

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: Law and the New American Family Held at Indiana University School of Law - Bloomington Apr. 4, 1997


Professional Responsibility And Organization Of The Family Business: The Lawyer As Intermediary, Alysa Christmas Rollock Apr 1998

Professional Responsibility And Organization Of The Family Business: The Lawyer As Intermediary, Alysa Christmas Rollock

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: Law and the New American Family Held at Indiana University School of Law - Bloomington Apr. 4, 1997


Reasonable Expectations In Families, Businesses, And Family Businesses: A Comment On Rollock, Terry A. O'Neill Apr 1998

Reasonable Expectations In Families, Businesses, And Family Businesses: A Comment On Rollock, Terry A. O'Neill

Indiana Law Journal

Symposium: Law and the New American Family Held at Indiana University School of Law - Bloomington Apr. 4, 1997


Where There's A Will, There's A Way: State Sales And Use Taxation Of Electronic Commerce, Megan E. Groves Jan 1998

Where There's A Will, There's A Way: State Sales And Use Taxation Of Electronic Commerce, Megan E. Groves

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Uniform Commercial Code Meets The Seventh Amendment: The Demise Of Jury Trials Under Article 5?, Margaret L. Moses Jul 1997

The Uniform Commercial Code Meets The Seventh Amendment: The Demise Of Jury Trials Under Article 5?, Margaret L. Moses

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Computers As Agents: A Proposed Approach To Revised U.C.C. Article 2, John P. Fischer Apr 1997

Computers As Agents: A Proposed Approach To Revised U.C.C. Article 2, John P. Fischer

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Unique Or Ubiquitous: Art Prints And The Uniform Commercial Code, Wendy C. Lowengrub Apr 1997

Unique Or Ubiquitous: Art Prints And The Uniform Commercial Code, Wendy C. Lowengrub

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Use Of Penalty Clauses In Location Incentive Agreements, Matthew T. Furton Jul 1995

The Use Of Penalty Clauses In Location Incentive Agreements, Matthew T. Furton

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.