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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Legacy Of The 1/8th Landowner's Royalty And The Texas Supreme Court: Has Hysaw V. Dawkins Resolved The Double Fraction Dilemma, Laura H. Burney Oct 2016

The Legacy Of The 1/8th Landowner's Royalty And The Texas Supreme Court: Has Hysaw V. Dawkins Resolved The Double Fraction Dilemma, Laura H. Burney

Faculty Articles

Lawyers, landmen, landowners, and producers face a long list of perennial problems when interpreting or drafting documents that affect mineral estates. I have written extensively about these problems, including the "fixed or floating" non-participating royalty issue addressed in a recent Texas Supreme Court case, Hysaw v. Dawkins. In that case, three siblings, who were beneficiaries of their mother's will, disputed the appellate court's holding that the double fraction 1/3 of 1/8 created a "fixed" 1/24th non-participating royalty interest (NPRi), rather than a "floating" 1/3 NPRi. The dispute arose when one sibling leased her land ...


O Estado Atual Dos E-Books Em Bibliotecas Jurídicas Dos Estados Unidos: Uma Pesquisa, Wilhelmina Randtke, Stacy Fowler Jul 2016

O Estado Atual Dos E-Books Em Bibliotecas Jurídicas Dos Estados Unidos: Uma Pesquisa, Wilhelmina Randtke, Stacy Fowler

Faculty Articles

Rising prices for print legal materials have caused an accelerated shift to acquisitions exclusively in electronic format. This study reports results of a survey of U.S. law libraries regarding indexing of electronic materials, including cataloging practices and other ways of making electronic materials available to and discoverable by patrons. This is a reprint of The Current State of E-Books in U.S. Law Libraries: A Survey, 108 Law Libr. J. 361 (2016), translated into Portuguese.


The Knottiest Problem: Unraveling Arising Under Jurisdiction In Copyright Cases, Zoe Niesel, Bethany A. Corbin Apr 2016

The Knottiest Problem: Unraveling Arising Under Jurisdiction In Copyright Cases, Zoe Niesel, Bethany A. Corbin

Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.


Landowners Under Siege In The Big Bend, Amy Hardberger Jan 2016

Landowners Under Siege In The Big Bend, Amy Hardberger

Faculty Articles

It is safe to say that property rights are sacred in Texas. Nowhere is this truer than in the Big Bend region of Texas. In 2012, the Texas Attorney General’s Office issued a Landowner’s Bill of Rights specifying all the protections each of us has against government interference, including the taking of property under eminent domain. One of the requirements for land condemnation is that it be for a public use. This is to ensure that the burden placed on a few will benefit the larger community; however, the mechanisms for balancing private property rights against the public ...


Unconscionable Judicial Disdain For Unsophisticated Consumers And Employees' Contractual Rights? Legal And Empirical Analyses Of Courts' Mandatory Arbitration Rulings And The Systematic Erosion Of Procedural And Substantive Unconscionability Defenses Under The Federal Arbitration Act 1800-2015, Willy E. Rice Jan 2016

Unconscionable Judicial Disdain For Unsophisticated Consumers And Employees' Contractual Rights? Legal And Empirical Analyses Of Courts' Mandatory Arbitration Rulings And The Systematic Erosion Of Procedural And Substantive Unconscionability Defenses Under The Federal Arbitration Act 1800-2015, Willy E. Rice

Faculty Articles

Although the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) has taken steps to educate consumers about the perils of hidden and complicated arbitration provisions in contracts, these activities are not enough. Exceedingly large populations of unsophisticated employees need assistance because they are increasingly forced to arbitrate state and federal claims. Consequently, the Court's extremely harsh “federal policies” have gradually, systematically, and significantly eroded consumers and employees' ability to defend themselves in compulsive-arbitration trials.

While arbitration may be within the reasonable expectations of consumers, a process that builds prohibitively expensive fees into the arbitration process is not. It is substantively unconscionable to ...


The Truth Might Set You Free: How The Michael Morton Act Could Fundamentally Change Texas Criminal Discovery, Or Not, Gerald S. Reamey Jan 2016

The Truth Might Set You Free: How The Michael Morton Act Could Fundamentally Change Texas Criminal Discovery, Or Not, Gerald S. Reamey

Faculty Articles

Michael Morton spent twenty-five years in a Texas prison for the murder of his wife, a crime he always denied committing. Following investigation aimed at proving that he was innocent, blatant prosecutorial misconduct came to light. Potentially exculpatory evidence had been hidden by the District Attorney in the case, allowing the actual killer to remain free to kill another victim before finally confessing to his crime. The attention this case attracted brought to light the stingy and discretionary discovery options available to criminal defendants in Texas, who were relegated to hoping that prosecutors would allow access to information in their ...


The Rise And Fall Of Social Trustee Professionalism, Michael Ariens Jan 2016

The Rise And Fall Of Social Trustee Professionalism, Michael Ariens

Faculty Articles

Elite lawyers have long urged the private practice bar to account for the interests of more than their clients in their work. A lawyer who served merely as a "mouthpiece" or "hired gun" of clients failed to meet the standards of professionalism, of failing to act, in Roscoe Pound's words, "in the spirit of a public service." Pound's view, expressed in the mid-20th century, was premised on the ideal that the lawyer pursued a public calling that incidentally was remunerative. This ideal required the lawyer to serve as a social trustee, one encumbered by duties for the benefit ...


Fraud On The Court And Abusive Discovery, David R. Hague Jan 2016

Fraud On The Court And Abusive Discovery, David R. Hague

Faculty Articles

Unbeknownst to many, federal courts have the power under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure to set aside judgments entered years earlier that were obtained by “fraud on the court.” Fraud on the court, however, can take many forms and courts and commentators agree that it is a nebulous concept. The power to set aside a judgment requires courts to strike a balance between the principles of justice and finality. A majority of courts require a showing, by clear and convincing evidence, of intentional fraudulent conduct specifically directed at the court itself. This standard is flawed. And courts that have ...


Forgetting Nature: The Importance Of Including Environmental Flows In International Water Agreements, Amy Hardberger Jan 2016

Forgetting Nature: The Importance Of Including Environmental Flows In International Water Agreements, Amy Hardberger

Faculty Articles

From the moment States created political boundaries to define their territory, they have shared water. There are 263 transboundary lake and river basins worldwide and 300 known transboundary aquifer systems. Whenever sharing is present, the opportunity for conflict is too. Climate change and increasing population are only two factors that may lead to increasing conflict if attention is not given to these situations. Thankfully, sharing water also creates an opportunity for cooperation. Throughout the world, there are increasing examples of conflict and cooperation regarding shared water resources. International water agreements can promote regional peace and security and encourage economic growth ...


The Cfpb Anti-Arbitration Proposal: Let’S Just Give Arbitration A Chance, Ramona L. Lampley Jan 2016

The Cfpb Anti-Arbitration Proposal: Let’S Just Give Arbitration A Chance, Ramona L. Lampley

Faculty Articles

In October 2015, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) announced that it would propose a rule banning class action waivers in arbitration agreements for consumer financial services products. This proclamation came to fruition in May 2016 when the CFPB proposed 12 C.F.R. part 1040 and sought public comment on the proposed rule. The CFPB claims that the class-waiver, often imbedded in consumer arbitration agreements, gives companies a “free pass from being held accountable by their customers[,]” comparing it to the relief a consumer can obtain as being part of a class action. At the same time, the CFPB ...


Sorting: Legal Specialization And The Privatization Of The American Legal Profession, Michael S. Ariens Jan 2016

Sorting: Legal Specialization And The Privatization Of The American Legal Profession, Michael S. Ariens

Faculty Articles

Beginning in the 1950s, legal specialization was promoted to the majority of the American legal profession, small firm and solo practice lawyers, by the elite of the bar as the future of legal professionalism. Legal specialization was a form of sorting lawyers, and sorting was contrary to the traditional understanding of an undivided legal profession. Over the course of the next thirty years, this effort succeeded. This new understanding of legal professionalism emphasized the idea of competence based on a deep but particularized knowledge of law. This resulted in a slipping away of the beliefs that law was a public ...


In Memory Of Joe E. Anderson (1928-2016), Professor Of Law, St. Mary's University School Of Law, Michael Ariens Jan 2016

In Memory Of Joe E. Anderson (1928-2016), Professor Of Law, St. Mary's University School Of Law, Michael Ariens

Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.


Deadly Misunderstandings About Police Use Of Deadly Force, Gerald S. Reamey Jan 2016

Deadly Misunderstandings About Police Use Of Deadly Force, Gerald S. Reamey

Faculty Articles

This short article, written for law enforcement and criminal justice professionals in Texas, summarizes and addresses some of the most common ways in which the laws of justification in Texas are misunderstood and misapplied. The focus is on the use of deadly force by law enforcement officers and the specific provisions contained within the Texas Penal Code regulating the use of the highest level of force by police and others.


Put Your Money Where Your Water Is: Building Resilience Through Rates, Amy Hardberger Jan 2016

Put Your Money Where Your Water Is: Building Resilience Through Rates, Amy Hardberger

Faculty Articles

Utilities are challenged with the task of meeting future water demands while generating revenue through the use of the resource. Customarily, utilities base demand projections on subsequent use and calculate price on past consumption. The traditional model of extrapolating cost, based on past consumption, does not allow the utility flexibility to protect the resource in times of crisis. In recent years, water resources have been taxed by population increases and changes in weather patterns. Utilities encourage the use of water at low fees and are unable to conserve during times when the resource is available and cheap. This ineffective rate ...


Time To Repair The Chain: Void Deeds, Subsequent Purchasers, And The Texas Recording Statutes, Richard E. Flint Jan 2016

Time To Repair The Chain: Void Deeds, Subsequent Purchasers, And The Texas Recording Statutes, Richard E. Flint

Faculty Articles

Throughout the history of Texas jurisprudence, the Texas Supreme Court has often made clear and concise pronouncements that a rule of law was to apply in all cases that fell under the parameters of that rule, as well as exceptions to the application of these legal rules in situations where the application would perpetrate a fraud or would be inequitable. In several situations, Texas courts applied equitable principles to protect a subsequent purchaser in spite of the existence of a void deed in the chain of title. However, the court in Texas Department of Transportation v. A.P.I. Pipe ...


Opting Out In The Name Of God: Will Lawyers Be Compelled To Handle Same-Sex Divorces?, Bill Piatt Jan 2016

Opting Out In The Name Of God: Will Lawyers Be Compelled To Handle Same-Sex Divorces?, Bill Piatt

Faculty Articles

In June of 2015, the United States Supreme Court determined by a 5–4 ruling in Obergefell v. Hodges that same-sex couples have a constitutionally guaranteed right to marry. While this represents a momentous victory for homosexuals, many people are still vehemently opposed to the idea. Homosexuality is especially frowned upon in certain religions, including some sects of Christianity. Is it possible that attorneys who decline on religious grounds to provide legal services to same-sex individuals seeking divorces will be ordered to provide that representation? Might those attorneys be sanctioned if they fail to do so? These are both novel ...


What’S Fear Got To Do With It?: The “Armed And Dangerous” Requirement Of Terry, Gerald S. Reamey Jan 2016

What’S Fear Got To Do With It?: The “Armed And Dangerous” Requirement Of Terry, Gerald S. Reamey

Faculty Articles

Reason to believe a person may be involved in criminal activity is not necessarily also reason to believe that person is armed and dangerous. "Stop and frisk," therefore, more accurately should be thought of as "stop and maybe frisk." But courts have conflated or ignored these two distinctive kinds of suspicion, inviting police officers to frisk automatically during an investigative detention, a practice that ignores the reasonableness requirement of the Fourth Amendment and subjects suspects to the indignity and intrusion of a search unsupported by any level of suspicion. This article explores some of the ways in which this undermining ...


Nanotechnology, Environmental Risks, And Regulatory Options, Vincent R. Johnson Jan 2016

Nanotechnology, Environmental Risks, And Regulatory Options, Vincent R. Johnson

Faculty Articles

Nanotechnology today is viewed by many as a great advance in the quest for stronger and lighter materials, more effective pharmaceuticals, and better medicine. The critical question—largely unanswered—is whether this kind of science harbors destructive powers which, if fully understood, would call for restrictions or a ban on the use of certain types of nanotechnology. Current regulations in the United States and Europe cover chemicals that may be produced in nanoform. However, those regimes are not well designed to detect the risks posed by nanotechnology because they often fail to appreciate what is unique about nanomaterials. It is ...


Ptsd, Tbi, And Oth Discharges: A Case Study Of A Young Service Member, Patricia E. Roberts Jan 2016

Ptsd, Tbi, And Oth Discharges: A Case Study Of A Young Service Member, Patricia E. Roberts

Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.


An All-Volunteer Force: Law Students And Pro Bono Lawyers Helping Veterans, Patricia E. Roberts Jan 2016

An All-Volunteer Force: Law Students And Pro Bono Lawyers Helping Veterans, Patricia E. Roberts

Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.


The Dilemma Of Interpreting Rules Of Civil Procedure: A Proposal For Elastic Formalism, L Wayne Scott Jan 2016

The Dilemma Of Interpreting Rules Of Civil Procedure: A Proposal For Elastic Formalism, L Wayne Scott

Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.


The Development Of Chinese Constitutionalism, Chenglin Liu Jan 2016

The Development Of Chinese Constitutionalism, Chenglin Liu

Faculty Articles

Since the establishment of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, the country has enacted four constitutions. This Article provides a historical analysis of how the Communist Party of China (the Party) and its paramount leaders shaped each constitution, influenced the public perception of the law, and determined the method individual constitutional rights should be permitted. Through examining leading incidents that defined the PRC's history, this Article provides a detailed examination of how the Party used a constitutional framework to achieve its specific agenda of the time.


In Memory Of Thomas Bowman Black (1928-2016) Professor Of Law St. Mary's University School Of Law 1974-1988, David Dittfurth Jan 2016

In Memory Of Thomas Bowman Black (1928-2016) Professor Of Law St. Mary's University School Of Law 1974-1988, David Dittfurth

Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.


Comparative Defamation Law: England And The United States, Vincent R. Johnson Jan 2016

Comparative Defamation Law: England And The United States, Vincent R. Johnson

Faculty Articles

England and the United States share a common legal tradition that has been shaped by principles dating back at least 800 years to the time of the Magna Carta. Even after the American colonies declared their independence from England in 1776, English law was still widely followed in the new nation unless it was inconsistent with American institutions or new ideas. As late as 1964, American libel law was essentially "identical" to English libel law. This was true, in part, because until the mid-twentieth century, defamation law in both countries was defined "mainly by the common law and decisions of ...


The Magna Carta And The Beginning Of Modern Legal Thought, Vincent R. Johnson Jan 2016

The Magna Carta And The Beginning Of Modern Legal Thought, Vincent R. Johnson

Faculty Articles

As the Magna Carta, England's Great Charter of Liberties, marks its eighth centennial, it is appropriate to ask what's in it. The answer, it turns out, lives up to the legend. What's in the Magna Carta is the beginning of modern legal thought. The Great Charter set the expectations that for 800 years have shaped the development of the law in England, America, and around the globe. Like a blazing light piercing the medieval darkness, the Magna Carta illuminated the importance of legal principles, fair procedures, proportional punishment, official accountability, and respect for human dignity. It was ...


The Last Hurrah: The Kutak Commission And The End Of Optimism, Michael S. Ariens Jan 2016

The Last Hurrah: The Kutak Commission And The End Of Optimism, Michael S. Ariens

Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.