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2006

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Civil Liberties V. National Security In The Law's Open Areas, Geoffrey R. Stone Dec 2006

Civil Liberties V. National Security In The Law's Open Areas, Geoffrey R. Stone

Articles

No abstract provided.


'How's My Driving?' For Everyone (And Everything?), Lior Strahilevitz Nov 2006

'How's My Driving?' For Everyone (And Everything?), Lior Strahilevitz

Articles

This is an Article about using reputation-tracking technologies to displace criminal law enforcement and improve the tort system. The Article contains an extended application of this idea to the regulation of motorist behavior and examines the broader case for using technologies that aggregate dispersed information in various settings where reputational concerns do not adequately deter uncooperative behavior. The Article proposes a compulsory "How's My Driving?" program for all motor vehicles. Although more rigorous study is warranted, the initial data from voluntary "How's My Driving?" programs is quite promising, suggesting that the use of "How's My Driving?" placards on commercial trucks …


Maryland’S "Wal-Mart" Act: Policy And Preemption, Edward A. Zelinsky Nov 2006

Maryland’S "Wal-Mart" Act: Policy And Preemption, Edward A. Zelinsky

Articles

Maryland's Wal-Mart Act raises two fundamental questions: Is the Act legal? Does the Act represent sound policy?

With respect to the legality of the Maryland statute, I conclude that the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) preempts the Maryland law. As a matter of policy, the Maryland statute is ill-conceived. The Maryland Act raises prices on Wal-Mart's predominantly low-income customers and, for the long run, will reduce Wal-Mart's employment.

In the final analysis, Maryland's Wal-Mart Act is a poorly-designed exercise in political symbolism, rather than a carefully-crafted response to the pressing problem of health care in America.


Exploding The Class Action Agency Costs Myth: The Social Utility Of Entrepreneurial Lawyers, Myriam E. Gilles, Gary B. Friedman Nov 2006

Exploding The Class Action Agency Costs Myth: The Social Utility Of Entrepreneurial Lawyers, Myriam E. Gilles, Gary B. Friedman

Articles

In this article, we challenge the traditional view that entrepreneurial plaintiffs' class action lawyers operating entirely according to their own economic self-interest serve no social utility, or worse yet, tremendous disutility. In seeking to counter this notion, we try to show that the agency costs problem long derided in class action practice is overblown: in the majority of small-claims class actions, there is no legitimate reason to care whether class members are being undercompensated (or compensated at all), nor any reason to worry that entrepreneurial lawyers are being overcompensated. Rather, we assert that the driving force behind class action practice …


The Questioning Attitude: Questions About Derrida, Martin J. Stone Nov 2006

The Questioning Attitude: Questions About Derrida, Martin J. Stone

Articles

No abstract provided.


The Law Of Other States, Eric A. Posner, Cass R. Sunstein Oct 2006

The Law Of Other States, Eric A. Posner, Cass R. Sunstein

Articles

The question of whether courts should consult the laws of "other states" has produced intense controversy. But in some ways, this practice is entirely routine; within the United States, state courts regularly consult the decisions of other state courts in deciding on the common law, the interpretation of statutory law, and even the meaning of state constitutions. A formal argument in defense of such consultation stems from the Condorcet Jury Theorem, which says that under certain conditions, a widespread belief accepted by a number of independent actors, is highly likely to be correct. It follows that if a large majority …


The Demise Of Federal Takings Litigation, Stewart E. Sterk Oct 2006

The Demise Of Federal Takings Litigation, Stewart E. Sterk

Articles

For more than twenty years the Supreme Court has held that a federal takings claim is not ripe until the claimant seeks compensation in state court. The Court's recent opinion in San Remo Hotel, L.P. v. City & County of San Francisco establishes that the federal full faith and credit statute applies to federal takings claims. The Court itself recognized that its decision limits the availability of a federal forum for takings claims. In fact, however, claim preclusion doctrine-not considered or discussed by the Court-may result in more stringent limits on federal court review of takings claims than the Court's …


Information Asymmetries And The Rights To Exclude, Lior Strahilevitz Aug 2006

Information Asymmetries And The Rights To Exclude, Lior Strahilevitz

Articles

No abstract provided.


The Law Of Implicit Bias, Cass R. Sunstein, Christine Jolls Jul 2006

The Law Of Implicit Bias, Cass R. Sunstein, Christine Jolls

Articles

Considerable attention has been given to the Implicit Association Test (IA T), which finds that most people have an implicit and unconscious bias against members of traditionally disadvantaged groups. Implicit bias poses a special challenge for antidiscrimination law because it suggests the possibility that people are treating others differently even when they are unaware that they are doing so. Some aspects of current law operate, whether intentionally or not, as controls on implicit bias; it is possible to imagine other efforts in that vein. An underlying suggestion is that implicit bias might be controlled through a general strategy of "debiasing …


Copyright And Incomplete Historiographies: Of Piracy, Propertization, And Thomas Jefferson, Justin Hughes Jul 2006

Copyright And Incomplete Historiographies: Of Piracy, Propertization, And Thomas Jefferson, Justin Hughes

Articles

Because we learn from history, we also try to teach from history. Persuasive discourse of all kinds is replete with historical examples – some true and applicable to the issue at hand, some one but not the other, and some neither. Beginning in the 1990s, intellectual property scholars began providing descriptive accounts of a tremendous strengthening of copyright laws, expressing the normative view that this trend needs to be arrested, if not reversed. This thoughtful body of scholarly literature is sometimes bolstered with historical claims – often casual comments about the way things were. The claims about history, legal or …


Drugged, Carl E. Schneider Jul 2006

Drugged, Carl E. Schneider

Articles

The Supreme Court's recent decision in Gonzales v. Oregon, like its decision last year in Gonzales v. Raich (the "medical marijuana" case), again raises questions about the bioethical consequences of the Controlled Substances Act. When, in 1970, Congress passed that act, it placed problematic drugs in one of five "schedules," and it authorized the U.S. attorney general to add or subtract drugs from the schedules. Drugs in schedule II have both a medical use and a high potential for abuse. Doctors may prescribe such drugs if they "obtain from the Attorney General a registration issued in accordance with the …


Creating A Framework For A Single European Sky:The Opportunity Cost Of Reorganising European Airspace, Niall Neligan Jun 2006

Creating A Framework For A Single European Sky:The Opportunity Cost Of Reorganising European Airspace, Niall Neligan

Articles

The object of this article is to critically evaluate the legal framework for a European Single Sky project in light of the recent European Court of Justice decision in International Air Transport Association v The Department of Transport. The article will examine in detail the framework regulations outlining the major provisions from the recommendations of the Commission's High Level Group in 2000, to the implementation at a micro-level by national authorities of the legislation adopted in 2004. Furthermore, this article will examine whether the savings to air service providers from the Single European Sky project in the long term will …


"Nine, Of Course": A Dialogue On Congressional Power To Set By Statute The Number Of Justices On The Supreme Court, Peter Nicolas Jun 2006

"Nine, Of Course": A Dialogue On Congressional Power To Set By Statute The Number Of Justices On The Supreme Court, Peter Nicolas

Articles

Conventional wisdom seems to hold that Congress has the power to set, by statute, the number of justices on the United States Supreme Court. But what if conventional wisdom is wrong? In this Dialogue, I challenge the conventional wisdom, hypothesizing that the United States Constitution does not give Congress the power to enact such a statute. Under this hypothesis, the number of justices on the Supreme Court at any given time is to be determined solely by the President and the individual members of the United States Senate in exercising their respective powers of nominating justices and consenting to their …


Prevalence Of Substantive Consolidation In Large Bankruptcies From 2000 To 2004: Preliminary Results, William H. Widen Apr 2006

Prevalence Of Substantive Consolidation In Large Bankruptcies From 2000 To 2004: Preliminary Results, William H. Widen

Articles

No abstract provided.


Trial And Error: The Supreme Court's Philosophy Of Science, Susan Haack Apr 2006

Trial And Error: The Supreme Court's Philosophy Of Science, Susan Haack

Articles

No abstract provided.


Distinguishing Trustees And Protecting Beneficiaries: A Response To Professor Leslie, Karen E. Boxx Apr 2006

Distinguishing Trustees And Protecting Beneficiaries: A Response To Professor Leslie, Karen E. Boxx

Articles

No abstract provided.


After Autonomy, Carl E. Schneider Apr 2006

After Autonomy, Carl E. Schneider

Articles

Bioethicists today are like Bolsheviks on the death of Lenin. They have, rather to their surprise, won the day. Their principle of autonomy is dogma. Their era of charismatic leadership is over. Their work of Weberian rationalization, of institutionalizing principle and party, has begun. The liturgy is reverently recited, but the vitality of Lenin's "What Is To Be Done?" has yielded to the vacuity of Stalin's "The Foundations of Leninism." Effort once lavished on expounding ideology is now devoted to establishing associations, organizing degree programs, installing bioethicist commissars in every hospital, and staffing IRB soviets. Not-so-secret police prowl the libraries …


Legal Reason: The Use Of Analogy In Legal Argument, Richard A. Posner Mar 2006

Legal Reason: The Use Of Analogy In Legal Argument, Richard A. Posner

Articles

No abstract provided.


Reasoning By Analogy (Reviewing Lloyd L. Weinreb, Legal Reason: The Use Of Analogy In Legal Argument (2005)), Richard A. Posner Mar 2006

Reasoning By Analogy (Reviewing Lloyd L. Weinreb, Legal Reason: The Use Of Analogy In Legal Argument (2005)), Richard A. Posner

Articles

No abstract provided.


Michigan's First Woman Lawyer: Sarah Killgore Wertman, Margaret A. Leary Mar 2006

Michigan's First Woman Lawyer: Sarah Killgore Wertman, Margaret A. Leary

Articles

Sarah Killgore Wertman was the first woman in the country to both graduate from law school and be admitted to the bar. Thus, she was Michigan's first woman lawyer in two senses: She was the first woman to graduate from the University of Michigan Law School, and the first woman admitted to the Michigan bar. Others preceded her in entering law school, graduating from law school, or being admitted to the bar, but she was the first to accomplish all three. Her story illustrates much about the early days of women in legal education and the practice of law, a …


In The Trenches Of Law Librarianship - Assessing A Special Collection From Ground Zero, Stacy Etheredge Mar 2006

In The Trenches Of Law Librarianship - Assessing A Special Collection From Ground Zero, Stacy Etheredge

Articles

No abstract provided.


Bond Covenants And Creditor Protection: Economics And Law, Theory And Practice, Substance And Process, William Wilson Bratton Mar 2006

Bond Covenants And Creditor Protection: Economics And Law, Theory And Practice, Substance And Process, William Wilson Bratton

Articles

This article examines contractual protection of unsecured financial creditors in US credit markets. Borrowers and lenders in the United States contract against a minimal legal background that imposes the burden of protection on the lender. A working, constantly updated, set of contractual protections has emerged in response. But actual use of available contractual technology varies widely, depending on the level of risk and the institutional context. The credit markets sort borrowers according to the degree of the risk of financial distress, imposing substantial constraints only on the borrowers with the most dangerous incentives. At the same time, the contracting practice …


Misfearing: A Reply, Cass R. Sunstein Feb 2006

Misfearing: A Reply, Cass R. Sunstein

Articles

No abstract provided.


Life's Golden Tree: Empirical Scholarship And American Law, Carl E. Schneider, Lee E. Teitelbaum Feb 2006

Life's Golden Tree: Empirical Scholarship And American Law, Carl E. Schneider, Lee E. Teitelbaum

Articles

What follows is a simplified introduction to legal argument. It is concerned with the scheme of argument and with certain primary definitions and assumptions commonly used in legal opinions and analysis. This discussion is not exhaustive of all the forms of legal argument nor of the techniques of argument you will see and use this year. It is merely an attempt to introduce some commonly used tools in legal argument. It starts, as do most of your first-year courses, with the techniques of the common-law method and then proceeds to build statutory, regulatory, and constitutional sources of law into the …


The Federal Judicial Power And The International Legal Order, Curtis A. Bradley Jan 2006

The Federal Judicial Power And The International Legal Order, Curtis A. Bradley

Articles

Richard Falk famously argued that domestic courts should operate as "agents of the international order."1 Recent academic debates over the role of international law in the U.S. legal system, and over the relevance of foreign and international materials in U.S. constitutional interpretation, are at least in part debates about this proposition. Modern variants of Falk's claim can be found in the works of scholars such as Harold Koh, Jennifer Martinez, and Anne-Marie Slaughter.2 These and other "internationalist" scholars consider the U.S. judiciary as part of a "global community of courts,"emphasize the values of international cross-fertilization and harmonization, and …


Comparative Domestic Constitutionalism: Rethinking Criminal Procedure Using The Administrative Constitution, John Rappaport Jan 2006

Comparative Domestic Constitutionalism: Rethinking Criminal Procedure Using The Administrative Constitution, John Rappaport

Articles

No abstract provided.


Property Metaphors And Kelo V. New London: Two Views Of The Castle, Eduardo Peñalver Jan 2006

Property Metaphors And Kelo V. New London: Two Views Of The Castle, Eduardo Peñalver

Articles

No abstract provided.


Efficient Responses To Catastrophic Risk, Richard A. Posner Jan 2006

Efficient Responses To Catastrophic Risk, Richard A. Posner

Articles

No abstract provided.


Freedom Of The Press In Time Of War, Geoffrey R. Stone Jan 2006

Freedom Of The Press In Time Of War, Geoffrey R. Stone

Articles

No abstract provided.


Behavioral Economics: Human Errors And Market Corrections, Richard A. Epstein Jan 2006

Behavioral Economics: Human Errors And Market Corrections, Richard A. Epstein

Articles

No abstract provided.