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Full-Text Articles in Law

War And American Constitutional Order, Mark E. Brandon Nov 2003

War And American Constitutional Order, Mark E. Brandon

Vanderbilt Law Review

In their introduction to a fine new edition of Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America, Harvey C. Mansfield and Delba Winthrop claim that "[i]f the twentieth century has been an American century, it is because the work of America... has been to keep democracy strong where it is alive and to promote it where it is weak or nonexistent." By "democracy" they doubtless intend something akin to "constitutional democracy," "liberal democracy," or "republican government." I take each of these to be a rough proxy for a constitutionalist system that includes (1) institutions authorized by and accountable to the people (both …


Books Received, Journal Editor Mar 2003

Books Received, Journal Editor

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

THE DISCONNECTED By Penn Kimball New York: Columbia University Press, 1972.Pp. 317. $2.95/Paperback

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (2d ed.). Edited by Robert T. Golembiewski, Frank Gibson & Goeffrey Y. Cornog, Chicago: Rand McNally & Company, 1972. Pp. xxxix, 617.$6.95/Paperback

THE AUSTRIAN-GERMAN ARBITRAL TRIBUNAL By Ignaz Seidl-Hohenveldern Syracuse:Syracuse University Press, 1972. Pp. xi, 261. $15.00.

CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS OF PRISONERS By John W. Palmer Cincinnati: The W.H.Anderson Company, 1973. Pp. xv, 710.

CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS OF THE ACCUSED: PRETRIAL RIGHTS By Joseph G. Cook Rochester: The Lawyer's Co-operative Publishing Company, 1972. Pp. ix, 572. $35.00.

CRIMINAL SENTENCES: LAW WITHOUT ORDER By Marvin E. Frankel New …


From Unwritten To Written: Transformation In The British Common-Law Constitution, David Jenkins Jan 2003

From Unwritten To Written: Transformation In The British Common-Law Constitution, David Jenkins

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

This Article posits that the British Constitution is changing by incorporating written principles that restrain Parliament through judicial review. The Author asserts that this constitutional model has basis in the common law and the orthodox theories of Blackstone and Dicey. In addition, the "ultra vires" doctrine supports the model and provides a basis for judicial review of Parliament. As constitutions may accommodate written and unwritten elements of law, as well as various means of enforcement and change, the Author posits that constitutions are defined by how strongly they reflect underlying legal norms. With a shift in the rule of recognition …


Beyond Accountability, Lisa Schultz Bressman Jan 2003

Beyond Accountability, Lisa Schultz Bressman

Vanderbilt Law School Faculty Publications

This Article argues that efforts to square the administrative state with the constitutional structure have become too fixated on the concern for political accountability. As a result, those efforts have overlooked an important obstacle to agency legitimacy: the concern for administrative arbitrariness. Such thinking is evident in the prevailing model of the administrative state, which seeks to legitimate agencies by placing their policy decisions firmly under the control of the one elected official responsive to the entire nation-the President. This Article contends that the "presidential control" model cannot legitimate agencies because the model rests on a mistaken assumption about the …


How We Should Think About The Constitutional Status Of The Suspected Terrorist Detainees At Guantanamo Bay, Akash R. Desai Jan 2003

How We Should Think About The Constitutional Status Of The Suspected Terrorist Detainees At Guantanamo Bay, Akash R. Desai

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law

In the aftermath of the September 11th attacks, the United States has held suspected terrorist detainees captured during the military campaign in Afghanistan indefinitely at the United States military facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Among those currently detained are members of the al-Qaeda terrorist group and the Taliban. Currently the detainees are in the peculiar situation of generally being outside the scope of protections offered by both the international humanitarian law and the Unites States criminal law regimes.

This Note examines the extraterritorial scope of the United States Constitution as it applies to the suspected terrorist detainees at Guantanamo Bay. …


The Dimension Of The Supreme Court, Paul H. Edelman Jan 2003

The Dimension Of The Supreme Court, Paul H. Edelman

Vanderbilt Law School Faculty Publications

In a paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Lawrence Sirovich introduced two novel mathematical techniques to study patterns in recent Supreme Court decisions. One of these methods, information theory, has never been applied previously. The other method, singular value decomposition, is closely related to other methods that have previously been employed.

In this paper I give an explication of these two methods and evaluate their use in the context of understanding the Supreme Court. I conclude that information theory holds some promise for furthering our understanding but singular value decomposition, as applied by Sirovich, is …


Eldred V. Ashcroft: Challenging The Constitutionality Of The Copyright Term Extension Act, Justice J. Rillera Jan 2003

Eldred V. Ashcroft: Challenging The Constitutionality Of The Copyright Term Extension Act, Justice J. Rillera

Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law

This Note explores opposing arguments on the constitutionality of the CTEA under the Copyright Clause, which gives Congress the power "[t]o promote the Progress of Science and the useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to the irrespective Writings and Discoveries." Part I of this Note analyzes whether Congress violated the "limited Times" restriction by extending the terms of existing copyrights. Part II examines whether the CTEA promotes the "Progress of Science' ' Finally, Part Ill highlights questions the U.S. Supreme Court must resolve to maintain the balance between the rights of the …


The Federal Court System: A Principal-Agent Perspective, Tracey E. George, Albert H. Yoon Jan 2003

The Federal Court System: A Principal-Agent Perspective, Tracey E. George, Albert H. Yoon

Vanderbilt Law School Faculty Publications

Professor Merrill ably demonstrates that Supreme Court decisions should be examined as the product of an inherently political institution. Observers who assert that Justices are best understood as prophets of the law are practicing an intellectual sleight of hand that allows them to ignore the non­ doctrinal factors that affect judicial behavior. Such an effort is understandable. The Court is a much more complicated subject if its rulings reflect nonlegal factors as well as legal ones. The desire, however, to ignore the true character of the Court produces accounts of its behavior that are inadequate, incorrect, or wholly without content. …