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Immigration Restriction As Redistributive Taxation: Working Women And The Costs Of Protectionism In The Labor Market, Howard F. Chang Jan 2009

Immigration Restriction As Redistributive Taxation: Working Women And The Costs Of Protectionism In The Labor Market, Howard F. Chang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In this paper, I argue that tax and transfer policies are more efficient than immigration restrictions as instruments for raising the after-tax incomes of the least skilled native workers. Policies to protect these native workers from immigrant competition in the labor market do no better at promoting distributive justice and are likely to impose a greater economic burden on natives in the country of immigration than the tax alternative. These immigration restrictions are especially costly given the disproportionate burden that they place on households with working women, which discourages female participation in the labor force. This burden runs contrary to ...


The Immigration Paradox: Alien Workers And Distributive Justice, Howard F. Chang Jul 2008

The Immigration Paradox: Alien Workers And Distributive Justice, Howard F. Chang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The immigration of relatively unskilled workers poses a fundamental problem for liberals. While from the perspective of the economic welfare of natives, the optimal policy would be to admit these aliens as guest workers, this policy would violate liberal ideals. These ideals would treat these workers as equals, entitled to access to citizenship and to the full set of public benefits provided to citizens. If the welfare of incumbent residents determines admissions policies, however, and we anticipate the fiscal burden that the immigration of the poor would impose, then our welfare criterion would preclude the admission of relatively unskilled workers ...


The Disadvantages Of Immigration Restriction As A Policy To Improve Income Distribution, Howard F. Chang Jan 2008

The Disadvantages Of Immigration Restriction As A Policy To Improve Income Distribution, Howard F. Chang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In this Article, I argue that tax and transfer policies are more efficient than immigration restrictions as instruments for raising the after tax incomes of the least skilled native workers. Policies to protect these native workers frol1'l immigrant competition in the labor market do no better at promoting distributive justice and are likely to impose a greater economic burden on natives in the country of immigration than the tax alternative. These immigration restrictions are especially costly given the disproportionate burden that they place on households with working women, which discourages fel1'wle participation in the labor force. This burden ...


Speaking Volumes: Musings On The Issues Of The Day, Inspired By The Memory Of Mary Joe Frug, Regina Austin, Elizabeth M. Schneider Jan 2003

Speaking Volumes: Musings On The Issues Of The Day, Inspired By The Memory Of Mary Joe Frug, Regina Austin, Elizabeth M. Schneider

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Human Rights, Civil Wrongs And Foreign Relations: A "Sinical" Look At The Use Of U.S. Litigation To Address Human Rights Abuses Abroad, Jacques Delisle Jan 2002

Human Rights, Civil Wrongs And Foreign Relations: A "Sinical" Look At The Use Of U.S. Litigation To Address Human Rights Abuses Abroad, Jacques Delisle

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Lex Americana?: United States Legal Assistance, American Legal Models, And Legal Change In The Post-Communist World And Beyond, Jacques Delisle Jul 1999

Lex Americana?: United States Legal Assistance, American Legal Models, And Legal Change In The Post-Communist World And Beyond, Jacques Delisle

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


"Not Just For The Fun Of It!" Governmental Restraints On Black Leisure, Social Inequality, And The Privatization Of Public Space, Regina Austin Jan 1998

"Not Just For The Fun Of It!" Governmental Restraints On Black Leisure, Social Inequality, And The Privatization Of Public Space, Regina Austin

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Immigration Policy, Liberal Principles, And The Republican Tradition, Howard F. Chang Jan 1997

Immigration Policy, Liberal Principles, And The Republican Tradition, Howard F. Chang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


"An Honest Living": Street Vendors, Municipal Regulation, And The Black Public Sphere, Regina Austin Jan 1994

"An Honest Living": Street Vendors, Municipal Regulation, And The Black Public Sphere, Regina Austin

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


"A Nation Of Thieves": Securing Black People's Right To Shop And To Sell In White America, Regina Austin Jan 1994

"A Nation Of Thieves": Securing Black People's Right To Shop And To Sell In White America, Regina Austin

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.