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Full-Text Articles in Law

How Do Environmental Changes And Shared Cultural Experiences Impact The Health Of Indigenous Peoples In South Louisiana?, Shanondora M. Billiot May 2017

How Do Environmental Changes And Shared Cultural Experiences Impact The Health Of Indigenous Peoples In South Louisiana?, Shanondora M. Billiot

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Global environmental change is an ongoing and complex social problem that will continue to permeate all spheres of life on earth (Moran, 2010). Not all communities experience social and economic consequences of environmental change at the same level (Adger, 2006a; Cutter, Boruff, & Shirley, 2003; Gillespie, 2010; Nicholls et al., 2007; Vogel, Moser, Kasperson, & Dabelko, 2007). The variability of vulnerability, or potential for exposure or harm, stems from proximity to fragile ecosystems as well as social and economic differences across communities (Boruff, Emrich, & Cutter, 2005). Additionally, environmental changes are projected to have adverse impacts on marginalized populations through additional pressures on existing, struggling social systems. Indigenous coastal communities, given their attachment to and dependence on the land, are especially vulnerable to environmental changes (Ford, 2012). In addition, indigenous peoples worldwide have poorer health compared to their majority groups (Anderson et al., 2006; Castor et al., 2006; Gracey & King, 2009; King, Smith, & Gracey, 2009; Lama, 2012).

To date, there is limited academic literature on the impact of climate change on health outcomes, especially among indigenous peoples (Ford et al., 2014). Land is a viable resource to indigenous communities both culturally and for future generations. Therefore, it ...


Examining Universal Jurisdiction, Sondra Anton May 2016

Examining Universal Jurisdiction, Sondra Anton

Washington University Undergraduate Law Review

This article considers the heightened debate over the role of universal jurisdiction within international law, and concludes it should not be judged based on the appropriateness or foundation set by remote precedents. Given the clear disregard for physical integrity rights repeatedly demonstrated by even the most “democratic” of modern governments, it is more pressing than ever to develop universal jurisdiction and ensure the norm’s institutionalization in practice.


Race And The Jury: How The Law Is Keeping Minorities Off The Jury, Stephanie Adamakos May 2016

Race And The Jury: How The Law Is Keeping Minorities Off The Jury, Stephanie Adamakos

Washington University Undergraduate Law Review

The modern jury focuses on three main ideas: impartiality, as laid out in the Sixth Amendment, jury of one’s peers, stemming from the Magna Carta, and a jury that represents a fair cross-section of the community. The cross-section idea has been developed by case law, but originates from the Sixth Amendment, under the belief that jury selection that does not systematically discriminate against members of the community and has a jury pool represents a cross-section of the community is likely to be impartial. Jurors are likely to draw upon their own experiences when deliberating, so having a variety of ...


Introduction To The Washington University Undergraduate Law Review, C.J. Harrington May 2016

Introduction To The Washington University Undergraduate Law Review, C.J. Harrington

Washington University Undergraduate Law Review

No abstract provided.


Globalization And Gender: Inequality Transformed In Spain, Destiny Levere May 2016

Globalization And Gender: Inequality Transformed In Spain, Destiny Levere

Washington University Undergraduate Law Review

This article examines the extent to which the boom of globalization led to the transformation of gender inequality in Spain, based on three schools of thought: one, that globalization has transformed gender inequality in Spain for the better by creating equal opportunities, two, that globalization has caused a more stark contrast and practice of gender inequality in Spain, and three, that globalization has made no difference in Spain’s fight with gender inequality. In order to portray the three schools of thought, a comparison will be drawn between what gender roles and opportunities were given to men and women in ...


America's Dangerous Political Polarization And Moderate Stigma, Dan Sicorsky May 2016

America's Dangerous Political Polarization And Moderate Stigma, Dan Sicorsky

Washington University Undergraduate Law Review

This paper addresses the underlying causes of polarization and moderate stigma, and proposes methods for increasing the number of nonpartisan politicians. A reemergence of moderate, non-binary voices in representative bodies can remedy Washington's historic unproductiveness and voting center's shameful desertedness. If we do not alter the ways we think, act, and vote, the two aisles will keep bloodily drifting apart, voting will end up an antiquated tradition, and Washington will cement its image as the battleground of unproductiveness.


Domination Or Kinship? Interpreting Feminist Concerns About Islamic Marriage Law, Rachel Sumption May 2016

Domination Or Kinship? Interpreting Feminist Concerns About Islamic Marriage Law, Rachel Sumption

Washington University Undergraduate Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Tricky Negotiation: Free Speech Versus Insensitivity, Melvin Dilanchian May 2016

A Tricky Negotiation: Free Speech Versus Insensitivity, Melvin Dilanchian

Washington University Undergraduate Law Review

The central question presented in this paper is whether specialty license plates constitute government speech, and are thus subject to disapproval by the Board of the Texas Department of Motor Vehicles. The core concerns reviewed in this research, largely focus on defining whose speech specialty license plates are. The purpose is to investigate and analyze the precedent established as a result of a recent case, Walker v. Texas Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans. The paper thoroughly reviews the arguments made in the majority opinion, as well as those of the dissenting opinion, with an interdisciplinary approach. The argument presented is ...


A Borrowed Language, Yvonne Osei Apr 2016

A Borrowed Language, Yvonne Osei

Graduate School of Art Theses

Art has the potency of mediation: bridging human differences, questioning voids in historical trajectories, negotiating spaces of relevance, and most importantly, being signifiers that embody the absent. I speak in a borrowed language, a multilingual visual tongue, inspired by a culmination of Western and African Art modes of practices to create charged platforms for multicultural communication.

My art presents visual portals that allow for intercultural and interracial mingling as issues of colorism, present-day colonialism, gender inequality and the politics of dress are foregrounded for collective deliberation. The essence of the work is often activated and brought to its full potential ...


Las Madres De Plaza De Mayo, Then And Now: A Comparative Analysis Of Its Fractured Factions And Lasting Sybolism In Buenos Aires, Argentina, Sondra Anton Jan 2015

Las Madres De Plaza De Mayo, Then And Now: A Comparative Analysis Of Its Fractured Factions And Lasting Sybolism In Buenos Aires, Argentina, Sondra Anton

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters

I conducted research on three different factions of the original Madres de Plaza de Mayo cause in Buenos Aires, Argentina: Asociación Madres de Plaza de Mayo, Madres de Plaza de Mayo Línea Fundadora, and Abuelas de Plaza de Mayo. Through interviews and archival research, I have completed a comparison of the three groups. I have concluded that although their original cause of demanding the whereabouts of their disappeared children united them, they are now deeply fragmented among one another due to their differing opinions of how to achieve justice in post-Dirty War Argentina. Furthermore, it is interesting to note the ...


Gebser V. Lago Vista School District: A Look At School Districts' Liability For Teacher-Student Sexual Harassment, Elizabeth A. Rice Jan 1999

Gebser V. Lago Vista School District: A Look At School Districts' Liability For Teacher-Student Sexual Harassment, Elizabeth A. Rice

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.


A Time To Open And A Time To Close—Municipal Regulation Of Business Hours, Osborne M. Reynolds Jr. Jan 1999

A Time To Open And A Time To Close—Municipal Regulation Of Business Hours, Osborne M. Reynolds Jr.

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

In examining this area of regulation, it is necessary to consider (1) what purposes for municipal restrictions on business hours are valid, (2) what purposes are improper, (3) other limitations on governmental exercise of authority besides the properpurpose requirement, such as prohibitions against discrimination, (4) the forms of legislation available for use, and (5) the division of authority between state and local governments. An examination of these topics will delineate the circumstances under which legislative bodies are likely to impose, and courts are likely to uphold, restrictions on business hours.


When The Bough Breaks: A Proposal For Georgia Slip And Fall Law After Alterman Foods, Inc. V. Ligon, Daniel W. Champney Jan 1999

When The Bough Breaks: A Proposal For Georgia Slip And Fall Law After Alterman Foods, Inc. V. Ligon, Daniel W. Champney

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.


Virginia's Partial Birth Abortion Statute: An Unconstitutional Restriction On A Woman's Right To Have An Abortion, Susan Michelle Gerling Jan 1999

Virginia's Partial Birth Abortion Statute: An Unconstitutional Restriction On A Woman's Right To Have An Abortion, Susan Michelle Gerling

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.


Rule 15c2-12: A Flawed Regulatory Framework Creates Pitfalls For Municipal Issuers, Lisa M. Fairchild Jan 1999

Rule 15c2-12: A Flawed Regulatory Framework Creates Pitfalls For Municipal Issuers, Lisa M. Fairchild

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

Despite the increasing growth and complexity of the municipal bond market, it remains subject to minimal regulation. State regulation is non-uniform, and industry custom requires only voluntary disclosure. Although municipal issuers are subject to the anti-fraud provisions of the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, they are exempt from the registration and disclosure requirements of the Acts. SEC Rule 15c2-12 and its amendments impose an initial disclosure requirement, periodic disclosure and secondary market reporting. The regulatory framework provided by Rule 15c2-12, however, is insufficient for both issuers and investors. This Article examines the disclosure requirements ...


Who Is The Victim Here?: Vicarious Sexual Harassment After Leibovitz V. New York City Transit Authority, L. Robert Guenthner Iii Jan 1999

Who Is The Victim Here?: Vicarious Sexual Harassment After Leibovitz V. New York City Transit Authority, L. Robert Guenthner Iii

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.


The New Line 11 Visitation Credit: The Non-Custodial Parent Wins While The Child Loses, Robert Scott Merlin Jan 1999

The New Line 11 Visitation Credit: The Non-Custodial Parent Wins While The Child Loses, Robert Scott Merlin

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.


Louisiana’S New “Kill The Carjacker” Statute: Self-Defense Or Instant Injustice?, Susan Michelle Gerling Jan 1999

Louisiana’S New “Kill The Carjacker” Statute: Self-Defense Or Instant Injustice?, Susan Michelle Gerling

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.


The Model Health Care Accountability And Information Act: Managed Care And Medical Malpractice Liability Under An Amended Erisa, Amy Shaner Korte Jan 1999

The Model Health Care Accountability And Information Act: Managed Care And Medical Malpractice Liability Under An Amended Erisa, Amy Shaner Korte

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.


Homosexual Discrimination And Government Employment: Shahar V. Bowers—The Government Employers’ Shield Of Public Animosity, Jeremy C. Lowe Jan 1999

Homosexual Discrimination And Government Employment: Shahar V. Bowers—The Government Employers’ Shield Of Public Animosity, Jeremy C. Lowe

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.


“The Measure Is A Blueprint For National Change, Enabling Americans To Take Back Their Democracy”, Deborah E. Schneider Jan 1999

“The Measure Is A Blueprint For National Change, Enabling Americans To Take Back Their Democracy”, Deborah E. Schneider

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.


The Empathetic, White Male: An Aggrieved Person Under Title Vii?, Laura M. Jordan Jan 1999

The Empathetic, White Male: An Aggrieved Person Under Title Vii?, Laura M. Jordan

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.


Amending Cercla To Encourage The Redevelopment Of Brownfields: Issues, Concerns, And Recommendations, Frona M. Powell Jan 1998

Amending Cercla To Encourage The Redevelopment Of Brownfields: Issues, Concerns, And Recommendations, Frona M. Powell

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

This Article examines some of the current proposals that would amend CERCLA to encourage the restoration and redevelopment of "brownfields."


Turning Back The Clock: The Assault On Affirmative Action, Leland B. Ware Jan 1998

Turning Back The Clock: The Assault On Affirmative Action, Leland B. Ware

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

This Article considers the legal and policy issues presented by affirmative action in higher education.


Oregon's Development Of Absolute Liability Under The Rylands Doctrine: A Case Study, C. Conrad Claus Jan 1998

Oregon's Development Of Absolute Liability Under The Rylands Doctrine: A Case Study, C. Conrad Claus

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

This Article will trace the development of absolute liability for the escape of impounded waters, often called the Rylands doctrine, from its genesis, over 130 years ago, to the present. Part II of this Article outlines the origin of the Rylands doctrine. Part III gives an overview of the different ways in which states in this country have adopted and implemented the Rylands doctrine. Part IV then discusses Oregon's application of the Rylands doctrine. Finally, Part V concludes that Oregon's application of the Rylands doctrine serves as a tested model of absolute liability for the release of artificially ...


If The Profile Fits: Admitting Criminal Psychological Profiles Into Evidence In Criminal Trials, Scott Ingram Jan 1998

If The Profile Fits: Admitting Criminal Psychological Profiles Into Evidence In Criminal Trials, Scott Ingram

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.


Airport Expansions: The Need For A Greater Federal Role, Donald W. Tuegel Jan 1998

Airport Expansions: The Need For A Greater Federal Role, Donald W. Tuegel

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.


Another Approach To Racial Preferences, Steven E. Ehlmann Jan 1998

Another Approach To Racial Preferences, Steven E. Ehlmann

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

As the debate on "affirmative action" continues, its proponents have already won an important victory: the labeling of the term itself. The use of the term "affirmative action" in the context of modem political debate is flawed, for the modem discussion is not truly about affirmative action, but rather about racial preference. Labeling racial quotas, preferences, and set asides under the more general and less threatening term "affirmative action" is akin to the press labeling hard-line communists in the final days of the Soviet Union as "conservatives," or a politician labeling a decrease in the rate of growth of a ...


Unfinished Homework For Universities: Making The Case For Affirmative Action, Jonathan R. Alger Jan 1998

Unfinished Homework For Universities: Making The Case For Affirmative Action, Jonathan R. Alger

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

The unfinished homework in the affirmative action debate concerns the development of an articulated vision-supported by a strong evidentiary basis-of the educational benefits of racial diversity in higher education.


Diagnosing The Truth: Determining Physician Liability In Cases Involving Munchausen Syndrome By Proxy, Corey M. Perman Jan 1998

Diagnosing The Truth: Determining Physician Liability In Cases Involving Munchausen Syndrome By Proxy, Corey M. Perman

Urban Law Annual ; Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law

No abstract provided.