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Mens Rea, Criminal Responsibility, And The Death Of Freddie Gray, Michael Serota Oct 2015

Mens Rea, Criminal Responsibility, And The Death Of Freddie Gray, Michael Serota

Michigan Law Review First Impressions

Who (if anyone) is criminally responsible for the death of Freddie Gray, the 25-year-old African-American man who died from injuries suffered while in the custody of Baltimore police? This question has been at the forefront of the extensive coverage of Gray’s death, which has inspired a national discussion about law enforcement’s relationship with black communities. But it is also a question that may never be fairly resolved for reasons wholly unrelated to the topic of community policing, with which Gray’s death has become synonymous. What may ultimately hamper the administration of justice in the prosecution of the police officers involved …


Restating The Law: The Dilemmas Of Products Liability, Robert L. Rabin Dec 1997

Restating The Law: The Dilemmas Of Products Liability, Robert L. Rabin

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Tracing products liability law from its origins to present day developments, Professor Rabin discusses the long-standing presence of interwoven strands of contract and tort ideology, as well as the perennial tensions between strict liability and negligence. These themes are evident both in the distinctly influential California case law and in the two Restatement efforts to systematize the doctrine that has emerged nationally. Rabin identifies the manner in which foundational ideological precepts of consumer expectations and enterprise liability have contributed to a continuously dynamic, if often unsettled, debate over the appropriate regime for resolving product injury claims.


Motor Vehicles--Legislation--The Michigan Motor Vehicle Accident Claims Act, Michigan Law Review Nov 1966

Motor Vehicles--Legislation--The Michigan Motor Vehicle Accident Claims Act, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

With the adoption of the Michigan Act, Michigan has become the fifth state to adopt a comprehensive program utilizing both the insurance and the fund approaches. Moreover, the Michigan Act, apparently inspired by its Ontario prototype, contains some elements which were previously unknown in United States legislation. Consequently, it may prove enlightening to examine the scope and purpose of the Michigan Act, and to compare it with similar legislation in other states.


Municipal Corporations- Tort Immunity - Liability For Personal Injuries Caused By Nuisance Maintained By City, James Hourihan Feb 1960

Municipal Corporations- Tort Immunity - Liability For Personal Injuries Caused By Nuisance Maintained By City, James Hourihan

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff, while in the bathhouse of a municipally owned and operated swimming pool, was injured by a shock received from an electric hair dryer. In sustaining plaintiff's claim against the city for damages, the trial court recognized liability for personal injuries caused by a nuisance created and maintained by a city as an exception to the common law doctrine of municipal immunity from tort liability. On appeal, held, reversed. The nuisance exception from a municipality's common law immunity extends only to injuries to real property occasioned by a municipally created and maintained nuisance. City of Decatur v. Parham, …


Municipal Corporations - Tort Liability - Liability For Torts Committed By Municipal Employees In Exercise Of Governmental Functions, Ralph E. Boches Jan 1958

Municipal Corporations - Tort Liability - Liability For Torts Committed By Municipal Employees In Exercise Of Governmental Functions, Ralph E. Boches

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff sued the Town of Cocoa Beach for damages for the alleged wrongful death of her husband. Plaintiff's husband had died of smoke suffocation after being locked in a jail which was left unattended by the city jailor. The lower court dismissed plaintiff's complaint. On appeal, held, reversed. A person injured by the negligence of a municipal employee acting within the scope of his employment may recover against the municipal corporation. Hargrove v. Town of Cocoa Beach, (Fla. 1957) 96 S. (2d) 130.


Municipal Corporations-Tort Liability Of Municipality For Injury Caused By Neglect To Perform Mandatory Duty, J. S, Ransmeier S.Ed. Jan 1952

Municipal Corporations-Tort Liability Of Municipality For Injury Caused By Neglect To Perform Mandatory Duty, J. S, Ransmeier S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

By statute the State of New Jersey imposed upon every New Jersey municipality the obligation to insure the drivers of municipal motor vehicles against liability for damages resulting from the operation of such vehicles. The Township of Lyndhurst neglected to procure insurance in favor of plaintiff, and a personal judgment was recovered against him for his negligent operation of a township fire truck while in pursuance of his municipal duties. Plaintiff brought the present action to recover from the municipality for its breach of the statutory obligation. Judgment below was for defendant. On appeal, held, affirmed, three justices dissenting. …


Municipal Corporations-Tort Liability-Failure To Replace Damaged Traffic Signal, Wendell B. Will Jun 1951

Municipal Corporations-Tort Liability-Failure To Replace Damaged Traffic Signal, Wendell B. Will

Michigan Law Review

A city failed to replace a damaged traffic signal. A motorist entered the intersection against the inoperative light and injured a driver who had entered the intersection relying on a functioning green signal. Held, the city was negligent in the exercise of a corporate duty, as distinguished from a governmental function, and, as the negligence was the proximate cause of the injury, was liable. Johnston v. City of East Moline, 405 Ill. 460, 91 N.E. (2d) 401 (1950).


Negligence-Guest Statutes-Applicability To Operation Of Automobile On Host's Premises, Janice Richardson Apr 1949

Negligence-Guest Statutes-Applicability To Operation Of Automobile On Host's Premises, Janice Richardson

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff accompanied a friend to defendant's garage to park the friend's automobile and later returned alone, without a claim check, to obtain a package she had left in the automobile. An attendant, who was about to park another automobile, invited her to ride to the second Hoor to secure the package herself. Plaintiff was injured when the attendant negligently drove the automobile against an elevator. Held, judgment for defendant affirmed. Plaintiff was a guest within the meaning of the Ohio guest statute and could not recover for injuries unless caused by willful or wanton misconduct. Kilgore v. U-Drive-It Co. …


Municipal Corporations - Tort Liability - Exemplary Damages, Michigan Law Review Nov 1941

Municipal Corporations - Tort Liability - Exemplary Damages, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff was injured in a collision between the car in which she was riding and a negligently driven fire truck owned by the defendant municipality. Plaintiff's declaration alleged that the fire trucks had been habitually driven in a grossly negligent manner, but the evidence offered at the trial did not substantiate this allegation. The trial court instructed the jury that it could include in the verdict such sum as might be warranted by the evidence as punitive or exemplary damages. The jury awarded $5,000 damages. Held, that plaintiff could recover for torts committed by the fire department, and that …


Husband And Wife-Wife's Right To Recover For Loss Of "Consortium" Due To Injury To Husband From Wrongful Sale Of Liquor, William C. Whitehead Mar 1941

Husband And Wife-Wife's Right To Recover For Loss Of "Consortium" Due To Injury To Husband From Wrongful Sale Of Liquor, William C. Whitehead

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff sued for loss of her right of consortium occasioned by the illness and death of her husband as a result of a sale of liquor by defendant in violation of a state statute. Defendant demurred on the ground that there was no cause of action granted by the statute for damages flowing from such an illegal sale. Held, an action for injury to the wife's right of consortium was available at common law. Swanson v. Ball, (S. D. 1940) 290 N. W. 482.


Sales - Implied Warranty - Liability Of A Water Company, Edmund R. Blaske Nov 1939

Sales - Implied Warranty - Liability Of A Water Company, Edmund R. Blaske

Michigan Law Review

Defendant, a city engaged in supplying water to its inhabitants, was sued by plaintiff, a consumer, for injuries resulting from plaintiff's drinking of lead-poisoned water at a faucet in his home. The water, although pure at the meter, became poisoned when passing through a lead pipe inspected and approved by the water company but owned by the plaintiff. Plaintiff brought his action on two different theories: (1) on implied warranty; (2) in negligence. The trial court instructed the jury without exception or objection from defendant that they might find for plaintiff, under either of these theories. The defendant was successful …


Automobiles - Statutory Liability Of Owner - Registered Titleholder Estopped To Deny Ownership, Michigan Law Review Jan 1937

Automobiles - Statutory Liability Of Owner - Registered Titleholder Estopped To Deny Ownership, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiffs, injured in New York by an automobile driven by defendant's minor son, sued under a New York statute which makes the owner of an automobile liable for damages for injuries resulting from negligence of its operator. The automobile was registered in Connecticut in defendant's name to avoid compliance with the Connecticut statute which requires proof of financial responsibility as a prerequisite of registration for minors over sixteen years of age. Held, defendant estopped to prove ownership of the automobile in his son. Shuba v. Greendonner, 271 N. Y. 189, 2 N. E. (2d) 536 (1936), reversing 245 …


Foreign Enforcement Of Actions For Wrongful Death, William H. Rose Feb 1935

Foreign Enforcement Of Actions For Wrongful Death, William H. Rose

Michigan Law Review

Actions for wrongful death have a long history in the common law. Homicide was once a private matter giving rise to the blood feud and later to the wergild, whereby a money substitute replaced private warfare. With the development of criminal law the crown took jurisdiction over all killings. At a time when all felonies carried with them the death penalty, forfeiture of chattels and escheat of lands, the right to sue for wrongful death was scarcely of practical importance. This was especially so since felony included negligent killing, and even an accidental killing required the king's pardon if …


Damages - Death Of Minor Child Caused By Negligent Act Jan 1932

Damages - Death Of Minor Child Caused By Negligent Act

Michigan Law Review

The defendant's negligence, resulting in the death of a child four years and nine months old, caused the jury to assess damages at $4,500 in an action brought for the benefit of the parents pursuant to the terms of the Death Act, (2 N. J. Comp. Stat. 1907, 1908 (1910)) which provides that "in every such action the jury may give such damages as they shall deem fair and just with reference to the pecuniary injury resulting from such death . . . . " On appeal, the supreme court held the damages excessive, and reduced the amount of recovery …


Trusts-Right Of Trustee To Reimbursement For Tort Liability Feb 1931

Trusts-Right Of Trustee To Reimbursement For Tort Liability

Michigan Law Review

The recent New York case, In re Lathers presents the question seldom before raised whether a trustee may be reimbursed from the trust estate for tort liability to a third person through his negligence in management of the estate. In that case, as a result of fire in an apartment building of the trust property, the trustee suffered judgments for $62,000 plus costs. The rooms of one apartment, rented by the trustee's agent, had been closed off by the lessee to form several small apartments. For the one subleased to the tort creditor, access to fire escapes, adequate normally, was …


Presumptions--Burden Of Proof, Victor H. Lane Jan 1919

Presumptions--Burden Of Proof, Victor H. Lane

Articles

The case of Gillett v. Michigan United Traction Co. (Michigan, April 3rd, 1919), 171 N. W. 536, arose out of the following facts: Plaintiff, driving a Ford car with the curtains down, turned from the curb at the side of the street where he had stopped, to cross the interurban car tracks which ran through the center of the street in the city of Marshall, and as he drove his machine upon the track was struck by an interurban car and seriously injured. The evidence established beyond question, negligence of the defendant, by showing that the car was, at the …


Liability Of Public Officer For The Loss Of Private Funds Entrusted To His Keeping, W. Gordon Stoner Jan 1917

Liability Of Public Officer For The Loss Of Private Funds Entrusted To His Keeping, W. Gordon Stoner

Articles

There is much contrariety of decision concerning the liability of public officers for the loss of funds with which they have been entrusted. A recent case illustrates some of the more important phases of the law of such a situation. People for use of Hoyt et al. v. McGrath et al. (Ill. 1917), I17 N. E. 74. In this case the public brought an action of debt on the official bond of the clerk of court for the use of Hoyt and others. Usees had tendered into court a sum of money which the clerk took under the court's order …


Construction Of 'Survival Act' And 'Death Act' In Michigan, Thomas A. Bogle Jan 1911

Construction Of 'Survival Act' And 'Death Act' In Michigan, Thomas A. Bogle

Articles

It is known as the "Death Act." It was enacted in i848, amended in 1873, and follows closely Lord Campbell's Act. In the, construction of these acts, troublesome questions have arisen, difficulties have been encountered, different theories urged, different views entertained, different conclusions reached, and different opinions rendered, respecting the number of actions that can be maintained under them, the circumstances that invoke one rather than the other, the measure of damages applicable, respectively, and certain questions of practice as to the joinder of counts and the amendment of pleadings. The statement would hardly he justified that all these questions …


Liability Of Water Companies For Fire Losses, Edson R. Sunderland Jan 1906

Liability Of Water Companies For Fire Losses, Edson R. Sunderland

Articles

In two recent articles published'in this Review, the question of the liability of water companies for fire losses was somewhat exhaustively discussed. The majority of the actions wherein it has been sought to hold water companies liable for fire losses suffered by private property owners, have been brought for breach of contract. In a few cases the theory adopted was that the water company owed a duty to all property owners, by reason of the public character of its service; and the fact that it was under contract with the city to furnish an adequate water supply and pressure for …


Liability Of Public Officers To Private Actions For Neglect Of Official Duty, Thomas M. Cooley Dec 1876

Liability Of Public Officers To Private Actions For Neglect Of Official Duty, Thomas M. Cooley

Articles

A public office is a public trust.The incumbent has a property right in it, but the office is conferred, not for his benefit, but for the benefit of the political society. The duties imposed upon the officer are supposed to be capable of classification under one of three heads: the legislative, executive, or judicial; and to pertain, accordingly, to one of the three departments of the government designated by these names. But the classification cannot be very exact, and there are numerous officers who cannot be classified at all under these heads. The reason will be apparent if we name …