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“All I Want Is To Be Free”, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic Jan 2022

“All I Want Is To Be Free”, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic

Global Human Rights Clinic

Statelessness — the condition of lacking citizenship or nationality in any country of the world — affects more than 10 million people globally. In the United States, conservative estimates put the number of stateless persons at over 200,000. Given that the U.S. provides citizenship to people born on the territory, nearly all stateless persons within the U.S. were born elsewhere. However, the U.S. immigration framework is silent with respect to statelessness, in effect leaving stateless people unrecognized, unprotected and invisible before the law.

As persons relegated to a life without legal status, stateless people in the United States are subject …


Captive Labor: Exploitation Of Incarcerated Workers, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, Jennifer Turner, Mariana Olaizola Rosenblat, Nino Guruli, Claudia Flores, Sophie Desch, Katya El Tayeb, Leena Elsadek, Eric Singerman, Joseph Nunn, Monica Weisman, Genevieve Auld, Aaron Tucek, Nico Thompson-Lleras, Johnny Walker, Jennifer Turner Jan 2022

Captive Labor: Exploitation Of Incarcerated Workers, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, Jennifer Turner, Mariana Olaizola Rosenblat, Nino Guruli, Claudia Flores, Sophie Desch, Katya El Tayeb, Leena Elsadek, Eric Singerman, Joseph Nunn, Monica Weisman, Genevieve Auld, Aaron Tucek, Nico Thompson-Lleras, Johnny Walker, Jennifer Turner

Global Human Rights Clinic

Our nation incarcerates over 1.2 million people in state and federal prisons, and two out of three of these incarcerated people are also workers. In most instances, the jobs these people in prison have look similar to those of millions of people working on the outside: They work as cooks, dishwashers, janitors, groundskeepers, barbers, painters, or plumbers; in laundries, kitchens, factories, and hospitals. They provide vital public services such as repairing roads, fighting wildfires, or clearing debris after hurricanes. They washed hospital laundry and worked in mortuary services at the height of the pandemic. They manufacture products like office furniture, …


Global Impunity: How Police Laws & Policies In The World's Wealthiest Countries Fail International Human Rights Standards, Claudia Flores, Brian Citro, Nino Guruli, Mariana Olaizola, Chelsea Kehrer, Hannah Abrahams Jan 2021

Global Impunity: How Police Laws & Policies In The World's Wealthiest Countries Fail International Human Rights Standards, Claudia Flores, Brian Citro, Nino Guruli, Mariana Olaizola, Chelsea Kehrer, Hannah Abrahams

Global Human Rights Clinic

No abstract provided.


Petitioner’S Final Observations On The Merits Petition No. 1418-07, Siti Aisah And Others V. United States Of America, Claudia Flores, Mariana Olaizola, Ana Luquerna, Keila Mayberry Jan 2021

Petitioner’S Final Observations On The Merits Petition No. 1418-07, Siti Aisah And Others V. United States Of America, Claudia Flores, Mariana Olaizola, Ana Luquerna, Keila Mayberry

Global Human Rights Clinic

No abstract provided.


Access Denied: Internet Access And The Right To Education In South Africa, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic Jan 2020

Access Denied: Internet Access And The Right To Education In South Africa, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic

Global Human Rights Clinic

No abstract provided.


Submission To The Special Rapporteur: Reports Of Abuse Of Migrant Children In U.S. Custody And Oversight Failures, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic Jan 2020

Submission To The Special Rapporteur: Reports Of Abuse Of Migrant Children In U.S. Custody And Oversight Failures, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic

Global Human Rights Clinic

No abstract provided.


Deadly Discretion: The Failure Of Police Use Of Force Policies To Meet Fundamental International Human Rights Law And Standards, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic Jan 2020

Deadly Discretion: The Failure Of Police Use Of Force Policies To Meet Fundamental International Human Rights Law And Standards, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic

Global Human Rights Clinic

No abstract provided.


Gender-Sensitive And Gender-Effective Strategies In Preventing And Countering Violent Extremism, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, Mandel Legal Aid Clinic Jan 2020

Gender-Sensitive And Gender-Effective Strategies In Preventing And Countering Violent Extremism, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, Mandel Legal Aid Clinic

Global Human Rights Clinic

For over two decades, the global community has endeavored to prevent and combat violent extremism. In that time, states and civil society partners have increasingly recognized women’s role in this effort as critical to its success. The effective engagement of women, representing half of the world’s population, is now understood as necessary to a “localized, credible, inclusive, and resonant strateg[y] to build resilience to extremism.”

However, gender-sensitive and gender-effective approaches to preventing and countering violent extremism (PCVE) have remained elusive. Women’s involvement in PCVE strategies continue to be largely marginal, often reinforcing harmful stereotypes, and sometimes resulting in negative consequences …


Human Rights Implications Of Global Surrogacy, Executive Summary, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic Jan 2019

Human Rights Implications Of Global Surrogacy, Executive Summary, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic

Global Human Rights Clinic

No abstract provided.


Human Rights Implications Of Global Surrogacy, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic Jan 2019

Human Rights Implications Of Global Surrogacy, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic

Global Human Rights Clinic

The growth of the gestational surrogacy industry in the last few decades has raised concerns about the human rights of the parties involved. Partly due to those concerns, several of the countries where surrogacy was once widespread have recently prohibited the practice. Yet the human rights implications of surrogacy are highly complex, and it is far from clear that a global surrogacy prohibition is the best or even most feasible way to address rights concerns. This report aims to advance an understanding of the human rights impact of laws, policies and practices around surrogacy. The report considers the practice of …


Defending Dissent: Towards State Practices That Protect And Promote The Right To Protest - Executive Summary, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, International Network Of Civil Liberties Organizations Jan 2018

Defending Dissent: Towards State Practices That Protect And Promote The Right To Protest - Executive Summary, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, International Network Of Civil Liberties Organizations

Global Human Rights Clinic

No abstract provided.


Defending Dissent: Towards State Practices That Protect And Promote The Right To Protest, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, International Network Of Civil Liberties Organizations Jan 2018

Defending Dissent: Towards State Practices That Protect And Promote The Right To Protest, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, International Network Of Civil Liberties Organizations

Global Human Rights Clinic

No abstract provided.


Neglect And Abuse Of Unaccompanied Immigrant Children By U.S. Customs And Border Protection, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic Jan 2018

Neglect And Abuse Of Unaccompanied Immigrant Children By U.S. Customs And Border Protection, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic

Global Human Rights Clinic

According to the U.S. government, tens of thousands of Central American and Mexican children travel alone to the United States every year to escape violence and poverty in their home countries. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), a sub-agency of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), detains many of these children when they arrive at U.S. ports of entry or cross the U.S. border. While in CBP custody, immigrant children have reported physical and psychological abuse, unsanitary and inhumane living conditions, isolation from family members, extended periods of detention, and denial of access to legal and medical services.

In 2014, …


Resolving Land Disputes Through Restitution Dynamics: A Comparative Analysis Of Country Case Studies, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic Jan 2017

Resolving Land Disputes Through Restitution Dynamics: A Comparative Analysis Of Country Case Studies, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic

Global Human Rights Clinic

This Report aims to support current efforts in Myanmar to address land ownership and land use disputes. Shifts in government administration, inconsistent legal property regimes, inadequate administrative recordkeeping, and unregulated government land seizures have resulted in wide spread conflicting claims to land. These have caused regional instability, internal population displacement, conflict and socio-economic distress. Resolution of these disputes through a restitution mechanism and establishment of a cohesive land ownership and use regime is central to ultimately establishing rule of law and respect for human rights as well as to the long-term economic development of Myanmar.

As stakeholders engage in discussions …


Comments On The Reporting Requirements On Responsible Investment In Burma, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic Jan 2016

Comments On The Reporting Requirements On Responsible Investment In Burma, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic

Global Human Rights Clinic

We believe the State Department’s Reporting Requirements are critical to monitoring and reducing U.S. involvement in human rights violations in Burma. However, we are concerned that these Requirements have fallen short of effectively meeting these goals. Many U.S. corporate investors are failing to comply with the Requirements and their stated objectives, some key investors declining to submit reports at all. The Requirements themselves are too vague, lacking clarity as to the information they seek, and too narrow, seemingly excluding pertinent areas of investor activities. Thus, even when investors do technically comply, their reports rarely yield useful information. In light of …


Aftershocks: The Human Impact Of U.S. Deportations To Post-Earthquake Haiti, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, University Of Miami Law School Immigration Clinic, University Of Miami Law School Human Rights Clinic Jan 2015

Aftershocks: The Human Impact Of U.S. Deportations To Post-Earthquake Haiti, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, University Of Miami Law School Immigration Clinic, University Of Miami Law School Human Rights Clinic

Global Human Rights Clinic

Haiti still reels from the devastating effects of the January 12, 2010 earthquake that killed over 300,000 people, rendered one in seven Haitians homeless, and wreaked $9 billion of damage in a country whose 2009 GDP was only $7 billion. At least 85,000 people still live in internally displaced person camps (IDP camps) and many have moved back into shoddy structures that would not survive another earthquake. The cholera epidemic that struck Haiti in the wake of the earthquake has been characterized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as “the worst cholera outbreak in recent history,” killing …


The Shackling Of Incarcerated Pregnant Women: A Human Rights Violation Committed Regularly In The United States, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, Chicago Legal Advocacy For Incarcerated Mothers, Aclu National Prison Project Jan 2014

The Shackling Of Incarcerated Pregnant Women: A Human Rights Violation Committed Regularly In The United States, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, Chicago Legal Advocacy For Incarcerated Mothers, Aclu National Prison Project

Global Human Rights Clinic

The international human rights community has repeatedly expressed concern about the shackling of pregnant women deprived of their liberty in the United States. The federal government has adopted an anti-shackling policy and some states have passed laws or policies restricting shackling. Despite these positive developments, shackling of women prisoners continues to occur in violation of U.S. and international law.

Shackling pregnant women increases the substantial medical risks of childbirth. Shackling of pregnant women is a harmful, painful, and demeaning practice that is rarely necessary to preserve safety. Most female prisoners are non-violent offenders, and women who are pregnant, in labor, …


Replacing Myths With Facts: Sex-Selective Abortion Laws In The United States, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, National Asian Pacific American Women’S Forum, Advancing New Standards In Reproductive Health Jan 2014

Replacing Myths With Facts: Sex-Selective Abortion Laws In The United States, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, National Asian Pacific American Women’S Forum, Advancing New Standards In Reproductive Health

Global Human Rights Clinic

Sex selection is the practice of attempting to control the sex of one’s offspring in order to achieve a desired sex. One method of sex selection is sex-selective abortion. Laws banning sex-selective abortion are proliferating in the United States. Eight states have enacted laws prohibiting sexselective abortion. Twenty-one states and the federal government have considered such laws since 2009. Those laws prohibit the performance of an abortion if sought based on the sex of the fetus and provide for both criminal and civil penalties in most cases.

A great deal of misinformation exists regarding sex selection in the United States. …


Chicago School Closings Shadow Report: Independent Information For The 107th Session Of The Human Rights Committee, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, Midwest Coalition For Human Rights Jan 2013

Chicago School Closings Shadow Report: Independent Information For The 107th Session Of The Human Rights Committee, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, Midwest Coalition For Human Rights

Global Human Rights Clinic

The City of Chicago recently closed 49 public elementary schools in an attempt to address budgetary and resource constraints. This is the largest wave of school closings in United States history, involving 10% of all public schools in Chicago, the third largest city in the country. Although there are many schools considered “underutilized” in Chicago, those that were targeted for closing were majority African American. The closings affected nearly 30,000 children and have had a disproportionate and negative impact on minority and disabled children. Displaced students will be packed into classrooms with more students, resulting in overcrowded classrooms. The school …


Women In Prison In Argentina: Causes, Conditions, And Consequences, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, Defensoría General De La Nación Argentina, Cornell Law School - International Human Rights Clinic, Cornell Law School - Avon Global Center For Women And Justice Jan 2013

Women In Prison In Argentina: Causes, Conditions, And Consequences, University Of Chicago Law School - Global Human Rights Clinic, Defensoría General De La Nación Argentina, Cornell Law School - International Human Rights Clinic, Cornell Law School - Avon Global Center For Women And Justice

Global Human Rights Clinic

In many countries around the world, including Argentina, the number of women who are deprived of their liberty has risen over time and has increased disproportionately in comparison to male prisoners. In Argentina, the number of female prisoners within the federal system increased 193%, while the male population rose 111% from 1990 to 2012. Nonetheless, little research has been done to understand why there has been such a dramatic increase in women’s incarceration. At the same time, international and domestic laws governing prisons and prison policies and practices have traditionally been designed for men. In 2010, however, the United Nations …